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with which the Countess herself was noticed in his private correspondence. It is to be hoped that Lady Blessington's friend, Madame Guiccioli, will also favour the world with the stock of her recollections; and it will be hard if, among the multitude of friends and acquaintances who have stept forward to defame him, the public is not enabled to form as black an ideal of his Lordship's character as even himself, in the wildest chimeras of liis love of mystification, was induced to shadow forth. It is not one of the least advantages possessed by Sir Walter over his gifted contemporary, that his life will be pourtrayed by the hand of affection, and his actions interpreted by a cultivated and honourable mind. Moore might have done as much for Lord Byron ; but he was shackled in the attempt by restrictions such as no biographer
DRAMATIC POLITICS.-It seems that one night, early in the month of October, John Reeve, the idol of the Gods of the Adelphi, and one of the best comic actors on the boards, chose to vary the humours of an American election introduced into the piece founded on Washington Irving's tale of “Rip Van Winkle,” by a speech from the hustings in the character of the popular candidate. “If you retury me to Congress," quoth he, “ I promise to vote for the reduction of rent and the abolition of TITHES !” This extemporaneous sally was received by the house with around of cheering of several minutes' duration ; and the thing would have been speedily forgotten, but that, at the close of the scene, the manager, Mr. Yates, rushed breathless upon the stage with the following address :-“ Ladies and Gentlemen! I beg to assure you that what has fallen from Mr. Reeve was by complete accident, and shall never be repeated.” This very elegant apostrophe was received by the house with a dead silence. It is, however, but just to Mr. Yates to consider that his license was probably at stake.
MENAGERIES. — A daily journal has the following paragraph :—“ The Prince Regent is gone Eastward to collect beasts for the Zoological Gardens.”---The Prince Regent ! “To what base uses may we come at last !" We remember another prince who was fond of collecting beasts, the late King of Wurtemberg, whose zoonomania all but caused a revolution in his half-starved kingdom. At best, menageries are cruel things; cruel, that they deprive the feri nature of their liberty, and still more cruel that they “take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs." A much larger proportion of wholesome food is daily devoured by the animals in the Zoological Gardens of the Regent's Park, than by the paupers in Marylebone work house. A new Society, moreover, has been recently established in London for “ Promoting Rational Humanity to Animals." Among the items to which the subscriptions are applied, is one for humane carts for conveying calves to market; and the chief abuses proposed for reformation lie in the knacker's yard !-All this is very well.---Let the humane subscribe as liberally as they please for the comfort of the calves about to supply them with fillets of veal, or the sheep they intend to eat in mutton chops; but the kingdom of Great Britain is not within fifty years of that degree of national prosperity which justifies the application of its impulses of humanity to the beasts that perish. We have starving men and women :- we have infant children who require humanity-carts to convey them to the loom and the factory; we have a knacker's yard of infirm and miserable paupers, where the aged poor are suffered to die by inches, as described in the Synopsis of the Society. Let Mr. Gompertz, who is an enlightened and humane man, reflect upon this, and not lavish all his good Samaritanism on the inferior animals of the creation.
ASSOCIATION OF IDEAS.-- It is asserted by those who resided at Rome during Sir Walter's visit to the Eternal City, that he was with difficulty persuaded to visit the monuments of its ancient glory. His mind was totally untouched by classical associations; and, perhaps, to this very peculiarity are we indebted for that freshness of perception, that vivid and glowing sunshine of the imagination, which was not distracted by the shadowy imagery of antiquity from the objects on which it was his pleasure it should fall. The days of chivalry were to him what the classic era was to the writers of the time of Anne ; and Charlemagne was probably the Agamemnon, whose reign formed the primitive limitation of his inquiry and interest.
CROSBY HALL. It is curious enough that, while the nation, or its representatives are always prompt in resisting proposals for a benevolence towards crecting a royal residence for the sovereigus thai be, they are no less ready with their purses to
prevent any relic of royal antiquity from falling into decay. A year or two ago, an old barn, forming part of King John's Palace at Eltham, (concerning which, so long as it was permitted to stand, few people expressed or exhibited the least curiosity,) was sentenced to demolition. Upon this arose an outcry from the antiquaries. Destroy a monument of seven hundred years' duration ! Monstrous ! A subscription was instantly set on foot; and Wyatt employed to repair the royal barn. In the same taste, the dilettanti of London have recently come forward in defence of Crosby Hall, once the residence of Crook back Richard, and now a packer's warehouse. It seems that the palaces of kings, like the shell of the nautilus, do not become objects of interest in the eyes of the multitude, till they afford shelter to some new inhabitant. Perhaps even the old Dutch guard house at St. James's (a flagrant disgrace to the taste of the first capital in Europe) will, at some future epoch, find favour in the sight of His Majesty's subjects, and be saved from conversion into useful warehouses by a voluntary subscription.
FREQUENTERS OF Courts NO COURTIERS.- The witty old Countess of Aldbo. rough, having applied to Lord Lyndhurst, as a friend, for legal advice, was somewhat ungraciously repulsed. “ Ah !" said Lady A., “ I see how it is; I have applied to the wrong court. It is plain your lordship has nothing to do with Civil Law.”
INFANT LABOUR.-A certain eccentric Tory member, who, till he obtained a seat in the present Parliament, had never made his appearance in society, dined last year, in company with Sadler, and several other political personages, at the mansion of Sir Robert Peel. After dinner, as the gentlemen were drinking coffee in the fine picture gallery of the ex-minister, a conversation took place between Sadler and Sir Robert on the subject of the Bill for the Regulation of Infant Labour. Mr.
who was standing near, occasionally joining in the discussion, while he contemplated Lawrence's exquisite picture of the infant daughter of his host, (considering, perhaps, that the baronet was lukewarm towards the interests of the manufacturing classes,) suddenly slapped him on the back, and exclaimed, while he pointed to the portrait of little Miss Peel, “ Ah ! Sir Robert! that little darling might have been slaving in the factory you know ; 'twas a narrow escape.” The amazement of his discon. certed auditors may be easily conjectured.
LINE OF SUCCESSION.-It was observed by a noble earl, an eminent upholder of the Tory interest in one of the northern counties of England, that whenever he came out of his gateway, he was greeted by the earnest salutation of a withered crone, who had taken her station on the steps_“ Long life to your lordship!—May your lordship live for ever.” Astonished to find that, month after month, his gratuities produced no change in the wording of her apostrophe, Lord L. one day accosted her“My good woman, you appear very earnest for the continuance of my days: have you any particular interest in my preservation ?"_“ To be sure I have,” cried the old woman : “ I recollect your uncle Sir James, when he owned the estate and ruled over us; and a bitterer enemy to the poor never broke bread. Then came your father, who was a still blacker curse to us; and every body said we could never be worse off. When you came to the estate, my lord, we found out our mistake; and what may come after you is a dreadful thing to think of !--Long life to your lordship!—May your lordship live for ever ! "
Whic UNDERLINGS.—Under the old system the effective force of jobbers on the establishment of this country increased to a prodigious amount. It was utterly impossible to give employment to the whole of them. Idlers belonging to this class were to be met in every corner, lounging about like “ unattached officers," or the ancient Edinburgh functionary, “ Wha wants me?” Even in the worst of days some of these superfluous rascals, just for the sake of keeping their hands in, joined the liberal party. The number of them who have taken service under it, since the accession of Earl Grey to office, is prodigious ! and if honest people be not on their guard they will soon succeed in making the Whigs as bad as the Tories. Their caterwauling is heard in every corner. Do the electors of any burgh dare to be dissatisfied with the candidate palmed upon them by Ministers? Does an independent candidate come forward at their call ? He is instantly bespattered with abuse. In compliance with the urgent and reiterated request of a large body of the Bath electors, Mr. Hume recommended Mr. Roebuck to their notice; they being distrustful of a recent and dubious convert to liberal principles, notwithstanding he was delivered to them, free of expense, under a Treasury frank. The Times began to growl
immediately; accusing, in no measured terms, Mr. Hume of seeking to divide the reform interest, in the face of a strong Tory force, for the purpose of getting a party in the House of Commons ready to support his “ crotchets." Mr. Roebuck's committee addressed a letter to the Briarean journal, stating the real facts of the case, which was refused insertion, except as an advertisement. A communication from Mr. Hobhouse's friends, similar in every respect, except that of veracity, was osten. tatiously stuffed into a “ leading article.” The Times has since eaten in its praise of Mr. Hobhouse ; but has left unrepented, at least unconfessed, its rude and vulgar attack upon Messrs. Hume and Roebuck." Again, two government protegés have started for Harwich, opposed by Mr. Herries. With one of the soi-disant liberal candidates, the inhabitants of that burgh were much and justly dissatisfied : and, at their request, Mr. Leader, son of the Irish patriot, offered his services. The Times was instantly at its dirty work again, and broadly accused Mr. Leader of having made a coalition with Mr. Herries. Upon a remonstrance being made, however, it softened down the charge to that of “ a virtual coalition.” Thus far The Times ; next comes The Globe, “ to the self-same tune and words."
“ While we are disposed to express little in the way either of surprise or objection to a few indivi. duals of ultra-radical pretensions being produced as candidates for some of the new manufacturing constituencies, it is with considerable regret that we ever witness that sort of intrusion into the struggle which tends so to vulgarize it, that any person, with a due share of self-respect, feels himself indisposed to the encounter. On the whole, so far as present indications exist, we apprehend that much fewer Radi. cals, of the class which may be regarded as entirely without the pale, will get into Parliament than people imagine. There may possibly be four or five Dromios the Preston class instead of one or two, but that will be all ; of the Hume school, possibly fifteen or twenty more; but our present conviction is, that the next Parliament will practically, and for the most part, assume the tone of liberal Whiggism, meaning thereby," &c. &c. &c. The which dismal ditty, when rightly interpreted, we take to be, among other things, an obscure and somewhat mystical prophecy of the ousting of Colonel Torrens from Bolton, by the exertions of Mr. Cobbett and his friends. Its main object is to follow up the personal onslaughts of The Times by a general charge; a plan of attack which does honour to the military talents of the editor of The Globe. To these “vituperative personalities" are added quant. suff: of " laudatory personalities.”+ These “ most sweet voices," whether they be the “ forward voice, to speak well of his friend,” or the “ backward voice, to utter foul speeches, and to detract,” have but one aim ; to establish the present Ministry upon the basis of a well-organized body of agents, who, diffused through the coun. try, inay, by their restless activity, give to the operations of a few the appearance of the will and deed of the many. They hope to flatter the people by the persuasion, that what is merely passing before its eyes is its achievement, until the present excitement has subsided, and all things are quietly left to their management. They hope and trust, that our new constitution will soon become like everything the world has yet witnessed—a machine worked by the few, and mainly for the interest of the few. If there be wisdom among the electors they will laugh into nothingness these shallow pretences. They will choose a man of sense and principle, in preference to a brawling fool, of course, whatever be the professions of the latter : this point settled, they will choose even a party Whig in preference to a Tory; but a Liberal, free from all party connexions, in preference to either. In short, they will choose a man to represent themselves. A House of Commons thus elected will be a sufficient guard to Ministers against the machinations of an expiring faction, while by the check it lays on them by their knowledge of its character, it will form a guarantee for their honesty. Be it observed, that we attribute this plan, now concocting for our future subjugation, to the jobbers alone. Instinct has taught them, that success will place both governors and governed at their mercy. We have not the shadow of a ground for attributing to Lord Grey a knowledge of what is going forward. Indeed our fear is, that the people will not return a Parliament sufficiently decided to support the bolder and better spirits of the Ministry in that line of policy which is necessary for our national salvation. There is a noble generous spirit abroad, but a great want of precise and definite political knowledge.
The Times has been accused by The Examiner of denying all knowledge of Mr. Roebuck, while, at least, one person identified with that paper knew bim well. The Times persists in its denial. This is one of the advantages of having three gentlemen in a firm, each of whom is entitled to use the pronoun "we," when, in reality, he only means “ I."
+ Vide“ The Book of Fallacies," p. 123 to p. 142, inclusive.
us in a compromising support of the estaTHE CHURCH IS IN DANGER. The dig- blished hierarchy. Let us vindicate the cause nitaries of the overgrown establishment of of true religion and justice, which are injured England, like the boy who cried wolves, in and violated by its existence. We believe the fable, have raised this clamour so often, the church establishment to be founded in that nobody will believe them, now that their error, to be unjustly supported, and inefficient words are sooth. We beg to add our unsus for the great purpose for which it exists. pected testimony to theirs. The Church Let us act as men labouring under such is in danger;" and a brief recapitulation of impressions. Let us conduct ourselves as the signs of the times will shew it. Imprimis, the correctors of error, as the opposers of inAt the Hornby Reform Festival, celebrated on justice, and the determined foes of every Tuesday, the 9th of October, the Hon. C. inefficient monopoly, whether temporal or A. Pelham, M.P., thus expressed himself: spiritual. Our separation from the esta-“ I have had the satisfaction of informing blished church, is a standing memorial of our you, upon excellent authority, what are the dissent, an ever-abiding witness of our oppresmeasures which it is the intention of his sion; but we neutralize our dissent by a Majesty's ministers to introduce in the next quiet and compromising payment of all ecclesession of Parliament. The Bill for Reform siastical demands. We cast an imputation of the Church, I know is already prepared. upon our sincerity, by continuing to support (Tremendous cheers.) It is, therefore, not that practically, which we are ever theoretifor me, if I am again returned as your repre- tically condemning.
We call upon sentative, to say, before I go into the House, you not to violate any law, not to embarrass whether I shall support that bill or not: alí the operations of our ministry, (our strength that I can state at present, is, that I will give is in the prompt obeyance of the law,) but it my best attention; and I will anxiously we do call upon you to obey it; in such a and deliberately form my judgment upon it. manner, as shall shew your sense of its (Loud cheers.) At the same time, I believe, injustice, and your determination to cast off
- at least, I have great hopes - I shall be its yoke, while, so long as it continues, you able to support it; because I do not conceive are willing to comply in one sense with its that the same ministers who would give you demand. The example of the Quakers is so full, and efficient, and beneficial a measure that which we call upon you to imitate. of reform for the representation of the people, They have been for the last fifty years at will so change their principles in so short á least, bearing a silent, but increasing testitime, as to give you a mean and scanty mea- mony to the injustice of the claims of the sure of reform in the church. (Loud cheers.) clergy. If the whole body of the Dissenters I trust that this measure, like the one recently had imitated their example from the first, given, will be temperate and moderate, but we do not hesitate to say, that long ere this, amply efficient. (Continued cheering.") the question would have been settled for ever. One great point, therefore, is established, - We call the county of Bucks first in the that ministers have a plan of church reform field; because from it has proceeded the first in petto. The next point is, to inquire “ for proposal for a general strike on the part of what extent of church reform is the country the Dissenters. Isolated individuals and ripe?” In so far as Ireland is coucerned, communities had already, before the appearthis question has already been pretty loudly ance of the appeal from which we have and intelligibly answered. Let'us next look quoted, begun to act upon the principle in to England. First in the field, as in duty different parts of England. In the spring of bound, is the native county of Hampden. the present year, a gentleman in the north of On Saturday, the 7th of October, a stirring England allowed his furniture to be distrained appeal to the Dissenters appeared in the and sold by auction, for his tithes, and emBucks' Gazette, which has since run the braced the occasion of the sale, to address to circle of almost every newspaper in the king- a numerous assembly, an exposition of the
dom. It throws down the gauntlet. “ Let principles upon which he acted, and his reso• us awake to a sense of that duty which de- lution to adhere to them. An adjourned volves upon us as men and Chuistians. Let meeting of rate payers, held at Birmingham, us wipe away that reproach which rests upon on Tuesday, the 21 of October, has flatly
refused to pay any rate. Mr Churchwarden favour of church reformn exacted from the Salt moved, that a rate of threepence be candidates through the whole of England. granted for the present year. Mr Allan, Equally pregnant is the fact, that all the proseconded by Mr Bourne, moved, as an vincial newspapers, with a very few exceptions, amendment,-“ That, under all the circum- advocate this cause. Even the cautious Scotsstances of the case, the churchwardens having man, and the Times, which was never yet known at present funds in hand, the vestry will not to support any person or principle which it at present grant any rate ; but that, if re. had not previously ascertained to be popular quested, a subscription be entered into, for with an immense majority of the nation, are the purpose of defraying all legal and proper clamorous in the cause of church reform. expenses connected with the church. Mr But more important, as an index of the Joseph Parkes proposed another amendment, strength of popular feeling on this subject,
-" That the rate be postponed ; and that than all besides, is the bustle and stirring the churchwardens of the parish of Birming- among the clergy to spruce up their nests ham be requested to raise a public subscrip- against the day of examination. The call tion, to defray their current expenses; and for church reform has been raised within the in the meantime, the rate payers be recom
walls of the church itself. Sorely to the mended to petition the legislature in the first annoyance of the Bishop of Durham, some of reformed Parliament, for a repeal of the laws his clergy have been addressing him upon which tax Dissenters for the maintenance of this topic. Nor is this determination to the established church.” The rector, who amend clerical abuses contined to England. was in the chair, refused to put this second Even in Scotland, where church oppression is amendment, and any more of the first than much less heavy, the same spirit is beginning went simply to negative the original motion. to awake. For upwards of a year have the The first amendment, thus curtailed, was put inhabitants of Edinburgh been striving to and carried: a rate is, therefore, ultimately reduce the established clergy to the incomes refused. On Saturday, the 6th of October, of their churches. At Mr Cobbett's late the Bow Street magistrates, on the applica- lectures, no passage was more rapturously tion of the officers of St Martins-in-the-Fields, applauded, than his sortie against the church decided, That the 10th of Geo. III. declar- of England. In Glasgow, a “ Voluntary ing that all rates must be made by “ the Church Association" has just been formed, churchwardens, overseers, vestrymén, con- including almost all the talent and respectastables, and other ancient inhabitants of the bility of the Dissenting interest in the West. parish,” did not mean that every inhabitant A paper devoted to the church asserts, that of the parish should have a voté ; that the in Scotland there are 350 petitions against power of making rates was coutined to those a church establishment prepared, and ready to persons only who were the ancient inhabi- be showered upon the reformed Parliament, iants of the purish; that the term “ ancient,” as soon as it meets. The truth is, that if the meant those persons who had either served Di-senters of Great Britain do not strike in some of the parochial offices named in the at this crisis, they deserve to be trampled statute, or had suffered fine for not having so
upon for ever.
The nucleus of their body,served. The parishioners have, in consequence the three great classes of Independents, Bapof this decision, declared their resolution not tists, and Congregationalists, have long been to pay the rate. In a manly address, pre- accustomed to act together. Let the Quakers, sented to Earl Grey by the Northern Political the Dissenting Methodists, the various Scottish Union, this striking passage occurs :-“ In Secession churches, and all the others, rally this country, (which, availing itself of the around them. Let them demand their rights great privilege of Prote-tantism, is proud of as men and as Christians, to be put in every the right of private judgment, and regrets the respect on a footing of equality with the dogmas of creeds and churches, and is crowded nuembers of the Churches of England and with Dissenters and Catholies,) the whole Scotland. Let them make a stand for Chrisbody of the people are doomed to the support tian liberty. The spirit of Hampden, Vane, of a church, whose adherents, compared with and Milton, is again abroad in the land. The the whole mass of the population, are but consummation which they yearned after, is few in number, if we count as adherents those now attainable. The ChurcH IS IN DANGER. only who believe in its doctrine, and approve Not that spiritual church, " the salt of the of its discipline. No tax can be more mon- earth,” without which it had lost its savour, strous, more unjust, more impolitic, than that that mystic union of all true believers, which which obliges any portion of the people to is founded on a rock," and the gates of hell support in splendour and luxury the priests shall not prevail against it,” but that flimsy of a religion which they conscientiously reject. structure of man's device, which those who The whole country expects from the wisilom show their disbelief in the divine origin of of a reformed Parliament the utter abolition Christianity, in their attempts to prop it up of the tithe tax, which is not only a tax upon by human inventions, seek to substitute in agricultural improvement, but an infringe- its place. Up, men, brethren! for our cause ment of liberty of conscience." Turning is holy. Up! follow the banner on which from the advice of the Bucks' Gazette, the is inscribed, __“ The lion of the tribe of example of Northumberland, Birmingham, Judah hath overcome. St Martins-in-the-Fields, and the representa THE ELECTIONS.— There is every probation for Newcastle, we find declarations in bility that the elections to the new Parlia