Pretending and Imagination in Animals and Children
It is well known that children's activities are full of pretending and imagination, but it is less appreciated that animals can also show similar activities. Originally published in 2002, this book focuses on comparing and contrasting children's and animals' pretenses and imaginative activities. In the text, overviews of research present conflicting interpretations of children's understanding of the psychology of pretense, and describe sociocultural factors which influence children's pretenses. Studies of nonhuman primates provide examples of their pretenses and other simulative activities, explore their representational and imaginative capacities and compare their skills with children. Although the psychological requirements for pretending are controversial, evidence presented in this volume suggests that great apes and even monkeys may share capacities for imagination with children, and that children's early pretenses may be less psychological than they appear.
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4-year-olds ability activities adult aggression alligator animal-role animals another’s apes baby Barbary macaques behavior bonobos Bretherton Byrne caregivers Chantek character chil child child’s children’s pretend children’s understanding chimpanzees cognitive complex context culture deception developmental doll dren dyads Eastern Kentucky University eating enacted example experimenter eye-covering play Fein female function gorillas Groos human children imaginary object imagination imitation infant interaction invisible involved Japanese macaques Kanzi Koko language Lillard male maternal behaviors McCune & Agayoff mental representation metarepresentation Mitchell monkeys months mothers nonhuman primates object permanence object substitution observed one’s orangutans Panjul patterns performance PIAC3 Piaget pongid pretend actions pretend play primates props reality role Russon Savage-Rumbaugh scale model task schemas scripts self-recognition similar social pretend play species story studies suggest symbolic Taylor & Carlson theory of mind thought bubbles tion Upper Paleolithic verbalizations Viki Whiten Woolley young children