Grammar and Its Reasons: For Students and Teachers of the English Tongue

A.S. Barnes, 1907 - 375 ページ


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317 ページ - Why, look you now, how unworthy a thing you make of me. You would play upon me; you would seem to know my stops; you would pluck out the heart of my mystery...
122 ページ - THREE little words, you often see, Are articles A, An, and The. A Noun is the name of anything, As School, or Garden, Hoop, or Swing. Adjectives tell the kind of Noun, As Great, Small, Pretty, White, or Brown. Instead of Nouns the Pronouns stand, Her head, His face, Your arm, My hand. Verbs tell of something being done—- To Read, Count.
200 ページ - I AM monarch of all I survey; My right there is none to dispute; From the centre all round to the sea, I am lord of the fowl and the brute. 0 Solitude ! where are the charms That sages have seen in thy face? Better dwell in the midst of alarms Than reign in this horrible place.
118 ページ - But whatever language he knows, he knows precisely; whatever word he pronounces, he pronounces rightly; above all, he is learned in the peerage of words; knows the words of true descent and ancient blood, at a glance, from words of modern canaille; remembers all their ancestry, their intermarriages, distant relationships, and the extent to which they were admitted, and offices they held, among the national noblesse of words at any time, and in any country.
xv ページ - Such reasoning concerns individuals in two aspects, first as concrete wholes and secondly as members of higher totalities or classes — species and genera. Thus, too, grammar, rich as it is in its contents, is only a formal discipline as respects the scientific, historic, or literary contents of language, and is indifferent to them. A...
268 ページ - Now this is an expression which every one uses. Grammarians (of the smaller order) protest : schoolmasters (of the lower kind) prohibit and chastise ; but English men, women, and children go on saying it, and will go on saying it as long as the English language is spoken.
83 ページ - Case denotes the relation which a noun sustains to other words in the sentence, expressed sometimes by its termination, and sometimes by its position." The number of cases given in different English textbooks varies all the way from zero to the original six. Even the recognition of the possessive as a case of nouns has been thought by some to be unnecessary. That nouns have a "possessive form...
260 ページ - In these far climes it was my lot To meet the wondrous Michael Scott ; A wizard of such dreaded fame That when, in Salamanca's cave, Him listed his magic wand to wave, The bells would ring in Notre Dame...
311 ページ - Grammer. Nay truly, it hath that prayse, that it wanteth not Grammer: for Grammer it might have, but it needes it not; beeing so easie of it selfe, and so voyd of those cumbersome differences of Cases, Genders, Moodes, and Tenses, which I thinke was a peece of the Tower of Babilons curse, that a man should be put to schoole to learne his mother-tongue.
154 ページ - Though many of us no doubt are familiar with the terms ' strong' and ' weak' preterites, which in all our better grammars have put out of use the wholly misleading terms ' irregular' and ' regular,' I perhaps had better remind you of what the exact meaning of the terms is. A strong praeterite is one formed by an internal vowel change ; for instance, the verb ' to drive' forms the praeterite ' drove? by an internal change of the vowel ' i ' into