Hegemony of Homogeneity: An Anthropological Analysis of "Nihonjinron"
Trans Pacific Press, 2001 - 181 ページ
Much of the misunderstanding by foreigners about Japan arises out of their acceptance of certain stereotypes about the Japanese. Harumi Befu spearheaded the critique of the stereotypical and the essentialized characterization of the Japanese and their culture, often referred to as Nihonjinron. He now presents his summary statements in this book by reviewing the whole gamut of the Nihonjinron literature, ranging from ecology, rural community structure, personality, language, values and ethos. He shows the roles Nihonjinron plays for the identity formation of the Japanese and as the idealized norm of the society in orienting the public. Elaborating on the way in which Nihonjinron functions as a civil religion, the book outlines how a period of positive self-identity has alternated with a period of negative self-identity since the Meiji period.
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American argued argument Befu Bellah BenDasan Bunka Chapter China comparison concept consumer contrast defining discussion Doi Takeo economic emperor emphasized esthetic ethnic example expressed foreigners genre group orientation Hinomaru homogeneity ideas ideology imperial institution important individual intellectuals issue Iwanami Shoten Japan's identity Japanese civil religion Japanese culture Japanese language Japanese management Japanese society Kimigayo Kokoro kokugaku Koreans Kyoto linguistic magazine major Meiji period Miyagi modern Mouer Nakane Nakane Chie national anthem national flag national identity National Learning nationalistic Nihon Bunkaron Nihonjin Nihonjinron books Nihonjinron literature Nihonjinron propositions Nihonjinron writers Nihonkyo Nishinomiya Okinawa percent political popular Nihonjinron position published relationship religion of Japan religious rituals role Roy Andrew Miller scholarly scholars Shinto Showa emperor shugi social Sugimoto supposedly Suzuki theory titles Tokugawa period traditional translation Umehara Takeshi unique values Watsuji Watsuji Tetsuro West Western Winston Davis Yapoo Yasukuni Yomitan Yoshio Sugimoto