Arthritis in children and adolescents: juvenile idiopathic arthritis
The only textbook of childhood arthritis available in the world, this book employs a unique approach to the recognition and treatment of these complex and chronic conditions. First, the book is divided into three sections emphasizing the logical sequence of events that occur after the child who might have Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) first presents to the doctor with a musculoskeletal complaint; the reader is first taught the extensive differential diagnosis of arthritis using simple but extensive algorithms and detailed discussions of each condition; more than 200 conditions are discussed. This is followed by a discussion of all types of JIA, using a revised classification system created by the International League Against Arthritis. The introduction of the new classification system has created a need for a comprehensive guide to clarify and focus attention on childhood arthritis. Lastly, the book presents an extensive discussion of treatment of childhood arthritis using a logical but novel approach, namely, the recognition that childhood arthritis is treated differently depending on the stage of the illness, and must cover the entire spectrum of chronic illness from early, through established and finally to resistant forms of childhood arthritis. Through this textbook, the reader travels the same journey as the physician who first rules out all conditions that are not chronic childhood arthritis, and then decides which type of chronic arthritis the patient has, and lastly, implements an individualised treatment plan.
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abnormalities acute adolescents adult affected anaemia antibodies arthralgia Arthritis Rheum assessment associated autoimmune bone cause cells child childhood children with JIA classification Clin clinical trials corticosteroids criteria cytokine dermatomyositis develop diagnosis disability disorders dose drug dysplasia early Enthesitis etanercept evaluation fever Figure function gene genetic growth immune increased infection inflammation inflammatory involvement joint juvenile chronic arthritis juvenile idiopathic arthritis juvenile rheumatoid arthritis knee lesions lupus Lyme manifestations methotrexate muscle musculoskeletal mutations normal NSAIDs occur Oligoarthritis OMIM onset osteomyelitis outcome paediatric paediatric rheumatology pain parents physical Polyarthritis polyarticular present protein psoriasis Psoriatic Arthritis psychosocial radiographic rash reported response RF Negative Polyarthritis RF Positive Polyarthritis Rheum rheumatic diseases rheumatoid factor Rheumatol Rheumatology risk role septic arthritis skin Southwood specific spine swelling symptoms syndrome synovial Systemic Arthritis Table therapy tissue treatment usually uveitis vasculitis wrist X-ray young