Mycorrhizas: Anatomy and Cell Biology

前表紙
Symbiotic relations between roots and fungi (mycorrhizas) are the most prevalent symbiotic systems on earth. For example, mycorrhizas increase nutrient uptake from the soil, assist in the biocontrol of pathogenic fungi and nematodes, and have a positive effect on the establishment of plant communities. Mycorrhizal associations can be found in all ecosystems and in important forest and crop species. This book provides a summary of all the mycorrhizal categories from a morphological and anatomical perspective. It is beautifully illustrated with color illustrations, photographs, and scanning electron micrographs.
 

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目次

Introduction
1
Dark septate fungal endophytes
2
Recent specialized books on mycorrhizas
3
n Mycorrhizas the most prevalent symbioses on earth
4
Ectomycorrhizas
5
A Introduction
7
3 Fungal species involved
8
C Mantle
9
G Spores
76
Dynamic changes in the plant cytoskeleton
77
Ericoid mycorrhizas
81
A Introduction
83
3 Fungal species involved
86
Liverworts and ericoid species can share common fungal symbionts
87
C Extraradical mycelium
89
lnvestigating the identity of ericoid mycorrhizal fungi
94

D Hartig net
22
E Extraradical mycelium
23
The polyphosphate controversy
30
Are water and nutrients able to pass through the mantle?
31
Root cells may respond to mycorrhizal fungi by developing as transfer cells
32
F Specialized ectomycorrhizas tuberculate mycorrhizas
38
Can ectomycorrhizal fungi really eat rocks?
39
Growing ectomycorrhizal fungi in the lab
42
Ectendomycorrhizas
43
Introduction
45
C Functions
54
Arbuscular mycorrhizas
55
A Introduction
57
3 Fungal species involved
58
Do the lower plants have arbuscular mycorrhizas?
62
Use of hairy roots in studies with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
63
C Arbuscules
64
Plant mutants help unravel colonization events in arbuscular mycorrhizas
65
What is the nature of the interface between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and root cells?
68
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi harbour intracellular bacteria
69
D Intraradical vesicles
70
F Extraradical mycelium
71
Ericoid mycorrhizal fungi access various sources of nitrogen
95
Arbutoid mycorrhizas
97
A Introduction
99
C Functions
100
Monotropoid mycorrhizas
109
A Introduction
111
B Development and structure
112
C Functions
113
Orchid mycorrhizas
123
A Introduction
125
B Orchid seed germination and protocorm formation
130
C Seedling mature plants
131
Orchids as cheaters
143
Mycorrhizal fungi alter the cytology of orchid cells
144
Dark septate fungal endophytes
145
A Introduction
147
B Colonization of roots
148
References
155
Glossary
163
Appendices
165
Index
171
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著者について (2004)

R. L. Petersen, University of Guelph. H. B. Massicotte, University of Northern British Columbia. L. H. Melville, University of Guelph.

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