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accumulation Adam Smith agriculture amount become Belgium capital cent century circulation cloth combination command commerce competition condition consequence constantly increasing consumer consumption cotton cultivation decline demand diminishing diminution direction earth effort enabled England Europe exhibited existence fact faculties farmer finished commodities force France freedom Germany gradually greater growing growth of wealth harmony human improvement India indirect taxation Ireland J. S. Mill Jamaica land and labor latter less look Malthus manufactures marriage ment nations nature nature's services necessity obtain owner perfect poor population portion Portugal potential energy power of association profits proportion borne proprietors quantity rapid rate of profit ratio raw materials reader rent result Ricardo rude products Russia slave slavery societary society soils steadily supply of food tariff of 1842 tax of transportation taxation tendency tends tion trade Turkey wages
185 ページ - The school-boy whips his taxed top — the beardless youth manages his taxed horse, with a taxed bridle on a taxed road ; — and the dying Englishman pouring his medicine, which has paid seven per cent.
136 ページ - ... difference in their productive powers. At the same time, the rent of the first quality will rise, for that must always be above the rent of the second, by the difference between the produce which they yield with a given quantity of capital and labour. 'With every step in the progress of population...
261 ページ - It is difficult at this day to realize the state of public opinion in relation to that unfortunate race which prevailed in the civilized and enlightened portions of the world at the time of the Declaration of Independence and when the Constitution of the United States was framed and adopted.
169 ページ - sacredness of property" is talked of, it should always be remembered, that any such sacredness does not belong in the same degree to landed property. No man made the land. It is the original inheritance of the whole species. Its appropriation is wholly a question of general expediency. When private property in land is not expedient, it is unjust.
428 ページ - But it cannot be expected that individuals should, at their own risk, or rather to their certain loss, introduce a new manufacture, and bear the...
428 ページ - The superiority of one country over another in a branch of production, often arises only from having begun it sooner. There may be no inherent advantage on one part, or disadvantage on the other, but only a present superiority of acquired skill and experience. A country which has this skill and experience yet to acquire, may in other respects be better adapted to the production than those which were earlier in the field...
185 ページ - ... that comes from abroad, or is grown at home — taxes on the raw material — taxes on every fresh value that is added to it by the industry of man — taxes on the sauce which pampers man's appetite, and the drug...
68 ページ - No regulation of commerce can increase the quantity of industry in any society beyond what its capital can maintain. It can only divert a part of it into a direction into which it might not otherwise have gone; and it is by no means certain that this artificial direction is likely to be more advantageous to the society than that into which it would have gone of its own accord.