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ters.”

8 I am so fast in prison : that I cannot get forth.

9 My sight faileth for very trouble : LORD, I have called daily upon Thee, I have stretched forth my hands unto Thee.

10 Dost Thou shew wonders among the 10. The dead. The dead : or shall the dead rise up again, and

word in the beginning

of the verse is simply praise Thee ?

“the dead;" in the 11 Shall Thy loving-kindness be shewed second half, it is the in the grave : or Thy faithfulness in de

Rephaim. They were

a race of giants, whose struction ?

name may have been 12 Shall Thy wondrous works be known given to the inhabiin the dark : and Thy righteousness in the

tants of Sodom, and

who were after their land where all things are forgotten ? .

destruction taken as 13 Unto Thee have I cried, O LORD : | a name for the dead. and early shall my prayer come before

Cf. Job xxvi. 5,

“Dead things — ReThee.

phaim — are formed 14 LORD, why abhorrest Thou my soul : from under the wa. and hidest Thou Thy face from me?

[SELAH. 1 15 I am in misery, and like unto Him

ii. Destruction. that is at the point to die : even from my The Hebrew word is youth up Thy terrors have I suffered with

Abaddon, which is

translated into the a troubled mind.

Greek equivalent A16 Thy wrathful displeasure goeth over pollyon, “the angel me : and the fear of Thee hath undone me.

of the bottomless pit,"

Rev. ix. 11. 17 They came round about me daily like

12. “The silence water : and compassed me together on every and forgetfulness may side.

mean only forgetful.

ness as regards this 18 My lovers and friends hast Thou put

world.” — Bp. HARaway from me : and hid mine acquaintance OLD BROWNE. out of my sight.

13. Have I cried.

The word “I” is em. phatic in the Hebrew : as for me, I have cried.

14. Abhorresti.e., reject and cast off; used of Jehovah casting off a people, “Why hast Thou put me from Thee ?Ps. xliii. 2.

15. From my youth up. Refers to the first sentence of the verse, "a tender plant out of a dry ground,” always in weakness and sorrow.

16. The fear of Theei.e., Thy terrors.
17. They-i.e., the terrors of the previous verse.

18. The acme of hopelessness is more clear in the Hebrew and Bible version. “My familiar friends--DARKNESS.” Cf. the graphic touch introduced when Judas went out to betray Christ-"and it was NIGHT," S. John xiii. 30.

Evening Prayer.
Psalm 89. Misericordias Domini. Christmas Day.
Ethan the Psalmist, in a time of great depression, The first Psalm at

takes refuge in the memory of the noble works | Evening Prayer, fol.
which God had done in the old time, and of lowed by Ps. cx.
the gracious promises assured to Israel. “The
key-note of the Psalm is mercy and faithful-

ness.”—KAY.] My song shall be alway of the loving-kind- 1. Truth; Heb. ness of the LORD : with my mouth will I

firmness, faithfulness

in fulfilling promises; ever be shewing Thy truth from one genera

so also in verse 2. tion to another.

“All the hope of the 2 For I have said, Mercy shall be set up

people rests on the

sure mercies of David, for ever : Thy truth shalt Thou stablish in

and the faithfulness the heavens.

of God.—[S.] 3 I have made a covenant with My chosen : 2. Set up; Heb.

built up, as a temple I have sworn unto David My servant ;

of God. 4 Thy seed will I stablish for ever : and Verses 3 and 4 con. set up thy throne from one generation to

tain the words uttered

by JEHOVAH; the another.

Psalmist then pro5 O LORD, the very heavens shall praise ceeds to celebrate His Thy wondrous works : and Thy truth in

praise.

4. [SELAH.] the congregation of the saints.

5. Saints. The holy 6 For who is he among the clouds : that ones, the angels of shall be compared unto the LORD ?

God, as in verse 8.

Cf. “ Unto which of 7 And what is he among the gods : that the saints[i.e., angels] shall be like unto the LORD ?

wilt thou turn ?” Job 8 God is very greatly to be feared in the

7. Gods; Heb. sons councils of the saints : and to be had in

of the mighty-i.e., reverence of all them that are round about angels, as in Ps. xxix. Him.

1, “Bring unto the

LORD, O ye mighty," 9 O LORD God of hosts, who is like unto

where the same word Thee : Thy truth, most mighty LORD, is on here translated every side.

"gods” is there trans

lated "mighty.” 10 Thou rulest the raging of the sea : Thou

9. Truth i. e., stillest the waves thereof when they arise. faithfulness. In this

and the following verses notice the appeal to the personal power of God. Thou rulestThou stillest—Thou hast subdued, &c. The word Thou is emphatic in the Hebrew.

ed as

mon are i

11 Thou hast subdued Egypt, and de- | 11. Egypt. Rahab stroyed it : Thou hast scattered Thine en

in the Hebrew. The

word is preserved in emies abroad with Thy mighty arm.

the English in Ps. 12 The heavens are Thine, the earth lxxxvii. 3, “I will also is Thine : Thou hast laid the founda

think upon Rahab

and Babylon." tion of the round world, and all that therein is.

13 Thou hast made the north and the | 13. Tabor and Hersouth : Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in

representative mounThy Name.

tains of Palestine. 14 Thou hast a mighty arm : strong is Thy hand, and high is Thy right hand.

15 Righteousness and equity are the 15. Equity; Heb. habitation of Thy seat : mercy and truth judgment. Habitashall go before Thy face.

tion ; Heb. founda

tion, basis. 16 Blessed is the people, O LORD, that

16. That can rejoice can rejoice in Thee : they shall walk in the in Thee; Heb. " that light of Thy countenance.

knows the joyful

sound of the trum17 Their delight shall be daily in Thy

pet," summoning Name : and in Thy righteousness shall they them to worship; demake their boast.

lighting, as it were,

in the sound of the 18 For Thou art the glory of their

church bells. strength : and in Thy loving-kindness Thou 18. The glory of shalt lift up our horns.

their strength. Re

ferring to the presence 19 For the LORD is our defence : the of God in the Ark, in Holy One of Israel is our King.

their midst. 20 Thou spakest sometime in visions un

19. Rather, to the

LORD belongs our to Thy saints, and saidst : I have laid help

shield, and to the upon one that is mighty; I have exalted Holy One of Israel one chosen out of the people.

our King-i.e., our

King is under the 21 I have found David My servant: with

immediate protection My holy oil have I anointed him.

of Jehovah. 22 My hand shall hold him fast : and

20. To Thy saints.

If the plural is reMy arm shall strengthen him.

tained, it refers to 23 The enemy shall not be able to do Nathan and David, him violence : the son of wickedness shall | or possibly to the

nation at large. If, not hurt him.

as in the B. V., it is singular, it refers to Nathan. The vision is that recorded in 1 Chron. xvii. 3-15, and 2 Sam. vii. 4-17.

23. “Neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more,” 2 Sam. vii. 10.

24 I will smite down his foes before his face : and plague them that hate him.

25 My truth also and My mercy shall be with him : and in My Name shall his horn be exalted.

26 I will set his dominion also in the 26. His dominion ; sea : and his right hand in the floods.

Heb. his hand. His

power should extend 27 He shall call Me, Thou art my Father:

from the Meditermy God, and my strong salvation.

ranean Sea to the 28 And I will make him My First-born :

floods [i.e., the Eu

phrates), according to higher than the kings of the earth.

the prediction made 29 My mercy will I keep for him for to Joshua. -Josh. i. evermore : and My covenant shall stand fast

28. My First-born. with him.

A title of honour ap30 His seed also will I make to endure plied to David as for ever : and his throne as the days of

the ancestor of JESUS

CHRIST. heaven.

31 But if his children forsake My law : 31, 32. Cf. Nathan's and walk not in My judgments;

vision: “If he com

mit iniquity, I will 32 If they break My statutes, and keep

chasten him with the not My commandments : I will visit their rod of men,” 2 Sam. offences with the rod, and their sin with | vii. 14. scourges. 33 Nevertheless, My loving-kindness will

33. “But My mercy

shall not utterly deI not utterly take from him : nor suffer My part away from him, truth to fail.

... and thy house 34 My covenant will I not break, nor

and thy kingdom shall

be established for ever alter the thing that is gone out of My lips : / before thee,” 2 Sam., I have sworn once by My holiness, that I as above.

34. Onceri.e., once will not fail David.

for all, as in Ps. lxii. 35 His seed shall endure for ever : and 11, God spake once. his seat is like as the sun before Me. So in the Communion 36 He shall stand fast for evermore as the

service, “One obla38 Thou hast broken the covenant of Thy servant : and cast his crown to the ground.

tion of Himself ONCE moon : and as the faithful witness in heaven. offered.”

37 But Thou hast abhorred and forsaken 36. And as the faithne Anointed and art displeased at him lful, &c.; rather, and

to the Witness in heaven is faithful (the Witness being God Himself). [SELAH.]

37. Thou art faithful and yet. Then follows the description of the immediate prostration of the kingdom. This lament over the eclipse of the glory of the Anointed suggests a parallel in the description of the sufferings of the Messiah in Isa. liii.

39 Thou hast overthrown all his hedges : and broken down his strongholds.

40 All they that go by spoil him : and he is become a reproach to his neighbours.

41 Thou hast set up the right hand of his enemies : and made all his adversaries to rejoice.

42 Thou hast taken away the edge of his sword : and givest him not victory in the battle.

43 Thou hast put out his glory : and cast his throne down to the ground.

44 The days of his youth hast Thou 44. [SELAH.] shortened : and covered him with dishonour.

45 LORD, how long wilt Thou hide Thy 45. After stating self, for ever : and shall Thy wrath burn

mist "gives himself like fire ?

unto prayer." 46 O remember how short my time is : 46. Wherefore hast wherefore hast Thou made all men for

Thou, &c. ; rather,

“for what vanity nought ?

hast Thou made all 47 What man is he that liveth, and shall men!” not see death : and shall he deliver his soul | 47. [SELAH.] from the hand of hell ?

48 LORD, where are Thy old loving-kindnesses : which Thou swarest unto David in Thy truth?

49 Remember, LORD, the rebuke that 49. Rebuke. This Thy servants have : and how I do bear in

brew — is supplied my bosom the rebukes of many people;

from the thought con50 Wherewith Thine enemies have blas tained in the followphemed Thee, and slandered the footsteps ing verse. of Thine Anointed : PRAISED BE THE LORD END OF Book III. FOR EVERMORE. AMEN, AND AMEN.

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