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acid Agricultural American apparatus Association Atlantic atlatl bone bone phosphate Born Boston carbon cells cent Charles chemical chert coast College Committee Conn Council D. C. ABSTRACT Died distribution F. W. Putnam fact feet flora friction genera genus Geological Survey geologists heat inches increase Indianapolis investigation Iowa John known labor large number limestone lubricant maps Mass meeting method Mexico miles milk muscle national survey nature North America northern novaculites nucleus observations Observatory Ohio Ohio 37 organization Pacific peculiar Permanent Secretary Philadelphia phosphate plants present President pressure production Prof protoplasm region represented river rock Rocky Mountains sand scientific Secretary Section seed soil species structure surface temperature Terre Haute tion tissue Toronto U. S. Naval Observatory Umbellifers United Univ viscosity Washington weed William York
xxiii ページ - The objects of the Association are, by periodical and migratory meetings, to promote intercourse between those who are cultivating science in different parts of America, to give a stronger and more general impulse and more systematic direction to scientific research, and to procure for the labors of scientific men increased facilities and a wider usefulness.
441 ページ - In this conclusion I am confirmed as well by the opinions of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe, who have each repeatedly recommended the exercise of this right under the Constitution, as by the uniform practice of Congress, the continued acquiescence of the States, and the general understanding of the people.
460 ページ - To give a stronger impulse and a more systematic direction to scientific inquiry, — to promote the intercourse of those who cultivate Science in different parts of the British Empire, with one another, and with foreign philosophers, — to obtain a more general attention to the objects of Science, and a removal of any disadvantages of a public kind which impede its progress.
440 ページ - ... to be independent for the comforts of life we must fabricate them ourselves. We must now place the manufacturer by the side of the agriculturist.
440 ページ - ... that power, that it is difficult to suppose the existence of the one without the other. The states have delegated their whole authority over imports to the general government, without limitation or restriction, saving the very inconsiderable reservation relating to their inspection laws. This authority having thus entirely passed from the states, the right to exercise it for the purpose of protection does not exist in them ; and consequently, if it be not possessed by the general government,...
440 ページ - The situation into which we have thus been forced, has impelled us to apply a portion of our industry and capital to internal manufactures and improvements. The extent of this conversion is daily increasing, and little doubt remains that the establishments formed and forming will, under the auspices of cheaper materials and subsistence, the freedom of labor from taxation with us, and of protecting duties and prohibitions, become permanent.
464 ページ - With the use of the metric system, and in reinforcing the previous efforts in that direction so favorably regarded by previous Congresses. That the Association feels that in these recommendations it has the cordial support of intelligent and educated men in all portions of the Union, irrespective of political party or opinion. That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House, the Chairman of the Finance Committee and the Chairman of the Committee...
439 ページ - ... make it necessary for me to animadvert upon that subject. Let us content ourselves with endeavoring to remedy the evil. To do this a national revenue must be obtained ; but the system must be such a one, that, while it secures the object of revenue, it shall not be oppressive to our constituents. Happy it is for us that such a system is within our power ; for I apprehend that both these objects may be obtained from an impost on articles imported into the United States.
441 ページ - You tell me I am quoted by those who wish to continue our dependence on England for manufactures. There was a time when I might have been so quoted with more candor, but within the thirty years which have since elapsed, how are circumstances changed ! We were then in peace.
444 ページ - Union at a time and place to be agreed on, to take into consideration the trade of the United States; to examine the relative situations and trade of the said states; to consider how far a uniform system in their commercial regulations may be necessary to their common interest and their permanent harmony...