A Tale of Two Villages: Coerced Modernization in the East European Countryside
Central European University Press, 2010/01/01 - 219 ページ
This dramatic story of land and power from twentieth-century Eastern Europe is set in two extraordinary villages: a rebel village, where peasants fought the advent of Communism and became its first martyrs, and a model village turned forcibly into a town, Dictator Ceau?escu?s birthplace. The two villages capture among themselves nearly a century of dramatic transformation and social engineering, ending up with their charged heritage in the present European Union. "One of Romania?s foremost social critics, Alina Mungiu-Pippidi offers a valuable look at several decades of policy that marginalized that country?s rural population, from the 1918 land reform to the post-1989 property restitution. Illustrating her arguments with a close comparison of two contrasting villages, she describes the actions of a long series of ?predatory elites,? from feudal landowners through the Communist Party through post-communist leaders, all of whom maintained the rural population?s dependency. A forceful concluding chapter shows that its prospects for improvement are scarcely better within the EU. Romania?s villagers have an eminent and spirited advocate in the author.?
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The Bases of a Rural Political Culture
Chapter 8 Between the Past and the Future
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agrarian agriculture areas Argeş county arrested Arsenescu association authority Bărbulescu became boyar Bucharest built Ceauşescu cent collective farm collectivization communism Communist Party communist regime confiscated Constantineşti cooperative country’s countryside created culture Curtea de Argeş demolished demolition Domneşti economic elections Elisabeta Rizea European euros expropriated forest former political detainees Gheorghe Gypsy hectares Iancu Arnăuţoiu Iliescu individual industry interwar Ion Iliescu Ion Mihalache join the collective kulak land landowners live managed mayor mayor’s office modernization mountains munist niceşti Nicolae Nicolae Ceauşescu nist Nucşoara Olt county owners partisans party’s Peasant Party Peasant Society peasantry people’s Piteşti plots policies Popa population postcommunist predatory elite priests produce recruited reforms region repression Resp Romanian Rroma rural residency Scor Scorniceşti Securitate Şerban Slatina social Soviet started survived tion town traditional Turcin Ungureanu urban Vasile village vote