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"No, we're not Protectorate officers; but, when you come to look at it, what else was there we could do ?”

Thereupon the other laid a hand on his shoulder and laughed, as he said:

"Just what I expected. Keep on the way you are going and you'll make fine men some day. As to the guide's pay and other matters, you need not trouble about that. I should say the Government is somewhat indebted to you, and I'll see the Vice-Consul writes to your firm at home. Neither need you be afraid of the raiders, for we will shortly bring them to their senses."

Hurried farewells followed, and when the launch steamed away the officer said to Halliwell:

“We are bound in honor to risk the utmost in our respective service. Those

lads have been taught little, and have no prestige to maintain, and yet they waited-because, as one of them said, there was nothing else he could do with the forest open behind him to bolt for the settlements. Well, that is, perhaps, the reason why, so few in numbers, we rule in Africa."

The crushing of yet another rising has no place in this story, and such affairs are common in the Niger delta, but in due time Edward Halliwell gained a footing in the fetich district. Also, before that happened, the two young traders received a letter from the firm at home appointing them to the permanent charge of that factory, with a couple of white assistants and a reasonable salary.

Harold Bindloss.

The Sunday Magazine.

THE QUEEN'S VISIT TO IRELAND

I.

Each good and perfect gift man's heart to move
Comes from the heart before it leaves the hand,
At once inspired and exquisitely plann'd.
Kings learn this piece of kingcraft from above;
Men call it tact, the angels know 'tis love!-
Ours is a tragic past, a fatal land.
What offering, Lady, bringest thou to prove
Such souls? The sacrifice of hours, by thee
Well-won, exchanged for the continuous strain,-
Renunciation of the Italian morn,
Of the blue Mediterranean sea,
For our gray waves and April fields forlorn, -
Gift such as this will not be made in vain.

II.

Writ in a fair charáctery of flowers
Full oft are queenly names. Some bud that blows
Dreams itself on superbly to a rose,
Wears odorous purple through the passing hours,

And breathes a tale of queenship to its bowers.
What finds our Queen in yonder plant that grows
No iridescent colors to disclose,
No waft of scent wherewith to endow the showers-
That little feeble frond trifoliate,
The symbol of a nation's passionate heart-
In every Irish glen beloved much?
Lo! with a tender and a subtle art,
As an old Saint wiicn types, a Queen of late
Color'd it with the summer of her touch.

III.

The young alone are fair, the old are great,
The young have fire made sible to sight;
Young eyes have fire, the old alone have light,
The light wbich all earth's weary ones await,
The light that waxes as the day grows late.
Deem not she thinks that now 'tis sunset quite,
That a pathetic majesty of night
Falls gray upon the grandeur of her state.
She thinks of the young valors who went down,
Marching across the battle-zone of fire
In the red baptism of. war's martyrdom,
Her glorious Irish soldiers. Her desire
Is quick to see the green land of their home,
And fill the nations with their high renown.

IV.

So let a "favorable speed" assist
The keel that bears her yacht across the sea,
Let there no spindrift of the salt spray be,
Let night sleep sweetly, let wild waves be whist,
The calm unstain'd by any wreath of mist.
On land be kindred influence, that we
May meet each other in a happy tryst.
Hark! on my ears what sounds are these that strike?
Not of old fierce extremes, but of one cause
Seen now through all variety of form.
Lo! one great people rising oceanlike
By regularity of tidal laws,
Not with the undisciplined passion of the storm.

V.

o that a fortnight's Truce of God might sound!
O that this land of eloquence and wit
In the rich tones that almost treble it,
Order more order'd being so lightly bound,

See "Boaz endormi” in Victor Hugo's "Legende des Siecles.”

Freedom more free in being so fair encrown'd,
And law's stern wrath, unpassionately writ
(Safeguard of homes)? by this great presence lit,
Might mụtely hear. So on this fateful ground
All sweet consideration; love that starts
At nought as alien in the soul of man;
Not less pathetic, less revengeful songs;
Might make one right majestic from two wrongs,
And one fair century from a fortnight's span.
So let the peace of Christ rule in our hearts.

William Armagh, Palace, Armagh, March 26th.

The Spectator.

THE REFUSAL TO GRANT A CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY.

The cause of the Catholic University opinion with fanatic force do not corfor Ireland was greatly advanced by dially enjoy speeches which show that the debate of Friday week in the House they are losing foothold with their of Commons. It is true that the debate strongest supporters. The event of the ended in a hostile vote of 177 to 91, debate, however, was the speech of Mr. and that the Irish members contributed Balfour. The Unionist leader of the to it little of any value, but, neverthe- House, who certainly-as, indeed, he less, the advance was palpable and seri- said of himself-has no leaning to Roous. The conversion of Sir W. Anson, man Catholicism, was obviously in pasConservative of Conservatives and sionate earnest, and though he commember for Oxford University, was menced by declaring that he was, on of itself most significant; and so was this subject, an exhausted man, and the admirable speech of the member had said all that was in him to say, for the Arfon district of Carnarvon

he poured out a stream of argument shire. Mr. William Jones is a Noncon- so convincing, of illustration so appoformist, “a Protestant of the Protes- site, and of reflection so enlightening, tants," as he called himself, a devotee that he drew from Mr. John Morley of undenominational education, to an almost unprecedented compliment, which he attributes much of the content and would, there is little doubt, had and prosperity of Wales, yet, in his party not been so afraid of constituspeech which extorted hearty applause ents, have carried his Bill as completefrom both sides of the House, he plead- ly as Macaulay carried his amendments ed for a Catholic University in Ireland to the Copyright Bill, and by the same as essential at once to its cultivation weapon, irresistible argument, so preand content. In the cause of enlighten- sented that it awoke no fresh antagonment be postponed “an ideal principle" ism. Amid the hundreds of speeches as, under the circumstances, inapplica- that we have heard or read we can ble and injurious. That is a most sig- remember but one in which a speaker nificant sign of progress, as was the so nearly converted a hostile audienceadmiration which Mr. Jones elicited the one in which Mr. Gladstone proved from opponents. Men who hold an that the exemption of charitable funds

9 Sophocles, "Antigone," 355,

a

from the Income-tax was

wrong in

of any of their co-religionists." If that principle, because fatal to the impar- triumph of sympathetic dialectics is tiality of the State. When Mr. Glad- academic, would that we had more stone sat down on that occasion, after professors in the Commons to raise deannouncing that the proposal would go bate to higher planes. And surely it no further, his great opponent de- was insight as much as unusual knowl. clared publicly that had he persevered edge of a special history which enabled the House must have given way, being

Mr. Balfour thus to make of Scotlandintellectually borne down. Mr. Balfour Presbyterian Calvinistic Scotland-an is often accused of being too academic, unanswerable illustration of the advanbut it is not the art of a professor tages of a Roman Catholic University. which enables an orator to put the “I remember that of all parts of the most offensive of all arguments for his United Kingdom, Scotland is the one proposa with a grace which extorts where University education has, perfrom those who favor it enthusiastic haps, done more good, where it has cheers. What Mr. Balfour wanted to penetrated more completely through say was that, as we see in Rhenish every section of the population-upper Prussia, education inevitably strips class, middle class, lower class-and I Roman Catholicism of its most injuri- ask myself whether that result would ous features, and he so presented that ever have been attained if the Scotch side of the question that every Roman universities in the periods of their earCatholic in the House felt that his lier activity had not been in active recreed had been honored by the argu- ligious and political sympathy with the ment. "I do not, in the least, believe people. We are now told that the that university education will be an Irish Roman Catholics are throwing instrument for the conversion of Ro- away their opportunities for higher eduman Catholics to Protestantism; but I do cation in not going to a university believe that, if the evils which we be- whose atmosphere is Protestant, but lieve to result, at all events, from the whose doors are open to them. Supgrowth of Roman Catholicism in some posing the Universities of Glasgow, of its forms, exist now in Ireland, they Aberdeen, Edinburgh and St. Andrews will be diminished rather than aggra

had manned their teaching staffs from vated by anything you can do in the top to bottom with Roman Catholics way of higher education. Take the since the Reformation. Supposing that case of Germany. I do not believe that the main bulk of the students of these the actul proportion between the Ro- universities had been, in consequence man Catholics and the Protestants in of that fact, Roman Catholic, does any Germany has, in the last two or three human being believe, knowing anygenerations, been materially altered. thing of history or of human nature, At all events, I have no ground for be- that these four great universities would lieving that it has been altered in favor have been used by the Scotch as they of the Protestants. Yet there you have have been used to such great advantage University education, and can see what for four hundred years?" Mr. Balfour education can do for the great Roman

might have added to his arguments Catholic population, because the Ger- from Germany and from Scotland that man Roman Catholics are, by univer- Rhenish Prussia, being at once educatsal admission, by the admission of ed and Catholic, is devotedly loyal to every student in every branch

the greatest of Protestant houses, one, knowledge, the most advanced, the moreover, which is as distinctively most enlightened, and the most learned Protestant as any Nonconformist; and

of

that Scotland, which at first resented tion, but a lay question; that the men the union as strongly as ever Ireland to whom they are refusing the means did, is as cordially part of Britain as of culture are not priests, but laymen England is; but perhaps he felt that, who in every walk of life, and specially at this moment, when Irish Catholics on the battlefield, are struggling for the are dying in heaps for Queen Victoria, same causes as themselves; who, if that argument from loyalty was super- they are degraded, degrade the Empire, fluous or out of place.

and if they are elevated, elevate the To accept such devotion from Irish whole community, Protestant as well Roman Catholics, yet refuse to grant as Catholic. If it is truth which is in the one method of intellectual eleva- question, how can they diffuse the mention for which they all petition, and tal power of receiving truth more diwhich their clergy regard as absolutely rectly than by educating thoroughly essential, seems to us almost mon- the misbeliever? And as for the loyalty, strous, and, in truth, we believe it let them ponder the newspaper "great seems so to a majority within the fact” of the day. The Duke of NorHouse. It is not the member who folk is sailing for South Africa to fight knows of Germany, and remembers at the head of a corps which he himhow many Continental sceptics have self has raised on the side to which the been trained in the seminary, who re- electors are wishing success. The quires to be convinced, but the average Duke, at least, is not seeking to imProtestant elector, who cannot rid him- prove his own position or maintain him. self of a vague impression that as edu- self in comfort. He is sacrificing for cation strengthens the man who re- the flag almost everything which makes ceives it, in educating Catholics in the life enjoyable, and a great official posi. Catholic way, and amidst a Catholic tion besides; and he is not only the atmosphere, he is strengthening Cathol- premier peer and the recognized leader icism, which, at heart, he believes to be of English Catholics, but he is a bea creed that is both untrue and un- liever of whose fidelity to his church British. It is most difficult to reach no one ever entertained a doubt. The him, for his conviction is born of preju- average Protestant elector is, after all, dice rather than reason, and the Cath- a person of sense, and we should just olic Church is, for the moment, fanning ask him whether, if all Irish Catholics its fire by betraying in every direction shared the sentiments and the educaanti-English sympathies, but

we be

tion of the Duke of Norfolk, he would lieve that in the end even he will be think of Ireland as more dangerous or converted.

less dangerous than at present? It is Englishmen have always this mark not a pleasant argument to use in a of sense about them, that in the cause which ought to succeed because end they follow their leaders; and the English people love justice, and as they submitted to Catholic emanci- will face a risk on its behalf; but it is pation, which they hated and dreaded an intelligible one, and we would ask with all their hearts, so they will sub- the average elector where his answer mit to see Irish Catholics who are is. emancipated educated as well as Prot- We shall be told, of course, that the estants without more than low-voiced Irish Roman Catholic can go to the murmurs. Indeed, we are not sure Protestant university if he pleases, but even of the murmurs. They must see the assertion is in all but form untrue. in the end, as Mr. Balfour told them, He can go just as an English Evangelithat this is not an ecclesiastical ques- cal can go to be educated at Stony

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