scending his palace stairs to breakfast, and, tumbling to the bottom, his imperial skull receive an occipital derangement in the region of “ adhesiveness," it is possible the half of Europe would not be embroiled in war, and countless numbers be left peacefully and quietly to live on, unskathed by the hellish atrocities of war. What mighty effects might a piece of orange-peel produce in the destinies of the world!

How much longer will the million abase themselves to the reckless domination of the one? We shake our wise heads, and cast up our astonished eyes at the monstrous madness of the votaries of Juggernaut, and little dream how slight a shade of difference exists between it and our own. But the spirit of inquiry is abroad, asking some ugly questions. Verily kings must learn to live in future for their people : the people will no longer live for kings.

POLAND; OLD NICK AND YOUNG NICK.- The benign autocrat has been graci. ously pleased to remit, in part the sentence of a noble Lady, (Emilia Szezamieika of Warsaw,) condemned to imprisonment and the confiscation of her estates, for having attended her sick countrymen in the hospitals of the city, and bestowed a large sum of money on the National Treasury, in 1831. The property of Prince Sapieha in Lithuania, has been seized, to the amount of 900,000,000 forins; and in the act of carrying off the books, pictures, and statues to St. Petersburg, a fine statue, by Canova, was broken to pieces. Count Potocki, whose estates are situated in the Ukraine, has been despoiled of twenty millions. All the libraries, collections of pictures, medals, engrayings, and natural history, are removed from Warsaw to St. Petersburg ; and the autocrat replies to every remonstrance by a declaration, that “ Toute prise de guerre est bonne prise !At the castle of a distinguished nobleman in Podoli, (occupied as the head-quarters of the Russian army,) the books have been taken from the li. brary, to light the stoves, in preference to the wood provided for that purpose. Even these outrages might be borne. But in August last, another seizure took place, of Polish children, in the capital and the provinces; the little creatures being torn from the arms of their mothers, and transported, for the remainder of their days, into the interior of Russia ; the girls to be employed in manufactories, the boys in drudgery ; all forced to adopt a new creed, and reared in a state of the grossest ignorance and demoralization! The family of Prince Zangusko (a nobleman who conciliated many friends during his residence in London) are still kept in ignorance of his place of exile in Siberia. The Emperor, it seems, added, in his own handwriting, in aggravation of the sentence, that the illustrious patriot, no less distinguished by his immense wealth, than by his high accomplishments, should perform the journey on foot ; and the Princess, his aged mother, having thrown herself at the feet of the autocrat, to obtain a modification of the sentence, was informed that Zangusko might be accommodated with a Kibitka, on admitting that he was induced to join tbe patriots by her commands, or by distraction at the loss of his wife. “No!” replied the young Prince ; “the resolution proceeded from my own unbiassed will and attachment to my native country. I will not disavow my principles.” In an hour he was on his march to. wards Tobolsk ! “ Long live Nicholas the Clement !"

PUTTING THE SADDLE ON THE Right MAYOR.–The Mansion House, and its annual dictator, afford a standing target for the wicked wits of the metropolis. Sir Peter Laurie, the new butt, (who, like the inimitable Saddletree of Scott's Mid-).o. thian, is at once a saddler and a sumph,) was pleased to interdict all political allu. sions at the Guildhall dinner. “Ah,” said Lord John Russell, “it is plain that his Lordship is only a bit-by-bit reformer !"-a happy hit, to have been made on the spur of the moment,

SECOND Sight, OR SECOND Song ?-An ear-witness of the Peninsular Campaigns, who immortalizes himself and them in the United Service Journal, states, in the last number, that himself or his friend marched into action at Ciudad Rodrigo, singing, “ Ah! quel plaisir d'être soldat!"-a celebrated song composed by Boieldieu, in the year 1825.

“THE AWARD OF GODS, MEN, AND Columns."_It is understood in the metropolis, that, till the excitement caused by the public inquiry into the claims of the Duke of York's creditors, shall have, in some measure, subsided, no attempt will be hazarded to place the statue of his royal highness on the column now erecting in Carlton Gardens, lest it should afford an opportunity for the expression of pnblic feeling. It is certain that a statue of Sir Walter Scott would be a much more appropriate and satisfactory ornament to the finest street of the finest metropolis in Europe; nor is his memory likely to undergo any diminution of reverence and regard from the disclosures of future years.




sooner the beneficial effects of the ReREFORM IN THE CHURCH._From form Bill than is generally anticipated. the investigations making by Govern. There is undoubtedly a considerable porment into the state of the Church, and tion of those who call themselves liberals, the language used by the adherents of the who expected that the passing of the_ReMinistry, it can hardly be doubted that form Bill was to close the account bean important reformation of the Church tween the aristocracy and the people, and is at hand. It was currently reported, who most absurdly supposed, that by due that the work of drawing up the Bill for management on the part of the Ministry, this purpose, had been intrusted to the further concessions might be withheld. Reverend Sidney Smith, but he has con Such pseudo-liberals utterly forget that tradicted this report. At a late election the Bills were secured, not by the Minidinner at Wycombe, the Honourable stry, but by the people; and that the Colonel Grey, son of Earl Grey, made conduct of the Court and the Tories, by the important statement, that the Reform causing the necessity of a demonstration Bill having become the law of the land, of the power of the people, shewed every the people had a right to expect other one, even the most ignorant, the means reforms, equally advantageous. “ No by which the victory was obtained. To doubt they would soon have a practical suppose that the people will stop short, and beneficial Church Reform_not a and allow the enemy to entrench them. niggardly bit-by-bit Church Reform, like selves anew, betrays the utmost ignothe Pluralities Bill of last session_but rance of the state of feeling throughout as full and efficient, and satisfactory the country. The people, flushed with a Church Reform as our own Reform their recent success, will never be conBill.” At a meeting, on the 5th Novem tent till all the more flagrant abuses of ber, of the Electors of Southwark, Mr. the state are corrected ; and any Ministry, Brougham said, “that a most important Whig, or Tory, which attempts to conmeasure, which must soon be brought trol them in their just expectations, will forward, without which the Reform Bill speedily be hurled from their places, would be quite imperfect, was a Reform however high they may stand in the in the Church. It was well known, that favour of the Crown, or in the good graces the great body of the Clergy of the Esta of the Aristocracy. blishment, who did all the work, receiv. THE DISSENTERs are actively bestired less wages than a gentleman paid his ring themselves. The evils of which footman, while those who did no work, they complain are great; and a simultareceived enormous incomes. There were neous effort is all that is necessary to get in the Church of England, 2999 clergy- rid of them. Taxation without represenmen, who had incomes less than L.100 a. tation is tyranny; and a compnlsory asyear. This was less, including board sessment for a sinecure Church, while the wages and livery, than was paid a foot. assessed find themselves obliged, by their

There were between 700 and 800 conscience, to pay for more efficient reliclergymen, who had but half that in. gious services, can be viewed in no other come ; while some_he would not at pre- light. The system of patronage by which sent go as high as the Bishops—even the the great man of the parish provides for a Dean of Durham had 1.9000 a-year, family dependent, without regard to his for doing nothing. He would support fitness for the duties imposed on him, is an effectual reform in the Church, by a futile source of heart-burning in Scotwhich all who laboured in the vineyard land, and its abolition is loudly called for should receive adequate wages ; but those by many zealous adherents of the estabwho did not work should receive no lishment itself. pay." If these opinions are those enter THE ELECTIONS.-Nothing is more tained by Ministers, we may see much difficult, during the progress of a general


election, than to estimate the numbers of when an offer was made, by the family or the members likely to be returned by the our illustrious countryman, to pay to his different parties. Every one acts on the creditors, on the 2d of February, a suin notion, that to admit that the chance of of money, which, in addition to that in the his favourite candidate is doubtful, is to en. hands of his trustees, and the amount insure his defeat. From all that we can sured on his life, will pay nine shillings learn, the result in Scotland will not dis- in the pound. The whole amount to be appoint the friends of liberty. Of the thus distributed, will be L.53,000, which Scotch counties, Perthshire and East with the former dividends, and payments Lothian are perhaps the most decided received from co-obligants, is equal to the ly Tory. Yet Lord Ormelie, the eldest whole claims against Sir Walter Scott in son of the Marquis of Breadalbane, and a 1823. The meeting was very numerously true Whig, is secure of the former, and attended, and the proposal was adopted Sir David Baird, a liberal, is equally sure without a dissentient voice. The follow. of the latter. The Tory candidate for ing resolution was also carried unani. Perthshire is Sir George Murray, backed mously :-“ And while the meeting state by his numerous connexions, and all the their anxious wish that every creditor who power of the Athol family, and the victory is not present may adopt the same resolu. cannot otherwise be considered than as great tion, they think it a tribute justly due to and glorious. It is most fortunate for Perth- the memory of Sir Walter Scott, to exshire that a candidate so well fitted as press, in the strongest manner, their deep Lord Ormelie has been found to break up sense of his most honourable conduct, and the bondage in which the county has long of the unparalleled benefits which they been held by the Tories. To great here. have derived from the extraordinary ex. ditary possessions and family influence, ertion of his unrivalled talents under mishe joins talents and information, which fortunes and difficulties, which would render him worthy to represent such a have paralyzed the exertions of any one county. The antagonist of Sir D. Baird else, but in him only farther proved the is Mr. Balfour of Whittingham, a nabob greatness of mind which enabled him to wallowing in wealth, the son-in-law of rise superior to them.” The proceedings the Earl of Lauderdale, who now, in his of this meeting seem to have been overlatter days, has become a Tory, after pass- looked in London, for on the 9th Noveming through nearly all the shades of poli ber we find a meeting was held at Bridgetical opinion. But neither the political water House, the residence of Lord L. influence of the Earl, nor the gold of his Gower, at which it was determined, “That son-in-law, avail him in the hour of need, a subscription beforthwith entered into, and both must yield to the straight-for- for the purpose of not only preserving ward honesty and independence of Sir D. Abbotsford, but of securing its proper Baird. From these specimens, we may maintenance in the family of Sir Walter judge of the prospects of the Tories in Scott." Subscriptions are likewise raisthe Scotch counties. In the burghs, again, ing in all parts of the country for the matters have still a worse aspect for them. erection of monuments to the memury of The most servile and corrupt is Edin- Sir Walter Scott. His Majesty has subburgh. It has been, since the Union at scribed L.300 for the monument to be least, the scene of perpetual jobbing, and, erected at Edinburgh. for the last half century, the headquar THE LORD CHIEF JUSTICE.- The ter of Toryism in Scotland. The Dun- Right Honourable Charles Abbot, Lord dases long held the undisputed political Tenterden, Chief Justice of the King's sway, and the representation of the City Bench, died on Sunday the 4th of No. of Edinburgh became almost the appanage vember. He attended the trial of Mr. of their family. Yet here the Tories have Pinney, the Mayor of Bristol, on the 27th only started one candidate, and the return of October, but he was evidently labour. of the Lord Advocate and the Hon. James ing under the effects of great weakness. Abercrombie is all but certain. The Tory He was unable to leave his house after candidate, Mr. Blair, has never once ven his return home from the Court, and the tured to meet the electors in public, to de- symptoms of his complaint became rapidclare to them his political opinions. We ly more alarming. His Lordship was in have, therefore, no fear that Scotland will his 71st year. Lord Tenterden was eledo her duty at the ensuing election, and vated to the Bench in 1816, when his tbat a very great majority of the Scottish Lordship succeeded Mr. Justice Le Blanc. representatives to the new Parliament will In 1818, Lord Ellenborough having rebe men of liberal opinions.

signed the office of Chief Justice of the Sir Walter Scott.-A meeting of King's Bench, over which Court he had the creditors of Sir Walter Scott was held presided from the year 1802, he was suc. at Edinburgh on the 29th of October, ceeded by Loru Tenterden, then Sir Chas.

Abbot. His Lordship was an able law- alive, and in the neighbourhood of the yer and a good judge, except when his po- spot where the Fury was wrecked in litical prejudices interfered. Sir Thomas Parry's last voyage. It appears that the Denman, the Attorney-General, was im Hudson's Bay Company has formed demediately appointed Chief Justice. The pots of provisions to a considerable extent salary of the office has been reduced from in the line of Captain Ross's assumed L.10,000 to L.8000 a-year.

route overland. The sum necessary for Poors' Laws COMMISSION.-Sometime two years' maintenance of the proposed ago a Commission, to inquire into the expedition, and which, with husbanding, state of the Poors' Law3, was appointed, may suffice for three years, is L.5000, of from which much benefit may ultimately which sum Government has subscribed be derived. Their first step was to send' L.2000, and the remainder is in the forth printed queries, directed to persons course of being raised by private subthe most actively engaged in the adminis- scription. Captain Back, the energetic tration of the Poors' Laws; one set of companion of Franklin, will command queries being framed expressly for the ru. the expedition. ral districts, and another for the towns. CHEAP PUBLICATIONS.- The miserAs answers to these queries were return able prosecutions of the poor wretches ed, commissioners itinerant were deputed who sell cheap publications, has continued from the Central Board, to examine witin London during the month. Hardly a nesses on the spot, to inspect books, and day elapses that some of the venders of the visit work houses. During the last three Poor Man's Guardian-for this is the months, the greater part of the country, publication marked out for prosecutionincluding almost all the parishes distin are not sent to the jails, to be there kept guished by peculiar management has been for two or three months at the public exvisited by these Commissioners, and they pense, and to complete their education for are expected to complete their labours in the commission of more serious offences. a few weeks. A bill on the subject is to Some of the police magistrates are utterly be brought into Parliament very soon af. disgusted with these proceedings, and reter it meets.

fuse to convict upon the evidence of the BRISTOL. RIOTS.-The trial of Mr. informers, who make a livelihood by enPinney, the Mayor of Bristo), for neglect forcing the laws enacted to keep the people of duty, in not having used due vigour in in ignorance. How long will our rulers his magisterial capacity, during the me- permit those laws to disgrace our statute morable riots at Bristol, was brought to

book ? Where is all the love for the lia close on the 1st November. The fol. berty of the press which so many of our lowing is the verdict of the Jury:—“We present Ministry professed when out of unanimously find Charles Pinney, late office ? Mayor of Bristol, not guilty. We are of TRIBUTE TO MINISTERS.-- On the opinion that, circumstanced as he was 6th November, a deputation, headed by menaced and opposed by an infuriated Sir John Key, Lord Mayor of London, and wreckless mob; unsupported by any waited upon Lords Grey, Althorp, and force, civil or military, and deserted in John Russell, to present their Lordships those quarters where he might most rea with gold cups, the produce of a penny sonably expect assistance, the late Mayor subscription among the people. Lord of Bristol acted to the best of his judg- Brougham, in consequence of illness, could ment, and with the highest zeal and per- not receive the deputation. The Lord sonal courage.”

Mayor, in his address, said, “ that the CAPTAIN Ross. During the month people could readily, from amongst themseveral meetings have been held in Lon- selves, have contributed for a much more don, with the view of fitting out an ex expensive proof of their approbation, but pedition in search of Captain Ross and it was wished to afford as large a number his companions, who sailed in spring 1829 as possible the pleasure of uniting in thus to the Arctic Seas, with the view of disco. testifying their gratitude. It was on that vering the so much sought for north-west account that the subscription of each inpassage to America. Captain Ross had two dividual was limited to so small a sum as vessels, a steamer and a ship, but the one penny, by which means an opportucrew of the latter having mutinied, he nity had been afforded to 390,000 indiviproceeded on his expedition with the duals to contribute to the subscription." steamer alone, in which were only him. The cups bore the inscription, “ Take self and nineteen men. At a meeting, on away the wicked from before the King, the first November, at which Admiral and his throne shall be established in Sir George Cockburn presided, he stated righteousness.”—Proverbs, Chap. XXV., his opinion, from all the facts which had Verse 5. They weigh eighty-five omncos, come to light, thout Captain Ross was still and will contain five pints of wine cach.

War with HOLLAND.-On the 13th the free institutions of Britain. Although, November, a meeting, rather numerously however, the ministry has been so far sucattended, was held in the City of London cessful in their plans, the great object in

Tavern, to petition the King against the view has not been attained. The tithes prosecution of the war with Holland. The are not paid. The people allow their time at which the meeting was held shews effects to be sold when purchasers can be that the object was not for the purpose of found, and their persons to be imprisoned, endeavouring to avoid the calamities of but the accursed impost they will not pay. war, but with the view of removing the Were the Irish clergy dependent for their Ministers from office. The convention subsistence upon tithes, some sympathy with France was already signed, and so might perhaps be felt for them, but while far carried into effect, that an embargo the Irish Church possesses 990,000 Eng. had been laid on Dutch vessels, and reso lish acres of land, worth at least a million lutions passed at public meetings can only a-year, for the support of some two thouhave the etfect of making the war more sa nd clergymen, with half a million of bloody and more protracted, by encourag- Episcopalian parishioners, there are aming the King of Holland in his obstinacy. ple revenues for the payment of the clergy, A similar ineeting was held at Edinburgh without oppressing the impoverished peaon the 22d November.

santry by the exaction of tithes. Scot. IRELAND.—The maintaining a sine- land contains nearly two millions and a cure Church in idleness by means of 50,000 half of people, and her clergy are at least bayonets, continues to drench the soil of our as efficient as those of any other Church, unfortunate sister isle with blood. On the yet they do not cost more than a quarter of 8th of October, a body of thirty police- à million annually. In such circum. men proceeded to the parish of Aglish, in stances, we say to the Irish, persist, by all the neighbourhood of Waterford, to post no- legal means, in your opposition to the paytices for the payment of the arrears of tithes; ment of tithes. Your resistance hitherto and being followed and hooted by a crowd has been noble, and it only requires a few of 200 or 300 persons, the majority of them months' longer perseverance to ensure you women and children, the police fired, and the victory. 12 people were killed, and from 20 to 30 wounded. Not one of the crowd was

THE CONTINENT. armed, and there were not even stones FRANCE. - The Duchess de Berri, who, thrown at the police before they fired. We by her ill-advised attempts to secure the refrain from any comment on this atro throne of France for her son, has caused cious affair, as it must shortly become the the greatest misery to thousands of the subject of judicial investigation, the in. ignorant but devoted adherents of the quest having returned a verdict of wilful wretched race of Bourbon, was appremurder against Captain Burke and the hended at Nantes, on the 7th of Novemparty of police under his command, for ber. She was betrayed by Etienne Gonkilling Catherine Foley, and Joseph Sin- zague Deutz. This person, who is a not, two of the persons who fell on the native of Cologne, and brought up in the above occasion. The anti-tithe meetings Jewish religion, had repaired to Rome, in have for the present been suppressed by the year 1826, to his uncle, of the same the numerous prosecutions instituted by name, a celebrated Jewish rabbi, and he government against those present at them, there renounced the Jewish, and assumed in most of which prosecutions they ob the Catholic, faith. He then lived, for a tained verdicts against the accused. The considerable period, on the pecuniary supsentences were extremely severe, when it plies afforded him by Cardinal Albani. is considered that the illegality of such In 1831, after making a voyage to Ame. meetings was far from being generally rica, he returned to Europe, and Drack, known. Fines of L.50 and L.100, with his brother-in-law, being attached to the four to six months' imprisonment, were in suite of the Duke of Bourdeaux, he thus many instances inflicted. The prosecu-, obtained the means of introduction to the tions against the press continue. Those Duchess de Berri. He was employed by against Mr. Halkett of the Tipperary her in several delicate missions to foreign Free Press, for publishing, as an advertise courts. These missions he executed to ment, the resolutions of a political club, the satisfaction of the Duchess, and thus are almost unparalleled in the history of the good opinion she entertained of him the country, and have called forth the was strengthened. After the arrival of sympathy of every friend of liberty in the Duchess in France, Deutz continued the three kingdoms. On the whole, the to be employed by her, and, in one of his conduct of the Whig ministry towards missions to Germany, he became acquaintIreland, reminds one rather of the despo- ed, at Frankfort, with an individual attic governments of the Continent than of tached to the French police. Here the

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