Australian landforms: understanding a low, flat, arid and old landscape
The original version of this book was written in response to appeals for a book that deals with geomorphology, explaining landforms and landscapes, in an Australian context. In this revised edition the authors are still concerned with general theories as they apply to the problems posed by the Australian landscape, which they attempt to interpret in terms of Structure, Process and Time. Recent conceptual advances are taken into account, but our intellectual inheritance is not neglected, and basic ideas, whether of recent derivation or older, are subject to critical appraisal. The book is divided into five major sections. The first four of these are devoted to major factors: Structure, Process and Time. The fifth is devoted to the shortest and most recent geological period, the Quaternary. Within these sections, chapters deal with structural impacts of landform development, the work of water and rivers, of wind, ice and waves, the time factor and the events and resultant forms associated with the climatic aberrations of the last two million years. To each chapter is appended a case study. The book is intended for students at upper Secondary and Tertiary levels. It will interest those concerned with the physical landscapes in the context of geology, geography, botany, zoology, ecology, environmental studies and agricultural science, as well as travellers and other curious about the origins of the Australian landscape.
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adjacent areas arid basaltic base—level basins beach bedrock beneath blocks bornhardts boulders calcrete caused channel Chapter climatic coast coastal continents Cretaceous crust debris deposited depressions desert developed dissected dome drainage dunes duricrust Earth earthquake eastern Eocene eroded erosional example exposed Eyre Peninsula fault ﬁelds ﬁrst ﬂared ﬂat Flinders Ranges ﬂood ﬂow fold Gawler Ranges geological glacial glaciers granite hill incised inﬂuence inselbergs Island karst Lake Eyre land surface landforms landscape laterite lava layers limestone lunettes mass meanders million moraine movement northern ocean pattern peneplain piedmont plains planation plate Plateau platform quartzite reefs reﬂect regions regolith relief remnants result ridges river rock sand sandstone scarp sea—level sedimentary sediments signiﬁcant silcrete slope soil South Australia southern strata stream structure tectonic Uluru uplands valley ﬂoors velocity volcanic waves weathering and erosion weathering front western Western Australia wind zone