The History of Modern Japanese Education: Constructing the National School System,1872-1890
Rutgers University Press, 2009 - 416 ページ
The History of Modern Japanese Education is the first account in English of the construction of a national school system in Japan, as outlined in the 1872 document, the Gakusei. Divided into three parts tracing decades of change, the book begins by exploring the feudal background for the Gakusei during the Tokugawa era which produced the initial leaders of modern Japan. Next, Benjamin Duke traces the Ministry of Education's investigations of the 1870s to determine the best western model for Japan, including the decision to adopt American teaching methods. He then goes on to cover the eventual "reverse course" sparked by the Imperial Household protest that the western model overshadowed cherished Japanese traditions. Ultimately, the 1890 Imperial Rescript on Education integrated Confucian teachings of loyalty and filial piety with Imperial ideology, laying the moral basis for a western-style academic curriculum in the nation's schools.
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Agricultural Aizu Amherst became Christian Clark classroom Confucian course curriculum David Murray Early Meiji educa education in Japan Emperor Meiji engineering English feudal foreign Fukuzawa Gakusei German graduates Guido Verbeck Higher Middle School History Hokkaido Hyakunen Shi Ibid Imperial Household Imperial Rescript Imperial University influence Inoue Kowashi institution Isawa Itō Hirobumi Iwakura Mission Japanese students Kaigo Kaisei Gakkō Kindai Kyoiku Shi Kindai Nihon Krusi Kuroda Kyōiku leaders Meiji government Meiji Japan Meiji Period Meiji Restoration Meiji Zenki minister Ministry of Education modern education modern Japanese education morals education Mori Arinori Mori’s Motoda Nagazane Murray’s Nankō National Plan Nihon Kindai Kyoiku Niijima officials Oswego Plan for Education political prefectural public elementary schools public schools Rescript on Education role samurai Satsuma Scott Shi Jiten Sutematsu Takamine Hideo Tanaka Fujimaro Teacher Training School terakoya textbooks tion Tokyo Teacher Training Tokyo University traditional translated Umeko West western Zenki