The Gothic language: grammar, genetic provenance and typology, readings
P. Lang, 2003 - 192 ページ
This book is designed for students and scholars of the oldest known language, with a sizable data corpus belonging to the English, German, Dutch, and Scandinavian language group. The Gothic Language is seminal to the history of the study of each of these languages. Gothic grammar is a standard text in courses on Indo-European and general linguistics, since Gothic serves as the prototype Germanic language in the study of comparative world language typologies. Particularly pan-Germanic is the innermost core of the grammar, the genetic phonology, which is reconstructed within the more recent approaches of Laryngeal and Glottalic Theories. Most challenging to traditionalist viewpoints is the total novel restructuring of Gothic synchronic phonology via current theoretical approaches such as underspecification theory and optimality theory. Underspecification, utilizing inheritance trees, also infuses the inflectional morphology, which admits a nonconfigurational syntax with verb-headed clauses. Thisbook also brings the reader into the ambience of the fourth-century Goths. Readings from the Wulfilian bible, the extant eight pages of the Skeireins, together with a glossary, a bibliography and index, complete this volume.
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ablaut aftra aibein allai andhafjands assimilated atta baim bamma bata batei baurgs beina conj consonant consonantized Crimean Gothic dative default desinences devoicing diphthong EGmc filu Final Devoicing fraujins fricated fricative Galeilaias geminate genetic genitive Germanic glottal Gothic gubs habaib himina Ib Iesus Iesus qab indic inflectional inheritance tree Iohanne izwar jabai Jah qab long vowels maht managai managein manna masc masculine nasjan neut neuter nominative singular nomVacc Non-trigger NWGmc Obligatory Contour Principle PGmc phonetic plural prep pret preterite pron pronoun prop qab du imma qebun qiba izwis qibandans qibands root saei seina seinai short vowel sijai Skeireins strong adjective strong noun suffix sunus swaswe syllable syllable weight triggered unte Verner's Law vowel warb waurd wesun Wulfila Wulfilian Xristau