« 前へ次へ »
herself for a certain price, and all that she can thus ac
Note 70, page 331, col. 1, quire she carries to the priest of the idol, that he may
Baly. apply it to the service of the temple. Let us, says the The fifth incarnation was in a Bramin dwarf, under the Mohammedan relater, bless the almighly and glorious
name of Vamen; it was wrought to restrain the pride of God, that lie has chosen us, to exempt us from all the the giant Baly. The latter, after having conquered the crimes into wrich men are led by their unbelief.-An- gods, expelled them from Sorjon; he was generous, true ciennes Relations.
to his word, compassionate, and charitable. Vichenou, Incited, unquestionably, says Mr Maurice, by the liie- under the form of a very little Bramin, presented himself roglyphic emblem of vice so conspicuously elevated, and before him while he was sacrificing, and asked him for so strikingly painted in the temples of Mahadeo, the three paces of land to build a hut. Baly ridiculed the priests of that deity industriously selected the most apparent imbecility of the dwarf, in telling him, that he beautiful females that could be found, and, in their ten- ought not to limit his demand 10 a bequest so trilling; derest years, with great poinp and solemnity, consecra
that his generosity could bestow a much larger donation ted them (as it is impiously called) to the service of the of land. Vamen answered, That, being of so small a presiding divinity of the pagoda. They were trained up stature, what lie asked was more than sufficient. The in every art to delude and to delight; and, to the fasci- prince immediately granted his request, and, to ratify his nation of external beauty, their artful betrayers added donation, poured water into his right hand, which was the attractions arising from mental accomplishments.
no soover done than the dwarf grew so prodigiously, Thus was an invariable rule of the Hindoos, that women
that his body filled the universe! He measured the have no concern with literature, dispensed with upon carth with one pace, and the heavens with another, and this infamous occasion. The moment these hapless vic- then summoned Baly to give him his word for the third. tims reached maturity, they fell victims to the lust of the The prince then recognised Vichenou, adored him, and Brahmins. They were early taught to practise the most presented his head 10 bim; but the yod, satisfied with alluring blandishments, to roll the expressive eye of wan his submission, sent him to govern the Padalon, and ton pleasure, and to invite to criminal indulgence, by permitted him to return every year to the earth, the day stealing upon the beholder the tender look of voluptuous of the full moon, in the month of November.—SONNElanguishing. They were instructed to mould their ele, RaT's Voyages, vol. I, p. 24. gant and airy forms into the most enticing attitudes and the most lascivious gestures, while the rapid and Grace
Note 71, page 331, col. 2. ful motion of their feet, adorned with golden bells, and
The sacred cord. glittering with jewels, kept unison with the exquisite mc The Bralımans who officiate at the temples generally lody of their voices. Every pagoda has a band of these
go with their heads uncovered, and the upper part of the young syrens, whose business, on great festivals, is to body naked. The Zennar, or sacred string, is hung dance in public before the idol, to sing hymns in his ho- round the body from the left shoulder; a piece of white nour, and in private to enrich the treasury of that pa- cotton cloth is wrapped round the loins, which descends goda with the wages of prostitution. These women are
under the knee, but Jower on the left side than on the not, however, regarded in a dishonourable light; they other; and in cold weather they sometimes cover their are considered as wedded to the idol, and they partake of bodies with a shawl, and their heads with a red cap. — the veneration paid to him. They are forbidden ever to The Zennar is made of a particular kind of perennial desert the pagoda where they are educated, and are ne cution, called Verma: it is composed of a certain numver permitted to marry; but the offspring, if any, of their ber of threads of a fixed length: the Zennar wora by criminal embraces are considered as sacred to the idol : the Khatries lias fewer threads than that worn by the the boys are taught to play on the sacred instruments Brahmans, and that worn by the Bhyse fewer than that used at the festivals, and the daughters are devoted to worn by the Khatries; but those of the Soodra cast are the abandoned occupations of their mothers.—Indian excluded from this distinction, none of them being perAntiquities.
mitted to wear it.-CRAUFURD. These impostors take a young maid, of the fairest
Note 72, page 332, col. 1. they can meet with, to be the bride (as they speak and bear the besolled people in hand) of Jagannat, and
The City of Baly. they leave her all night in the temple (whither they Ruins of Mahabalipûr, the City of the great Baly. have carried hier) with the idol, making her believe that A rock, or rather hill of stone, is that which first en. Jagannat himself will come and embrace her, and ap- grosses the attention on approaching the place; for as it pointing her to ask him, whether it will be a fruitful year, rises abruptly out of a level plain of great extent, conwhat kind of processions, fcasts, prayers, and alms he sisis chictly of one single stone, and is situated very near demands to be made for it. In the mean time one of to the sea-beach, it is such a kind of object as an inquithese lustful priest enters at night by a little back-door sitive traveller would naturally turn aside to examine. into the temple, deflowereth this young maid, and maketh Its shape is also singular and romantic, and, from a disher believe any thing he pleasesh; and the next day, be- ant view, hasau appearance like some antique and lofty ing transported from this temple into another with the edifice. On coming near to the foot of the rock from same magnificence, she was carried before upon the cha- the north, works of imagery and sculpture crowd so riot of triumph, on the side of Jagannat her bridegroom: thick upon the eye, as might seem to favour the idea of these Eralımans make her say aloud, before all the peo
a petrified town, like those that have been fabled in dif. ple, whatsoever she hath been taught of these chcals, as ferent parts of the world, by too credulous travellers. if she had learnt it from the very mouth of Jagannat.-- Proceeding on by the foot of the hill, on the side facing BERNIER.
there is a pagoda rising out of the ground, of one
solid stone, about sixteen or ciglateen feet high, which than a bed, is matter for future enquiry. A circumseems to have been cut upon the spot, out of a detached stance, however, which may seem to favour this idea is, rock, that has been found of a proper size for that pur- that a throne, in the Shanscrit and other Hindoo lanpose. The top is arched, and the style of architecture guages, is called Singhúsen, which is compounded of according to which it is formed different from any now Sing, a lion, and åsen, a seat. used in those paris. A little further on,
But though these works may
be deemed stupendous, upon a huge surface of stone, that juts out a little from they are surpassed by others that are to be seen at the the side of the hill, a numerous group of human figures, distance of about a mile or mile and half, to the south in bass-relief, considerably larger than life, representing of the bill. They consist of two pagodas, of about 30 the most remarkable persons whose actions are celebra- feet long, by 20 feet wide, and about as many in height, ted in the Mahabharit, each of them in an attitude, or cut out of the solid rock, and each consisting origioally with weapons, or other insignia, expressive of his cha- of one single stone. Their form is different from the racter; or of some one of his most famous exploits. All style of architecture according to which idol temples are these figures are doubtless much less distinct than they now built in that country. These sculptures approach were at first; for upon comparing these and the rest of nearer to the Gothic taste, being surmounted by arched the sculptures that are exposed to the sea-air, with roofs, or domes, not semicircular, but composed of two others at the same place, whose situation has afforded segments of circles meeting in a point at top. Near them protection from that element, the difference is strik- these also stand an elephant full as big as life, and a lion ing; the former being every where mucli defaced, while much larger than the natural size, both hewn also out the others are fresh as recently finished. An excavation of one stone. in another part of the east side of the great rock appears The great rock is about 50 or 100 yards from the sea; to have been made on the same plan, and for the same but close to the sea are the remains of a pagoda built of purpose, that Chowltries are usually built in that coun-brick, and dedicated to Sib, the greatest part of wlrich iry, that is to say, for the accommodation of travellers. has evidently been swallowed up by ibat element; for The rock is hollowed out to the size of a spacious room, the door of the innermost apartment, in which the idol and two or three rows of pillars are left, as a sceming is placed, and before which there are always two or three support to the mountainous mass of stone which forms spacious courts surrounded with walls, is now washed the roof.
by the waves, and the pillar used to discover the meriThe ascent of the hill on the north is, from its natural dian at the time of founding the pagoda, is seen standshape, gradual and easy at first, and is in other parts ing at some distance in the sca. In the neighbourhood reudered more so, by very excellent steps, cut out in seves of this building there are some detached rocks, washed ral places where the communication would be difficult also by the waves, on which there appear sculptures, or impracticable without them. A winding stair of this though now much worn and defaced : And the natives of sort leads to a kind of temple cut out of the solid rock, the place declared to the writer of this account, that the willı some figures of idols in high relief upon the walls, more aged people among them remembered to have very well finished. From this temple there are flights seen the tops of several pagodas far out in the sea, of steps, that seem to have led to some edifice formerly which, being covered with copper, (probably gilt, ) were standing upon the hill; nor does it seem absurd to sup- particularly visible at sun-rise, as their shining surface pose that this may have been a palace, to which this used then to reflect the sun's rays, but that now that temple may have appertained; for, besides the small effect was no longer produced, as the copper had since detached ranges of stairs that are here and there cut in become incrusted withi mould and verdigrease.—Cuamthe rock, and seem as if they had once led to different BERS. Asiatic Researches. parts of one great building, there appear in many places
Note 73, page 333, col. 1. small water channels cut also in the rock, as if for drains
Tbon bast been called, 0 Sleep! tbe friend of Woe, to an house; and the whole top of the hill is strewed with
Bul 't is tbe happy who have call d thee so. small round pieces of brick, which may be supposed,
Daniel has a beautiful passage concerning Richard II from their appearance, to have been worn down to their present form during the lapse of many ages. On a plain
-sufficiently resembling this part of the poem to be
inserted here: surface of the rock, which may once have served as the floor of some apartment, there is a platform of stone,
To Flint, from thence, into a restless bed,
That miserable night lie comes convey'd; about 8 or 9 feet long, by 3 or 4 wide, in a situation ra
Poorly provided, poorly followod, ther elevated, with two or three steps leading up to it,
Uncourted, unrespected, unobey'd ; perfectly resembling a couch or bed, and a lion very Where, if uncertain Sleep bat bovered well executed at the upper end of it, by way of pillow:
Over the drooping cares that beavy weigl'd,
Millions of tigures Fantasy presents the whole of one piece, being part of the hill itself. This
Unto that sorrow waken'd grief augments. the Bramins, inhabitants of the placc, call the bed of
His new misfortune makes deluded Sleep Dhermarajah, or Judishter, the eldest of the five bro
Say 'I was not so: – false dreams the truth deny: thers, whose exploits are the leading subject in the Ma. Wherewith be starts ; feels waking cares do creep habhàrit. And at a considerable distance from this, at
Upon bis soul, and give bis dreams tbe lie, such a distance, indeed, as the aparıments of the women
Then sleeps again :-and tben again as deep
Deceits of darkness mock bis misery. might be supposed to be from that of the men, is a bath,
Civil War, Book ii, st. 52, 53. excavated also from the rock, willi steps in the inside, which the bramas call the Bath of Dropedy, the wife of
Note 74, page 333, col. 2. Judishter and his brothers. How much credit is due to
The Aullay. this tradition, and whether this stone couch may not This monster of Hindoo imagination is a horse with have been anciently used as a kind of throne, rather the trunk of an elephant, but bearing about the same
proportion to the elepliant in size, that the elephant is by the sutures of the skull that these lines of desitself does to a common sheep. In one of the prints to iny are formed. See also a note to Thalaba upon a like Mr Kiudersley's «Specimens of Hindoo Literature,» an superstition of the Mabommedans. aullay is represented taking up an elepliant with his Quand on leur reproche quelque vice, ou qu'ou les trunk.
reprend d'une mauvaise action, ils répondent froidement, Nole 75, page 333, col. 2.
que cela est écrit sur leur tète, et qu'ils u'ont pu faire Did then the Ocean wage
autrement. Si vous paroissez étonné de ce langage noile His war for love and envy, not in rage,
veau, et que vous demandiez à voir où cela est ecrit, ils O thou fair City, that bo spares thee thus!
vous montrent les diverses jointures du crâne de leur tête, Malecheren, (which is probably another name for prétendant que les sutures mème sont les caractères de Baly), in an excursion which he made one day alone, celle écriture mysterieuse. Si vous les pressez de dechif and in disguise, came to a garden in the environs of bis frer ces caraclères, et de vous faire connoitre ce qu'ils sigcity Mababalipoor, where was a fountain so inviting, visient, ils avouent qu'ils ne le sçavent pas. Mais puisque that two celestial nymphs had come down to bathe vous ne sçavez pas lire cette écriture, disois-je quelquefois there. The Rajab became enamoured of one of them, à ces gens entétés, qui est-ce donc qui vous la lit? qui estwlio condescended to allow of his attachment to her; ce qui vous en explique le sens, et qui vous fait connoitre and she and her sister nymph used thenceforward to ce qu'elle contient? D'ailleurs ces pretendus caractères have frequent interviews with him in that garden. On étant les memes sur la tête de tous les hommes, d'où vient one of those occasions they brought with them a male qu'ils agissent si différemment, et qu'ils sont si contraires inhabitant of the heavenly regions, to whom they in- les uus aux autres dans leurs vues, dans leurs desseins, et troduced the Rajah; and between him and Malechieren dans leurs projets ?» a strict friendship ensued; in consequence of which he « Les Brames m'écoutoient de sang froid, et sans s'inagreed, at the Rajali's earnest request, to carry him in quiéter ni des contradictions où ils tomboient, ni des disguise to see the court of the divine Inder,-a favour cousequences ridicules qu'ils éloient obligés d'avouer. never before granted to any mortal. The Rajah return-Enfin, lorsqu'ils se sentoient vivement pressés, toute leur ed from thence with new ideas of splendour and mag
ressource éloit de se retirer sans rien dire.»—P. Maunificence, which he immediately adopted in regulating puit, Lettres Edifiantes, t. X, p. 248. his court and his retinue, and in beautifying his seat of government. By this means Maliàbalipoor became soon
Note 79, page 339, col. 1. celebrated beyond all the cities of the earth; and an
The Seven Earıbs. account of its magoificence having been brought to the
The seas whiclı surround these earths are, 1. of salt gods assembled at the court of Jader, their jealousy was so much excited at it, that they sent orders to the God
water, inclosing our inmost earth; 2. of fresh water; of the Sea to let loose his billows, and overllow a place 3. of tyre, curdled milk; 4. of ghee, clarified butter ; 5. which impiously pretended to vie in splendour with of cauloo, a liquor drawn from the pullum tree; 6. of their celestial mansions. This command he obeyed,
liquid sugar; 7. of milk. The whole system is inclosed and the city was at once overtlowed by that furious in one broad circumference of pure gold, beyond which element, nor has it ever since been able to rear its head. reigns impenetrable darkness. — KINDERSLEY. --CHAMBERS. Asiat. Res.
I know not whether the following fable was invented
to account for the saliness of our sea : Note 76, page 334, col. 1.
« Agastya is recorded to have been very low in stature; i Round thoso strange wate's they repair.
anil one day, previously to the rectifying the too oblique In the Bahia dos Artifices, which is between the river posture of the earth, walking with Veeshnu on the shore Jagoarive and S. Miguel, there are many springs of of the ocean, the insolent Deep asked the god, who that fresh water, which may be seen at low tide, and these dwarf was strutting by his side? Veeslinu replied, it was springs are frequented by fish and by the sea-cow, the patriarch Agastya going to restore the earth to its which they say comes to drink there.--- Noticias do true balance.
sea, in ulter contempt of his pigmy brazil. MSS. i, 8.
form, dashed bim with his spray as lie passed along; on The inhabitants of the Feroe Islands seek for cod in which he sage, greatly incensed at the designed affront, places where there is a fresli-water spring at the bottom. scooped up some of the water in the hollow of his hand, -LANDT.
and drank it off: be again and again repeated the draught, Note 77, page 337, col. 2.
por desisted till he had drained the bed of the ocean of the entire volume of its waters. Alarmed at this effect
of his holy indignation, and dreading an universal This weapoo, which is often to be seen in one of the wheel-spoke bands of a liodoo god, resembles a quoit: releut from his anger, and again restore an element so
drought, the Devatas niade intercession with Agastya lo the external edge is sharp: it is held in the middle, and,
to the existence of bature, both animate and being whirled along, culs wherever it strikes.
inavimate. Agastya, pacified, granted their request, and Note 78, p. 108, col. 1.
discharged the imbibed tluid in a way becoming the The writing which, at thy nativity,
histories of a gross plıysical people to relate, but by no All-knowing Nature wrought upon thy brain.
means proper for this page; a way, however, ibat Brahma is considered as the immediate creator of all evinced his sovereign power, while it marked his inthings, and particularly as the disposer of each person's effable contempl for the vain fury of an element, coufate, which he inscribes within the skull of every creal- tending with a being armed with the delegated power ed being, and which the gods themselves cannot avert. of the Creator of all things. After this miracle, the -KINDERSLEY, P. 21. SIBCAMP. vol. I, p. 10. sect. 7. erih being, by the samnc power, restored to its just ba
lance, Agastya and Veeshou separated: when the latter, « Even I was even at first, not any other thing; that to prevent apy similar accident occurring, commanded which exists, unperceived, supreme: afterwards I am the great serpent (that is, of the spliere) to wind its that which is; and he who must remain, am I. enormous folds round the seven continents, of which, Except the First Cause, whatever may appear, and according to Sanscreet geography, the earth consists, may not appear, in the mind, know that to be the mind's and appointed, as perpetual guardians, to watch over Màyà, or delusion, as liglıt, as darkness. and protect it, the eight powerful genii, so renowned in « As the great elements are in various beings, enterthe Hindoo system of mythology, as presiding over the ing, yet not entering, (that is, pervading, not destroying.) eight points of the world.»— MAURICE.
thus am I in them, yet not in them. The Pauranics (said Ramachandra to Sir William « Even thus far may inquiry be made by him who seeks Jones) will tell you that our earth is a plane figure stud- 10 know the principle of mind in union and separation, ded with eight mountains, and sorrounded by seven seas which must be everywhere, always.»-Asiat. Researches. of milk, nectar, and other fluids; that the part which we Sir W. Jones, from the Bhagavat. iubabit is one of seven islands, to which eleven smaller I am the creation and the dissolution of the whole uniisies are subordinate; that a god, riding on a huge ele-verse. There is not any thing greater than I, and all plant, guards each of the eight regions; and that a things hang on me, even as precious gems upon a string. mountain of gold rises and gleams in the centre.— Asia-I am moisture in the water, light in the sun and moon, tic Researches.
invocation in the Veds, sound in the firmament, buman Eight original mountains and seven seas, BRAHMA, nature in mankind, sweet-smelling savour in the eartlı, JADRA, the Sun, and Rudra, these are permanent; not glory in the source of light: In all things I am life; and thou, not I, not this or that people. Wherefore then i am zeal in the zealous: and know, O Arjoon! that I should anxiety be raised in our minds ?»— Asiatic Res. am the eternal seed of all nature. I am the understandNote 80, page 339, col. 2.
ing of the wise, the glory of the proud, the strength of
the strong, free from Just and anger; and in animals I Mount Calasay.
am desire regulated by moral fitness.-KREESINA, in The residence of Ixora is upon the silver mount Calaja, the Bhagavat-Geela. to the south of the famous mountain Mahameru, bein; a most delicious place, planted with all sorts of trees, that
Note 82, page 340, col. 1. bear fruit all the year round. The roses and other flowers
lleart cannot think, nor tongue declare,
Nor eyes of angel bear sond forth a most odoriferous scent; and the pond at
That glory, unimaginably bright. the foot of the mount is inclosed with pleasant walks of
Being now in the splendorous Justre of the divine trees, that afford an agreeable shade, whilst the peacocks bliss and glory, I there saw in spirit the choir of the and divers other birds entertain the ear with their bar- noly angels, the choir of the prophets and apostles, monious noise, as the beautiful women do the eyes. The whe, with heavenly tongues and music, sing and play circumjacent woods are inhabited by a certain people around the throne of God; yet not in just such corpocalled Munis, or Rixis, who, avoiding the conversation real forms or shapes as are those we now bear and walk of others, spend their time in offering daily sacrifices to about in; no, bui in shapes all spiritual; the holy antheir god.
gels in the shape of a muliitude of blames of fire, the It is observable, that though these pagans are generally souls of believers in the shape of a multitude of glitterblack themselves, they do represent these Rixis to be of ing or luminous sparkles; God's throne in the shape, or a fair complexion, with long white beards, and long gar under the appearance of a great splendour.—Hans Exments hanging cross-ways, fro n about the neck down over the breast. They are in such high esteem among
Something analogous to this unendurable presence them, they believe that whom they biess are blessed, of Seeva is found amid the nonsense of Joanna Southand whom they curse are cursed.
cott. Apollyon is there made to say of the Lord, « thou Within the mountain lives another generation, called knowest it is written, he is a consuming fire, and who Jexaquinnera and Quendra, who are free from all trou can dwell in everlasting burnings ? who could abide in ble, spend theirdays in continual contemplations, praises, devouring flames? Our backs are not brass, nor our and prayers to God. Round about the mountain stand
sinews iron, to dwell with God in heaven.»—Dispute seven Jadders, by which you ascend to a spacious plain, between the Woman and the Powers of Darkness. in the middle whereof is a bell of silver, and a square table, surrounded with ninc precious stones, of divers co
Note 83, page 340, col. 1. lours. Upon this table lies a silver rose, called Tamara Pua, which contains two women as bright and fair as a
A speck of darkness there. pearl: one is called Brigasiri, i. e. the Lady of the Mouth; « There the sun shines not, nor the moon and stars : the other Tarasiri, i. e. the Lady of the Tongue,-be- these lightnings flash not in that place : how should cause they praise God with the mouil and tongue. In even fire blaze there? God irradiates all this bright the centre of this rose is the triangle or Quivelinga, substance, and by its effulgence the universe is enlightwhich they say is the permanent residence of God. - cned.»--From the Yajurveda. Asiat. Res. BALDEUS.
Hæc ait, et sese radiorum nocte suorum
Note 84, page 341, col. 2.
Unnatural hands suspended.
I heard a voice crying out under my window; I
The Sun bimself had seem'd
Whose cradles from some tree
looked out, and saw a poor young girl lamenting the clasped it to his breast. Mean time Yhamen came unhappy case of her sister. On asking what was the down from lois buffle, threw a rope about the youth's matter, the reply was, Boot Laggeosa, a demon has neck, and beld liim fast therewich, as also the Lingam, seized her. These unhappy people say Boot Laggeosa, which Marcandem grasp'd with all his strength, and if a child newly born will not suck; and they expose it was going to drag them both into bell, when Xiven to death in a basket, hung on the branch of a tree. issued out of the Lingam, drove back the king of the One day, as Mr Thomas and I were riding out, we saw dead, and gave him so furious a blow, that he killed a basket hung in a tree, in which an infant had been him on the spot. exposed, the skull of which remained, the rest having «The god of death being thus slain, mankind multibeen devoured by arts.-- Periodical Accounts of the plied so that the carth was no longer able to contain Baptist Missionaries.
them. The gods represented this to Xiven, and lie, at Note 85, page 342, col. 1.
their entreaty, restored Yhamen to life, and to all the
power he had before enjoyed. Yhamen immediately That strange Indian Bird.
dispatched a herald to all parts of the world, lo summon The Chatookee. They say it never drinks at the all the old men. The herald got drunk before he set streams below, but, opening its bill when it raius, it out, and, without staying till the fumes of the wine catches the drops as they fall from the clouds.- Periodi- were dispelled, mounted an elephant, and rode up and cal Accounts of the Baptist Missionaries, vol. ii, p. 309. down the world, pursuant to his commission ; and, Note 86, page 343, col. 1.
instead of publishing this order, he declared, that it was the will and pleasure of Yhamen, that, from this
day forward, all the leaves, fruits, and flowers, whether Yama was a child of the Sun, and thence named ripe or green, should fall to the ground. This proclaVaivaswuta; another of liis titles was Dhermaraja, or mation was no sooner issued than men began to yield King of Justice; and a third Pitripeti, or Lord of the to death : But before Yhamen was killed, only the old Patriarchs : but he is chiefly distinguished as Judge of were deprived of life, and now people of all ages are departed souls; for the Hindus believe, that, when a summoned indiscriminately.»--PICART. soul leaves its body, it immediately repairs to Yamapur, or the city of Yama, where it receives a just sentence
Note 87, page 345, col. 1. from him, and thence either ascends to Swerga, or the
And Brama's region, where the heavenly Hours
Weave the vast circle of his age-long day. first Heaven; or is driven down to Narac, the region of serpents; or assumes on earth the form of some ani They who are acquainted with day and night know mal, unless its offence has been such, that it ought to
that the day of Bralıma is as a thousand revolutions of be condemned to a vegetable, or even to a mineral pri- the Yoogs, and that his night extendeth for a thousand son.-Sir W. Jones.
On the coming of that day all things proceed There is a story concerning Yamen which will remind from invisibility to visibility; so, on the approach of the reader, in iis purport, of the fable of Love and night, they are all dissolved away in that which is called Death. « A famous penitent, Morrugandumagarexi invisible. The universe, even, having existed, is agaia by name, had, during a long series of years, served the dissolved; aud now again, on the approach of day, hy gods with uncommon and most exemplary piety. This divine necessity, it is reproduced. That which, upon very virtuous man having no children, was extremely the dissolution of all things else, is not destroyed, is desirous of having one, and therefore daily besoughe superior and of another nature from that visibility : it the god Xiven (or Seeva) to grant him one. At lengela
is invisible and eternal. Ile who is thus called invisible the god heard his desire, but, before he indulged it and incorruptible is even lie who is called the Supreme him, he asked him, whether he would have several Abode; which men having once oblained, they never children, who should be long-lived and wicked, or one
more return to earth : that is my mansion.-KREESINA, virtuous and prudent, who should die in bis sixteenılı
in the Bhagavat-Geeta. year? The penitent chose the latter : his wife con
The guess, that Brama and his wife Saraswadi may ceived, and was happily delivered of the promised son,
be Abraham and Sarah, has more letters in its favour whom they named Marcandem. The boy, like his fa- than are usually to be found in such guesses.—NIECAMP, ther, zealously devoted himself to the worship of Xiven, P.1, c. 10. sect. 2. but as soon as he had attained bis sixteenth
The true cause why there is no idol of Brama (exthe
year, officers of Ylamen, god of death, were sent on the cept the head, which is his share in the Trimourter,) is earth, to remove him from thence.
probably to be found in the conquest of his sect. A « Young Marcandes being informed on what crrand different reason, however, is implicd in the Veeda : they were come, cold them, with a resolule air, that he
« Of Him, it says, whose glory is so great, there is no was resolved not to die, and that they might go back, if image :-Ile is the incomprehensible Ucing which illuthey pleased. They returned to their master, and told mines all, delights all, wlience all proceeded! —thal by liim the whole affair. Yhamen immediately mounted which they live when born, and that to which all must liis great buffle, and set out. Being conie, he told the return.»--Moon's Hindu Pantheon, p. 4. youth that he acted very raslly in refusing to leave the
Note 88, page 346, col. 1. world, and it was unjust in him, for Xiven had promised
Two forms inseparable in unity, him a life only of sixteen years, and the term was expired. But this reasou did not satisfy Marcandem, who The Dharma-Raja, or king of justice, bas two counpersisted in his resolution not to die; and, fcariog lest icnances; one is mild and full of benevolence; those the god of death should attempt to take liim away by alone who abound with virtue see it. He holds a court force, he rau to his oratory, and taking the Lingam, of justice, where are many assistants, among whom are