« 前へ次へ »
scure, retained, imaginable, intelligible, sensible, smaller, easily, greater, distinctly, present, permanent, in-(visible).
12. Might, enough, flower, ore, river, dews, herb, all, outward, not, wherefore, delight, beautify, hope, faith, so, more, him.
13. Brave, forgive, can, cowards, kind, fought, conquered, never, nature, greatness, conscious, above, interrupt.
14. Thirty, suspects, fool, knows, forty, plan, fifty, chides, resolve, thought, re-(resolves), dies.
15. Ulysses, long, tempest, arrived, queen, unknown, was, bread, scorned, forgot, dog, knew, clay, resentment, longing, when, crawled, kissed, falling, died.
16. One, connexion, knowledge, other, wisdom, own, knowledge, materials, encumber, proud, wisdom, humble, more.
17. Star, eagles, spring's, dew, wind, bubbles, even, man, in, night, out, bubble, autumn, dew's, star, flight, forgot.
18. Johnson, condemns, poet, just, quotations, attempt, Hierocles, house, brick, appropriate, editor, not, Boswell, love, beauties, recommended, thousand, page, folio, flower, garden, grapes, land.
19. Politeness, many, definition, description, able, benevolence, trifles, others, place, commodious, helped, sacrificing, constitutes, never, easy, manly, give, perpetually, all, great, Queen.
20. Thorwaldsen, spirits, occurred, genius, mean, Christ, first, satisfied, far, never.
21. Temper, indulgence, constitutional, valid, ask, no, control, indignant, fiercest, if, is, ground, never, every, are, most, world, insignificant.
22. Sun, pursue, lov'st, paradise, nectar, sky, ecstasy, worm, earth, man, his, seraph.
23. Time, not, being, dream, chronicle, sailor, receding, he, motionless, land.
24. What, snow, crocus, retards, autumnal, God, controls, shower, He, lingering.
25. Wit, advantage, well, sight, our, shades, light, plainness, good, blood.
Key To The Emphat1c Words 1n " Thunderstorm among the Alfs," p. 82.
1. Such, night, wondrous, lovely, eye, far, thunder, one, every, Jura, Alps.
2. Night, glorious, slumber, me, sharer, portion, shines, phosphoric, rain, black, glee, shakes, earthquake's.
PRINCIPLES OF ELOCUTION,
LOOKS AND GESTURES.
I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES.
1. Vocal Expression, however perfect, fails to give delivery its full impressiveness, if the face and whole body do not sympathetically manifest the feeling which vibrates in the tones. Nothing can be more spiritless and unnatural than rigid stillness on the part of an orator. But the tendency to gesticulate is so natural, that instruction will generally be needed rather to subdue and chasten, than to create gesticulation. To a speaker of any animation, the greatest difficulty is to stand still.
2. In the natural order of passionate expression, Looks are first, Gestures second, and Words last. "The strongfelt passion bolts into the face" before it moves the massier muscles of the trunk and limbs; and its tardiest expression is in the artificial and conventional form of articulate language. Gesture which, thus, in strong emotion precedes the words, in calmer feeling accompanies them; but it must never lag behind the utterance it illustrates.
II. EXPRESSIVENESS OF THE DIFFERENT FACIAL AND BODILY MOTIONS.
3. The Features expand in pleasure and contract in pain.
They are elongated in melancholy.
'" ..' 16s
They are smooth in placidity, and variously fur-
4. The Eyebrows are lifted in surprise, in inquiry, and in hope.
They are depressed in conviction, in authority, and in despair.
They are knitted in sorrow, in solicitude, and in anger.
They droop in weakness.
5. The Eyes beam in love, they sparkle in mirth, they flash and roll in anger, they melt in grief.
They are raised in hope, and dejected in despondency.
They measure their object from head to foot in
They stare in wonder, and wink in cunning.
They are restless in terror, in anxiety, and in idiocy.
They look askance in suspicion, and secrecy.
6. The Nostrils are relaxed in equanimity.
They are twitched up in disgust and contempt.
7. The L1ps are drawn back and raised in delight and mirth.
They are depressed and projected in pain, in sadness,
The corners of the lips are curled upward in con-
8. The Mouth is open in fear, in wonder, in listening, in languor, and in desire.
It is shut in apathy, in pride, in boldness, and in
9. The Head is erect in courage and confidence.
It is thrown back in pride and self-conceit.
It is protruded in curiosity, and in short-sightedness.
and to one side in boasting, in threatening, or in
10. The Arms hang easily from the shoulders in grace. They droop listlessly in weakness and in humility. They are rigid in anger.
They are folded across the chest or placed a-kimbo in
11. The Hands are open and relaxed in graceful calmness.
They are rigidly expanded in fear or horror.
They are moved towards the body in invitation or in
They are pushed from the body in rejection or dismissal.
They start in astonishment.
They wave or clap in joy or approbation.
The palms are turned upwards in candour or sincerity, and downwards in concealment or cunning.
They are turned outwards in defence, in apprehension, or in aversion, and inwards in boldness or confidence.
The hand on the forehead indicates pain, confusion, or mental distress; on the crown of the head, giddiness or delirium ; on the side of the head, stupor; on the eyes, shame or grief.
Both hands similarly applied intensify the expression.
The hand supporting the cheek expresses languor or weariness; supporting the chin, meditation.
The hand laid on the breast appeals to conscience, or indicates desire.
The hands crossed on the breast express meekness or resignation.
The hand pressed on the upper part of the chest, or beating it, expresses remorse, or acute bodily distress.
The hand on the lower part of the chest indicates boldness or pride.
The back of one hand laid in the palm of the other shows determination or obduracy.
The hands applied palm to palm express supplication.
The hands crossed palm to palm express resignation. 12. The F1ngers are relaxed and slightly separated in placidity.
They are rigidly separated in fear.
The forefinger directs attention to any object by
Laid in the palm of the other hand, it specifies dogmatically.