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de se ci remarkably destructive, and seldom Mary, which was found in the rubno te fails to make a long stay. The bish of a church there. On the coded cæmeteries are swelled to a great European side, opposite to the

extent round the town, and filled Rhodius, was Cynossema The Bar.
with broken columns, pieces of row of Hecuba, which is still very
granate, and marbie fragments, conspicuous, and within or close by :
fixed as grave-stones; some carved the castle.
with Turkish characters in relievo, We returned, when we had fi..
gilded and painted. In the Arme- nished our survey, to our lodging,
nian burying-ground we discovered where we supped cross-legged, a-
a long Greek inscription on a slab, bout sunset. Soon after, when it
of white marble, but not legible. was dark, three coverlets richly
On a rocky eminence on the side embroidered were taken from a
next the Propontis vis a range of press in the room, which we oc-

cupied; and delivered, one to each
The town and castle has on the of us; the carpet or sopha and a
south a river, which descends from cushion serving, with this addi-
mount Ida. - Its source, as we were tion, instead of a bed. A lamp
told, is seven hours up in the coun was left burning on a shelf, and
try; and its violence, after snow the consul retired to his - family,
or rains upon the summits, prodi- which lay in the same manner in
gious. ' A' thick wall has been an adjoining apartment.
erected, and plane trees disposed to fed off our coats and shoes, and
keep off the torrent, and protect expected to be much refreshed by
the buildings from its assaults. At sleeping on shore. We had not
the mouth, like the Scamander, it been apprized of a nightly plague,
had then a bar of sand. The bed which haunts the place, or perhaps
was wide, stony, and intersected rather the houses of the Jew's. Two
with green thickets, but had water of us could not obtain rest for a
in the cavities, at which many wo- moment, but waited the approach
men, with their faces muffed, were of dawn with a degree of impatience
busy washing linen, and spreading equalled only by our bodily suf-
it on the ground to dry.

ferings, which cannot be desThis river enables us to ascer cribed. tain the site of the inner castles, a We had agreed in the evening point of some consequence in the to visit some neighbouring places topography of the Hellespont. Its on the continent, with the prin

appears from cipal islands near the mouth of the Strabo, was Rhodius; and it en- Hellespont. Early in the morning tered the sea between Dardanus and the consul asked for

inoney to purAbydos. The remnants of marble, chase provisions, which, with other

saw in the burying- necessaries, were put into a scheick grounds about the town, have been or wherry. He embarked with us, removed thither chiefly from the between the hours of eight and ruins of thëse cities, particularly nine by our watches

. We had six of the latter, which was the most Turks, who rowed; a Janizary, considerable. The consul showed and a Jew servant. The two latter, as a head of an image of the Virgin with the consul, sạte cross-legged VOL. XVIII. 1775.



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before us, on a small carpet; as the It is on the north-side of the castle,
rais or master of the boat did behind, and ranges along the brink of a pre.
steering with the handle of the helm cipicc.
orer his shoulder.

When the lioat was abated a
We soon crossed the Hellespont, little, we wese informed that the
and coasting by the European shore, povernor gave us permission to re-
saw several solitary king-fishers, fresh in his garden. We dismissed
with young partridge among vast his messenger with a bac-shish or
single rocks. The winter torrents present of three piasters*, and an
had worn deep gullies, but the excllsc, that we were just going
courses were dry, except a streain, array; but this was not accepterl;
which we were informed, turns a and we paid another piaster for set:
mill. A narrow valley, or two, ing a very small spot of groupil

was green with the cotton plant waller in, and containing nothing,
and with vines, or sowed with except two vines, a lig and a ponie-

granate tree, and a well of excel
After passing the mouth of a lent water.
port or bay called antiently Coelos, The Turks, after we were lande
we landed about eleven on the cc', nad rowed the wherry round
churronese of Thrace, near the Mastusia, and waited for us wich-
first European castle, within the en- out the point, In our way to tliem,
trance of the Hellespont; and, as by the castle-wall, we saw a large
cended to the miserable cottage of: Corinthian capital; and an altar,
a poor Jew in the lojn. Here a made hollow and used as a mortar
mat was spread on the roud-toor for bruising corn. Near the other
of a roon by the sea-side, and the end of the town is a bare barrow.
catables we had provided, were By this, was formerly the sacred
placed on it. The noon-tide heat portion of Protesilaus, and his
at this place was excessive, The jemple, to which perhaps the
consul retired, as usual, to sleep marble fragments have belonged

while we alsørested, or were anused He was one of the leaders in the
with the prospect from the win: Trojan expedition; and was killed
dow. Beneath us was the shining by Hector. Aticrivards he was worn
canal, with Cape Mastusia on the shipped as a hero, and reputed
right hand; and opposile, the patron or tutelar deity of Eleus.
Asiatic town and castle, with the On our arrival at the wherry,
noble plain divided by the $cam which was beļiind the castle, wc
mander; and the barrow's men- found our Turks sitting on the
tioned before, twa standing by each ground, where they lad dineel,
other not far from the shore, with chiefly on ripe fruits, with ordinary
in Sigéum, and one more remote. bread. We had there a wide and

The ancient name of this town; deep gult, a portion of the legean which is exceedingly mean and sca anciently called Mclas, on uur wretched, was Eleûs. The streets right hand with Imbios, toward or lanes are narrow and intricate, the tourançe, twenty-five miles

* A piaster is about half a crown English, and is equal in value to thirty peraus, These are a small silver coin, about the size of an English penny

. from

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from Mastusia, and twenty-two place of rendezvous; and Othman
from Lemnos, which lay before us, scized it in 1302, procured vessels,
and beyond these, other islands, and from thence subdued the other
and the continent of Europe, in islands of the Archipelago.
view. We had intended to visit The port of Tenedos has been
Lemnos, and the principal places inclosed in a mole, of which no
in that quarter, but, the wind pro- part now appears above water, iyut
ving contrary, we now steered for

loose stones are piled on the foundaTenedos, and, alter rowing some tions to break the waves. The time with a rough sea, hoisted sail: . basin is encompassed by a ridge of we passed by some islets, and about the mountain. On the south side three in the afternoon, reached the is a row of wind-mills and a small town. On opening the harbour, fort; and on the opposite, a castle we discovered in it, besides small- by the shore. This was taken in craft, three Turkish gallies wait: the year 1656 by the Venetians in. ing to convey the Venetian bailow four days, but soon after abandonor resident, who was expected ed, as not tenable. The houses, daily, to Constantinople; the ships which are numerous, stand at the, of that republic being by treaty foot, or on the slope, of an accliexcluded from navigating the Hel vity; with a flat between them and lespont.

the formed partly by soil ivashThe island Tenedos is chiefly ed down from above. They reckon rock, but fertile. It was anciently six hundred Turkish families, and reckoned about eighty stadia or ten three hundred Greek. The church miles in circumference, and from belonging to the latter is decent. Sigéum twelve miles and a half. We fc:ind here but few remains' Its position, thus near the mouth of of antiquity worthy notice. We the Hellespont, has given it im- perceived on our lauding a large portance in all ages; vessels bound and entire sarcophagus or stone toward Constantinople finding coffin serving as a fountain, the shelter in its.port, or safe anchor. top-stone or lid being perforated age in the road, during the etesian to admit a current of water, which or contrary winds, and in foul supplies the vent below; and on weather. The Emperor Justinian one side is an inscription. Wear erected a magazine to receive the this we saw part of a fluted column cargoes of the corn-ships from converted into a mortar for bruise Alexandria, when detained there. ing corn; and in a shop was This building, was two hundre!

of tesselated pavement and eighty feet long, ninety-brvad, then recently discovered. In the and very lofty. The voyage from streets, the walls, and buryingEgypt was rendered less precarious, gro:ends, were pieces of marble, and and the grain preserved, until it fragments of pillars, with a few incould be transported to the capital. 'scriptions. Afterwards during the troubles of In the evening, this being Sun.' the Greek empire, Tenedos ex- day, and a festival, we were much perienced a variety of fortune. amused with seeing the Greeks, The pirates, which infested these who were, singing and dancing, in seas, made it for many years their several companies, to music, near


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the town ; while their women were exquisite flavour, called muscadel!. sitting in groups on the roofs of The island is deser vedly famous for the houses, which are flat, as specta- the species of vine which produces tors, at the same tiine enjoying the this delicious liquor. soft air and serene sky.

We had been told, that an anWe were lodged much to our sa tient building remained on the tisfaction in a large room, with a south side of the island, not much raised floor matted, on which we out of our way to the ruins of a slept in our clothes, in company city, called Eski-Stamboul, on the with two Jews and several Greeks'; continent of Asia. Our Turks a cool breeze entering all night at were waiting at the boat, and we the latticed windows, and sweeten- just ready to join them, when we ing our repose.

were informed that a scheik was In these countries, on account arrived from the Asiatic Dardanell, of the heat, it is usual to rise with which we had lately left, and that the dawn. About day break we the presence of the consul was rereceived from the French consul, a quired on some very urgent busi, Greek with a respectable beard, a ness at Constantinople. His bro, present of grapes, the clusters large ther, who had set sail in the morn. and rich, with other fruits all fresh ing carly to overtake him, rebuins gathered, We had, besides, breaded with us in his stead, and soon and coffee for breakfast, and good won our regard by his attention and wines, particularly one sort, of an civility,


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Retrospective view of afuirs in the colonies in the year 1764. General effecè

of the late laws. Impeachment of Mr. Oliver. Assembly of Massachusett's
Pay dissolved. General Gage arrives at Boston. Great consternation on
receiving the Bosion port bill

. New assembly meet at Boston, and are ad-
journed to. Salen. Provincial and town meetings. Assembly of Virginia
dissolved. Philadelphia, New York. Address from Gentlemen, &c. of
Boston to the new governor. Address from the council rejected. Trans-
actions of the house of representatives at Salem. The assembly dissolved.
Address from the town of Salem. General tenper and disposition of the
people throughout the continent. Solemn league and covenant. Proclainaa
: tion against it. Measures relative to the holding of a general congress. Reso-
tutions passed in different places. Address from the

justices of Plymouth county.
Uneasiness excited by the arrital of troops. False alarm. Proclamation
for the encouragement of piety and virtue, 8c. Hostile appearances. Nezu
judges incapable' of acting. New counsellors compelled to renounce their
offices. Fortification on Boston Neck. Provincial magazine seized. The
people in a violent ferment. Company of cadets disband themselves, and
return the standard. Sundry resolutions passed by the delegates of the county
of Suffolk. Remonstrance. Answer. Writs for holding a general assembly
countermanded by proclumntiori. The representatives meet notwithstanding
at Salem ; vote themselves into a provincial congress, and adjourn to the
town of Concord. Remonstrunce from the provincial congress; governor's
answer. State of affairs at Boston. Further proceedings of the provincial
Congress. Proclamation.

[p. i.

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