U. S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology (Google eブックス)
Hardware and Internet services, in and of themselves, are neutral elements of the Internet; it is how they are implemented by various countries that is repressive. Internet services are often tailored for deployment to specific countries; however, such tailoring is done to bring the company in line with the laws of that country, not with the intention of allowing the country to repress and censor its citizenry. This report provides info. regarding the role of U.S. and other foreign co. in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas. Sections: Exam¿n. of repressive policies in China and Iran; U.S. laws; U.S. policies to promote Internet freedom; and Private sector initiatives. Describes technol. for censorship, and circumvention of gov¿t. restrictions.
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accused Google anonymous technologies Bandwidth Throttling bloggers blogs cell phone censor China Chinese government Chinese Internet users circumvent circumvention Cisco Systems citizens Committee on Foreign communications company’s Deep Packet Inspection Democracy e-mail Farsi language filtering Freedom House freedom of expression Global Internet Freedom Global Network Initiative Gmail accounts government demands government’s Green Dam Hillary Rodham Clinton House Committee Human Rights human rights activists Internet censorship Internet content Internet-restricting countries Introduced by Representative IP address Iran Iran’s Iranian government January 21 June laws Microsoft million monitoring organizations participating companies commit personally identifiable information political PRC government proxy server Rebecca MacKinnon reportedly Reporters Without Borders repressive regimes request responses Restricting Internet Secretary Clinton shallow packet inspection Subcommittee on Human support Internet freedom tailoring technology companies traffic transparency U.S. businesses U.S. Congress U.S. foreign policy U.S. Internet Companies U.S. policy user’s Washington Post Web-Based websites Yahoo