« 前へ次へ »
before they got to Tonga. Having remained at Hamoa it is the plague itself that knocks at your door.»— iwo or three days, they sailed for Tonga, where they Pouqueville, 189. arrived with great speed; but in the course of a few The Patagones and other Austral tribes attribute all days they all died, not as a punishment for having been diseases to an evil spirit. Their conjurors therefore at Bolotoo, but as a natural consequence, the air of beat drums by the patient, which have hideous figures Bolotoo, as it were, infecting mortal bodies with speedy painted upon them, thinking thus to frighten away death.»
If he dies, his relations endeavour to take In Yucatan their notion of the happy after death was, vengeance upon those who pretended to cure him; but that they rested in a delightful land, under the shade if one of the chiefs dies, all the conjurors are slain, of a great tree, where there was plenty of food and unless they can save themselves by fliglit. — Dobrizhofdrink.-Herrera, iv, 10, n.
fer, t. ii. 286. The Austral tribes believe that the dead live in some
Note 18, page 560, col. 2. region under the earth, where they have their tents, and
They dragged the dying out. hunt the souls of ostriches. — Dobrizh, ii, 295.
The Austral tribes sometimes bury the dying, thinkThe Persians have a great reverence for large old trees, ing it an act of mercy thus to shorten their sufferings. thinking that the souls of the happy delight to dwell in (Dobrizh. t. ii, 286.) But in general this practice, them; and for this reason they call them pir, which sig- which extends widely among savages, arises from the nifies an old man, by which name they also designate selfish feeling assigned in the text. Superstition, withithe supposed inhabitant. Pietro Della Valle describes a prodigious tree of this character, in the hollow of which kind, though not absolutely as brutal, in the East.
out this sellishness, produces a practice of the same tapers were always kept burning to the honour of the
« The moorda or chultries are small huts in which a He pitched his tent under its boughs twice ; once Hindoo, when given over by bis plıysicians, is depowith his wife when on his way to embark for Europe, sited, and left alone to expire, and be carried off by the and again when returning with her corpse.
sacred flood.»--Cruso, in Forbes, iv, 99. sage wherein he speaks of this last night's lodying is
«When there is no hope of recovery, the patient is very affecting. We soon forgive this excellent traveller for his coxcombry, take an interest in his domestic Eenerally removed from the bed, and laid on a plat
form of fresh carth, either out of doors, or prepared affairs, and part with him at last as with an old frieud. purposely in some adjoining rooin or viranda, that he Note 17, page 560, col. 1.
may there breathe his last. In a physical sense, this Who thought
removal at so critical a period must be often attended From death, as from living foe, to fly.
with fatal consequences; though perhaps not quite so An opinion of this kind has extended to people in a
decisive as that of exposing an aged parent or a dying much biglier grade of society than the American Jo- friend on the banks of the Ganges. I now only mendians,
tion the circumstances as forming part of the lindoo « After this Deatui appeared in Dwaraka in a human religious system. After having expired upon the earth, shape, the colour of his skin being black and yellow, the body is carried to the water-side, and washed with luis head close shorn, and all his limbs distorted. He many ceremonies. It is then laid upon the funeral placed liimself at men's doors, so that all those who saw pile, that the fire may have a share of the victim: the bim shuddered with apprehension, and became even as
ashes are finally scattered in the air, and fall the
upon dead men from mere affricht. Every person to whose door he came shot an arrow at him, and the moment
During the funeral ceremony, which is solemn and the arrow quitted the bow-string they saw the spectre affecting, the Bralımins address the respective elements no more, nor knew which way he was gone.»-- Life of
in words to the following purport; although there Creeshna.
may be a different mode of performing these religious This is a poetical invention ; but such an invention
rites in other parts of Ilindosian. as formed a popular belief in Greece, if M. Pouqueville thee he was formed; by thee he was sustained ; and
«() Earth! to thee we commend our brother; of may be trusted.
unto thee lie now returns! « The Evil Eye, the Cacodæmon, has been seen wandering over the roofs of the liouses. Who can dare to
« O Fire! thou hadst a claim in our brother; during doubt this? It was in the form of a withered old wo
his life lie subsisted by thy influence in nature; to thee man, covered with funeral rags: she was leard to call
we commit liis body; thou emblem of purity, may his by their names those who are to be cut off from the spirit be purified on entering a new state of existence. number of the living. Nocturnal concerts, voices
« () Air! while the breath of life continued our bromurmurinę amid the silence of the darkest nighits, have
ther respired by thee; his last breath is now departed; been heard in the air ; phantoms have been seen wan
to thee we yield him.
«O Water! thou didst contribute to the life of our dering about in solitary places, in the streets, in the markets; dogs have liowied with the most dismal and brother; thou wert one of his sustaining elements. melancholy tone, and their cries have been repeated by
His remains are now dispersed; receive thy share of the echoes along the desert streets.
It is when suci lim, who has now taken an everlasting flight!»--Forbes's things happen, as I was told very seriously by an inha- Oriental Memoirs, iii, 12. bitant of Nauplia di Romania, that great care must be
Note 19, page 561, col. 1. takeu not to answer if you should be called during thic
ller feet upon the crescent moon were set. niglit, if you hear symphonies bury yourself in the bed This is a common representation of the Virgin, from clothes, and do not listen to them; it is the old woman, the Revelation.
Virgem de Sol vestida, e dos sens raios
niards, the officer of justice as well as the EncomendeClaros envolta toda, e das Estrellas
ros were implicated in it, the Indians had none to whom Coroada, e debaixo os pés a Lua. Francisco de Sa de Miranda. they could look for protection. Even the Institutions
of Christianity, by which the Spanish government hoped Thesc lines are highly esteemed by the Portuguese to better the temporal condition of its new subjecis, critics,
were made the occasion of new grievances and more Note 20, page 561, col. 1.
intolerable oppression. For as the Indians were legally Severa be was, and in his anger dread,
free,-free, therefore, to marry where they pleased, and Yet alway at his Motber's will grew mild,
the wife was to follow the husband, every means was So well did he obey that Vaiden undefiled.
taken to prevent a marriage between (wo lodians who « Ilow hath the conceit of Christ's humiliation here on belonged to different Repartimientos, and the interest earth, of his dependance on his mother during the time of the master counteracted all the efforts of the priest. of his formation and birth, and of his subjection to her The Spanish women are said to have exceeded their liusin his infancy, brought forılı preposterous and more bands in cruelty on such occasions, and to have in- i than heatlienish transformations of his glory in the su- stigated them to the most violent and iniquitous meaperstitious daughters of the idolatrous church! They sures, that they might not lose their female attendants. cannoi conceive Christ as king, unless they acknowledge the consequence was, that profligacy of manners among her as queen dowager of heaven: lier title of Lady is the Indians was rather encouraged than restrained, as æquiparant to his title of Lord : hier authority for some it is now in the English sugar islands, where the planpurposes held as great, her bowels of compunction (10- ter is not a religious man.- Lozano, l. 1, sect. 3, 6, 7. wards the weaker sex especially) more tender.
And as the heathens frame gods suitable to their own desire,
Note 22, page 564, col. 2. soliciting them most (thought otherwise less potent)
And sho in many an emvilous essay,
At lent; ik into a descant of her own whom they conceive to be most favourable to their
Had blended all their notes. present suits: so hath the blessed Virgin throughout the Romish Church obtained (what she never sougin) the
An extract from a journal written in Switzerland
will be the best comment upon the description in ihese entire monopoly of women's prayers in their travails;
stanzas, which indeed were probably suggested by my as if her presence at other's distressful labours (for she
recollections of the Staubach. herself, by their doctrine, brought forth her first born
« While we were at the waterfall, some half score and only son without pain,) had wrought in her a truer feeling or tenderer touch, than the high priest of their peasants, cliiefly women and girls, assembled just out souls can have of their infirmities; or as if she would
of reach of the spray, and set up-surely the wildest
chorus that ever was heard by human ears,--a song use more faithful and effectual intercession with her
not of articulate sounds, but in which the voice w is son, than he can or will do with his Father. Some in
used as a mere instrument of music, more flexible than our times, out of the weakness of their sex, matching with the impoluoustess of their adulterous and disloyal any which art could produce, -sweet, powerful, and zeal, have in this kind been so impotently outrageous as
thrilling beyond description.»
It will be seen by the subjoined sonnet of Mr Words to intercept others' supplications directed to Christ, and
worth's, who visited this spot three years after me, that superscribe them in this form unto his mother; Blessed Lady, command thy son to hear this woman's prayers,
he was not less impressed than I had been by this wild
concert of voices. and send her deliverance! These, and the like speeches, bave moved some good women, in other points tainted On approaching the Staub-bach, Lauterbrunnen. rather with superstition than preciseness, to dispense
Tracks let me follow far from human kind with the law of secrecy, seldom violated in their parlia Which these illusive greetingis may not reach; ments; and I know not whether I should attribute it Where only Nature tanes bier voice to teach
Careless pursuits, and raptures lincontined. to their courage or stupidity, not to be more affrighted
No Mermaid warbles (to allay the wind at such blasplaemies, than at some monstrous and pro That drives some vessel towards a dangerous beach.) digious bireli. This and the like inbred inclinations
More thrilling melodies ! no ca verned Witch unto superstition, in the rude and uninstructed people, Chaunting a love-spell, ever intertwined
Notes slirill and wild with art more musical! are more artificially set forward by the fabulous Roman
Alas! that from the lips of abject Want Legendary and his Limner, than the like were in the
And Idleness in tatters mendicant heathen, by heathen poets and painters.»— Dr Thomas They should proceed---enjoyment to enthral, Jackson's Works, vol. i, 1007.
Aud with regret and useless pity haunt
This bold, ibis pure, this sky-born Waterfall!
« The vocal powers of these musical beggars (says Tyranny of the Spaniards.
Mr Wordsworth) may seem to be exaggerated; but this The consumption of the Indians in the Paraguay tea wild and savage air was uiterly unlike any sounds I had trade, and the means taken by the Jesuits for cultivating ever heard ; the notes reached me from a distance, the Caa tree, are described by Dobrizhoffer.
and on what occasion they were sung I could not guess, The Encomenderos compelled the unhappy people only they seemed to belong in some way or other to wliom they found living where they liked, to settle in the waterfall; and reminded me of religioas services such places as were most convenient for the work in chaunted to streams and fountains in Pagan times.» which they were now to be compulsorily employed. All their work was task-work, imposed with little mo
Note 23, page 565, col. 1. deration, and exacted without mercy. This
Some dim presage.
tyranny extended to the women and children, and as all the Spa Upon this subject an old Spanish romancer speaks
thus:-« Aunquc hombre no sabe lo de adelante como hour of his happy death, and defend him from the ha de venir, el espíritu lo siente, y ante que venga se Devil, especially in that hour, and preserve bim, and duele dello: y de aqui se levantaron los grandes sos-appoint him in the number of his elect, as one who in piros que hombres dan á sobrevienta no pensando en his life had confessed and magnified his holy and adoningun cosa, como á muchos acaesce, que aquel que el rable name. And the more to oblige his Majesty, the sospiro echa de sí, el espíritu es que siente el mal
most faithful daughter offered to endure for her faha de ser.»— Chronica del Rey D. Rodrigo, p. ii c. 191. ther, the most holy Joachin, all that the Lord might
ordain. Note 24, page 566, col. 2.
« His Majesty accepted this petition, and consoled the Across ber shoulders was a hammock flung.
divine child, assuring her that he would be with her Pinkerton, in his Geography (vol. ii. p. 535, n. 3d father as a merciful and compassionate remunerator of edit.) says, that nets are sometimes worn among the those who love and serve him, and that he would place Guaranis instead of clothes, and refers to this very story liim with the Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; in proof of his assertion. I believe he had no other and he prepared her again to receive and suffer other ground for it.
He adds that « perhaps they were worn troubles. Eight days before the death of the holy Paonly to keep off the flies ;" as if those blood-suckers triarch Joachin, Mary the most holy had other advices were to be kept off by open net-work!
from the Lord, declaring the day and hour in wlich We owe something, however, to the person who in- he was to die, as in fact it occurred, only six months troduces us to a good and valuable book, and I am in- after our Qucen went to reside in the temple. When debted originally to Mc Pinkerton for my knowledge her Highness had received this information from the of Dobrizhoffer. He says of him, when referring to the Lord, she beso the twelve gels, (who, I have beHistoria de Abiponibus, « the lively singularity of the fore said, were those whom St John names in the Reold man's Latin is itself an amusement; and though velation) that they would be with her father Joachin sometimes garrulous, lie is redundant in authentic and in his sickness, and comfort him, and console him in it; curious information. His work, though bearing a re- and thus they did. And for the last hour of his transit stricted title, is the best account yet published of the she sent all those of her guard, and besought the Lord whole viceroyalty of La Plata.»
that lie would make them manifest to her father for Mis
greater consolation. The Most High granted this, and Note 25, page 567, col. 1.
in every thing fulfilled the desire of his elect, unique, St Joachin,
and perfect one: and the great Patriarch and happy The legend of his visit to Limbo is given here in a Joachio saw the thousand holy angels who guarded his translated extract from that very curious work, the Life daughter Maria, at whose petition and desire the grace of the Virgin Mary, as related by herself to Sister Ma- of the Almighty superabounded, and by his command ria de Jesus, Abbess of the Franciscan Convent de la the Angels said to Joachin these things :Inmaculada Conception at Agreda, and published with « * Man of God, the Most High and Mighty is thy the sanction of all the ecclesiastical authorities in eternal salvation, and he sends thee from his holy place Spain.
the necessary and timely assistance for thy soul! Mary, After some conversation between the Almighty and thy daughter, sends us to be with thee at this hour, in the Virgin, at that time three years and a half old, the which thou hast to pay to thy Creator the debt of naFranciscan confessor, who was the accomplice of the tural death. She is thy most faithful and powerful inabbess in this blasphemous imposture, proceeds thus : tercessor with the Most High, in whose name and peace
« The Most High received this morning sacrifice from depart thou from this world with consolation and joy, luis tender spouse, Mary the most holy, and with a that he hath made thee parent of so blessed a daughter. pleased countenance said to her, “Thou are beautiful And although his incomprehensible Majesty in his sein thy thoughts, O Prince's daughter, my dove, and my rene wisdom hath not till now manifested to thee the beloved ! I admit thy desires, which are agreeable to sacrament and dignity in which he will constitute thy my eyes; and it is my will, in fulfilment of them, that daughter, it is his pleasure that thou shouldest know it ibou shouldest understand the time draws nigh, when now, to the intent that thou mayest magnify him and by my divine appointment, thy father Joachin must praise him, and that at such news the jubilee of thy pass from this mortai life to the life immortal and spirit may be joined with the grief and natural sadness eternal. His death shall be short, and he will soon rest of death. Mary thy daughter and our Queen, is the in peace, and be placed with the Saints in Limbo, one chosen by the arm of the Omnipotent, that the awaiting the redemption of the whole human race.' Divine Word may in her clothe himself with flesh and This information from the Lord neither disturbed nor with the human form. She is to be the happy mother troubled the regal breast of Mary, the Princess of Hea- of the Messiah, blessed among women, superior to all ven ; yet as the love of children to their parents is a creatures, and inferior only to God himself. Thy most debt due by nature, and that love in all its perfection happy daughter is to be the repairer of what the human existed in this most holy child, a natural grief at losing race lost by the first fall; and the high mountain her most holy father, Joachin, whom as a daughter she whereon the new law of grace is to be formed and estadevoutly loved, could not fail to be resented. The blished. Therefore, as thou leavest now in the world tender and sweet child, Mary, felt a movement of grief its restauratrix and daughter, by whom God prepares compatible with the serenity of her magnanimous heart: for it the fitting remedy, depart thou in joy, and the and acting with greatness in every thing, following both Lord will bless thee from Zion, and will give thee a grace and nature, she made a fervent prayer for her place among the Saints, that thou mayest attain to the father Joachin; she besought the Lord, that, as the sight and possession of the happy Jerusalem.' mighty and true God, he would look upon him in the « While the holy Angels spake these words to Joa
chin, St Anna his wife was present, standing by the most prudent child solicited with prayers for the conpillow of his bed; and she heard, and by divine per- solation of her mother St Anna, intreating that the Lord mission understood them. Al the same time the holy would, as a father, direct and govern hier in the solitude Patriarch Joachin lost bis speech, and entering upon wlierein, by the loss of her husband Joachin, she was the common way of all lleslı, began to die, with a mar- left. St Anna lierself sent also news of his death, which vellous struggle between the delight of such joyful was first communicated to the Mistress of our divine tidings and the pain of death. During this contlict with Princess, that in imparting it she might console her. his interior powers, many and fervent acts of divine The Mistress did this, and the most wise child heard love, of faitli, and adoration, and praise, and thanks-her, with all composure and dissimulation, but with the giving, and humiliation, and other virtues, did he he patience and the modesty of a Queen; but she was not roically perform : and thus absorbed in the new know- ignorant of the event which hier Mistress related to her ledge of so divine a mystery, he came to :he end of his as bews.»— Mistica Ciudad de Dios, par. 1, l. 2, C, 16, natural life, dying the precious death of the Saints. Ils S 664-669. Madrid, 1746. most holy spirit was carried by the Angels to the Limbo It was in the middle of the seventeenth century that of the lloly Fatliers and of the Just: and for a new the work from which this extract is translated was consolation and light in the long night wherein they palmed upon the Spaniards as a new revelation. Gross dwelt, the Most lligh ordered that the soul of the holy and blasphemous as the imposture is, the work was Patriarch Joachin should be the new Paranymph and still current when I procured my copy, about twenty Ambassador of his Great Majesty, for announcing to all years ago; and it is not included in the Spanish Jadex that congregation of the Just, how the day of eternal Expurgatorius of 1790, the last, (I believe), which was light bad now dawned, and the day-break was born, published, and which is now before me. Mary, the most lioly daughter of Joachim and of Anna, from whom should be born the Sun of Divinity, Christ,
Note 26, page 571, col. 2. Restorer of the whole human race. The Holy Fathers
Ile could not tarry here. and the Just in Limbo heard these tidings, and in their A case precisely of the same kind is mentioned by Mr jubilee composed new hymus of thanksgiving to the Mariner. « A young Chief at Tonga, a very bandsome Most High.
man, was inspired by the ghost of a wornan in Bolotoo, « This happy death of the Patriarch St Joachin oc who had fallen in love with him. On a sudden he felt curred (as I have before said), half a year after his limself low-spirited, and shortly afterwards fainted daughter Mary the most holy entered the Teinple; and away. When he came to himself hie was very ill, and when she was at the tender age of three and a half, she was taken accordingly to the house of a priest. As yet was thus left in the world without a natural father. he did not know who it was that in-pired bim, but the The age
of the patriarch was sixty and nine years, dis- priest informed him that it was a woman of Bolotoo, tributed and divided thus: at the age of forty-six years mentioning her name, who had died some years before, he took St Anna to wife; twenty years after this mar and who wished him now to die, that he mighe be near riage Mary the most holy was born; and the three her. He accordingly died in two days. The Chief said years and a half of her Highness's age make sixty-nine he suspected this from the dreams he liad had at differand a half, a few days more or less.
cat times, when the figure of a woman came to him in « The holy Patriarch and father of our Queen being the night. Mr Mariner was with the sick Chief three or dead, the holy Angels of her guard returned inconti- four times during his illness, and heard the priest forelell nently to her presence, and gave her notice of all that his death, and the occasion of it.»--Muriner, had occurred in her father's transit. Forthwith the
a Uision of Judgment.
to detract; the success was not more splendid than the TO THE KING.
cause was good; and the event was deserved by the
generosity, the justice, the wisdom, and the majdaniSIR,
mity of the counsels which prepared it. The same Only to Your Majesty can the present publication perfect integrity lias been manifested in the whole adwith propriety be addressed. As a tribute to the sacred ministration of public affairs. More has been done memory of our late revered Sovereign, it is my duty to than was ever before attempted, for mitigating the evils present it to Your Majesty's notice; and to whom could incident to our stage of society; for imbuing the rising an experiment, which, perhaps, may be considered race withi those sound principles of religion on which hereafter as of some importance in English Poetry, be the welfare of states has its only secure foundation, so fitly inscribed, as to the Royal and munificent Patron and for opening new regions to the redundant enterprise of science, art, and literature?
and industry of the people. Under Your Majesty's goWe owe much to the House of Brunswick; but to vernment, the Metropolis is rivalling in beauty those none of that illustrious House more than to Your Ma- cities which it has long surpassed in greatness: sciences, jesty, under wliose government the military renown of arts, and letters are tlourishing beyond all former erGreat Britain has been carried to the highest point of ample; and the last triumplı of nautical discovery and glory. From that pure glory there has been nothing of the British flag, which had so often been essayed in
vain, has been accomplished. The brightest portion of nary explanation. These feet are not constituted each British history will be that which records the improve- | by a separate word, but are made up of one or more, ments, the works, and the achievements of the Georgian or of parts of words, the end of one and the beynning Age.
of another, as may happen. A verse of the Psalms, That Your Majesty may long continue to reign over originally pointed out by Harris of Salisbury, as a naa free and prosperous people, and that the blessings of tural and perfect hexameter, will exemplify what has the happiest form of government wbich has ever been been said : raised by human wisdom under the favour of Divine Providence may, under Your Majesty's protection, be Why do the I beathen / rage, and the I people i- | -magino a | rain transmitted unimpaired to posterity, is the prayer of
thing? Your MAJESTY'S
This, I think, will make the general construction of
the metre perfectly intelligible to those persons who Most dutiful Subject and Servant, may be unacquainted with the rules of Latin versificaROBERT SOUTIEY.
tion; those especially who are still to be called gentle readers, in this un gentle age. But it is not necessary to understand the principle upon which the verse is con
structed, in order to feel the harınony and power of a PREFACE.
metrical composition;- if it were, how few would be capable of enjoying poetry! In the present case, any
one who reads a page of these hexameters aloud, with I.
just that natural regard to emphasis which the sense of Having long been of opinion that an English metre
the passage indicates, and the usual pronunciation of might be constructed in imitation of the ancient hexa- the words requires, will perceive the rhythm, and find meter, which would be perfectly consistent with the no more difficulty in giving it its proper effect, than in character of our language, and capable of great rich- reading blank verse. This has often been tried, and
with invariable success. ness, variety, and strength, I have now made the experi
If, indeed, it were not so, the ment. It will have some disadvantages to contend fault would be in the composition, not in the measure. with, both among learned and unlearned readers;
The learned reader will have perceived by what has among the former especially, because, though they may already been said, that in forming this English measure divest themselves of all prejudice against an innovation, in imitation, rather than upon the model of the ancient which has generally been thought impracticable, and hexameter, the trochee has been substituted for the may even be disposed to regard the attempt favourably, spondee, as by the Germans. This substitution is rennevertheless they will, from inveterate association, be dered necessary by the nature of our pronunciation, continually reminded of rules which are inapplicable which is so rapid, that I believe the whole vocabulary to our tongue; and looking for quantity where em
of the language does not afford a single instance of a phasis only ought to be expected, will perhaps less genuine native spondee. The spondee, of course, is easily be reconciled to the measure, than those
not excluded from the verse; and where it occurs, the
persons wlio consider it simply as it is. To the one class it is effect, in general; is good. This alteration was necesnecessary that I should explain the nature of the verse;
sary; but it is not the only one which, upon mature to the other, the principle of adaption which has been consideration and fair trial, it has been deemed expefollowed.
dient to make. If every line were to begin with a long First, then, to the former, who, in glancing over
syllable, the measure would presently appear exotic and these long lines, will perceive that they have none of forced, as being directly opposite to the general chathe customary characteristics of English versification, racter of all our dignified metres, and indeed to the being neither marked by rhyme, nor by any certain genius of the English language. 'Therefore the license number of syllables, nor by any regular recurrence of bas been taken of using any foot of two or three sylemphasis throughout the verse. Upon closer observa-lables at the beginning of a line; and sometimes, though tion, they will find that (with a very few exceptions), less frequently, in the second, third, or fourth place. there is a regular recurrence of emphasis in the last The metre, thus constructed, bears the same analogy to five syllables of every line, the first and the fourth of the ancient hexameter that our ten-syllable or heroic those syllables being accented, the others not. These line does to iambic verse: iambic it is called, and it is five syllables form two of the feet by which the verse
so in its general movement; but it admits of many is measured, and which are called dacıyls and trochices, other feet, and would, in fact, soon become insupporithe dactyl consisting of one long syllable and two short ably monotonous without their frequent intermixture. ones, as exemplified in the name of Wellington ; the
II. trochee, of one long and one short, as exemplified in the name of Nelson. Of such feet, there are six in
Twenty years ago, when the rhythmical romance of
Thalaba was sent from Portugal to the press, I reevery verse.
The four first are disposed according to the judgment and convenience of the writer; that is
, quested, in the preface to that poem, that the author they inay be all dactyls or all trochees, or any mixture
"And only one of foreign derivation, which is the word Egypt. of both in any arrangement: but the fifth is always a Some readers, who have never practised metrical composition in dactyl, and the sixth always a trochee, except in some
their own language, may perbaps doubt this, and suppose that such rare instances, when, for the sake of variety, or of words as twilight and evening, are spondaie; but they only appear
so when they are pronounced singly, the last syllable then hanging some particular effect, a trochee is admitted in the fifth
upon the tougue, and dwelling on the car, like the last stroke of the place. One more remark will suffice for this prelimi-clock. Csed in combination, they become pure trochees.