The Federal Budget Process: A Description of the Federal and Congressional Budget Processes, Including Timelines
Budgeting for the federal government is an enormously complex process. It entails dozens of subprocesses, countless rules and procedures, the efforts of tens of thousands of staff persons in the executive and legislative branches, and the active participation of the President, congressional leaders, Members of Congress, and members of the executive branch. This analysis shows the various elements of the federal budget process including the President's budget submission, framework, timetable, the budget resolution, reconciliation, the "Byrd Rule," appropriations, authorizations, and budget execution.
Congress is distinguished from nearly every other legislature in the world by the control it exercises over fashioning the government's budgetary policies. This power, referred to as "the power of the purse," ensures Congress' primary role in setting revenue and borrowing policies for the federal government and in determining how these resources are spent.
Summary of Contents
Ch. 1. Introduction to the Federal Budget Process
Ch. 2. Overview of the Executive Budget Process
Ch. 3. The Executive Budget Process Timetable
Ch. 4. The Congressional Budget Process: A Brief Overview
Ch. 5. Budget Resolution Enforcement
Ch. 6. The 'Deeming Resolution': A Budget Enforcement Tool
Ch. 7. "Legislating in Congress: Federal Budget Process," by Robert Keith
Ch. 8. The Budget Reconciliation Process: Timing of Committee Responses to Reconciliation Directives
Ch. 9. The Budget Reconciliation Process: The Senate's 'Byrd Rule'
Ch. 10. The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction
Ch. 11. Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process
Ch. 12. Appropriations Bills: What Are 'General Provisions'?
Ch. 13. Appropriations Bills: What Is Report Language?
Ch. 14. Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process
Ch. 15. Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process
Ch. 16. The Budget Control Act of 2011
Ch. 17. Budget 'Sequestration' and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules
Ch. 18. Continuing Resolutions: Latest Action and Brief Overview of Recent Practices
Ch. 19. Additional Resources
Federal Budget Links and Research Tools
Understanding Congressional Budgeting and Appropriations
Advanced Federal Budget Process
Congressional Dynamics and the Legislative Process
Congressional Briefing Conference: Capitol Hill Workshop
Capitol Learning Audio Courses TM
Appropriations Process in a Nutshell with James Saturno, ISBN 1587330431
Authorizations and Appropriations in a Nutshell with James Saturno, ISBN 1587330296
The Budget Execution Process with Carl Moravitz, ISBN 9781587331367
Budget Formulation, Justification, and Execution: A How-To for Budget Analysts with James Capretta, ISBN 1587330601
The Federal Budget Process with Philip Joyce, ISBN 1587330830
The Budget Resolution in a Nutshell with Roy Meyers, ISBN 1587330857
For a detailed Table of Contents, see www.FederalBudgetProcess.com