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affairs afterwards Albizzi ambassadors anziani appeared appointed arms army arose assembled authority balia banished began Bologna called Cancellieri Capponi captain cardinal castle Cavalcabo Charles citizens civil commons commonwealth consuls Cosimo council Cremona death defend desire discords dominion Duke elected emperor endeavored enemies excited executive exiles faction families favor Florence Florentines friends Galeazzo gave Ghibellines Gieremei gonfalonier gonfalonier of justice grandees greater Guelphs Guelphs and Ghibellines head honors house of Medici houses hundred Italy King Lambertazzi laws liberty Lombardy lords Lorenzo Lucca Machiavel magistracy magistrates Malavolti manner Medici ment Milan multitude Nerli nobility nobles obliged obtained occasion Padua palace Panciatichi party peace persons piazza Pistoia plebeians podesta pope popular pretor princes principal prisoners reformers republic restored Rome ruin Salimbeni seditions senate sent Siena Sienese signori Soderini Strozzi things thought tion Tolommei took tumult Tuscany twelve Uzzano Visconti whole city
452 ページ - Such a latitude, it is true, allows a scope for politicians to speculate, like merchants with false weights, artificial credit, or base money, and to deceive the people, by making the same word adored by one party, and execrated by another.
459 ページ - ... those, when there is a want of a proper number of men of middling fortune, the poor extend their power too far, abuses arise, and the government is soon at an end. We ought to consider as a proof of what I now advance, that the best lawgivers themselves were those in the middle rank of life, amongst whom was Solon, as is evident from his poems, and Lycurgus, for he was not a king, and Charondas, and indeed most others.
459 ページ - ... oligarchies: for whenever the number of those in the middle state has been too small, those who were the more numerous, whether the rich or the poor, always overpowered them, and assumed to themselves the administration of public affairs; from hence arose either a democracy or an oligarchy.
85 ページ - ... to good order and regularity. For since it is ordained by Providence that there should be a continual ebb and flow in the things of this world ; as soon as they arrive at their utmost perfection, and can ascend no higher, they must of necessity decline : and on the other hand, when they have fallen, through any disorder, to the lowest degree that is possible, and can sink no lower, they begin to rise again. And thus there is a constant succession of prosperity and adversity in all human affairs.
458 ページ - It is plain, then, that the most perfect political community must be amongst those who are in the middle rank, and those States are best instituted wherein these are a larger and more respectable part, if possible, than both the other; or, if that cannot be, at least than either of them separate; so that being thrown into the balance it may prevent either scale from preponderating.
495 ページ - The consequences of these institutions have been, that the inhabitants, having acquired from their infancy the habit of discussing, of deliberating, and of judging of public affairs, it was in these assemblies of towns or districts that the sentiments of the people were formed in the first place...
495 ページ - All the children of the inhabitants, the rich as well as the poor, have a right to go to these public schools. There are formed the candidates for admission as students into colleges at Cambridge, New Haven, Princeton, and Dartmouth. In these colleges are educated future masters for these schools, future ministers for these congregations, doctors of law and medicine, and magistrates and officers for the government of the country."2 1 TB Stockwell, Public Education in Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode...
290 ページ - ... community, as others do to a faction; which produces as great a desire of knowledge, and infinitely better faculties to pursue it; which besides produces security of property, and the desire and opportunities for commerce, which the others obstruct. Shall any one hesitate then to prefer such a government to all others? A constitution in which the people reserve to themselves the absolute control of their purses, one essential branch of the legislature, and the inquest of grievances and state...
425 ページ - ... which he could not have under the traditional system. A revolutionary tendency may also involve such personal demands and in so far be an act of revolt; but its essential feature is that it includes a demand for new values for a whole group — community, class, nation, etc.
452 ページ - Europe ; but in the science of legislation, which is not one of the least importance to be understood, there is a confusion of languages, as if men were but lately come from Babel. Scarcely any two writers, much less nations, agree in using words in the same sense.
The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States ...
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The works of John Adams, second President of the United States ...
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Kingdom Law - Articles
Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to American Presidents
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ADAMS, John (1735-1826) Bibliography
Miller Center of Public Affairs - Papers — John Adams (1735 - 1826)