アイヌ・英・和辭典 (Google eブックス)

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Methodist publishing house; London, K. Paul, Trench, Trübner, Company, 1905 - 525 ページ
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31 ページ - Notes on Stone Implements from Otaru and Hakodate, with a few General Remarks on the Prehistoric Remains of Japan" (see Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, Vol.
16 ページ - ... wild-growing language and religion ; it had no history, it left no history, and it is therefore incapable of that peculiar scientific treatment which has been found applicable to a study of the languages and the religions of the Chinese, the Semitic, and the Aryan nations. People wonder why the students of language have not succeeded in establishing more than three families of speech — or rather two, for the Turanian can hardly be called a family...
28 ページ - pits " or " excavations " in Yezo was first brought to the notice of Europe by Captain T. Blakiston in an account of a journey round Yezo, given by him to the Royal Geographical Society of Great Britain, (July 27th, 1872). Secondly, there is the question of the ancient Japanese name Tsuchï-yumo, " Earth-spiders," and Ko-bito, " Little people," applied to these pitHlwcllers.
4 ページ - The creatures than which there is nothing so numerous in this world are the crows and the foxes." 3. — Connected with the Aino use of prepositions, is that of formative prefixes. Thus the passive is obtained by prefixing a to the active, as raige, " to kill ; " a-raige, " to be killed." A transitive or verbalizing force is conveyed by the prefix e, as pirika, "good;" e-firika, "to be good to," ie, generally, "to benefit oneself " ; mik " to bark, " e-mik," to bark at ; ae-mik,
28 ページ - ... these excavations have a striking resemblance to the pits which we find farther south. This custom of making a dwelling place out of an excavation in the ground belongs, I believe, to certain of the inhabitants of Kamschatka and Saghalin. Mr. Ernest Satow has very kindly given me the following translation from the " Kita Yezo Dzu-setsu,
16 ページ - Finnish, except on the supposition that there was a very early concentration of speech from which these dialects branched off. We see less clearly in the South Turanian group, though I confess my surprise even here has always been, not that there should be so few, but that there should be even these few relics, attesting a former community of these divergent streams of language.
16 ページ - ... former community of these divergent streams of language. The point in which the South Turanian and North Turanian languages meet goes back as far as Chinese ; for that Chinese is at the root of Mandshu and Mongolian as well as of Siamese and Tibetan becomes daily more apparent...
2 ページ - Untersuchungen" are rather a monument of learned industry, than a guide calculated to lead the student safely to his journey's end. The circumstances under which Dr. Pfizmaier worked were such as to render success impossible. Many years later, in 1883, Professor JM Dixon, then of the Tokyo Engineering College, and now of the Imperial University of Japan, published in the " Chrysanthemum " magazine a sketch of Aino grammar founded partly on earlier European notices, partly on enquiries made by himself...
75 ページ - This as-ti is a compound of a root as, to be, and the pronoun ti. The root meant originally to breathe, and dwindled down after a time to the meaning of to be. All this must have happened before a single Greek or German reached the shores of Europe, and before a single Brahman descended into the plains of India. At that distant time we must place the gradual growth of language and ideas, of a language which we are still speaking, of ideas which we are...
31 ページ - Secondly, there is a large number of names not to be explained in the present state of our knowledge. Some of them have perhaps been corrupted beyond recognition. Some are possibly pure but antiquated Aino, no longer to be understood in the absence of any literary tradition. Why should not some have descended from the aborigines who preceded the Ainos, the latter adopting them as the Japanese have adopted Aino names ? But the most interesting fact elucidated, — at least the most interesting fact...

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