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many just and pious kings: Chitragupta acts as chief out of the chariot, with its appendages and furniture, secretary. These holy men determine what is dharma one would affirm to be the year of twelve months graceand adharma, just and unjust. His (Dharma-Raja's) fully moving forwards. servant is called Carmala: he brings the righteous on « When Seeva, with his numerous troops and prodicelestial cars, which go of themselves, whenever holy cious army, was mounted, Brama drove so furiously, men are to be brought in, according to the directions that thought itself, which, in ils rapid carcer, comof the Dharma-Raja, who is the sovereign of the Pitris. / passes Heaven and Eartlı, could not keep pace with it. This is called his divine countenance, and the righteous By the motion of the chariot Heaven and Earılı were alone do see it. His other countenance, or form, is put into a tremor; and, as the Earth was not able to called Yama; this the wicked alone can see: It has bear up under this burthen, the Cow of the Earth, large teeth and a monstrous body. Yama is the lord Kam-deva, took upon itself to support the weiglit. of Patala; there be orders some to be beaten, some to Seeva went with intention to destroy Treepoor: and be cut to picces, some to be devoured by monsters, etc. the multitude of Devatas and Reyshees and Apsaras His servant is called Cashmala, who, with ropes round who waited on bis stirrup, opening their mouilis, in their necks, drags the wicked over rugged paths, and transports of joy and praise, exclaimed, Jaya! Jaya! so throws them headlong into hell. He is unmerciful, and that Parvati, not being able 10 bear liis absence, set out hard is lois lacart; every body trembles at the sight of to accompavy Sceva, and, in an instant, was up with him.-WILFORD. Asiatic Researches.
him; while the liglat which briglutened on his counte
nance, on the arrival of Parvati, surpassed all imaginaNote 89, page 346, col. 2.
tion and description. The Genii of the eight regions, Black of aspect, red of eye.
armed with all kinds of weapons, but particularly with Punishment is the Magistrate; Punishment is the agnyastra, or fire-darts, like moving mountains, adInspirer of Terror; Punishment is the Defender from vanced in front of the army; and Eendra and other Calamity; Pupishinent is the Guardian of those that Devatas, some of them mounted on elephants, some on sleep; Punishment, with a black aspect and a red eye, horses, ouliers on chariots, or on camels or buffalocs, tempts the guilty.—Alhed's Gentoo Code, ch. xxi, were stationed on each side, while all the other order sect. 8.
of Devatas, to the amount of some lacs, formed the Note 90, page 346, col. 2.
centre. The Munietuvaras, with long hair on their
hieads, like Saniassis, holding their staves in their lands, Azyoruca. To Patala (or the infernal regions) resides the sove
danced as they went along; the Syddybas, who re
volve about the heavens, opening their mouths in praise reign Queen of the Nagas, (larye snakes, or dragoos :) of Seeva, rained flowers upon his head; and the vaulted she is beautiful, and her name is Asyoruca. There, in heaven, which is like an inverted goblet, being appoint a cave, she performed Taparya with such rigorous ed in the place of a drum, exalted his dignity by its austerity, that fire sprang from her body, aud formed
majestic resounding.» numerous agnitiraths (places of sacred fire) in Patala.
Throughout the Hindoo fables there is the constant These Gires, forcing their way through the earth, waters, mistake of bulk for sublimity. and mountains, formed various openings or mouths, called from thence the flaming mouths, or juala muihi.
Note 92, page 347, col. 1. By Samudr, (Oceanus,) a daughter was born unto her,
By the attribate of Deity called Rama-Devi. She is most beautiful; she is Lacshmi;
The dreadful Ono appear'd on every side. and her name is Asyotcarsba, or Asyotcrishla. Like a jewel she remains concealed in the Ocean.--WILFORD. Krishna, on a curious occasion.
This more than polypus power was once exerted by Asiat. Res.
It happened in Dwarka, a splendid city built by VisNote gi, page 347, col. 1.
wukarma, by command of Krishna, on the sea-sliore, lle came in all his might and majesty.
in the province of Gazerat, that his musical associate, What is this to the coming of Seeva, as given us by Nareda, had no wife or substitute; and he hinted to Mr Maurice, from the Seeva Paurana ?
huis friend the decency of sparing him one from his « In the place of the right wheel blazed the Sun, in long catalogue of ladies. krishna generously told him the place of the left was the Moon; instead of the to win and wear any one he chose, not immediately in brazen nails and bolts, which firmly held the ponderous requisition for himself. Nareda accordingly wert wheels, were distributed Bramins on the right hand, wooing to one house, but found bis master there; to a and Reyshees on the left; in lieu of the canopy on the second-hie was again forestalled; a third, the same; top of the chariot was overspread the vault of Heaven; 10 a fourth, fifth, the same: in fine, after the sound of the counterpoise of the wheels was on the east and sixteen thousand of these domiciliary visits, lie was still west, and the four Semordres were instead of the forced to sigh and keep single; for Krishna was in every cushions and holsters; the four Vedas were placed as house, variously employed, and so domesticated, that the horses of the chariot, and Saraswaty was for the each lady congratulated lierself on her exclusive and bell; the piece of wood by which the horses are driven uninterrupted possession of the ardent deity.–Moor's was the three-lettered Mantra, while Brama bimself Hindu Pantheon, p. 204. was the charioteer, and the Nacshatras and stars were Eight of the chief gods have each their sacti, or distributed about it by way of ornaments. Sumaru energy, proceeding from them, differing from them in was in the place of a bow, the serpent Seschanaga was sex, but in every other respect exactly like them, with stationed as the string, Veeshon instead of an arrow, the same form, the same decorations, the same weaand fire was constituted its point. Canges and other pons, and same vehicle.- Asiat. Res. 8vo edit. vol. viri, rivers werc appointed its precursors; and the setting p. 68, 82.
The manner in which this divine power, is displayed be the şupporter of this mountain.' The Tortoise replied, by Kehama, in his combat with Yamen, will remind Be it so;' and it was placed upon his back. some readers of the Irishman, who brought in four pri « So the mountain being set upon the back of the soners, aud being asked how he had taken them, re- Tortoise, Eendra began to whirl it about as it were a plied, lie liad surrounded them.
machine. The mountain Mandar served as a churo,
and the serpent Vusoakee for the rope; and thus in Note 93, page 348, col. 1.
former days cid the Dews, and Asoors, and the Danoos, Tbe Amreeta, or Drink of Immortality.
begin to stir up the waters of the ocean for the discovery Mr Wilkins bas given the genuine history of this li- of the Amreeta. quor, which was produced by cburuing the sea with a « Thic mighty Asoors were employed on the side of the mountain.
serpent's lead, whilst all the Soors assembled about his There is a fair and stately mountain, and its name tail. Ananta, that sovereign Dew, stood near Narayan. is Neroo, a most exalted mass of glory, reflecting the They now puil forth the serpent's head repeatedly, sunny rays from the splendid surface of its gilded borns. aud as often let it go; whilst there issued from his It is clothed in gold, and is the respected hauni of Dews mouth, thus violently drawing to and fro by the Soors and Gandarvas. It is inconceivable, and not to be en- and Asoors, a continual stream of fire and smoke and compassed by sinful man; and it is guarded by dreadful wind, which ascending in thick clouds, replete willi serpents. Many celestial medicinal plants adorn its lightning, it began to rain down upon the heavenly sides; and it stands, piercing the heaven with its aspir- bands, who were already fatigued with their labour; ing summit, a mighty hill, inaccessible even by the whilst a shower of flowers was shaken from the top of human mind. It is adorned with trees and pleasant the mountain, covering the heads of all, both Soors and streams, and resoundeth with the delightful songs of va- | Asoors. · In the mean time tbe roaring of the ocean, rious birds.
whilst violently agitated with the wbirling of the moun« The Soors, and all the glorious hosts of heaven, hastain Mandar by the Soors and Asoors, was like the beling ascended to the summit of this lofty mountain, lowing of a mighty cloud. Thousands of the various sparkling with precious gems, and for eternal ages rais-produciions of the waters were torn to pieces by the ed, were sitting in solemn synod, meditating the disco-mountain, and confounded with the briny flool; and very of the Amreeta, the Water of Immortality. The every specific being of the deep, and all the inliabitants Dew Narayan being also there, spoke unto Brahma, of the great abyss which is below the earth, were anniwhilst the Soors were thus consulting together, and bilated ; whilst, from the violent agitation of the mounsaid, 'Let the Ocean, as a pot of milk, be churned by tain, the forest trees were dashed against each other, the united labour of the Soors and Asoors; and when and precipitated from its utmost height, with all the the mighty waters have been stirred up, the Amreeta birds thereon; from whose violent coufrication a raging shall be found. Let them collect together every medi- 'fire was produced, involving the whole mountain with cinal herb, and every precious thinç, and let them stir smoke and flame, as with a dark blue cloud, and the the Ocean, and they shall discover the Amrceta.' lightning'svivid flash. The lion and the retreating elephant
« There is also another mighty mountain, whose are overtaken by the devouring flames, and every vital name is Vendar, and its rocky summits are like tower- being and every specific thing, are consumed in the geing clouds. It is clothed in a ner of the entangled ten- neral conflagration. drils of the twining creeper, and resoundeth with the « The racing flames, thus spreading destruction on all harmony of various birds. Jonumerable savage hcasts sides, were at length quenched by a shower of cloudin fest its borders; and it is the respected haunt of horne water, poured down by the immortal Eendra. kennars, Dews, and Apsars. It standeih eleven thou- And now a heterogeneous stream of the concocted juices sand Yojan above the earth, and eleven thousand more of various trees and plants ran down into the briny tlood: below its surface.
« It was from this milk-like stream of juices, pro« As the united bands of Dews were unable to re- duced from those trees and piants and a mixture of move this mountain, they went before Veeshnoo, who melied gold, that the Soors obtained their immortality. was sitting withi Brahma, and addressed them in these « The waters of the Occan now being assimilated with words ; ' Exert, ( masters! your most superior wisdon (hose juices, were converted into milk, and from that to remove the mountain Mandar, and employ your ut milk a kind of bulter was presently produced; when most power for our good,
the heavenly bands went again into the presence of « l'ecshnoo and Pralıma baving said, “it shall be ac- Brahma, the granter of boons, and addressed him, cording to your wish,' he with the lotus eye directed saying, 'Except Narayan, every other Soor and sisoor the king of Serpents to appear; and Ananta arose, and is fatigued with his labour, and sul the Amreeta doth was instructed in that work by Brahma, and command- not appear; whicrefore the churning of the Ocean is at a ed by Narayan to perform it. Then Ananta, by his stand. Then Brahma said unto Narayan, 'Endue power,
look up that king of mountains, together with them with recruited strength, for thou art their support. all its forests and every inhabitant thereof; and the And Narayan answered and said, "I will give freslı Soors accompanied him into the presence of the Ocean, vigour to such as co-operate in the work. Let Mandar be whom they addressed, saying, "We will stir up thy whirled about, and the bed of the ocean be kept steady.' waters to obtain the Amreeta.' And the Lord of the « When they heard the words of Narayan, they all Waters replied, “Let me also have a share, seeing I am returned again to the work, and began to sur about with to bear the violent agitation that will be caused by the great force that butter of the ocean, when there presenl. whirling of the mountain! Thco the Soors and Asoors ly arose from out the troubled deep, first the Moon, spoke unto Koorma-raj, the King of the Tortoises, upon with a pleasing countenance, shining with led thousand the straud of the Occan, and said, 'My lord is able to bcams of gentle light; next followed Sree, the goddess
of fortune, whose seat is the white lily of the waters; Asoors vomit blood from the wounds of the Chakra, then Soora-Devee, the goddess of wine, and the white and fall upon the ground pierced by the sword, the horse called Oohisrava. And after these there was spear, and spiked club. Heads, glittering with polished produced from the unctuous mass the jewell Kowslvobh, gold, divided by the Pattees' blade, drop incessantly; ihat glorious sparkling gem worn by Narayan on his and manyled bodies, wallowing in their gore,
lay like breast; also Pareejat, the tree of plenty, and Soorabhec, fragments of mighty rocks, sparkling with gems and thic cow that granted every heart's desire.
precious ores. Millions of sighs and groans arise on « The moon, Soora-Dever, the goddess of Sree, and every side ; and the sun is overcast with blood, as they the Horse, as swift as thought, instantly marched away clash their arms, and wound each other with their towards the Dews, keeping in the path of the Sun, dreadful instruments of destruction.
« Then the Dew Dhanwantaree, in human shape, * Now the batile is fought with the iron-spike club, came forth, holding in his hand a white vessel filled and, as they close, with clenched fist; and the din of with the immortal juice Amreeta. When the Asoors war ascendeth to the leavens. They cry
Pursue! belield these wondrous things appear, they raised their strike! fell to the ground!' so that a horrid and tumultumultuous voices for the Amreetu, and each of them luous noise is hcard on all sides. clamorously exclaiined, “This of right is mine.'
«In the midst of this dreadful hurry and confusion « In the mean time Travat, a mighty elephant, arosc, of the fight, Nar and Narayan entered the field togenow kept by the god of thunder; and as they continued ther. Narayan, beholding a celestial bow in the hand to churn the ocean more than enough, that deadly poi- of Nar, it reminded him of his Chakra, the destroyer son issued from its bed, burning like a raging fire, of the Asoors. The faithful weapon, ly name Soodarwhose dreadful fumes in a moment spread throughout san, ready at the mind's call, flew down from heaven the world, confounding the three regions of the universe with direct and refulgent speed, beautiful, yet terrible with the mortal stench, until Seev, at the word of 10 behoid : And being arrived, glowing like the sacriBrahma, swallowed the fatal drug, to save mankind; ficial flame, and spreading terror around, Narayan, which, remaining in the throat of that Sovereign Dew with his right arm formed like the elephantine trunk, of magic forin, from that time he hath been called burled forth the ponderous orb, the speedy messenger Neel-Kant, because liis throat was stained blue.
and glorious ruin of hostile towns; who, raging like « When the Asoors beheld this miraculous deed, they the final all-destroying fire, shot bounding with desolatbecame desperate, and the Amreeta and the goddessing force, killing thousands of the A soors in luis rapid Sree beca:ne the source of endless hatred.
tlight, burning and involving, like the lambent flame, « Then Narayan assumed the character and person and cutting down all that would oppose him. Anon le of Moheenee Maya, the power of enchantment, in a fe- climbeth the heavens, and now again dartech into the male form of wonderful beauty, and stood before the field like a Peesach, to feast in blood. Asoors, whose miods being fascinated by her preseuce, Now the dauntless Asoors strive, with repeated and deprived of reason, they seized the Amrceta, and strength, to crush the Soors with rocks and mountains, gave it unto her.
which, hurled in vast numbers into the heavens, ap« Thic Asoors now clothe themselves in costly armour, peared like scattered clouds, and fell, with all the trees and, seizing their various weapons, rushi on together to thereon, in millions of fear-exciting torrents, striking attack the Soors. In the mean time Narayan, in the violently against each other with a mighty voise; and female form, having obtained the Amreeta from the in their fall the earılı, with all its fields and forests, is hands of their leader, the hosts of Soors, during the driven from its foundation: they thunder furiously at tumult and confusion of the Asoors, drank of the liv- each other as they roll along the field, and spend their ing water.
strength in mutual conflict. « And it so fell out, that whilst the Soors were
« Now Nar, seeing thc Soors overwhelmed with fear, quenching their thirst for immortality, Rahoo, an Asour, i filled up the path to Heaven with showers of goldenassumed the form of a Soor, and began to drink also : headed arrows, and split the mountain sumınits with And the water had bui reached his throat, when the his unerring shafts; and the A soors finding themselves Sun and Moon, in friendship to the Soors, discovered again sore pressed by the Soors, precipitately tlee; some the deceit; and instantly Narayan cut off bis hiead as rush headlong into the briny waters of the occan, and he was drinking, with his splendid weapon Chakra. others hide themselves within the bowels of the earth. And tbe cigantic head of the Asoor, einblein of a « The rage of the glorious Chakra, Soodarsan, which mountain's summit, being thus separated from his for a while burnt like the oil-fed fire, now grew cool, body by the Chakra's edge, bounded into the heavens and he retired into the heavens from whence he came. with a dreadful cry, whilst his ponderous trunk fell, and the Soors having obtained the victory, the mouncleaving the ground asunder, and shaking the whole tain Mandar was carried back to its former station with earth unto its foundation, with all its islands, rocks,' great respect, whilst the waters also retired, filling the and forests : And from that time the head of Rahoo firmament and the heavens with their dreadful roarings. resolved an eternal enmity, and continueth, even unto « The Soors guarded the Amreeta with great care, and this day, at times to seize upon the Sun and Moon. rejoiced exceedingly because of their success. And Een
« Now Narayan, having quilted the female figure he dra, with all his immortal bands, gave the water of life had assumed, began to disturb the Asoors with sundry unto Narayan, to keep it for their use.»— MALABARAT. celestial weapons; and from that instant a dreadful Amrita, or Immortal, is, according to Sir William battle was commenced, on the ocean's briny strand, Jones, the name which the mythologists of Tibet apply between ibe Asoors and the Soors. Jonumerable sharp to a celestial tree, bearing ambrosial fruit, and adjoinand missile weapons were hurled, and thousands of ing to four vast rocks, from which as many sacred piercing dirts and battle-axes fell on all sides. The rivers derive their several streams.
Roderick, the Last of the Goths.
Tanto acrior apud majores, sicut virtutibus gloria, ita fiagitiis poenitentin, fuit.
Sed hæc alioque, ex veteri menorid perita, quotiens res locusque exempla
TACITI, Hist. lib. 3, c. 31.
As the ample Moon
TO GROSVENOR CHARLES BEDFORD,
This Poem is inscribed,
IN LASTING MEMORIAL OF A LONG AND UNINTERRUPTED FRIENDSHIP,
King of the Wisi-Goths; dethroned and
blinded by Roderick.
THEODOFRED, ..son of King Chindasuintho, blinded by The history of the Wisi-Goths for some years before
King Witiza. their overthrow is very imperfectly known. It is how. Favila,. .... his brother; put to death by Witiza. ever apparent, that the enmity between the royal fami- The Wife of Favila, Witiza's adulterous mistress. lies of Chindasuintho and Wamba was one main cause (These four persons are dead before the action of the of the destruction of the kingdom, the latter party
poem commences.) having assisted in betraying their country to the Moors for the gratification of their own revenge. Theodofred RODERICK, . the last King of the Wisi-Goths: son of and Favila were younger sons of King Chindasuinto;
Theodofred. King Witiza, who was of Wamba's family, put out the Pelayo, .......the founder of the Spanish Monarchy: eyes of Theodofred, and murdered Favila, at the insti
son of Favila galiou of that Chieftain's wife, with whom he lived in GAUDIOSA,...... his wife. adultery. Pelayo, the son of Favila, and afterwards the Guisla,.. .......his sister, founder of the Spanisha monarchy, was driven into exile. Favila, ........ his son. Roderick, the son of Theodofred, recovered the throne, HERMESIND, .... his daughter. and put out Wiliza's eyes in vengeance for his father ; Rusilla, widow of Theodofred, and mother of but he spared Orpas, the brother of the tyrant, as being
Roderick. a Priest, and Ebba avd Sisibert, the two sous of Witiza, by Count Pedro,... ? Pelayo's mother. It may be convenient thus brietly to pre- Count Eudox,.. ; powerful Lords of Cantabria. mise these circumstances of an obscure portion of his ALPHONSO, Count Pedro's son, afterwards King. lory, with which few readers can be supposed to be fa- URBAN,.. . Archbishop of Toledo. miliar; and a list of the principal persons who are in- ROMANO,.......a Monk of the Caulian Schools, near troduced, or spoken of, may as properly be prefixed to a
Merida. Poem as to a Play.
ABDALAZIZ, .... the Moorish Governor of Spain.
EGILONA,... .formerly the wife of Roderick, now of To stand his everlasting monument.
Thou sawest the dark-blue waters flash before
Their ominous way, and whiten round their keels; ALCAIMAN,
Their swarthy myriads darkening o'er thy sands. AYUB, Moorish Chiefs.
There on the beach the misbelievers spread IBRAHIM,
Their banners, flaunting to the sun and breeze: MAGUED,
Fair shone the sun upou their proud array, ORPAS,..
brother to Witiza, and formerly Arch- White turbans, glittering armour, shields engrailed
bishop of Seville, now a renegade. With gold, and scymnitars of Syrian steel; SISIBERT, sons of Witiza and of Pelayo's mo And gently did the breezes, as in sport, EBBA, ther.
Curl their long flags outrolling, and display NumaciAN, ...a renegade, governor of Gegio. The blazoned scrolls of blasphemy. Too soon Count JULIAN,.. a powerful Lord among the Wisi-Goths, The gales of Spain from that unhappy land now a renegade.
Wafted, as from an open charnel-house, FLORINDA,...... his daughter, violated by King Rode- The taint of death; and that bright Sun, from fields rick.
Of slaughter, with the morning dew drew up
Corruption through the infected atmosphere.
Then fell the kingdom of the Goths; their hour
Was come, and Vengeance, long withheld, went loose. FAVINIA,... ....Count Pedro's wife.
Famine and Pestilence had wasted them, 5
And Treason, like an old and eating sore, The four latter persons are imaginary. All the others Consumed the bones and sinews of their strength ; are mentioned in history. I ought, however, to observe, And, worst of enemies, their sins were armed that Romano is a creature of monkish legends; that Against them. 6 Yet the sceptre from their hands the name of Pelayo's sister has not been preserved; and Past not away inglorious; nor was shame that that of Roderick's mother, Ruscilo, has been alter- Left for their children's lasting heritage. ed to Rusilla, for the sake of euphony.
Eight summer days, from morn till latest eve,
Defeated, not dishonoured. On the banks
Of Chrysus, Roderick's royal car 7 was found;
Whose horns, amid the thickesi of the fray
Eminent, had marked his presence. 8 Did the stream Long had the crimes of Spain cried out to Heaven;
Receive him with the undistinguished dead, At length the measure of offence was full.
Christian and Moor, who clogged its course that day? Count Julian called the invaders:' not because So thought the Conqueror, and from that day forth, Inhuman priests with unosfending blood
Memorial of his perfect victory,
So thought the Goths; they said no prayer for him, The children of the soil; 3 a private wrong
For him no service sung, nor mourning made, Roused the remorseless Baron. Mad to wreak
But charged their crimes upon his head, and curst His vengeance for his violated child On Roderick's head, in evil hour for Spain,
Bravely in that eight-days' fight For that unhappy daughter and himself,
The King had striven,-for victory first, while hop Desperate apostate,-on the Moors he called;
Remained, then desperately in search of death. And like a cloud of locusts, whom the South
The arrows past him by to right and left, Wafts from the plains of wasted Africa,
The spear-point pierced him not, the scymitar The Mussulmen upon Iberia's shore
Glanced from his helmet. Is the shield of Heaven, Descend. A countless multitude they came;
Wretch that I am, extended over me? Syrian, Moor, Saracen, Greek renegade,
Cried Roderick ; and he dropt orelio's reins,
And threw his hands aloft in frantic pray'r,-
Death soon and short, death and forgetfulness!
Aloud he cried ; but in his inmost heart
Of righteousness and judgment after death,
And God's redeeming love, which fain would save
The guilty soul alive. 'T was agony, Thou, Calpë, sa west their coming: ancient Rock And yet I was hope ;-a momentary light, Renowned, no longer now shalt thou be called
That flashed through ulter darkness on the Cross From Gods and Heroes of the years of yore,
To point salvation, then left all within Kronos, or hundred-handed Briareus,
Dark as before. Fear, never felt till then, Bacchus or Hercules; but doomed to bear
Sudden and irresistible as siroke The name of thy new conqueror, 4 and thenceforth Of lightning, smote him. From his korse he drop,