The human species: an introduction to biological anthropology
McGraw-Hill, 2005/02/01 - 525 ページ
Now in full color, this biological anthropology text presents balanced coverage of the major components of the field: genetics and evolutionary theory, human biological variation, primate biology and behavior, and human evolution. The relationship between biology and culture is a major focus throughout the text, and the emphasis is on the human species within the primate order: discussions of mammals and nonhuman primates continually refer back to their potential relevance for understanding the human species. The text contains material often neglected in introductory texts, such as discussions of adaptation, human health and disease and demography, and human growth.
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adaptation adaptive radiation afarensis Africa African apes allele frequencies anatomy ancestry animals anthropoids anthropology apes and humans archaic humans Asia Australopithecus Australopithecus afarensis average behavior biological bipedalism body bones bonobo brain Chapter characteristics chimpanzees chromosomes common ancestor cranial cultural dating developed DNA sequences early hominids effect environment evidence evolutionary forces evolved example factors females Figure fossil record gene flow genetic distance genetic drift genetic variation genotype AA geographic gorilla growth heterozygote hominids Homo erectus human evolution human populations human skin color human variation increase infants infectious disease living mammals mating million years ago Miocene modern humans molecule mutation natural selection Neandertals offspring Old World orangutan organisms origin pairs pattern percent phenotype primates prosimians proteins radiation relationship relative roughly sapiens sex cells shows similar skin color skull social species specimen stone tool structure suggested teeth tion traits World monkeys