« 前へ次へ »
On the war tempest.
ing out Cucuie, Cucuie. Many simple people suppose the Utie by night, a certain kind of cony, a little exthat the Cucuij, delighted with that noise, come flying cecding a mouse in bignesse and bulke of bodie: which and flocking together to the bellowing sound of him four-footed beast they onely knewe before our coming that calleth them, for they come with a speedy and thither, and did cate the same. They also go a fishing headlong course : but I rather thinke the Cucuij make by the light of the Cucuij.»—Pietro MARTIRE. laste to the brightness of the fire-brande, because
Note 58, page 255, col. 2. swarmes of gnails tly unto every light, which the Cucuij
Bells of gold eate in the very ayre, as the martlets and swallowes
Embossed his glittering helmet. doe. Behold the desired number of Crucuij, at what time the hunter casteth the fire-brande out of his hand.
Among the presents which Cortes sent to Spain were
« two helmets covered with blue precious stones; one Some Cucuius sometimes followcth the fire-brande, and lightech on the grounde; then is he easily taken, as
edged with golden belles and many plates of gold, two
The other cotravellers may take a beetle if they have need thereof, golden knobbes sustaining the belles.
vered with the same stones, but edged with 25 golden walking with his wings shutt. Others denie that the Cucuij are woont to be taken after this manner, but say, the helmet, whose feei, bill, and eyes were all of gold ;
belles, crested with a greene foule sitting on the top of that the hunters especially have bouglis full of leaves
and several golden knobbes sustained every bell.»--ready prepared, or broad lionen cloathis, wherewith they
PIETRO MARTIRE. smite the Cucuius flying about on high, and strike him to the ground, where he lyeth as it were astonished,
Note 59, page 256, col. 1. and suffereth himself to bee taken ; or, as they say, fol
So oft the yeoman bad, in days of yore, lowing the fall of the fly, they take the preye, by casting
Cursing his perilous tenure, wound the born. the same bushie bough of linen cloath upon him: how
Cornage Tenure. soever it bee, the hunter havinge the hunting Cucuij, returneth home, and shutting the doore of the house,
Note 60, page 256, col. 1. letteth the preye goe. The Cucuij loosed, swiftly flyeth
A white plume
Nodded above, far seen, floating like foam about the whole house seeking goatts, under their hanging bedds, and about the faces of them that sleepe, whiche the unatts used to assayle: they seem to execute
His tall wbite plume, which, like a bigh-wrought foam,
Floated on the tempestuous stream of fight, the office of watchmen, that such as are shut in may Sbewed wbere he swept the field. quietly rest. Another pleasant and profitable com
Yound's Busiris. modity proceedeth from the Cucuij. As many eyes as every Cucuius openeth, the hoste enjoyeth the light of
Note 61, page 257, col. 2. so many candels; so that the inhabitants spinne, sewe,
The Journey of the Dead. weave, and dance by the light of the flying Cucuij. The Clavigero. Torquemada, L. 13. c. 47. inhabitants thinke that the Cucuius is delighted with
The fighting mountains of the Mexicans are less abthe harmony and melody of their singing, and tbat liee surd than the moving rocks of the Greeks, as they are also exerciseth his motion in the ayre according to the placed, not in this world, but in the road to the next. action of their dancing; but hee, by reason of the « L. Martio et Sex. Julio consulibus, in agro Mutidivers circuit of the gnatts, of necessity swiftly flyeth nensi duo montes inter se concurrerunt, crepitu maxiabout divers ways to seek his food. Our men also mo assultantes et recedentes, et inter eos flammâ fumo. reade and write by that light, which alwayes continueth que exeunte. Quo concursu villæ omnes elisæ sunt; until he have gotten enough wbereby he may be well animalia permulta quæ intra fuerant, exanimata sunt.» and fedd.
The gnatts being cleansed, or driven out of J. Ravisi Textoris Officina, f. 210. doors, the Cucuius beginning to famish, the light be A fiery mountain is a bad neighbour, but a quarrelginneth to faile; therefore when they see his light to some one must be infinitely worse, and a dancing one waxe dim, opening the little doore, they set him at li- would not be much better. It is a happy thing for us, bertie, that he may seeke his foode.
who live among the mountains, that they are now-a« In sport and merriment, or to the intent to terrifie days very peaceable, and have left off « skipping like such as are afrayd of every shadow, they say, that
many wanton wild fellowes sometimes rubbed their faces by
Note 62, page 258, col. 2. night with the flesh of a Cucuius, being killed, with purpose to meet their neighbours with a flaming countenance, as with us sometimes wanton young men, pul
Clavigero. Torquemada. ting a gaping toothed wizard over their face, endeavour
This coronation oath resembles in absurdity the lanto terrifie children, or women, who are easily frighted; cuage of the Chinese, who, in speaking of a propitious for the face being anointed with the lump or fleshy part
event occurring, either in their own or any other counof the Cucuius, shineth like a flame of fire ; yet in short try, generally attribute it to the joint will of Heaven space that fiery virtue waxeth feeble and is extir uished,
and the Emperor of China.-BARROW. seeing it is a certain bright bumour received in a thin
I once beard a methodist streel-preacher exhort his substance. There is also another wonderful commodity auditors to praise God as the first cause of all good proceeding from the Cucuius; the islanders, appointed things
, and the King as the second. by our menn, goe with their good will by night, with
Note 63, page 259, col. 1. two Cricuij tied to the great toes of their feet; for the
Let the guilty tremble! it shall flow traveller goeth better by the direction of these lights,
A draught of agony and death to him, than if he brought so many candels with him as their
A stream of fiery poison. open eyes; he also carryeth another ią his hand to seek I have no other authority for attributing this artilce
Funeral and Coronation.
to Tezozomoç, than that it has been practised very often and very successfully.
« A Chief of Dsedjedda,» says Niebuhr, w informed me that two hundred ducats had been stolen from him, and wanted me to discover the thief. I excused myself, saying, that I left that sublime science to the Mahommedan sages; and very soon afterwards a celebrated schech sliewed, ndeed, that he knew more than I did. He placed all the servants in a row, made a long prayer, then put into the mouth of each a bit of paper, and ordered them all to swallow it, after having assured them that it would not harm the innocent, but that the
punishment of Heaven would fall on the guilty; after which he examined the mouth of every one, and one of them, who had not swallowed the paper,
confessed that he had stolen the money.»
A similar anecdote occurs in the old Legend of Pierre Faifeu.
Quant fut vepu, demande une arballesto
Tel se dit bon, qui meschant on approuve. The trial by ordeal more probably originated in cunning than in susperstition. The Water of Jealousy is the oldest example. This seems to have been a device to enable women, when unjustly suspected, fully to exculpate themselves; for no one who was guilty would have ventured upon the trial.
I remember an anecdote of John Henderson, which is characteristic of the man. The maid-servant one evening at a house where he was visiting, begged that she might be excused from bringing in the tea, for he was a conjurer, she said. When this was told him, he desired the mistress would insist upon her coming in; this was done : he fixed his eye upon her, and after she had left the room said, Take care of her; she is not honest. It was soon found that he had rightly understood the cause of her alarm.
Comment la Dame de une grosse Maison ou il hnutoit, perdit ung
Dyamant en sa naison, qu'il luy fist subtillement recovrer.-
Ung certain jour, la Dame de l'hostol
pourmenant devant boytteu ou droitz.
Note 64, page 259, col. 2.
The Sports. These are described from Clavigero, who gives a print of the Flyers; the tradition of the banner is from the same author; the legend of Mexidli from Torquemada, L. 6. c. 21.
Note 65, page 260, col. 2.
Then the Temples fell Whose black and putrid walls were scaled with blood. I have not exaggerated.
Bernal Diaz was an eyewitness, and he expressly says, that the walls and ihe floor of Mexiili's temple were black and flaked with blood, and stenching:-Historia Verdadera, p. 71.
Note 66, page 261, col. 1.
One of our nation lost the maid he loved. There was a young man in despair for the death of
that sweeter one that knoweth all
bis sister, whom he loved with extreme affection. The
Note 67, page 261, col, 2. idea of the departed recurred to him incessantly. He resolved to seek her in the Land of Souls, and flattered
The songs of all the winged eboristers. himself with the hope of bringing her back with him. The Mocking Bird is often mentioned, and with His voyage was long and laborious, but he surmounted much feeling, in Mr Davis's Travels in America, a very all the obstacles, and overcame every difficulty. At singular and interesting volume. He describes himself length he found a solitary old man, or rather genius, in one place as listening by moonlight to one that who, having questioned him concerning his enterprise, usually perched within a few yards of his log hut. A encouraged him to pursue it, and taught him the means negress was sitting on the threshold of the next door, of success. He gave him a little emply calabash to smoking the stump of an old pipe. Please God Alcontain the soul of his sister, and promised on his re- mighly, exclaimed the old woman, how sweet that Mockturn to give him the brain, which he had in his pos- ing Bird sing! he never tire. By day and by night it session, being placed there, by virtue of his office, to sings alike; when weary of mocking others, the bird keep the brains of the dead. The young man pro- takes up its own natural strain, and so joyous a creafited by his instructions, finished his course successfully, ture is it, that it will jump and dance to its own music. and arrived in the Land of Souls, the inhabitants of The bird is perfectly domestic, for the Americaos hoid which were much astonished to see him, and fled at his it sacred. Would that we had more of these humane presence. Tharonhiaouagon received him well, and prejudices in England !--if that word may be applied protected him by his counsel from the old woman his to a feeling so good in itself and in its tendency. grandmother, who, under the appearance of a feigned A good old protestant missionary mentions another regard, wished to destroy him by making him eat the of the American singing-birds very technically. flesh of serpents and vipers, which were to her delica « Of black birds there be millions, which are great cies. The souls being assembled to dance, as was their devourers of the Jodiau corn as soon as it appears out custom, he recognized that of his sister ; Tharonhiaou- of the ground: unto this sort of birds, especially, may agon assisted him to take it by surprise, without which the mystical fowls, the Divells, be well resembled (and help he never would have succeeded, for when he ad- so it pleaseth the Lord Jesus himself to observe, Matt. vanced to seize it, it vanished as a dream of the night, 13), which mystical fowl follow the sowing of the word, and left him as confounded as was Æneas when he al- pick it up from loose and careless bearers, as these tempted to embrace the shade of his father Anchises. black birds follow the material seed: against these they Nevertheless he took it, contiued it, and, in spite of the are very careful, both to set their corn deep enough, attempts and stratagems of this captive soul, which that it may have a strong rool, not so apt to be pluckt sought but to deliver itself from its prison, he brought up, as also they put up little watch-louses in the it back the same road by which he came, to his own middle of their fields, in which they or their biggest village. I know not if he recollected to take the brain, children lodge.»—Roger WILLIAMS. or judged it unnecessary; but as soon as he arrived he
But of all the songsters in America who warble their dug up the body, and prepared it according to the in- wood-notes wild, the frogs are the most extraordinary. structions he had received, to render it fit for the re « Prepared as I was,» says a traveller, « lo hear ception of the soul, which was to reanimate it. Every something extraordinary from these animals, I confess thing was ready for this resurrection, when the imperti- the first frog concert I heard in America was so much nent curiosity of one of those who were present pre- beyond any thing I could conceive of the powers of vented its success. The captive soul, finding itself free, these musicians, that I was truly astonished. This perfled away, and the whole journey was rendered useless. formance was al fresco, and took place on the 18th The young man derived no other advantage than that (April) instant, in a large swamp, where there were al of having been at the Land of Souls, and the power of least ien thousand performers, and, I really believe, giving certain tidings of it, which were transmitted 10 not two exactly in the same pitch, if the octave can posterity.-. Caritau sur les moeurs de Sauvages Ame- possibly admit of so many divisions, or shades, of semiriquains, Tom. I. p. 401.
An Hibernian musician, who, like myself, was « One, I remember, affirmed to me that himself had present for the first time at this concert of antimusic, been dead four days; that most of his friends in that exclaimed, “By Jasus, but they stop out of tune to a time were gathered together to his funeral; and that nicely!' he should have been buried, but that some of his rela « I have been since informed by an amateur who retions at a great distance, who were sent for upon that sided many years in this country, and made this species occasion, were not arrived, before whose coming he of music bis peculiar study, that on these occasions came to life again. In this time he says he went to the treble is performed by the Tree Frogs, the smallest the place where the sun rises (imagining the earth to be and most beautiful species; they are always of the plain), and directly over that place, at a great height in same colour as the bark of the tree they inhabit, and the air, he was admitted, he says, into a great house, their note is not unlike the cluirp of a cricket: the next which he supposes was several miles in length, and saw in size are our counter-tenors, they have a note resemmany wonderful things, too tedious as well as ridiculous bling the setting of a saw. A still larger species sing lo mention. Another person, a woman, whom I have tenor, and the under part is supported by the Bull not seen, but been credibily informed of by the Indians, Frogs, which are as large as a man's foot, and bellow declares she was dead several days; that her soul went out the bass in a tone as loud and sonorous as that of southward, and feasted and danced with the happy spi- the animal from which they take their ŋame.»— Travels. rits; and that she found all things exactly agrecable to in America, by W. Priest, Musician. the Indian notions of a fulure statc.»— BRAINERD. « I have often thought,» says this lively traveller,
The Chair of God.
« if an enthusiastic cockney of weak nerves, who had the young that they may not bear arms, the old that never been out of the sound of Bow-hell, could suddenly they may not give counsel.—Bernal Diaz, p. 56. be conveyed from his bed in the middle of the night,
Note 71, page 265, col. 2. and laid fast asleep in an American swamp, he would,
The Circle of the Years is full. on waking, fancy himself in the infernal regions : his first sensations would be from the stings of a myriad of Torquemada, L. 10, c. 33. The tradition of the Five musquitoes; waking with the smart, bis ears would be Suns is related by Clavigero: the origin of the present assailed with the horrid poises of the frogs; on lifting by the same author and by Torquemada, L. 6. c. 42; up biis cyes he would have a faint view of the night the whole of the ceremonies is accurately stated. hawks, flapping their ominous wings over his devoted
Note 72, page 267, col. 2. head, visible only from the glimmering light of the fire
Depart! depart! for so the note flies, which he would naturally conclude were sparks
Articulately in his native tongue from the bottomless pit. Nothing would be wanting
Spake to the Azteca. at this moment to complete the illusion, but one of
My excuse for this insignificant agency, as I fear it those dreadful explosions of thunder and lightning, so
will be thought, must be, that the fact itself is histoextravagantly described by Lee in Oedipus. Call you rically true ; by means of this omen the Aztecas were these peals of thunder but the yawn of bellowing induced to quit their country, after a series of calamiclouds? by Jove, they seem to me the world's last ties. The leader who had address enough to influence groavs, and those large sheets of flame its last blaze!' »
them was Huitziton, a name which I have altered to Note 68, page 261, col. 2.
Yuhidthiton for the sake of cuphony; the note of the
bird is expressed in Spanish and Italian thus, tihui, the In sink and swell
cry of the peewhit cannot be better expressed. — Tos-
QUEMADA, L. 2. c. 1. CLAVIGERO.
Note 73, page 269, col. 2. The expression is from an old Spanish writer ; « Tanian instrumentos de diversas maneras de la musica, de pulso, e fato, e lato, e voz.»--Cronica de Pero Nino. Mexitli, they said, appeared to them during their
emigration, and ordered them to carry him before them Note 69, page 262, col. 2.
in a chair ; Teoycpalli it was called. -- TORQUEMADA,
L. 2. c. 1.
The hideous figures of their idols are easily ac-
counted for by the Historian of the Dominicans in And when the builders laid the foundation of the Mexico. Temple of the Lord, they set the Priests in their apparel « As often as the Devil appeared to the Mexicans, with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaplı with they made immediately an idol of the figure in which cymbals, to praise the Lord, after the ordinance of David they had seen him, sometimes as a lion, othertimes as King of Israel.
a dog, othertimes as a serpent; and as the ambitious « And they sang together by course in praising and Devil took advantage of this weakness, be assumed a giving thanks unto the Lord, because he is good, for new form every time to gain a new image in which he his mercy endureth for ever toward Israel. And all might be worshipped. The natural timidity of the lothe people shouted with a great shout when they praised dians aided the design of the Devil, and he appeared the Lord, because the foundation of the house of the to them in horrible and affrighting figures that he migbt Lord was laid.
have them the more submissive to his will; for this « But many of the Priests and Levites and chief of reason it is that the idols which we still see in Mexico, the fathers, who were ancient men, that had seen the placed in the corners of the streets as spoils of the Gosfirst house, when the foundation of this house was laid pel, are so deformed and ugly.» AUGUSTIN DAVILA before their eyes wept with a loud voice; and many PADILLA. shouted aloud with joy :
Note 74, page 270, col. 2. « So that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the
To spread in other lands Mexitli's name. people ; for the people shouted with a loud shout, and It will scarcely be believed that the resemblance bethe noise was heard afar off.»-Ezra, iii, 10. 13. tween Mexico and Messiah should have been adduced
as a proof that America was peopled by the ten tribes. Note 70, page 263, col. 1.
Fr. Estevan de Salazar discovered this wise argument, For Aztlan comes in anger, and her Gods
which is voticed in Gregorio Garcia's very credulous Spare none.
and very learned work on the Origin of the Indians, Kill all that you can, said the Tlascallans to Cortes; L. 3. c. 7. sect. 2.
The old in talk
The Curse of Kehama.
Καταραι, ως και τα αλεκτρυονονεοττα, οικον αει, οψε κεν επανηξαν εγκαθισομεναι.
Αποφθ. Ανεκ. του Γυδιελ. του Μητ.
TO THE AUTHOR OF GEBIR,
WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR,
This Poem is Inscribed,
BY ROBERT SOUTHEY.
I WILL SING AS I SIIALL PLEASE.
Ετησατε'μοι πρωτη πολυτροπον, οφρα φανείη a want of skill in the poet. Even those readers who Ποικιλον ειδος εχων, οτι ποικιλον υμνον αρασσω.
should be wholly unacquainted with the writings of our NOY Acov. learned Orientalists, will find all the preliminary know
ledge that can be needful, in the following brief exFOR I WILL FOR NO MAN'S PLEASURE
planation of mythological names :
.... the Creator.
Veesanoo, the Preserver.
.... the Destroyer.
These form the Trimourtee, or Trinity, as it GEORGE WITHER.
has been called, of the Bramins. The allegory is obvious, but has been made for the Tri
mourtee, not the Trimourtee for the allegory; PREFACE.
and these Deities are regarded by the people as three distinct and personal Gods. The two latter
have at this day their hostile sects of worshipIn the religion of the Hindoos, which of all false reli
pers; that of Seeva is the most numerous; and gions is the most monstrous in its fables, and the most
in this Poem, Seeva is represented as Supreme fatal in its effects, there is one remarkable peculiarity.
among the Gods. This is the same God whose Prayers, penances, and sacrifices, are supposed to pos
name is variously written Seeb, Sieven and Siva, sess an inherent and actual value, in no degree depend
Chiven by the French, Xiven by the Portuguese, ing upon the disposition or motive of the person who
and whom Europeau writers sometimes denoperforms them. They are drafts upon Heaven, for
minate Eswara, Iswaren, Mahadeo, Mahadeva, which the Gods cannot refuse payment.
Rutren,-according to which of his thousand men, bent upon the worst designs, have in this manner
and eight names prevailed in the country where obtained power which has made them formidable to
they obtained their information. the Supreme Deities themselves, and rendered an Avatar, INDRA,....... God of the Elements. or Incarnation of Veeslinoo the Preserver, necessary. The SWERGA,.. bis Paradise, - one of the Hindoo This belief is the foundation of the following Poem.
heavens. The story is original; but, in all its parts, consistent
Lord of Hell, and Judge of the Dead. with the superstition upon which it is built; and how
PADALON,..... Hell, -under the Earth, and, like the ever startling the fictions may appear, they might almost
Earth, of an octagon shape; its eight gates are be called credible when compared with the genuine tales of Hindoo mythology.
guarded by as many Gods. No figures can be imagined more anti-picturesque, MARRIATALY,.. the Goddess who is chiefly worshipped and less poetical, than the mythological personages of
by the lower casts. the Bramins. This deformity was easily kept out of POLLEAR,.. .... or Ganesa,- the Protector of Travellers. sight :-their hundred hands are but a clumsy personi
His statues are placed in the highways, and somefication of power; their numerous heads only a gross
times in a small lonely sanctuary, in the streets image of divinity, « whose countenance,» as the Bhagvat
and in the fields. Gecta expresses it, « is turned on every side.» To the CaseAPA,..... the Father of the Immortals. other obvious objection, that the religion of Hindostan Devetas,..... The Inferior Deities. is not generally known enough to supply fit machinery SURAS,.......
Good Spirits. for an English poem, I can ooly answer, that, if every Asuras, ..... Evil Spirits, or Devils. allusion to it throughout the work is not sufficiently GLENDOVEERS,. the most beautiful of the Good Spirits, self-explained to render the passage intelligible, there is the Grindouvers of Sonnerat.