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Year Book

5684

September 11, 1923, to September 28, 1924

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COPYRIGHT, 1923, BY
THE JEWISH PUBLICATION SOCIETY OF AMERICA

Printed at
THE JEWISH PUBLICATION SOCIETY'S PRESS

Philadelphia, Penna.. U.S.A.

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PREFACE

The present volume contains five special features of timely interest. Miss London's article on Portraits of Jews by Early American Painters, besides throwing side-lights on the positions of usefulness occupied by many Jews in the Colonial period of American history, shows also that our brethren in those days were among the small number who gave encouragement to the development of the fine arts in the early years of our national existence.

The suggestion that the Jewish method of slaughtering animals be abolished on the alleged ground that it inflicts greater pain than certain other methods was made during the past year in several countries, notably Great Britain and Poland. It was therefore deemed advisable to publish the address on this subject delivered by Doctor Moses Hyamson, in behalf of the American Jewish Committee, before the Forty-sixth Annual Meeting of the American Humane Association, held in St. Paul, Minnesota, in October, 1922. In view of the fact that the proposal for the abolition of Shehitah is usually initiated by persons or organizations interested in the humane treatment of animals, it is significant that, following Doctor Hyamson's address, one of the leading officers of the American Humane Association, who is the chairman of its Committee on Slaughter House Reform, stated that in any proposals for remedial legislation which that Committee would make the Jewish method would be specifically exempted, as is the case in England, Holland, and Germany.

The time-honored prayer Kol Nidre, the origin of which is shrouded in mystery, has been the occasion of much misunderstanding and even misrepresentation. Doctor Davidson's brief but adequate discussion will provide scholarly information to all interested in the snbject. The complete list of sources will be helpful to students.

The award, last year, of the Nobel Prize in Physics to Professor Albert Einstein, who has become world-renowned for his epoch-making researches in that field, has suggested the timeliness of an article on Jews who have won Nobel Prizes, which Doctor Benjamin Harrow has been good enough to contribute to this volume.

The classified list of Standard Books in English on Jewish Subjects, compiled by Mr. I. George Dobsevage, contains titles of publications on every phase of Jewish history, life, and thought. The list is intended to suggest topical readings and to assist religious schools and libraries to complete their collections. . Appended to the Sixteenth Annual Report of the American Jewish Committee is the Responsum made by Professor Louis Ginzberg, of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, to a question which has frequently been asked, in view of the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and the various Federal and State laws enacted in accordance with it, whether unfermented wine may be used in Jewish ceremonies.

Doctor Harry S. Linfield has again contributed a Survey of the Year based on the monthly Summaries of Events of Jewish Interest, compiled

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