Qual en el tronco del árbol

had been induced by promises of good treatment to re Dentro en sus corteza, mismas,

main, they were plundered, and many of their houses Por vencer en gracia al arte Naturaleza fabrica.

destroyed on the night the enemy withdrew from their Unas aprieta con lazos

position ; and they have since burnt every town and Aquella planta lasciva

village through which they have passed. The Convent Que basta las piedras abraza

of Alcobaça was burnt by order from the French headCon ser tan duras y frias. Otras de amarillos musgos

quarters. The Bishop's Palace, and the whole town of Por el techo se matizan,

Leyria, in which General Drouet had had his leadVerdes, obscuros, y negros,

quarters, shared ilie same fate; and there is not an inY de color de ceniza.

habitant of the country, of any class or description, Toscos alli los portales De yerva y moho se pintan,

who has had any dealing or communication with the Y de salitre se labran

Frencli army who has not had reason to repent of it, Que en gotas al ayua imita.

or to complain of them. This is the mode in which Cada Ermitado a la puerta Tiene una pequena esquila,

the promises have been performed, and the assurances En el ramo de algun árbol

have been fulfilled, which were held out in the proclaDonde pendiente se arrima;

million of the French commander in chief, in which he O en el resquicio gracioso

told the inhabitants of Portugal, thai he was not come De alguna piedra metida, Y quando toca la Iglesia

to make war upon them, but with a powerful army of Todas á tocar se aplican.

one hundred and ten thousand men to drive the English

into the sea. It is to be hoped, that the example of Note 3, page 498, col. 1.

what has occurred in this country will teach ibe people Bear witness those Old Towers.

of this and other nations what value they ouglit 10 place Torres Vedras. Turres Veleres,-a name so old as to on such promises and assurances, and that there is no have been given when the Latin tongue was the language security for life or for any thing that renders life valuof Portugal. This town is said to have been founded by able, except in decided resistance to the enemy.» the Turduly, a short time before the commencement As exact an account of these atrocities was collected of the Christian Æra.

as it was possible to obtain,-and that record will for In remembering the lines of Torres Vedras, the opi- ever make the French mame detested in Portugal. In nion of the wise men of the North ought not to be the single diocese of Coimbra, 2969 persons, men, forgotten, « If they (the French) do not make an effort women, and children, were murdered,-every one with to drive us out of Portugal, it is because we are better some shocking circumstance of aggravated cruelty.— there than


where else. We fear they will not leave Nem huma so das 2969 mortes commettidas pelo inius on the Tagus many days longer than suits their own migo, deixou de ser atroz e dolorosissima. (Breve Mepurposes.»Edinburgh Rev. No. XXVII, p. 263.

moria dos Estragos Causados no Bispado de Coimbra The opinion is delivered with happy precision of pelo Exercito Francez, commandado pelo General Maslanguage :-Our troops were indeed, to use the same Extrabida das Enformaçoens que deram os Reneat, and felicitous expression, better there than any verendos Parocos, e remellida a Junta dos Socorros da where else.

Subscripsam Britannica, pelo Reverendo Provisor GoNote 4, page 498, col. 1.

vernador do mesmo Bispado. p. 12.) Some details are Tagus and Zezere, in the secret night,

given in this brief Memorial. « A de tels forfaits, » says Ye saw tbat host of rustians luke t beir Alight! J. J. Rousseau, « celui qui détourne ses regards est un Beacons of infamy, they light the way

lâche, un déserteur de la justice: la véritable humanité Where cowardice and cruelty unite,

les envisage pour les connoître, pour les juger, pour les To damn with double shame tbeir ignominious flight. détester.» (Le Levite d'Ephraim.) I will not, however, O triumph for the Fiends of last and wrath !

in this place repeat abominations which at once outrage Ne'er to be told, yet ne'er to be forgot,

humanity and disgrace human nature. What wanton horrors mark their wrackful path!

When the French, in 1792, entered Spire, some of The peasant butcher'd in bis ruined cot,.

them began to commit excesses which would soou have The boary priest even at the altar shot, Cbildhood and age given o'er to sword and flame,

led to a general sack. Custine immediately ordered a Woman to infamy; no crime forgot,

captain, iwo officers, and a whole company to be shot. By wbich inventive demoos might proclaim

This dreadful cxample, he told the National Convention, Immortal bate to Man, and score of Gou's great name.

he considered as the only means of saving the honour The rudest sentinel, in Britain born,

of the French Nation, -and il met with the approbation With borror paused 10 view ibe havoc done,

of the whole army.

But the French armies had not Gave his oor crust to feed some wretch forlorn,

then been systematically brutalized. It was reserved Wiped his stern eye, tben fiercer grasp'd his gun. Scott's Vision of Don Roderick.

for Buonaparte to render them infamous, as well as to

lead them to destruction. No cruelties recorded in history exceed those which

The French soldier, says Capmany, is executioner and were systematically committed by the French during robber at the same time: he leaves the unhappy wretch their retreat from Portugal. « Their conduct, ( says who is delivered over to his mercy, naked to the skin, Lord Wellington in his dispatch of the 14th of March, stripping off the clothes that they may not be torn by 1811,) throughout this retreat, has been marked by a the musket-shot!—The pen falls from my hand, and I barbarity seldom equalled, and never surpassed.

cannot proceed! « Even in the towns of Torres Novas, Thomar, and « Para que se junte á esta crueldad la mayor infamia, Pernes, in which the head-quarters of some of the corps el soldado Frances es verdugo y ladron en una pieza ; had been for four months, and in which the inhabitants deja en cueros vivos al malaventurado que entregan á


P. 35.

su discrecion, quitándole la ropa antes que los fusilazos han dejado subyugar. Solo la España le ha obligado á se la destrozen. La pluma se cae de la mano, y no

reconocerse, que no era antes, ni es ahora, sino un puede proseguir.»-Centinela contru Franceses, P. 2, hombre, y hombre muy pequeño, á quien la fortuna

ciega ba hecho grande á los ojos de los pueblos espantaYet the Edinburgh Review says, « the hatred of the dos del terror de su nombre, que miden la grandeza del name of a Frenchman in Spain has been such as the poder por la de las atrocidades. »–Centinela contra reality will by no means justify; and the detestation of Franceses, p. 48. the French government has, among the inferior orders,

« I have sometimes said, and I repeat it now, that the been carried to a pitch wholly unauthorized by its pro- three terrible epochs in the annals of the World are the ceedings towards them.»

No XXVII, p.

262. This General Deluge, Mahommed, and Buonaparte. Mahompassage might be read with astonishment, if any thing med pretended to convert all religions into one, and this absurd, any thing mischievous, or any thing false, could man all nations into one, in order to make himself their excite surprise when it comes from that quarter.

head. Mahommed preached the unity of God with the

scimitar; and this man neither his Unity nor his TriniNote 5, page 498, col. 1.

ty, for he neither preaches, nor causes to be preached, Onoro's Springs.

any thing except his own Divinity, letting his infamous Fuentes d'Onoro. This name has sometimes been and sacrilegious adorers, the French journalists, give rendered Fountains of Honour, by an easy mistake, or him the appellation of Almighty. He has gone so far a pardonable licence.

as to believe himself such, and the cowardice and baseNote 6, page 498, col. 1.

ness of the nations who have suffered themselves to be

subdued, have made him believe it. Spain alone has Knowing that nought could e'er appal The Spaniards' fortitude.

compelled him to know himself, that he neither was « The fate of Spain, we think, is decided, and that formerly nor is now any thing more than a mere man, fine and misguided country has probably yielded, by

and a very little one, whom blind Fortune has made this time, to the fate which has fallen on the greater appear great in the eyes of people astonished at the part of continental Europe. Her European dominions

terror of his name, and measuring the greatness of his have yielded already to the unrelaxing grasp of the insa- power by that of his atrocities. » tiable conqueror--Edinburgh Review, No XXVI,

Note 8, page 498, col. 2. p. 298.

The Campeador. The fundamental position which we ventured to lay

The Cid, Rodrigo Diaz de Bivar. The word has been down respecting the Spanish question was this ;-that the spirit of the people, however enthusiastic and uni- variously explained, but its origin seems to be satisfacversal, was in its nature more uncertain and shori-lived, torily traced by Verstegan, in his explanation of some of more likely to be extinguished by reverses, or 10 go out

our English suroames. of itself amidst the delays of a protracted contest, than hand, whereunto the name in Teutonic of Kemp-fight

Cemp or Kemp, properly one that fighteth hand to the steady, regular, moderate feeling which calls out accordeth, and in French of Combat. disciplined troops, and marshals them under known leaders, and supplies them by systematic arrange- sion of being Camp-fighters or Kemp-fighters, for all is

« Certain among the ancient Germans made profesments:-a proposition so plain and obvious, that if it escaped ridicule as a truism, it might have been reason

one; and among the Danes and Swedes were the like, ably expected to avoid the penalties of heresy and para-others. They were also called Kempanas, whereof is

as Scarcater, Arngrim, Arnerod, Haldan, and sundry dox. The event has indeed wofully proved its truth.» - Edinburgh Rev. No XXVII, p. 246.

derived our name of Campion, which after the French These gentlemen could see no principle of perma

orthography some pronounce Champion.»

« Dene or Den is the termination of sundry of our nence in the character of the Spaniards, and no proof surnames, as for example of Camden, which I take anof it in their history ; -and they could discover no prin- ciently to have been Campden, and signifieth the Dene ciple of dissolution in the system of Buonaparte;—a

or Dale belonging to some Cemp or Camp-fighter (for system founded upon force and falsehood, in direct both is one) in our now used language called a Chamopposition to the interest of his own subjects and to the pion, but in the Teutonic a Campion. A Campden may feelings of human nature !

also have been some place appointed for Campions, Note 7, page 498, col. 1.

Combat-fighters, or men of arms to encounter each Wbat though the Tyrant, drunk with power,

other. And so the place became afterward to be the Might vaunt himself, in impious hour,

surname of him and his family that owned it, as others Lord and Disposer of this earthly ball :

in like sort have done.» « Lo he dicho varias veces, y lo repito ahora, que las « Kemp, of his profession of being a Kemper or tres épocas terribles en los anales del mundo son, el Combat-fighter, as divers in old time among our ancesdiluvio universal, Mahoma, y Buonaparte. Aquel pretendia convertir todas las religiones en una, y este todas las naciones, para ser el su cabeza. Aquel predicaba la

Note 9, page 498, col. 2. unidad de Dios con la cimitarra ; y este no le nombra

Vengeance was the word. uuo ni trino, pues solo predica, ó hace predicar su propia This feeling is forcibly expressed by Capmany. divinidad, dejándose dar de sus infames y sacrilegos 0 Vísperas Sicilianas tan famosas en la historia, adoradores, los periodistas franceses, el dictado de Todo- quando os podremos acompanar con completas, para poderuso. Él mismo se ha llegado á creer tal, y se ha que los Angeles canten laudes en el Cielo.»-- Centinela, hecho creer la cobardia y vileza de las naciones que se contra Franceses, p. 96.

tors were. »

not enter. »

O Sicilian Vespers ! so famous in history, when shall no time for any worthier occupation. Half the perwe be able to accompany you with Complines, that the sons who are wounded in the Quarterly Review fix upon Angels may sing Lauds in Heaven?

me as the object of their resentment; some, because Note 10, page 499, col. 1.

they are conscious of having deserved chustisement at Behold! the awaken'd Moscovite

my hands; others, because they give credit to an empty Meets the tyrant in his might.

report, a lyiug assertion, or their own conceited sagaEcce iterum Crispinus! What says the Edinburgh city in discovering a writer by his style. As for the Review concerning Russia ? « Considering how little former, they tlatter themselves egregriously in suppos. that power has shown itself capable of effecting for the ing that I should throw away my anger upon such salvation of Europe, how wretched the state of its subjects. But by the latter I would willingly have it subjects is under the present government, -how tri- understood, that I heartily disapprove the present fafling an acquisition of strength the common enemysliion of criticism, and sincerely wish that you, Sir, could expect to obtain from the entire possession of its and your friend, had taken out an exclusive patent for resources, we acknowledge that we should contemplate it, when you brouglit it into vogue. with great composure any change which might lay the With regard 10 literary assailants, I should as little foundation of future improvement, and scatter the think of resenting their attacks in anger, as of making forces of France over the dominion of the Czars.»— war upon midges and mosquitos. I have therefore neNo. XXVIII, p. 460.

ver noticed your amiable colleague in his critical capaThis is a choice passage. The reasoning is worthy city. Let him blunder and misquote, and misrepreof the writer's judgment, the feeling perfectly consistent sent, and contradict himself in the same page, or in with his liberality, and the conclusion as consistent with the same sentence, with as much ingenuity as he will: his politics.

""T is his vocation, Hal!" and some allowances must be Note 11, page 499, col. 1.

made for habit. I remember what Lord Anson's linUp Germany

guist said to him at Canton, upon the detection of some She rose os from the dead;

notable act of dishonesty: Chinaman very great She broke her chains upon the oppressor's head. rogue truly: but have fashion: no can help." ConHear the Edinburgh Reviewer! all would be as cerning me, and any composition of mine, it is imchimerical to expect a mutiny amongst the vassal states possible that this gentleman can write wisely unless his of France who are the most impatient of her yoke, as

nature should undergo a radical change; for it is writamongst the inhabitants of Bordeaux, or the conscripts ten in the wisest book which ever proceeded from mere of the years 1808 and 1809. In making this compa-humanity, that « into a malicious soul, wisdom shall rison, we are indeed putting the case much more strongly against France than the fa warrant, for with

You may have seen a mastiff of the right English the exception of Holland, and the States into which the breed assailed by a little, impertinent, noisy, meddling conscription has been introduced, either immediately, cur, who runs behind him, soapping and barking at or by means of large requisitions of men made 10 his heels, and sometimes gets slaggered by a chance their Government, the changes effected by the French whisk of his tail. The mastiff continues his way invasion have been favourable to the individual bap- peaceably; or if he condescends to notice the yelper, piness of the inhabitants, a so that the hatred of France it is only by stopping half a minute, and lifting his leg is liable to considerable diminution, inasmuch as the over him. Just such, Sir, is the notice which I beslow national antipathy and spirit of independence are gradu- upon your colleague in his critical character. ally undermined by the solid benefits which the change But for F. J., Philomath, and Professor of the Occult of masters has conferred,»— No. XXVIII, p. 458. Sciences, he is a grave personage, whose political and

Great as a statesman, profound as a philosopher, amia- prophetical pretensions entitle him to high considerable as an optimist of the Pangloss school, --but not lion in these days. He is as great a man as Lilly in the altogether fortunate as a Prophet!

time of the Commonwealth, or as Partridge after him. It is well known what infinite pains he bestowed in

casting the nativities of Lord Wellington, Buona parte, POSTSCRIPT.

and the Emperor of Russia ; all for the good of mau.

kind! and it is also notorious that he mistook the asAs a proper accompaniment to the preceding Notes, pects, and made some very unfortunate errors in his upon their republication, I subjoin an extract from a predictions. At a time when he was considerably inWilliam-Smithic epistle, begun å few years ago upon disposed in consequence of this mortification, I took sufficient provocation, but left unfinished, because bet- the liberty of administering to him a dose of bis own ter employments delayed its completion till the offence, words, mixed, perhaps, Sir, with a few of yours, for gross as it was, seemed no longer deserving of a you were his fellow-student in astrology, and are known thought.

10 have assisted him in these his calculations. The medi

cine was given in the form of extract; but the patient My fortune has been somewhat remarkable in this could not have used more wry faces had it been extract respect, that, bestowing less attention than most men of coloquintida. And indeed il produced a most un upon contemporary literature, I am supposed to con- pleasant effect. Ever since that time his paroxysms cero myself with it in a degree which would leave me have been more violent, and he has been troubled with

occasional ravings, accompanied with periodical dis* N.B. These little exceptions include all the countries which charges of bile in its most offensive state. Neverthewere annexed to the French Empire, all Italy, and all the States of less, dreadfully bilious as he is, and tormented with * Particularly the commercial part of them.

acrid humours, it is hoped that by a cool diet, by the

The Confederation of the Rbine.


proper use of refrigerants, above all, by paying due at- «a Mutiny (bear, Germany! for so they qualified it!) tention to the state of the primæ vive, and observing amongst the vassal states of France, it would be as a strict abstinence from the Quarterly Review, the dan- chimerical,» they said, « as to expect one amongst the ger of a cholera morbus may be averled.

inhabitants of Bordeaux.» And here these lucky I have not been travelling out of the record while prophets were peculiarly felicitous; the inhabitants of thus incidentally noticing a personage with whom you, Bordeaux having been the first people in France who Sir, are more naturally and properly associated than I threw off the yoke of Buonaparte's tyranny, and have been with Mr Wordsworth, this your colleague and mounted the white cockade. you being the Gog and Magog of the Edinburgh Re

Ompia jam fiunt, fieri quæ posse negabam. view. Had it not been for a difference of opiniou upon political points between myseif and certain Poor Oracle! the face is double-bronzed; and yet it writers in that journal who laid claim to the faculty of is but a wooden head! the second sight, I suspect that I shonld never bave in

I stood upon firm ground, while they were sticking curred your hostility. What those points of difference in the Sloughi of Despond. Hinc illæ lachrymæ! I were I must here be permitted to set forth for the sa. charged them at the time with ignorance, presumptisfaction of those readers who may not be so well ac- tion, and pusillavimity. And now, Sir, I ask of you, quainted with them as you are: they related to the were they or were they not ignorant? Here are their possibility of carrying on the late war to an honoura- assertions!-Were they or were they not presumpluble and successful termination,

ons ?

Here are their predictions !-Were they or were It was in our state of feeling, Sir, as well as in our they not pusillanimous? Have they or have they not state of knowledge that we differed, in our desires as been consuled and confounded, and exposed, and much as in our judgment. They predicted for us no- shamed, and stultified by the event? thing but disgrace and defeat; predicted is the word; They who know me will bear witness, that before a for they themselves assured us that they were « seriously rumour of war was heard from the Peninsula, I had occupied with the destinies of Europe and of man

looked toward that quarter as the point where we kind;»-

might hope first to see the horizon open; and that As who should say I am Sir Oracle!

from the hour in which the struggle commenced, I They ridiculed « the romantic hopes of the English na

never doubted of its final success, provided England tion,» and imputed the spirit by which the glory of should do its duty: this confidence was founded upon that nation has been raised to its highest point, and the a knowledge of the country and the people, and upon deliverance of Europe accomplished, to « the tricks of a the principles which were then and there first brought pallry and interested party.» They said that events into action against the enemy. At the time wlien bad « verified their predictions,» had « more than jus- every effort was made (as you, Sir, well know) to vilify tified their worst forebodings.» They told us in 1810 and disgust our allies, to discourage the public, to imthat the fate of Spain was decided, and that that « mis- pede the measures of government, to derange its figuided» country (misguided in having ventured to re- dances, and thereby cut off its means, to paralyse the sist the most insolent usurpation that ever was at

arm and deaden the leart of England;- when we were templed) « had yielded to the Conqueror.» This man

told of the irresisuble power and perfect policy of Buoner of speaking of an event in the preter-pluperfect naparte, the consummate skill of his Generals, and the tense, before it has come to pass, may be either a slighe inviucibility of his armies, my language was this: «The grammatical slip, or a prophetical figure of speech: one business of England is to abate the power of but as old Dr Eachard says, “I hate all small ambigu- France: that power she must beat down or fall herous surmises, all quivering and mincing conjectures: self; that power she will beat down, if she do but give me the lusty and bold thinker, who when he un strenuously put forth her own mighty meaus. » And dertakes to prophecy, does it punctually.»« It would be again, — « For our soldiers to equal our seamen, it is blood-thirsty and cruel,» they said, « to foment petty only necessary for them to be equally well commanded. insurrections, (meaning the war in Spain and Portu- They bave the same heart and soul, as well as the same gal,) after the only contest is over from which any flesh and blood. Too much, indeed, may be exacied good can spring in the present unfortunate state of from them in a retreat: but set their face toward a affairs.» France has conquered Europe. This is the foe, and there is nothing within the reach of human melancholy truth, Shut our eyes to it as we may, achievement which they cannot perform.» And again ; there can be no doubt about the matter. For the pre-'«Carry on the war with all the beart, and with all the sent, peace and submission must be the lot of the van- soul, and with all the strength of this mighly empire, quished.» « Let us hear no more of objections to a and you will beat dowo the power of France »

Was I Buonaparte ruling in Spain,»

wrong, Sir?

Or has the event correspouded to this Harry, tbe wish was fatber to that thought!

confidence ? They told us that if Lord Wellington was not driven

Αμέραι επίλοιποι out of Portugal, it was because the French government

Μάρτυρες σοφώτατοι. thought him « better there than

where else,

Bear witness Torres Vedras, Salamanca, and VittoThey told us they were prepared 10 « contemplate with

ria! Bear witness Orthes and Thoulouse! Bear witness great composure» the conquest of Russia, by Buonaparte, as a achinge which would lay the foundation of Waterloo, and that miserable tyrant, who was iben future improvement in the domivions of the Czacs.»- making and unmaking kings with a breath, and now

frets upon the rock of St Helena, like a riger, in his Si mens sit læta tibi crederis esse propheta, says an old Leoninc rhymester.–And as for expecting

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Carmina Aulica,



Εχω καλά τε φράσαι, τόλμα τέ μου
Ευθεία γλώσσαν ορνύει λέγειν.

Pindar. Olymp. xiii.


When Britain round her spear The olive-garland twines, by Victory won.


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Rightly mayst thou rejoice,
For in a day of darkness and of storms,

An evil day, a day of woe,

To thee the sceptre fell.
The Continent was leagued,
Its numbers wielded by one will,

Against the mighty Isle ;
All shores were hostile to the Red-Cross flag,

All ports against it closed;
Save where, behind their ramparts driven,
The Spaniard, and the faithful Portugal,
Each on the utmost limits of his land,

Invincible of heart,
Stood firm, and put their trust
In their good cause and thee.

Rejoice, thou mighty Isle,
Queen of the Seas, rejoice!
Ring round, ye merry bells,

Till every steeple rock,
And the wide air grow giddy with your joy!

Flow, streamers, to the breeze :


victorious banners, to the sun Unroll the proud Red-Cross !

Now let the anvil rest; Shut

up the loom; and open the school-doors, That young and old may with festivities Hallow for memory through all after years

This memorable time:

This memorable time, When Peace, long absent, long deplored, returns! Not as vile Faction would have brought her home, Her countenance for shame abased,

In servile weeds array'd,

Submission leading her, Fear, Sorrow, and Repentance following close;

And War, scarce deigoing to conceal Bencath the mantle's folds his armed plight, Dogging her steps with deadly eye intent, Sure of his victim, and in devilish joy

Laughing behind the mask.


Such perils menaced from abroad,
At home worse dangers compassed thee,

Where shallow counsellors,

A weak but clamorous crew, Pester'd the land, and with their withering breath

Poison'd the public ear. For peace, the feeble raised their factious cry:

Oh, madness, lo resist

The Invincible in arms!
Seek the peace-garland from his dreadful hand!

And at the Tyrant's feet
They would have knelt, to take
The wreath of aconite for Britain's brow.

Prince of the nighty Isle!

Rightly mayst thou rejoice, For in the day of danger thou didst turn From their vile counsels thine indignant heart;

Rightly mayst thou rejoice,

Not thus doth Peace return ! -
A blessed visitant she comes :-

Honour in his right hand
Doth lead her like a bride,

And Victory goes before ;
Hope, Safety, and Prosperity, and Strength,

Come in her joyful train.

Now let the churches ring
With high thanksgiving songs,

And the full organ pour

Its swelling peals to leaven, The while the grateful nation bless in prayer Their Warriors and their Statesmen and their Prince,

Whose will, whose mind, whose arm
Have thus with happy end their efforts crown'd.

Prince of the mighty Isle,
Rightly mayst thou rejoice,

When Britain round her spear
The olive garland twines, by Victory won.

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