« 前へ次へ »
been rendered frustrate by his enemies : that if he whereof he saw plainly his enemies marching toward should be brought to a battle the next day, it would him : wherefore when the whole army was come over please him of his great mercy to grant him the victory, this mountain, he commanded that there they should as his trust was only in him, and in the right which he make an halt, and so fit themselves for fight. At that had given him. Being thus armed with faith, about instant the lord John Chandos brought his ensign folded inidnight he laid himself upon a pallet or mattress to up, and offered it to the prince, saying, “Sir, here is take a little repose; but he arose again betimes and my guidon: I request your highness to display it abroad, heard mass, with his son the young prince, and re- and to give me leave to raise it this day as my banner: ceived absolution, and the body and blood of his Re- for I thank God and your highness, I have lands and deemer, as did the prince also, and most of the lords possessions sufficient to maintain it withall.' Then the and others who were so disposed.»--- Barnes. prince took the pennon, and having cut off the tail.
Thug also before the battle of Agincourt « after made it a square banner, and this done, both he and prayers and supplications of the king, his priests, and king Don Pedro for the greater honour, holding it bepeople, done with great devotion, the king of England tween their hands displayed it abroad, it being or, a in the morning very carly set forth his hosts in array.» sharp pile gules : and then the prince delivered it unto -Stowe.
the lord Chandos again, saying, “Sir John, behold here Note 174, page 42, col. 2.
is your banner. God send you much joy and honour The shield of dignity.
with it.' And thus being made a knight banneret, the The roundel. A shield too weak for service, which lord Chandos returned to the head of his men, and said,
'Here, gentlemen, bebold my banner and was borne before the general of an army.
Take and keep it, to your honour and mine.' And so they Note 175, page 43, col. 1.
took it with a shout, and said hy the grace of God and They might meet the battle.
St George they would defend it to the best of their The conduct of the English on the morning of the powers. But the banner remained in the hands of a balile of Crecy is followed in the text. « All things gallant English esquire named William Allestry, who being thus ordered, every lord and captain under his bore it all that day, and acquitted himself in the serown banner and pennon, and the ranks duly settled, the vice right honourably.» – Barnes. valorous young king mounted on a lusty white hobby,
Note 177, page 43, col. 2. and with a white wand in his hand, rode between his two marshals from rank to rank, and from one battalia unto another, exhorting and encouraging every man
This title frequently occurs in the French Chronithat day to defend and maintain his right and honour: cles; it was peculiar to France, « the vidame or viceand this he did with so chearful a countenance, and dominus being to the bishop in his temporals as the with such sweet and obliging words, that even the vicecomes or vicount anciently to the earl, in his jumost faint-hearted of the army were sufficiently assured dicials. »
Peter Heylyn. thereby. By that time the English were thus prepared ;
Note 178, page 43, col. 2. it was nine o'clock in the morning, and then the king
And silken surcoats to tbe mid-day sun commanded them all to take their refreshment of meat
Glittering. and drink, which being done, with small disturbance
Joshua Barnes seems to have been greatly impressed they all repaired to their colours again, and then laid
with the splendour of such a spectacle.
«It was a themselves in their order upon the dry and warm grass, florious and ravishing sight, no doubt,» says he, « to with their bows and helmets by their side, to be more behold these two armies standing thus regularly emfresh and vigorous upon the approach of the enemy.» battled in the field, their banners and standards waving --Joshua Barnes.
in the wind, their proud horses barbed, and kings, lords, The English before the battle of Azincour « fell pros- knights, and esquires richly armed, and all shining in trate to the ground, and committed themselves to
their surcoats of satin and embroidery.» God, every of them tooke in his mouth a little piece of
Thus also at Poictiers, « there you might have bebeld earth, in remembrance that they were mortall and made of earth, as also in remembrance of the holy commu- feathered crests of glittering helmets, and the rich em
a most beautiful sight of fair harness, of shining steel, nion.»— Stowe.
broidery of silken surcoats of arms, together with golden Note 176, page 43, col. 2.
standards, banners, and pennons gloriously moving in To see the pennons rolling their long waves
the air.» Before the gale, and banners broad and bright.
And at Nagera « the sun being now risen, it was a The pennon was long, ending in two points, the ravishing sight to behold the armies, and the sun re
« Un seigneur n'etoit banneret et ne flecting from their bright steel and shining armour. For pouvoit porter le banniere quarrée, que lors qu'il pou- in those days the cavalry were generally armed in mail voit entretenir a ses depens un certain nombre de clie- or polished steel at all points, and besides that, the nobivaliers et d'Ecuyers, avec leur suite a la guerre : jus-lity wore over their armour rich surtouts of silk and satin ques-la son etendard avoit deux queues ou fanons, et, embroidery, whereon was curiously sticht or beaten, the quand il devenoit plus puissant, son souverain coupoit arms of their house, whether in colour or metal.» lui-meme les fanons de son etendard, pour le rendre quarré.»- Comte de Tressan.
Note 179, page 43, col. 2. An incident before the battle of Nagera exemplifies
And their dear country's weal. « As the two armies approached near together, Nos ancestres, et notamment du temps de la guerre the prince went over a little hill, in the descending des Anglois, en combats solemnels et journées assignées,
se mettoient la plus-part du temp tous à pied ; pour ne
His horse in fine sandel was trapped to the heele,
And, in his chereron biforne, se fier à autre chose qu'à leur force propre et viguer
Stode as an unicorne, de luer courage et de luer membres, de chose si chere
Als sharp as a tborne, que l'honneur et la vie. — Montaigne, liv. i, c. 48.
An anlas of stele. In the battle of Patay, Monstrelet says, « les François
Sir Gauern and Sir Galaron. moult de pres mirent pied à terre, et descendirent la
The Abyssinians use it at this day; Bruce says it is plus grand partie de leur chevaulx.»
a very troublesome useless piece of their armour. In El Cavallero Determinado, an allegorical romance, translated from the French of Olivier de la Marche by
Note 183, page 44, col. 1. Hernando de Acuña, Barcelona, 1565, this custom is
To snatch the shield of death. referred to by Understanding, when giving the knight Thus did Juba catch up the shield of death to defend directions for his combat with Atropos.
himself from ignominy.- Cleopatra.
Note 184, page 44, col. 1.
Their tower of strength.
Ωσπερ γαρ μιν πυργον εν οφθαλμοισιν ορωσιν. .
ΤΥΡΤΑΙΟΣ. . Note 180, page 43, col. 2.
Quarles has made this expression somewhat ludiTheir javelios lessen'd to a wieldy length.
crous by calling Sampson Thus at Poicliers, « the three battails being all ready
Great army of men, the wonder of whose power rapped in the field, and every lord in his due place
Gives thee the title of a walking tower. under his own banner, command was given that all men should put off their spurs, and cut their spears to five
Note 185, page 44, col. 2. foot length, as most commodious for such who had left
And when the boar's bead. their horses.»- Barnes.
Two carols for this occasion are preserved in Mr
Ritson's valuable collection of Ancient Songs. The first
of these, here alluded to, is as follows:
Capui apri defero
Reddens laudes domino.
The bore's beed in hand bring I
With garlands gay and rosemary,
I pray you all synge merely
Qui estis in condirio.
The bore's heed I understando
Is the chefe servyce in this lande,
Looke where ever it be fande,
Servite cum cantico.
Be gladde lordes bothe more and lasse
For ibis hath ordeyped our stewarde, At the promontory of Malea on the ruins of the
To chere you all this christmasso
The bore's heed with mustarde. Temple of Apollo, there is a chapel built to the honour of Michael the archangel. Here we could not but laugh
When Henry II had his eldest son crowned as fellow at the foolish superstition of the sailors, who say, when
with him in the kingdom, upon the day of coronation, the wind blows from that place, that it is occasioned by king Henry, the father, served his son at the table as the violent motion of St Michael's wings, because, for
sewer, bringing up the bore's head with trumpets before sooth, he is painted with wings. And for that reason, it
, according to the manner; whereupon (according to when they sail by Michael they pray to him that he
the old adage, may hold his wings still.-—Baumgarten.
Immutant mores homines cum dantur bonores)
the young man conceiving a pride in his heart, beheld Or with the lance protended from his front.
the standers-by with a more stately countenance than In a combat fought in Smithfield 1467, between the he had been wont. The archbishop of York who sat by Jord Scales and the bastard of Burgoyne, the Jord
him, marking his behaviour, turned unto him and said, Scales' horse had on his chafron a long sharp pike of
« Be glad, my good son, there is not another prince in steele, and ası the two champions coaped together, the the world that hath such a sewer at his table.» To same horse thrust his pike into the nostrils of the this the new king answered as it were disdainfully thus ; bastard's borse, so that for very paine, he mounted so
« Why dost thou marvel at that? my father in doing bigh that he fell on the one side with his master.
it thinketh it not more than becometh him, he being Stowe.
born of princely blood only on the mother's side, serveth This weapon is mentioned by Lope de Vega, and by
me that am a king born, having both a king to my an old Scotch poet.
father and a queen to my mother.»
Thus the young Unicornio el cavallo parecia
man of an evil and perverse nature, was puffed up in Con la fuerte pyramide delante,
pride by his father's unseemly doings.
But the king his father hearing his talk was very
sorrowful in his mind, and said to the archbishop softly in his ear, « It repenteth me, it repenteth me, my lord,
that I have thus advanced the boy.» For he guessed appears in a very unfavourable liglit. Henry Windsor hereby what a one he would prove afterward, that writes thus of him :-« hit is not unknown that cruelle shewed himself so disobedient and forward already.— and vengible he hath byn ever, and for the most part Ilolinshed.
withoute pite and mercy. I can no more, but vade el Note 186, page 45, col. 1.
corripe eum, for truly he cannot bryng about his matiers
in this word (world), for the word is not for him. I Are not like yours so supple in the flight.
suppose it wolnoc chaunge yett be likeleness, but i Τους δε παλαιοτερους, ων ουκετε γουνατ' ελαφρα,
beseche you sir help not to amend hym onely, but Μη καταλειποντες φευγετε τους λεραιους
every other man yf ye kno any mo mysse disposed.» Αισχρον γαρ δη τουτο μετα προμαχοισι πεσοντα. .
The order of the garter was taken from Fastolffe for Κεισθαι προσθε νεων ανορα παλαροτερον, , his conduct at Patay. He suffered a more material loss Ηδη λευκoν εχοντα καρη, πολιον τε γενειον, in the money he expended in the service of the state. Θυμον αποπνειoντ' αλκιμον εν κοντη.
In 1455, 40831, 15. 7. were due to him for costs and ΤΥΡΤΑΙΟΣ.
. charges during his services in France, « whereof the
sayd Fastolffe hath had nouther payement nor assiguaNote 187, page 45, col. 1.
tion.» So he complains. He from the saddle-bow his falchion caught. In the combat between Francus and Phouere, Ronsard
Note 191, page 45, col. 1.
Battle-are. says, de la main leurs coutelas trouverent
In a battle between the Burgundians and Dauphinois Bien aiguises qui de l'arçon pendoyent.
near Abbeville (1421) Monstrelet especially notices the On this passage the commentator observes, « l'au- conduct of John Villain, who had that day been made theur arme ces deux chevaliers à la mode de nos
a knight. He was a nobleman from Flanders, very tall, gendarmes François, la lance en la main, la coutelace ou
and of great bodily strength, and was mounted on a la mace à l'arçon, et l'espée au costé. »
good horse, holding a battle-axe in both hands. Thus
be pushed into the thickest part of the battle, and Thus Desmarets says of the troops of Clovis,
throwing the bridle on his horse's neck, gave such A tous pend de l'arcon, à leur mode guerriere,
blows on all sides with his batile-axe, that whoever was Et la bacbe tranchante, et la masee meurtriere.
struck was instantly uphorsed and wounded past recoAnd when Clovis on foot and without a weapon hears very. In this way he met Poton de Xaintrailles, who, the shrieks of a woman, he sees his horse
after the battle was over, declared the wonders he did,
and that he got out of his reach as fast as he could. Jette l'ail sur l'arçon, et void luire sa hache.
Vol. v, p. 294. Lope de Vega speaks of the sword being carried in the
Note 192, page 45, col. 2. same manner, when he describes Don Juan de Aguilar as
Flis buckler now splinter'd with many a stroke.
L'écu des chevaliers était ordinairement un bouclier
de forme à peu près triangulaire, large par le haute pour
couvrir le corps, et se terminant en pointe par le bas, The lightning of her sword. Desnudo el rayo de la ardiente espada.
afin d'être moins lourd. On les faisait de bois qu'on reJerusalem Conquistada.
couvrait avec du cuir bouilli, avec des nerfs ou autres
matières dures, mais jamais de fer ou d'acier. SeuleNote 189, page 45, col. 1.
ment il était permis, pour les empêcher d'être coupés The sword of Talbot.
trop aisément par les épées, d'y mettre un cercle d'or, Talbot's sword, says Camden, was found in the river d'argent, ou de fer, qui les entourât.-Le Grand. of Dordon, and sold by a peasant to an armourer of Bourdeaux, with this inscription:
Note 193, page 46, col. 1.
Threw o'er the slaughter'd chief his blazon'd coat.
This fact is mentioned in Andrews's History of EngBut pardon the Latin, for it was not his, but his camp
land. I have merely versified the original expressions.
« The herald of Talbot sought out his body among the ing chaplains.-A sword with bad Latin upon it, but good steel within it, says Fuller.
slajn. 'Alas my lord! and is it you! I pray God pardon It was not uncommon to bear a motto upon the sword. you all your misdoings. I have been your officer of Lope de Vega describes that of Aguilar as bearing inlaid arms forty years and more: it is time that I should in gold, a verse of the psalms. It was, he says,
surrender to you the ensigns of my office.' Thus saying,
with the tears gushing from his eyes, he threw his coat Mas famosa que fue de hombre ceaida,
of arms over the corpse, thus performing one of the Para ocasiones del honor guardada,
ancient rites of sepulture.»
Note 194, page 46, col. 2.
Pour'd on the monarch's bead the mystic oil.
The Frenchmen wonderfully reverence this oyle; and
at the coronation of their kings, fetch it from the Note 190, page 45, col, 1.
church where it is kept, with great solemnity. For it Fastolffe, all fierce and haughly as he was.
is brought (saith Sleiden in his commentaries) by the In the original letters published by Mr Fenn, Fastolffe prior sitting on a white ambling palfrey, and attended
by his monkes ; the archbishop of the town (Rheims) cage, and the king, when it is by the archbishop brought and such bishops as are present, going to the church to the altar, bowing himself before it with great reverdoor to meet it, and leaving for it with the prior some ence. - Peter Heylyn.
The Uision of the Maid of Orleans.
Divinity bath oftentimes descended
Sanaler. The Grateful Servant.
Hollow, and her sunk cheeks were furrow'd deep,
Beneatlı ber hood, and through the Maiden's veins The Vision was originally printed as the ninth book Chill crept the blood, for, as the night-lrceze passid, of JOAN of ARC. The plan and execution of that Lifting her tatter'd manile, coild around Poem were equally faulty; it has been repeatedly and She saw a serpent gnawing at her heart, laboriously corrected; but as the only apology for the great and numerous faults which unavoidably remain, | The plumeless bat with short shrill note flits by, i request the rcader to recollect that it was first written and the night-raven's scream came fitfully, at the age of nineteen, and published at the age of one-Borne on the hollow blast. Eager the Maid and-twenty.
R. S. Look'd to the shore, and now upon the bank
Leaps, joyful to escape, yet trembling still
There, a mouldering pile
Casting a gloomy shade, save where the moon
Shone through its fretted windows : the dark yew, The delegated Maiden lay; with coil
Withering with age, branch'd there its naked roots, Exhausted, and sore anguish, soon she closed
And there the melancholy cypress rear'd Her heavy eyelids ; not reposing then,
Its head; the earth was heaved with many a mound, For busy fantasy, in other scenes
And here and there a half-demolish'd tomb.
amid the ruin's darkest shade, Instructiog best the passive faculty;'
The Virgin's eye beheld where pale blue flames Or that the soul, escaped its fleshly clog,
Rose wavering, now just gleaming from the earth, Flies free, and soars amid the invisible world,
And now in darkness drown'd. An aged man
Sate near, seated on what in long past days
Had been some sculptured monument, now fallen Barren, and wide, and drear, and desolate,
And half-obscured by moss, and gather'd heaps She roam'd, a wanderer through the cheerless night.
Of wither'd yew-leaves and earth-mouldering bones;
His Far through the silence of the anbroken plain
eye was large and rapless, and fix'd full The bittern's boom was heard, hoarse, heavy, deep, Upon the Maid; the tomb-fires on his face It made accordant music to the scene.
Shed a blue light; his face was of the hue Black clouds, driven fast before the stormy wind, Of death; his limbs were mantled in a shroud. Swept shadowing; through their broken folds the moon Then with a deep heart-terrifying voice, Struggled at times with transitory ray,
Exclaim'd the spectre—«.Welcome to these realms, And made the moving darkness visible.
These regions of Despair! O thou whose steps
Sorrow hath guided to my sad abodes,
Eternal, to this everlasting night,
Where never morning darts the enlivening ray, By powers unseen; then did the moon display
Where never shines the sun, but all is dark,
Dark as the bosom of their gloomy king.»
ller, to the abbey's inner ruin, led As ever by the wretch was heard
Resistless. Through the broken roof the moon Howling at evening round his prison towers.
Glimmer'd a scatter'd ray; the ivy twined Wan was the pilot's countenance, ber
Round the dismantled column; imaged forms
Of saints and warlike chiefs, moss-cankerd now
He dragg'd her on
« Look here !» he cried,
So spake Despair.
The damp earth gave
That priest consign'd ber, for her lover went
The Maid stood motionless,
The fiend rejoin'd, « And thou dost deem it impious to destroy The life God gave? What, Maiden, is the lot Assign'd to mortal man? born but to drag, Through life's long pilgrimage, the wearying load Of being; care-corroded at the heart; Assail'd by all the numerous train of ills That flesh inherits ; till at length worn out, This is his consummation !-think again! What, Maiden, canst thou hope from lengthen'd life But lengthen'd sorrow? If protracted long, Till on the bed of death thy feeble limbs Stretch out their languid length, oh think what tboughts, What agonizing feelings, in that hour, Assail the sinking heart! Slow beats the pulse, Dim grows
eye, and clammy drops bedew The shiuddering frame; then in its mightiest force,
Mightiest in impotence, the love of life
Pour out the impious prayer, tbat fain would change
« Look here!» Despair pursued; « this loathsome mass
« Such, Maiden, are the pangs that wait the hour