Not to be moved from his rightful resolves. And Burke They were cut down by death. What then,—were it I beheld there,

wise to lament them, Eloquent statesman and sage, who, though late, broke Seeing the mind bears with it its wealth, and the soul loose from his trammels,

its affections! Giving then to mankind what party too long had What we sow, we shall reap; and the seeds whereof diverted.

earth is not worthy Here, where wrongs are forgiven, was the injured Has- Strike their roots in a kindlier soil, and ripen to barlings beside him :

vest, Strong in his high deserts, and in innocence happy, though injured,

Here were the gallant youths of high heroic aspiring, He, in his good old age, outlived persecution and Who, so fate had allow'd, with the martial renown of malice,

their country Even where he had stood a mark for the arrows of Would have wedded their names, for perpetual honour slander,

united ; He had his triumph at last, when moved with one feels Strong of heart and of mind, but in undistinguishing ing, the Senate

battle, Rose in respect at his sight, and atoned for the sin of Or by pestilence stricken, they fell, unknown and contheir fathers.


With the common dead. Oh! many are they who Cowper, thy lovely spirit was there, by death disen

were worthy, chanted

Under the Red Cross tlag, to have wielded the thunders From that heavy spell which had bound it in sorrow

of Britain, and darkness,

Making her justice felt, and her proper power upholding Thou wert there, in the kingdom of peace and of light Upon all seas and shores, wheresoever her rights were everlasting.

offended, Nelson also was there in the kingdom of peace, though Followers of Nelson's path, and the glorious career of his calling

the Wellesley. While upon earth he dwelt, was to war and the work Many are they, whose bones beneath the billows have of destruction.

whiten'd, Not in him had that awful ministry deaden'd, or Or in foreign earth they have moulder'd, hastily cover'd weaken'd

In some wide and general grave. Quick compassion, and feelings that raise while they

Here also were spirits sofien our nature.

To have guided, like Cecil of old, the councils of EngWise in counsel, and steady in purpose, and rapid in

land; action,

Or have silenced and charm'd a tumultuous Senate, like Never thought of self from the course of his duty se

Canning, duced him,

When to the height of his theme, the consummate Never doubt of the issue unworthily warpt his in

Orator rising, tention,

Makes our Catalines pale, and rejoices the friends of Long shall his memory live, and while his example is

their country. cherishd, From the Queen of the Seas, the Sceptre shall never be Others came in that goodly band whom benigner wrested.

fortune Led ioto pleasanter ways on earth: children of Science

Some, whose unerring pursuit would, but for death, have XI.


O'er the unknown and material, Man's intellectual emTHE YOUNG SPIRITS.


Such their intuitive power; like Davy, disarming deYe whom I leave unnamed, ye other Worthies of Britain,

struction Lights of the Georgian age, — for ye are many and noble, When it moves on the vapour; or him, who discovering How might I name ye all, whom I saw in this glorious

the secret vision ?

Of the dark and ebullient abyss, with the fire of VesuPardon ye the imperfect tale! Yet some I beheld there,

vius Whom should I pretermit, my heart might rightly up- Arm'd the chemist's hand:40 well then might Eleusinian

Ceres That its tribute of honour, poor though it be, was with Yield to him, from whom the seas and the mountains holden.

conceal'd not Somewhat apart they came in fellowship gather'd to Nature's mystery, hid in their depths. gether,

Here, lost in their promise As in goodly array they follow'd the train of the wor-And prime, were the children of Art, who should else thies.

have deliver'd Chosen spirits were these, of the finest elements tempera, Works and undying names to grateful posterity's keepAnd embodied on carth jo mortality's purest texture;

ing, But in the morning of hope, in the blossom of virtue Such as Haydon will leave on earth; and he who, return. and genius,


braid me,


Rich in praise to his native shores, hath left a remem There came England's blossom of hope,—the beautibrance

ful Princess ; Long to be honour'd and loved on the banks of Thames She in whose wedded bliss all hearts rejoiced, and and of Tiber:

whose death-bell, So may America, prizing in time the worth she possesses, Heard from tower to tower through the islands, carried Give to that haud free scope, and boast hereafter of

a sorrow, Allston,

Felt by all like a private grief, which, sleeping or wak

ing, Here too, early lost and deplored, were the youths will not be shaken away; but possesses the soul and wborn the Muses

disturbs it. Mark'd for themselves at birth, and with dews from There was our late-lost Queen, the nation's example of Castalia sprinkled:

virtue; Chatterton first (for not to his affectionate spirit In whose presence vice was not seen, nor the face of Could the act of madness innate for guilt be accounted):

Marvellous boy, whose antique songs and unhappy story, Pure in heart, and spotless in life, and secret in bounty,
Shall, by gentle hearts, be in mournful memory cherish'd Queen, and Mother, and Wife unreproved. — The gentle
Long as thy ancient lowers endure, and the rocks of

Amelia 12
St Vincent,

Stretch'd her arms to her father there, in tenderness Briscol! my birth-place dear.—What though I have

shedding chosen a dwelling

Tears, such as Angels weep. That hand was toward him Far away, and my grave shall not be found by the

extended stranger

Whose last pressure he could not bear, when merciful Under thy sacred care, nathless in love and in duty

Nature, Still am I bound to thee, and by many a deep recol- As o'er her dying bed he bent in severest anguish, lection !

Laid on his senses a weight, and suspended the sorrow City of elder days, I know how largely I owe thee;

for ever. Nor least for the hope and the strength that I gather'd He hath recover'd her now: all, all that was lost is rein boyhood,

stored him;While on Chatterton musing, I fancied his spirit was with Hour of perfect bliss that o'erpays all earthly affliction!

They are mel where Change is not known, nor Sorrow, Jo the haunts which he loved upon earth. "T was a joy

nor Parting. in my vision

Death is subdued, and the Grave, which conquers all, When I beheld his face-and here was the youth of

hath beert conquer'd. Loch Leven, Nipt, like an April flower, that opens its leaves to the When I beheld them meet, the desire of my soul sunshine,

overcame me; While the breath of the East prevails. And Russell and And when with harp and voice the loud hosannahs Bampfylde,

of welcome Bright emanations they! And the Poet, whose songs of Fill'd the rejoicin: sky, as the happy company enter'd childhood

Through the everlasting Gates; I, too, press'd forward Trent and the groves of Clifton heard ; not alone by the Muses

But the weight of the body withheld me. I stoopt to But by the Virtues loved, his soul in its youthful aspir

the fountain, ings

Eager to drivk thereof, and to put away all that was Sought the Holy Hill, and his thirst was for Siloa's


Darkness came over me then at the chilling touch of Was I deceived by desire, or, Henry, indeed did thy

the water, spirit

And my feet methought sunk, and I fell precipitate. Know me, and meet my look, and smile like a friend

Starting, at the meeting?

Then I awoke, and beheld the mountains in twilight

before me, XII.

Dark and distinct ; and instead of the rapturous sound

of hosannahs,

Heard the bell from the tower, toll! toll! through the THE MEETING.

silence of evening. Lift up your heads, ye Gates; and ye everlasting Por

tals, Be ye lift up! Behold the splendent train of the Worthies Halt; and with quicker pace a happy company issues

NOTES. Forth from the Gate of Bliss : the Parents, the Children,

and Consort,
Come to welcome in Heaven the Son, the Father, and

Note 1, page 588, col. 2.

From surrounding things the hues with which day has adorn'd
Hour of perfect joy that o'erpays all earthly affliction ;
Yea, and the thought whereof supporteth the soul in its Fade, like the bopes of youth,

This effect of twilight, and in the very scene describ

to enter :



ed, has been lately represented by Mr William Westall, i lement dans nos climats, par la même raison que ces in one of his Views of the Lakes, with the true feeling deux poles y réfléchissent des aurores boréales difféand power of genius. The range of mountains which rentes, qui participent des couleurs de la terre, ou des is described in these introductory lines, may also be mers qui les avoisinent. seen in his View of the Vale of Keswick from the Penrith « Peut-être même noire atmosphère réfléchit-elle road.

quelquefois les formes des paysages, qui annoncent les Note 2, page 588, col. 2.

iles aux navigateurs bien long-temps avant qu'ils puis- The last pale tint of the twilight,

sent y aborder. Il est remarquable qu'elles ne se monGreen as a stream in the glen whose pure and chrysolite waters trent comme les reflets de verdure qu'à l'horizon et du Flow o'er a schistous bed.

côté du soleil couchant. Je citerai, à ce sujet, un homme St Pierre, who is often a fanciful, generally a delight- de l'Ile de France qui apercevoit dans le ciel les images ful, but always an animated and ingenious writer, has des vaisseaux qui étaient en pleine mer: le célebre Versome characteristic speculations concerning this green net, qui m'a attesté avoir vu une fois dans les nuages light of evening. He says, « Je suis porté à attribuer à les tours et les remparts d'une ville située à sept lieues la couleur verte des végétaux qui couvrent en été une de lui ; et le phénomène du détroit de Sicile, connu sous grande partie de notre hémisphère, cette belle teinte le nom de Féc-Morgane. Les nuages et les vapeurs de d'émeraude que l'on apperçoit quelquefois dans cette l'atmosphère peuvent fort bien réfléchir les formes et saison au firmament, vers le coucher du soleil. Elle est les couleurs des objets terrestres, puisqu'ils rétlechissent rare dans nos climats; mais elle est fréquente entre les dans les parélies l'image du soleil au point de la rendre tropiques, où l'été dure toute l'anuee. Je sais bien ardente comme le soleil lui-mème. Enfin, les eaux de qu'on peut rendre raison de ce phénomène par la sim- la terre répètent les couleurs et les formes des nuages ple réfraction des rayons du soleil dans l'atmosphère, ce de l'atmosphère, pourquoi les vapeurs de l'atmosphere, prisme sphérique de notre globe. Mais, outre qu'on à leur tour, ne pourroient-elles pas rétléchir le bleu de peut objecter que la couleur verte ne se voit point en la mer, la verdure et le jaune de la terre, ainsi que les hiver dans notre ciel, c'est que je peux apporter à l'ap- couleurs chatoyantes des glaces polaires ? pui de mon opinion d'autres faits qui semblent prouver « Au reste, je ne donne mon opinion que comme que la couleur même azurée de l'atmosphère n'est


mon opinion. L'histoire de la nature est un édifice à réflexion de celle de l'océan. En effet, les glaces flot- peine commencé; ne craignons pas dy poser quelques tantes qui descendent lous les ans du pôle nord, s'an- pierres d'attente: nos neveux s'en serviront pour l'anoncent, devant de paraitre sur l'horizon, par une lueur grandir, ou les supprimeront comme superflues, Si blanche qui éclaire le ciel jour et nuit, et qui n'est qu'un mon autorité est nulle dans l'avenir, peu importera que retlet des neiges cristallisées qui les composent. Cette je me sois trompé sur ce point: mon ouvrage rentrera lueur paraît semblable à celle de l'aurore boréale, dont dans l'obscurité d'où il était sorti. Mais s'il est un jour le foyer est au milieu des glaces mème de notre pôle, de quelque considération, mon erreur en plıysique sera mais dont la couleur blanche est mélangée de jaune, de plus utile à la morale, qu'une vérité d'ailleurs indiffé rouge, et de vert, parcequ'elle participe des couleurs du rente au bonheur des hommes. On en concluera avec sol ferrugineux et de la verdure des forêts de sapins qui raison qu'il faut être en garde contre les écrivains même couvrent notre zone glaciale. La cause de celte variation accrédités. »- Harmonies de la Nature, t. I, 129. de couleurs dans notre aurore boréale est d'autant plus

« I am inclined to attribute to the green colour of the vraisemblable, que l'aurore australe, comme l'a observé vegetables with which, during the summer, a great part le Capitaine Cook, en diffère en ce que sa couleur blan- of our bemisphere is covered, that beautiful emerald che n'est jamais mélangée que de teintes bleues, qui tint which we sometimes perceive at that season in the n'ont lieu, selon moi, que parce que les glaces du pôle firmament, towards the setting of the sun. It is rare in austral, sans continent et sans végétaux, sont entourées our climates, but is frequent between the tropics, where de toutes parts de l'océan, qui est bleu. Ne voyons-nous summer continues throughout the year. I know that pas que la lune, que nous supposons couverte en grande this phenomenon may be explained by the simple repartie de glaciers très élevés, nous renvoie en lumière fraction of the rays of the sun in the atmosphere, that d'un blanc bleuâtre les rayons du soleil, qui sont dorés spherical prism of our globe. But to this it may be dans notre atmosphère ferrugineuse ? N'est-ce pas par objected, that the green colour is not seen during the la reverbération d'un sol composé de fer, que la planète winter in our sky; and moreover, I can support my de Mars nous réfléchit, en tout temps, une lumière opinion by other facts, which appear to prove that even rouge ? N'est-il pas plus naturel d'attribuer ces cou the azure colour of the atmosphere is only a retlection leurs constantes aux réverbérations du sol, des mers, et of that of the ocean. lo fact, the floating ice which des végétaux de ces planètes, plutôt qu'aux réfractions descends every year from the North Pole, is announced variables des rayons du soleil dans leurs atmosphères, before it appears upon the horizon, by a white blink, dont les couleurs devraient changer à toute heure, sui- which enlightens the heaven day and night, and which vant leurs différens aspects avec cet astre? Comme is only a reflection of the crystallized snows, of which Mars apparait constamment rouge à la terre, il est pos- those masses are composed. This bliuk resembles the sible que la terre apparoisse à Mars comme une pierre- light of the aurora borealis, the centre of which is in rie brillante des couleurs de l'opale au pôle nord, de the middle of the ice of our pole, but the white colour celles de l'aigue-marine au pole sud, et, tour-a-tour, de of which is mixed with yellow, with red, and with celles du saphir et de l'émeraude dans le reste de sa cir- green, because it partakes of the colour of a ferruginous conférence. Mais, sans sortir de notre atmosphère, je soil, and of the verdure of the pine forests which cover crois

que la terre y renvoie la couleur bleue de son our icy zone. This explanation of these variations of océan avec des reflets de la couleur verte de ses végé- colour in our aurora borealis, is so much the more taux, en tout temps dans la zone torride, et en élé seu probable, because that of the aurora australis,as Captain

This is the Gate of Bliss.

Cook has observed, differs in that its white colour is summer. Having been led to look for it in consequence mixed with blue tints alone, which can only be, accord- of suspecting the accuracy of his remarks, I noticed it ing to my opinion, because the ice of the austral pole on the very day when this extract was transcribed for (where there is no continent and no vegetation), is the press, (late in December,) and wice in the course of surrounded on all parts with the ocean, which is blue. the ensuing week, and I observed it, not in the evening Do we not see that the moon, which we suppose to be alone, and in the west, in which quarter, however, and covered in great part with very elevated glaciers, sends at which time, it is most frequently seen,) but in diffeback to us, in a light of a bluish white, the rays of the rent parts of the sky, and at different times of the day. sun, which are golden in our ferruginous atmosphere?

Note 3, page 590, col. 2. Is it not by the reverberation of a soil composed of

Whether France or Britain be threaten'd, iron, that the planet Mars reflects upon us at all times Soon will the issue sbow, or if both at onco aro endanger'd. a red light? Is it not more natural to attribute these constant colours to the reverberation of the soil, of the

The murder of the Duke of Berry, and the Cato

street coaspiracy, were both planned at the time of the seas, and of the vegetables of these planets, rather than

King's death. to the variable refractions of the rays of the sun in their atmospheres, the colours of which ought to change

Note 4, page 591, col. 2. every hour, according to their different aspects with regard to that star. As Mars appears constantly red 10

The reader will so surely think of the admirable pasthe earth, it is possible that the earth might appear to

sage of Dante, which was in the writer's mind when Mars like a brilliant jewel, of the colour of the opal these lines were composed, that I should not think it towards the North Pole, of the agoa marina at the

necessary to notice the imitation, were it not that we South Pole, and alternately of the sapphire iu the rest

live in an age of plagiarism; when not our jackdaws of its circumference. But without going out of our only, but some of our swans also, trick themselves in atmosphere, I believe that the earth reflects there the borrowed plumage. I have never contracted an obliblue colour of its ocean with the green of its vegeta-gation of this kind, either to contemporary, or predetion, at all times in the torrid zone, and in summer

cessor, without acknowledging it. only in our climate, for the same reason that its two poles rellect their different auroras, which participate

Note 5, page 592, col 1. of the colours of the earth or the seas that are near

Discontent and disloyalty, like the teeth of the dragon, them.

Ho bau sown on the winds; they had ripen'd beyond tbe Atlantic. « Perhaps our atmosphere sometimes reflects land «Our New World,» says M. Simond, «has generally scapes, which announce islands to the sailors long before the credit of having first lighted the torch which was to they reach them. It is remarkable that they show illuminate, and soon set in a blaze, the finest part of themselves, like the reflections of verdure, only in the Europe; yet I think the flint was struck, and the first horizon and on the side of the setting sun. I shall cite, spark elicited, by the patriot, John Wilkes, a few

years on this subject, a man of the Isle of France, who used before. In a time of profound peace, the restless spirits to perceive in the sky the images of vessels, which were of men, deprived of other objects of public curiosity, oui in full sea; the celebrated Vernet, who related to seized, with avidity, on those questions which were then me that he had once seen in the clouds the ramparts of agitated with so much violence in England, touching a town, situated seven leagues distant from bim, and the rights of the people, and of the government, and the the phenomenon of the straits of Sicily, known under nature of power. The end of the political drama was the name of the Fata Morgana. The clouds and the in favour of what was called, and in some respect was, vapours of the atmosphere may very well reflect the the liberty of the people. Encouraged by the success forms and the colours of carthly objects, since they of this great comedian, the curtain was no sooner dropt retlect in parhelions the image of the sun, so as to ren on the scene of Europe, than new actors hastened to der it burning as the sun itself. In fine, if the waters of raise it again in America, and to give the world a new the earth repeat the colours and the forms of the play, infinitely more interesting, and more brilliant than clouds of the atmosphere, why then should not the the first.» vapours of the atmosphere, in their turn, reflect the Dr Franklin describes the state of things during the blue of the sea, the verdure and the yellow of the earth, reign of Wilkes and liberty. He says, «There have been as well as the glancing colours of the polar ices? amazing contests all over the kingdom, twenty or thirty

« I advance my opinion, however, only as my opinion. thousand pounds of a side spent in several places, and The history of nature is an edifice which, as yet, is inconceivable mischief done by drunken, mad mobs, to scarcely commenced; let us not fear to carry some houses, windows, etc. The scenes have been horrible. slones towards the building; our grandchildren will use London was illuminated two nights running, at the them, or lay them aside if they be useless. If my au command of the mob, for the success of Wilkes in the thority is of no weight hereafter, it will import little Middlesex election; the second night exceeded any thing that I have deceived myself upon this point; my work of the kind ever seen bere on the greatest occasions of will enter into obscurity, from whence it came; but if rejoicing, as even the small cross streets, lanes, courts, it should be, in future, of some consideration, my error, and other out-of-the-way places, were all in a blaze with in physics, will be more useful to morals than a truth, lights, and the priucipal streets all night long, as the otherwise indifferent to the happiness of mankind. For mobs went round again after two o'clock, and obliged it will be inferred with reason, that it is necessary to people who had extinguished their candles, to light them regard even writers of credit with caution.»

again. Those who refused had all their windows deIn one point of fact, St Pierre is certainly mistaken. stroyed. The damage done, and the expense of candles, The green evening light is seen as often in winter as in has been computed at fifty thousand pounds. It must

have been great, though probably not so much. The The wise and dignified manner in which the late king ferment is not yet over, for he has promised to surren- received the first minister from the United States of der to the court next Wednesday, and another tumult is America is well known. It is not so generally known then expected; and what the upshot will be, no one can that anxiety and sleeplessness, during the American war, yet foresee. It is really an extraordinary event, to see are believed by those persons who had the best opan outlaw and exile, of bad personal character, not portunity for forming an opinion upon the subject, worth a farthing, come over from France, set himself to have laid the foundation of that malady by which up as a candidate for the capital of the kingdom, miss the king was afflicted during the latter years of his his election only by being too late in his application, life. and immediately carrying it for the principal county. Upon the publication of Captain Cooke's Voyages, a The mob (spirited up by numbers of different ballads, copy of this national work was sent to Dr Franklin, by sung or roared in every street), requiring gentlemen and the King's desire, because he bad given orders for the ladies of all ranks, as they passed in their carriages, to protection of that illustrious navigator, in case be shout for Wilkes and liberty, marking the same words should fall in with any American cruisers on his way on all their coaches with chalk, and No 45 on every home. door, which extends a vast way along the roads in the

Note 8, page 594, col. 2. country. I went last week to Winchester, and observed

Calm in that insolent hour, and over his fortune triumpbant. that for fifteen miles out of town, there was scarce a door or window-shutter next the road unmarked: and

The behaviour of Charles in that insolent hour erthis continued liere and there quite to Winchester, torted admiration, even from the better part of the which is sixty-four miles.

Commonwealth's-mien. It is thus finely described by

Andrew Marvell:Even this capital, the residence of the king, is now a

While round the armed bands daily scene of lawless riot and confusion. Mobs patrol.

Did clap their bloody hands, ling the streets at noon-day, some knocking all down

He nothing common did, or mean, that will not roar for Wilkes and liberty; courts of jus

Uporr that memorable scene ;

But with bis keener eye tice afraid to give judgment against hiin; coal-heavers

The are's edge did try: and porters pulling down the houses of coal-merchants

Nor call'd the Gods with vulgar spight that refuse to give them more wages; sawyers destroying

To vindicate his helpless right; saw-mills; sailors uprigging all the outward-bound

But bow'd his comely head

Down, as upon a bed. ships, and suffering none to sail till merchants agree to raise their pay; watermen destroying private boats, and


9, page 594, col. 2. threatening bridges; soldiers firing among the mobs,

Magnificent Edward, and killing men, women, and children, which seems He who made the English renown, and the fame of bis Windsor only to have produced an universal sullepness, that in the Orient and Occident known from Tagus 10 Tigris. looks like a great black cloud coming on, ready to burst The celebrity which Windsor had obtained, as being in a general tempest. What the event will be God only the most splendid court in Christendom, and the seat knows. But some punishment seems preparing for a of chivalry, may be plainly seen in the romance of people who are ungratefully abusing the best constitu- Amadis, which was written in Portugal, towards the tion, and the best king, any nation was ever blessed latter end of Edward the Third's reign. The Portugueze witb; intent on nothing but luxury, licentiousness, in that age took their military terms from the English, power, places, pensions, and plunder; while the ministry, and St George came into fashion among them at the divided in their councils, with little regard for each same time as being the English Santiago. other, wearied by perpetual oppositions, in continual A dispute arose between two knights, the one a Cyapprehension of changes, intent on securing popularity, priot, the other a Frenchman, who were serving the in case they should lose favour, have, for some years King of Armenia against the Soldan of Babylon. The past, had little time or inclination to attend to our small other Christian captains in the army determined that affairs, whose remoteness makes them appear still they should decide it by single combat before King smaller.

Edward of England, as the most worthy and hononrable

prince in all Christendom; and the quarrel, which beAll respect to law and government seems to be lost gan in Armenia, was actually thus decided within the among the common people, who are moreover conti- lists, at the palace of Westminster. It was won, not nually inflamed by seditious scribblers to trample on very honourably, by the Frenchman. authority, and every thing that used to keep them in order.»

Note 10, page 596, col. 2.
Note 6, page 592, col. 2.

He who discovering the secret

Of the dark and ebullient abyss, with the fire of Vesuvias Sons of slander, be warn'd! and ye, ye Factionists, learn ye

Armd the Chemist's hand. Justice, and bear in mind, that after death there is judgment.

Though chemistry is one of the subjects of which I Discite justitiam moniti, et non temnere Divos.

am contented to be ignorant, I can nevertheless perceive

and appreciate the real genius indicated by Dr Clarke's Note 7, page 593, col. 2.

discovery in the art of fusion. See his Treatise upon Would that the nations,

the Gas Blow-Pipe; or the account of it in the QuarLearning of us, would lay aside all wrongful resentment,

terly Review, No 46, p. 466. All injurious thought, and bonouring each in the other, Kindred courage and virtue, and cognate knowledge and freedom,

In referring to the Safely Lamp of Sir Humphrey Lire in brotherhood wisely conjoined. We set the example. Davy, I must not be understood as representing that to


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