John Rawls: his life and theory of justice
John Rawls was one of the most important political philosophers of our time, and promises to be an enduring figure over the coming decades. His Theory of Justice (1971) has had a profound impact across philosophy, politics, law, and economics. Nonetheless Rawlsian theory is not easy to understand, particularly for beginners, and his writing can be dense and forbidding. Thomas Pogge's short introduction (originally published in German) gives a thorough and concise presentation of the main outlines of Rawls's theory, introduces biographical information when necessary, and draws links between the Rawlsian enterprise and other important positions in moral and political philosophy.
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accept anonymity condition assessment basic liberties basic political liberties basic rights basic structure designs Cambridge candidate citizens conception of justice consequentialist constitutional essentials convictions criterion of justice decisions design of socioeconomic difference principle distributional profile duty of civility economic envisions equality of opportunity Ethics fair equality fair value fundamental interest fulfillment human idea ideal individuals inequalities institutional design institutional order John Rawls judgments justice as fairness justified Kant least advantaged lexical priority Liberalism lowest index position maximin rule moral Nozick one's original position overlapping consensus Oxford parties persons political conception political philosophy possible Princeton property-owning democracy public criterion public political culture purely recipient-oriented rational Rawls's conception Rawlsian reasonably favorable conditions reflective equilibrium requires rights and liberties scheme of basic social institutions social order social primary society society's socioeconomic institutions socioeconomic position specific talents Theory of Justice thought experiment University Press utilitarianism veil of ignorance well-being