Psalm 77. Voce mea ad Dominum.
[It is uncertain on what occasion Asaph wrote this

Psalm ; but the contents, and especially the
closing verses, suggest that it is an introduction
to the following Psalm. It exhibits a present
sorrow, cheered by the remembrance of God's
power and goodness shown in old times, and
paves the way for the glorious record of the

exodus.] I WILL cry unto God with my voice : even 1. And He shall, unto God will I cry with my voice, and He

| &c. ; rather, and

“may He hearken shall hearken unto me.

unto me!” 2 In the time of my trouble I sought 2. My sore ran ; the LORD : my sore ran, and ceased not in

Heb. “My hand was

poured out" 1. e., the night season ; my soul refused com stretched out in prayfort.

er; as “when Moses 3 When I am in heaviness, I will think

held up his hand, Is.

rael prevailed," Ex. upon God : when my heart is vexed, I will xvii. 11. complain.

3. Lit. I remember 4 Thou holdest mine eyes waking : I am

God, and groan; I

meditate, and my so feeble, that I cannot speak.

spirit faints. 5 I have considered the days of old : [ SELAH. ) and the years that are past.

4. Feeble ; rather,

troubled, perplexed. 6 I call to remembrance my song : and 6. And search out ; in the night I commune with mine own | Heb. my spirit made heart, and search out my spirits.

diligent search, say.

| ing, “Will the Lord,” 7 Will the LORD absent Himself for ever : and will He be no more intreated ?

8 Is His mercy clean gone for ever : and is His promise come utterly to an end for evermore?

9 Hath God forgotten to be gracious : 9. [SELAH.] and will He shut up His loving-kindness in displeasure ?

10. But I will re10 And I said, It is mine own infirmity :

member. These words

are not in the He. but I will remember the years of the right brew, but they exhand of the most Highest.

press the thought in. 11 I will remember the works of the

tended—i.e., I will

take refuge in the LORD : and call to mind Thy wonders of memory of God's lov. old time.

| ing-kindness of old.


12 I will think also of all Thy works : | and my talking shall be of Thy doings.

13 Thy way, O God, is holy : who is so 13. Is holy; is engreat a God as our God ?

| compassed with holi14 Thou art the God that doeth wonders : and hast declared Thy power among the people.

15 Thou hast mightily delivered Thy 15. Joseph is probpeople : even the sons of Jacob and Joseph, / ably specified as be

| ing the father of the 16 The waters saw Thee, O God, the

powerful tribes Ephwaters saw Thee, and were afraid : the depths raim and Manassehalso were troubled.

himself the most il

lustrious of Jacob's 17 The clouds poured out water, the air

sons. thundered : and Thine arrows went abroad.

SELAH. ] 18 The voice of Thy thunder was heard

16. This and the

following verses comround about : the lightnings shone upon the

memorate the pasground; the earth was moved, and shook sage of the Red Sea. withal.

18. Round about.

The Hebrew word 19 Thy way is in the sea, and Thy paths

means anything whirin the great waters : and Thy footsteps are ling, hence a whirlnot known.

wind. “Thy thunder

was heard in the 20 Thou leddest Thy people like sheep :

whirlwind.” by the hand of Moses and Aaron.

19. “O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His

judgments, and His Evening Prayer.

ways past finding

out !” Rom. ii. 33. Psalm 78. Attendite, popule.

S. Paul says of the [The intention of this Psalm is to give an epitome history of Israel :

of the history of Israel in a form suitable for "Nowall these things the service of the Temple. It is ascribed to

happened unto them Asaph, but the apparent allusion to the Temple

for ensamples : and buildings in verse 70 causes some difficulty to

they are written for the commentators, as Asaph could hardly have

our admonition, upon lived till the consecration of the Temple. The

whom the ends of the reference may be, however, only to the promise

world are come.”—1 of God as to the building of the Temple by Cor. x. 11. Solomon.]

1. My law my

people. The prophet HEAR my law, O my people : incline your speaks in the name of ears unto the words of my mouth.


2 I will open my mouth in a parable : Il 2. Hard sentences ; will declare hard sentences of old ;

lit. enigmas—i.e., the

lessons taught by the 3 Which we have heard and known : and

incidents in the hissuch as our fathers have told us;

tory of Israel. The 4 That we should not hide them from

verse is quoted of our the children of the generations to come :) 35, with reference to

| Lord, S. Matt. xiii. but to shew the honour of the LORD, His His teaching by parmighty and wonderful works that He hath | ables.

4. "I will shew done.

thee, hear me; and 5 He made a covenant with Jacob, and that which I have gave Israel a law : which He commanded

seen I will declare ;

which wise men have our forefathers to teach their children;

told from their fathers, 6 That their posterity might know it :) and have not hid it.” and the children which were yet unborn;

| -Eliphaz in Job xv.

17, 18. 7 To the intent that when they came up : they might shew their children the same;

8 That they might put their trust in 8. Put their trust God : and not to forget the works of God,

in God. This is the

reassuring lesson of but to keep His commandments;

the past history. 9 And not to be as their forefathers, a faithless and stubborn generation : a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit cleaveth not stedfastly unto God; 10 Like as the children of Ephraim : 10. Like as. These

words are not in the who being harnessed, and carrying bows,

Hebrew. The alluturned themselves back in the day of battle. sion to Ephraim is

11 They kept not the covenant of God : very perplexing, so and would not walk in His law;

much so, that some

commentators think 12 But forgat what He had done : and that “Ephraim" crept the wonderful works that He had shewed in by error for “Isfor them.

rael.” The reference

must be to some event 13 Marvellous things did He in the sight not recorded. The of our forefathers, in the land of Egypt : jealousy between

Ephraim and the even in the field of Zoan.

T other tribes was very great, as is specially noted in the events connected with Gideon and Jephthah.

13. Zoan, or Tanis, was built on the east bank of the Tanitic branch of the Nile, seven years after Hebron was built in Palestine. It was probably the residence of Pharaoh at the time of the exodus.

14 He divided the sea, and let them go | 14. On an heap; through : He made the waters to stand on lit. as, like, a heap. an heap.

15 In the day-time also He led them with a cloud : and all the night through with a light of fire.

16 He clave the hard rocks in the wilder- 16. The Hebrew ness : and gave them drink thereof, as it

word for rock, TSUR,

shows that reference had been out of the great depth.

is made here to the 17 He brought waters out of the stony | miracle in Horeb, rock : so that it gushed out like the

which caused the

battle with the Amal. rivers.

ekites at Rephidim. 18 Yet for all this they sinned more -Ex. xvii. against Him : and provoked the most High

17. The Hebrew

word for rock, SELA, est in the wilderness.

here points to the 19 They tempted God in their hearts : miracle at Kadesh, and required meat for their lust,

which was the occa

sion of Moses' sin.20 They spake against God also, saying : Num. xx. 10. Shall God prepare a table in the wilderness?

21 He smote the stony rock indeed, that 21. Even after exthe water gushed out, and the streams flowed | perience of the mir

acle, there was unwithal : but can He give bread also, or pro- belief, so, after the vide flesh for His people ?

two miracles of the 22 When the LORD heard this, He was

loaves, the disciples

imagined our Lord wroth : so the fire was kindled in Jacob,

to be concerned and and there came up heavy displeasure against anxious because they Israel;

had forgotten to bring

bread with them. – 23 Because they believed not in God :

S. Matt. xvi. 7. and put not their trust in His help.

22. “When the 24 So He commanded the clouds above :

people complained, it

displeased the LORD : and opened the doors of heaven.

and the LORD heard 25 He rained down manna also upon it, and His anger was them for to eat : and gave them food from

kindled, and the fire

of the LORD burnt heaven.

among them,” Num.

xi. 1. 23. In His help-i.e., in His power to save.

24. So He commanded ; perhaps better, yet He had, or, though He had commanded.

25. Hei.e., God. “Moses gave you not that bread from heaven," S. John vi. 32. Food; lit. corn.

26 So man did eat angels' food : for Hel 26. Angels' food; sent them meat enough.

either, bread supplied

by the ministration 27 He caused the east-wind to blow under

of angels; or delicate heaven : and through His power He brought food fit for princes ; in the south-west-wind.

or sufficient to main

tain mighty men; 28 He rained flesh upon them as thick

lit. bread of mighty as dust : and feathered fowls like as the | ones. sand of the sea.

29 He let it fall among their tents : even round about their habitation.

30 So they did eat, and were well filled ; 30. Desire. The for He gave them their own desire : they

Hebrew word is Taa

vah, hence the name were not disappointed of their lust.

given to commemor31 But while the meat was yet in their | ate the place where mouths, the heavy wrath of God came upon

the sin was punished,

Kibroth - Hattaavah, them, and slew the wealthiest of them : yea,

graves of lust.-Num. and smote down the chosen men that were | xi. 34. in Israel.

32 But for all this they sinned yet more : 32. This verse apand believed not His wondrous works.

pears to refer to the

Great Rebellion on 33 Therefore their days did He consume

the return of the ten in vanity : and their years in trouble. “spies," when it was

34 When He slew them, they sought | proposed to elect a Him : and turned them early, and enquired |

captain and return to

Egypt, which sin was after God.

punished by the forty 35 And they remembered that God was years' wanderings in

the wilderness, as their strength : and that the high God was

stated in the next their redeemer. 36 Nevertheless they did but flatter Him

35. Strength ; lit.

rock, as in Ps. xix. with their mouth : and dissembled with Him

15, “O LORD, my in their tongue.

strength [rock] and 37 For their heart was not whole with my Redeemer !"

36. Dissembled with Him : neither continued they stedfast in His

Him; lit. lied unto covenant.

Him. Their submis38 But He was so merciful, that He for sion proceeded from

fear. gave their misdeeds : and destroyed them

38. “Thou art the not.

same LORD, whose 39 Yea, many a time turned He His property is always to

have mercy.”—Comwrath away : and would not suffer His

munion Service. whole displeasure to arise.


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