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eloquence, the lofty inspiration of poetry, the storied urn or animated bust,' that can rear an appropriate monument to the memory of Mr. Madison, or erect a suitable monument to his fame.
“His appropriate and enduring eulogium is to be found inscribed in those pages of his country's history which are identified with her honor and glory. It is engraved on every pillar of that splendid fabric of constitutional liberty under which we live. It is identified with the existence of that glorious union of confederated States which he contributed so essentially to form, and the maintenance and preservation of which, with all its numerous blessings, were the constant object of his care during his long, laborious, and useful public life, and of his most earnest and anxious solicitude in the shades of retirement.
“And, Mr. Speaker, another and not less decisive and more affecting evidence of his merit and title to public gratitude, will be found in the deep grief with which his loss will be deplored, by every man in the nation as a great national calamity. I offer the resolution which I now send to the chair.
" Resolved, That a committee be appointed on the part of this House, to join such committee as may be appointed on the part of the Senate, to consider and report by what token of respect and affection, it may be proper for the Congress of the United States to express the deep sensibility of the nation to the event of the decease of Mr. Madison, just announced by the President of the United States to this House."
The resolution having been read,
Mr. Adams rose and addressed the Speaker. “By the general sense of the House," he said, “it is with perfect propriety that the delegation from the commonwealth of Virginia have taken the lead, in the melancholy duty of proposing the measures suitable to be adopted, as testimonials of the veneration due from the legislature of the Union, to the memory of the departed patriot and sage, the native of their soil, and the citizen of their community.
“ It is not without some hesitation and some diffidence, that I have risen to offer, in my own behalf, and in that of my colleagues upon this floor, and of our common constituents, to join our voice at once of mourning and of exultation, at the event announced to both Houses of Congress, by the message from the VOL. I.
President of the United States, - of mourning at the bereavement which has befallen our common country, by the decease of one of her most illustrious sons ; of exultation at the spectacle afforded to the observation of the civilized world, and for the emulation of aftertimes, by the close of a life of usefulness and glory, after forty years of service in trusts of the highest dignity and splendor that a confiding country could bestow, succeeded by twenty years of retirement and private life, not inferior in the estimation of the virtuous and the wise, to the honors of the highest station that ambition can attain.
“Of the public life of James Madison, what could I say that is not deeply impressed upon the memory and upon the heart of every one within the sound of my voice ? Of his private life, what but must meet an echoing shout of applause from every voice within this hall? Is it not, in a preeminent degree, by emanations from his mind that we are assembled here as the representatives of the people and States of this Union ? Is it not transcendently by his exertions that we all address each other here by the endearing appellation of countrymen and fellow-citizens ? Of that band of benefactors of the human race, the founders of the Constitution of the United States, JAMES Madison is the last who has gone to his reward. Their glorious work has survived them all. They have transmitted the precious bond of union to us, now entirely a succeeding generation to them. May it never cease to be a voice of admonition to us of our duty to transmit the inheritance unimpaired to our children of the rising age.
“Of the personal relations of this great man, which gave rise to the long career of public service in which twenty years own life have been engaged, it becomes me not to speak. The fulness of the heart must be silent, even to the suppression of the overflowings of gratitude and affection."
The resolution was then unanimously adopted, and the following named members were appointed of the committee on the part of the House : Messrs. Patron of Virginia,
Tracey of Connecticut, MASON of Maine,
PEARCE of Rhode Island, CUSHMAN of New Hampshire, ALLEN of Vermont, Adams of Massachusetts, WARD of New York,
PARKER of New Jersey,
DUNLAP of Tennessee, Anthony of Pennsylvania, McLENE of Ohio, MILLIGAN of Delaware, Ripley of Louisiana, Washington of Maryland, CARR of Indiana, DEBERRY of North Carolina, Claiborne of Mississippi, Griffin of South Carolina, Reynolds of Illinois, Coffee of Georgia,
Lyon of Alabama, ard Johnson of Kentucky,
Harrison of Missouri. The same day Mr. Rives reported to the Senate, and Mr. Patton to the House of Representatives, from the Joint Committee, the following:
“ The President of the United States having communicated to the two Houses of Congress, the melancholy intelligence of the death of their illustrious and beloved fellow-citizen, JAMES Madison of Virginia, late President of the United States, and the two Houses sharing in the general grief which this distressing event must produce,
"Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of Americo in Congress assembled, That the chairs of the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives be shrouded in black during the present session; and that the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the members and officers of both Houses wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days.
“ Resolved, That it be recommended to the people of the United States to wear crape on the left arm, as mourning, for thirty days.
“ Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested to transmit a copy of these resolutions to Mrs. Madison, and to assure her of the profound respect of the two Houses of Congress for her person and character, and of their sincere condolence on the late afflicting dispensation of Providence."
The report and resolutions were unanimously adopted in both Houses.
On the same day the following General Orders were issued from the Navy Departinent :
“Navy DEPARTMENT, 30th June, 1836. " To the officers of the Navy and Marine Corps :
“ The President of the United States, with deep affliction,
announces to the navy and marine corps the death of the illustrious statesman and patriot James Madison, late President of the United States, who died at Montpelier on the morning of the 28th instant.
“ As a testimony of the high sense of feeling for the loss which our country has sustained, in the death of this great and good man, and in which the navy and marine corps participate with the whole American people, the President directs that funeral honors be paid to him by the vessels of the navy in our own and foreign ports, by wearing their colors half-mast for one week ; that twenty-one minute guns be fired at each navy yard and in all public vessels in commission at twelve o'clock M. on the day after this order shall be received ; and that the officers of the navy and marine corps wear crape on the left arm for six months.
- MAHLON DICKERSON.”
On the next day the following General Orders were issued from the War Department :
“ HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
Washington, July 1, 1836. “ The Major General commanding in chief, has received through the War Department the commands of the President, to announce to the Army the death of the illustrious statesman and patriot Ex-President Madison, who died at his seat at Montpelier, in Virginia, on the morning of the 28th of June.
“As a testimony of the feeling for the loss which the nation has sustained in the death of this great and distinguished citizen, in which the Army participates, the President directs that funeral honors, agreeably to the regulations, be paid to the memory of the deceased, at all the military posts, the day after the receipt of this Order ; and by the army in the field, where circumstances will permit. “ BY COMMAND OF MAJOR General MACOMB.
"R. Jones, Adjutant General.”
On the ninth of July, 1836, the President of the United States transmitted the resolutions of the Senate and House of Representatives to Mrs. Madison with the following letter :
“ WASHINGTON, July 9th, 1836. “Madam: It appearing to have been the intention of Congress to make me the organ of assuring you of the profound respect entertained by both its branches for your person and character, and of their sincere condolence in the late afflicting dispensation of Providence, which has at once deprived you of a beloved companion, and your country of one of its most valued citizens ; I perform that duty by transmitting the documents herewith enclosed.
"No expression of my own sensibility at the loss sustained by yourself and the nation could add to the consolation to be derived from these high evidences of the public sympathy. Be assured, Madam, that there is not one of your countrymen who feels more poignantly the stroke which has fallen upon you, or who will cherish with a more enduring constancy the memory of the virtues, the services, and the purity of the illustrious man, whose glorious and patriotic life has been just terminated by a tranquil death. “ I have the honor to be, Madam, your most obedient servant,
• ANDREW JACKSON. " To Mrs. D. P. MADISON,
" Montpelier, Virginia."
The following is the reply of Mrs. Madison :
“ MONTPELIER, August 20, 1836. “I received, Sir, in due time, your letter conveying to me the resolutions Congress were pleased to adopt on the occasion of the death of my beloved husband, a communication made the more grateful by the kind expression of your sympathy which it contained.
“ The high and just estimation of my husband by my countrymen and friends, and their generous participation in the sorrow occasioned by our irretrievable loss (expressed through their supreme authorities and otherwise) are the only solace of which my heart is susceptible, on the departure of him who had never lost sight of that consistency, symmetry, and beauty of character in all its parts, which secured to him the love and admiration of his country, and which must ever be the subject of peculiar and tender reverence to one whose happiness was derived from their daily and constant exercise.