Environmental Politics in Japan: Networks of Power and Protest

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Cambridge University Press, 1999/07/28 - 418 ページ
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Japan experienced rapid industrial growth after World War II, but its economic miracle brought dramatic environmental deterioration. In the early 1970s, as local protest movements grew more vocal, the Japanese government moved relatively swiftly to regulate industrial pollution and succeeded in reducing its air and water pollution, but not many other environmental problems. This book analyzes the social, cultural, and political-economic causes of Japan's dramatic environmental damage and eventual partial restoration from 1955 to 1995. A case of regional heavy industrial growth and environmental protest in rural Japan provides the local details of how pro-growth and pro-environment coalitions mobilized, struggled, and affected policy outcomes in Japan. The author uses the case-study finding to comment on sociological and political science theories about the effects of culture and social structure on state policy-making, social control, protest movement mobilization and success, and environmental problem-solving.
 

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目次

Growth versus the environment in Japan
1
A framework for understanding
4
The growthenvironment dilemma
10
Japans miracles and debacles
12
How did Japans pollution miracle come about?
18
Why the GE dilemma and Japans response?
20
Research site and methods
32
Summary
40
Conclusions
219
The Governor gives in
222
Widening the front
228
Stunning victories
241
Conclusions
248
Contested consensus
254
consensus
255
A different path to consensus
264

Visions and realities of growth
42
Power to the periphery?
57
Making the New Industrial City
62
Polarization over progress
72
Conclusions
88
Protest and Policy Change
97
National and prefectural response
112
Conclusions
130
Movement startups
134
Early mobilization in Oita
137
The swelling wave
139
Reactions to Phase Two
150
Protest against Landfill No 8
154
The Seki setting
155
Kozakis reaction
158
The Seki Union
170
The Baba countermovement
171
Analysis
175
Under the machine
185
The first steps of conflict in Kozaki
186
Machine politics
200
The Triple Control Machine
215
normalization
269
Nishio falls
273
Conclusions
280
Pyrrhic victories
282
The national context
286
Making the assessment
295
Outcome and aftermath
315
Conclusions
326
Power protest and political change
331
Comparative ACID responses to the GE dilemma
332
The how of Japans response
338
The why of Japans response
350
Theories of power and protest
358
Explaining the GE dilemma
361
Mesonetworks and macrostructures
369
The mesomacro connection
371
Oita prefecture and Japan national growth and environmental key events 19551980
378
Pollution legislation at prefectural and national levels 19641985
383
References
389
Index
409
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