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word found in their ears, and would pro. as have been from time to time issued bably shudder at the proposal of any inno- against the use of mourning habits, and vation as the direft of crimes ! The ima- following vain and expensive fashions-as gination can scarcely conceive that change to black, it is almost exclusively the livery which should render our books, our know- of the clergy, and the glaring colours, ledge, our opinions, familiar to these peo- as red, &c. that of the military orders : on ple.

Nothing but entire conqueft would which account the society may have defeem anywise adequate to this effect; and clined the use of them in favour of other what a Pandora's box does that word colours. The avoidance of parade, exconqueft comprise! Better, surely, that the pensiveness and finery, at once vain and worlu should remain in its prelent mixed vicious, is the fole object to which its reand imperfect state, than that an unifor- commendations on this head have refermity of good should be aimed at by means ence: and of course fuch parts of apparel which are themselves the greatest of evils !. as are more adapted to ornament than use,

and to gratify that disposition which inSo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. duces the gay and inconsiderate to submit RESPECTED FRIEND,

to the capricious empire of fashion, mult N appretiating the general character of experience its disapprobation. As to the

any body of men, it is equally absurd drefits in which the generality of this and unjust to describe it by traits which do people now appear, it is thought they are not exclusively apply, or which may be nearly the same which were commonly equally pertinent to any other branch of worn by others, at their first appearance, the cominunity: and no less fo to impute excepting such particulars wherein an imto it practices with which individuals only provernent in real convenience was their are chargeable.

inducement to alteration. If this be true, A writer in the Magazine, under the the peculiarity of their garb may be rather fignature of G, W. has not, I think, been attributable to the versatility of their fufficiently guarded in these respects in his countrymen than to them.* remarks on the society called Quakers : That they have paid more “ attention for altiio' he says those remarks,“ must not to certain forms of language in personal be accepted as individually applicable,” he address, dates, and superscriptions," is offers them as “ the result of long, atten- admitted. But I cannot as readily contive, and commodious inspection,” and cede that the period is arrived when the that “ in various parts of this kingdom, plain rules of grammar and language are and among very numerous societies of the no longer sacrificed to “ fuperftitious rea Friends,-thence inferring their appro- verence,” and the most fullome and unpriate justice and accuracy.

meaning adulation. I can hardly think The limits usually allowed to an Essay that G. W. on more serious consideration, of this kind do not admit of a discussion of will think that the substitution of the fine all the subjects involved in those remarks. gular for the plural number in addresing a I therefore mean to confine myself to such łngle person, or of the numerical names as struck me molt forcibly on the perusal. of the days and months in lieu of those de

He says, “I shall attempt to estimate rived from the heathen mythology, really the public character.of these people under merit the censure he has expressed on that the threefold division of peculiarities praise- account. Or what proof is it of their worthy, dubious, and reprehensible.” disloyalty and want of good fenfe, that in

As to the two first classes, it may be their addresses to the king, whom they worthy of G. W's consideration, whether, honour, they refrain from the commoii if his opinion of them under the first head, epithets of most facred-most excellentis “the result of long, attentive, and com- most high--most mighty, &c. yet here modious inspection," he Mould have heli- G. W.'s censure would apply with equal tated in admitting their fingularity of reason, dress to be more than a prudent “ external distinction," and “ a prominent exhibition * The late Dr. Franklin, on being told by a of principles and character to the ocular person with whom in earlier life he had been observations of their countrymen.” After

the habits of intimacy, that his old a more than forty years intimate acquain- acquaintance were forry to observe how often tance with their principles and practices,

he had changed his political principles, replied,

" Be assured, my dear Sir, they are mistaken; I never knew that “the colour of cloth and I have kept on in the fame straight road ; and the disposal of buttons" were matters of when they, in crossing it, have met me, they peculiar scruple or serious regulation have supposed it to be me and not themselves, among them, excepting only such advices that was going zig zag.

I now



Defence of the Quakers. I now proceed to the less " evanescent I feel less difficulty in acknowledging, fpecks' to which G. W. has excited the that many individuals in the fociety ap. public attention as reprehensible peculiari- pear to be too “ unremittingly occupied ties in the society. They are indeed far in the pursuit of worldly intereft ;” but more worthy of comment, and (at least of that G. W.'s remark on this head applies their own) serious inquiry : for “ a stoical more peculiarly to them than “ to any unconcern for the public good,” under men whatever” is, I apprehend, more eawhatever circumstances manifested, would, sily afferred than determined. if it could be proyed upon this or any other In the advices publimhed from time to time people, render them unworthy of such by the society, there is hardly any species of commendation as he has bestowed on the evil against which its members have been objects of his animadversions ; being in- more frequently and earnestly cautioned, deed " utterly inconsistent with that lym- than this of worldly-mindedness ; which pathy in the universal happiness of our implies that a sense at least of its turpitude species which is enjoined by the gospel.”. remains among them. I do not however

But the people in question probably wish that any observations I am now makdiffer widely from G. W. in their ideas ing may lefen the exposure of a propensity of the real indications of such a lamentable fo opposed to Christian benevolence, either state of mind. In what way, consitent in these or any other of its profeffors; with their religious opinions respecting though when we consider the vait expence war, can they inore effeétually exert them- of time and money confequent on their atfelves for the correction of " political tendance of their monthly, quarterly, and corruptions and perturbations,” than by yearly meetings, and the great dereliction carefully avoiding the causes, and main- of outward eale, and domestic comforts, taining against them the firm protest of a which their ministers manifest in their trapeaceable and unoffending example, with vels, I believe the charge of worldly-mind. the “ occasional formality of verbal re- edness cannot be pre-eminently fixed on monstrance.” If by “ positive energy" them. he means such exertions as aim at a gene- Neither in adverting to the third pecural reformation of morals--the relief of liarity imputed to them as reprehenfigeneral distress, or the universal happiness ble” can I acquiesce in G. W.'s fenti. of our species, he should have shewn in ment, that the literary education of their which of those particulars they have lagged youth is neglected; and that the liberal behind their neighbours. Their persever- arts and sciences which he enumerates are "ing endeavours for the abolition of the “ almost if not altogether unknown ainong Slave-Trade, and the tyranny and cruelty them.”-Indeed, it his position be true, attendant on and consequent of it--the that “ knowledge is the basis of all virvery considerable facrifices of intereft, tue,” it is not very probable that a people which many of their members have made distinguished for qualities, which he says, on this account (some individuals to the “ richly merit not only the cordial testiamount of several thousand pounds) and mony, but the universal imitation of mantheir continual attention to the rights and kind,” can be uncommonly ignorant or welfare of the Indian natives, in countries neglectful of the means of acquiring it: first settled by some of their ancestors, fur. and, from his extensive acquaintance nish ample proof that, as a body, they have among them, I should have fupposed he not been remarkably deficient, at least in might have met with a fufficient number some of the duties which directly tend to to have obviated his exception to the fo. “produce an essential melioration of civil ciety on that account. 'It is, however,

probable, that even these do not in geneBut if by “ positive energy” is meant ral apprehend with G. W. that extraordian active cooperation in the party poli- nary degrees of the knowledge he alludes tics which have lately so much agitated to, and for which fo few have adequate this nation, I must allow, that with the capacities, are really essential to human more serious part of the society, it is a happiness, and much less to “ the renomatter of fincere regret that there is not vation of our species.” In this momentyet more foundation for the charge ; ap- ous concern, it is well known the society prehensive as they are, that under the pre. in quettion profess to believe, that a detensions of party leaders, are but too often pendance on tomething superior to human concealed the designs of ambition; and wisdom is indifpenfibly necessary, and that that the means adopted to obtain even de. to this all the acquirements of which the fiable ends are often incontistent with the mind of man is capable, ought to be held nobility of the object in view,

in constant subfervience.



we cannot own.

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The general care of the society in the “ If any be concerned in fabricating or elucatiòn of their youth, and that all, selling instruments of war, let them be treateven the children of the poorest among

ed with in love; and if by this unreclaimed, them, "may freely partake of learning, let them be further dealt with as those whoin to fit them for the business of life in

And we intreat, that when which they are likely to be employed, watch ful let any be drawn into loans, arm

warlike preparations are making, friends be is a fufficient proof that knowledge real- ing or letting out their thips or vessels, or ly useful is by no means undervalued by otherwise proinoting the destruction of the them. And I que'tion if, on impartial human fpecies.” enquiry, there will be found in any reli- It may probably eventually spare your gious fociety a greater proportion of pages to say, that one, also a member, had a members capable of reading and writing, manufactory of arms, for which, though it or who have a more general knowledge long remained a deserved ftigma, he was of men and things, than in this.

within these few years disowned In a foAs G. W. has not specified what ciety where birthright gives admiflion, unthose « doctrines of Christianity con

converted brethren must be expected, and for

a tiine borne with. nected with its very ellence" are, which he apprehends, will not bear the scrutinizing discussions of increasing knowledge, Touthe Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I can only fay, that till they are stated,

SIR, it can hardly be expected they will be abandoned, however s noxious,” on in- THROUGH the mediun of a publicafinuations which are not understood. But

tion which has already admitted the poliibly, if opportunity for difcuffing

fubject; I beg leave to address the folthem were afforded, it would appear that lowing lines to the Rev. Mr. Horley of the tenets alluded to are not acknowledig- Northampton, perfuaded that while ined by the fociety, and prove to be “ only

serting them


will deem yourself comthe issues of unfortunate inquiry" in the plying with the spirit of that gentleman's objector.

invitation as well as with the request of But be that as it may, as Christianity

Sir, your's respectfully, rightly embraced and fully submit:ed to,

DAVID SAVILE. is the perfection of morality, both G.W. To the Rev. Mr. Horley of Northampton. and the objects of his animadversions,

REV. SIR, would do well to hear in remembrance

IT was not to be expected that the this tentiment of the poet:

article in the Misionary Magazine, reFor modes of faith let angry zealots fight, lative to the disolution of the NorthampHis can't be wrong whole life is in the right. ton Academy, would find an approver in

ATTICUS. you. But there are truths which how14th 12th Month, 1798.

ever unwelcome to fome, demand a geP. S. I find G. Dyer (in his letter of the folved-I am well pleafed with the event

neral diffusion. The Academy, is diflaft month) has been induced in his P s. to quote an extract from a letter addrefled ---and additionally, pleated that my efto the society of the people called Quakers,' forts were successful in hastening it. You in 1793, figned Paciticus; wherein the most complain of misrepresentation, and roundactive and approved members of that fo- ly affirm, what I did not expect, that you ciety' are said to have lent money to go. habitually recommended to the students vernment ' for the avowed purpose of active a system in full coincidence with the will operation against the enemy;" at the same of the founder, and the design of the intine others were disowned for carrying ftitution. Mr. Horfey, are you serious ? guns in their fhips for detence only. I What the will of the founder--what the fully believe this not to have been the case. delign of the institution require, the pubJi is true, that persons, actual members of lic are not to learn. It is expressly stated the society, have been concerned in loans; that the students shall be intructed agreebut thcfe were generally such as had forfaken its teftimonies in other refpects; and ably to the doctrines of the Assembly's a knowledge of what had been, induced the Catechisın. Whether the doctrines be yearly meeting in 1790, on the prospect true or false is not here the point in dilof a war, to iflue the following advice, pute. But we alk-is it ingenuous in a which I think effeétually clears the body man to hold a situation which profesies to from the charge of countenancing war by inculcate them, while the heart is known Loans.

utterly to disclaim them; Froin this


1799.] Letter to Mr. Horsey-Teftimony in favour of Mr. Horsey. 17 charge you would retreat, and you have fountain ? Strange surely it were, that a pointed to your shelter. You speak of the Priestley should train up determined Cal. reputation you have long sustained. Do vinifts, and a Jonathan Edwards fill New you with us to believe that it has been England with Socinians! Yet if, as prewhat is commonly termed evangelical? tended, the principles of Coward's trust, To which of the saints will you turn for have been by you inculcated on thie ftua testimonial ? You next appeal to the dents, I have supposed a case which has ftudents-proh pudor!!!-and appeal to been long and sadly realized in the late them as the most, the only competent Academy at Northampton. You speak judges. What then do they affirm ?- of a wounded reputation ; have you laid that you taught, and they received the yourself open to no censure on this head doctrines of Calvinisin? Calvinisin was respecting me?-I forbear, and anxious their scorn; yet, if in your labours so to convince you that I have affirmed no. ftrangely unsuccessful, whence your long thing which I thould thrink from avowacquiescence, and your at last public ap- ing, I comply with the intimation you probation of them? But do you yourself give, and sign myself DAVID SAVILE. believe the articles in question ? and if London, Jan. 10. 1799. not, how could you faithfully teach them? Since you have issued the challenge, I

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazines fear not to declare what to the unbiaffed mind will furnish the needful conviction. SIR, Does the answer to the question in the BY inserting the following paper in your Assembly's Catechifin relative to the tri- Magazine for the next month, you nity, form any part of your faith? To will oblige many of


readers. me you dare not affirm it. Concerning

W.O. MANNING. Jesus-a heavenly voice has said, “ let New College, Manchester. Dec. 22. all the angels worship him."-Angels IN consequence of an article, which obey :-But I well remember the occasion appeared in the last number of the Monthwhen you exhorted, and not for the first ly Magazine, respecting the late Acadetime, your hearers to diffent from them. my at Northampton, we the underligned, I sometimes addressed Jesus as the object who have all been lately or formerly ftuof our worship, and by it incurred your dents in that seminary, voluntarily step marked reprehension. Am I not stating forward to bear our public testimony to a fact? and is it not a fact according the fidelity of our theological tutor, awith the previously formed ideas of your gainst the unfounded and malicious incharacter, held by the serious part not finuations to which he has personally reonly of the town, but of the county of plied. This we do by stating the folNorthampton? A Lindty in one con- lowing facts: That Dr. Doddridge's nection, and a Belsham your own prede- printed lectures were the text books. It ceffor in another, renouncing their fitua- is well known that Dr. Doddridge was a tions, when a change of opinion made it gentleinan intimate with Mr. Coward as impossible conscientiously to retain them, à friend, and that his sentiments were have afforded an example not unworthy such as he (Coward) cordially approved. to be followed. We respect the rare in- His lectures were the books prescribed by tegrity that can thus part with emolu- the trustees, for the very purpose of di. ment, even while we enter our protest recting the conduct of the tutor, and enagainst the principles of those gentlemen furing conformity to the will of the teflaby whom, in the present case, such in- These were invariably used. That tegrity has been honourably displayed. those doctrines, which are most particuI regret you have been so exceedingly im- larly distinguishing of the Calvinistic fyprudent as to call for this disclosure ; but stem, were so far from being withheld or Thall console myself, if the smart it pro- opposed in a clandestine manner, that they duces be the happy means of bringing were fully stated, and frequently introyou to genuine and public repentance. duced by Mr. Horsey, (as many of us For a series of years, awful thought! you perfectly recolle&t) as doctrines in which have been sending forth men who have Mr. Coward's will required us to be well diminished and contaminated many a once instructed. While this itatement suffici. flourishing congregation. But against cently confutes the base insinuations conyou, this, it seems, can involve no re- tained in the Misfionary Magazine, we may flection. What! does the fruit discover at the same time further declare, that our nothing of the tree, or the ftreams give tutor did nothing to compel us to be Cal. us no presumption of the nature of the vinifts, or to fretend that we were so if we




fore us.

were not. That he appeared to abhor nesty of our own minds to adopt that faith giving a bias to the mind of the enquirer, which we should believe to be the faith of and itrongly recommended strict and im- the New Testament, acceptable to God, partial examination of all the different and conducting to holiness and happiness. schemes of christian doctrine, (which were Your friendly admonitions have prevented, fairly laid before us, with the arguments in many instances, our entering upon the in support of each, and the difficulties paths of folly, (to those of vice we hope with which each was encumbered) urging we never were inclined) and in others us to ask direction of the Father of Lights, your authoritative rebuke has recalled us and thus to form our own creed accord- from them. Your paternal care has heling to our best judgment. Those of tered us from danger ; has extricated us us who have not been of sufficient stand- from difficulties : and justice requires of ing in the house, to receive lectures on us to declare, that we have uniformly the doctrines of Christianity, testify, that found you acting towards us, not merely our theological tutor never attempted in the official character of a tutor, but in to bias our minds in the smallest degree that of a sincere friend, and an affectionate in favour of any religious sentiments, father. Animated with corresponding but always encouraged us to hold our- sentiments, it is with the utmost indignaselves in suspense, till in the character of tion that we fee an anonymous scribbler enquirers, such fubjects came properly be- attacking the man whom we have been

accustomed to love and revere; though at Thus we state to the public what we the same time we are assured that his mapresume is fufficient evidence, both of the Lignity can have no other effect than to faithfulness, and impartiality, of Mr. Hor- render him odious to every thinking sey's conduct, in a manner which we fup- mind. Yet we are not in the least furpose must be satisfactory; and we have a prised at finding you the subject of injury right to be believed, as we have no at- and insult, being aware that integrity and tachment to nor interest in Mr. H~, but uprightness are insufficient to protect any. what a virtuous gratitude inspires. one from them ; fince the purity and ho.

With this impression we do more; and liness of our great master, could neither having borne the testimony of truth, stop the mouth of the sianderer, nor hinwhich every honest man owes, we embrace der the crucifixion of the Lord of Glory. this opportunity of conveying our indivi- We trust, therefore, that should all men dual and united thanks to Mr. Horsey, revile you, and persecute you, and say all not only for the advantages which we en- manner of evil against you under the plea joyed while under his care, from the abi- of attachment to that master who, himself lity and impartiality displayed in every the subject of calumny, has instructed his lecture he delivered, but also for the best followers and servants to expect a friendly and affectionate disposition which similar treatment, you will not let these he uniformly manifested towards us. move you, but possessing a good con

To you then, Reverend Sir, we thus science toward God, look forward to that publicly address ourselves, with hearts time when the secrets of all hearts shall ba deeply sensible of the obligations which made manifest, and every one shall be you have conferred upon us.-- -To you judged according to his works, whether many if not all of us can truly say we are they have been good or whether they have indebted for whatever knowledge we pof- been evil. Toss on theological subjecis : --- you first Believing that the facts which we opened our minds to perceive the beauty have stated, are more than sufficient to of truth, you animated us to pursue it repel the attack of your unprincipled with ardor-you inspired us with an un- affailant, returning you our fincere and conquerable attachment to it.-- With a atfectionate acknowledgements for the Hteady hand you have conducted us fervices


have rendered us, and comamongst the mazes of controverly; and inending you to the protection and facontent with pointing out to us the vari- vour of the God of all Grace and Con. ous paths which different individuals, or folation, we subscribe ourselves, bodies of men, had trodden, and exhibit.

Reverend Sir, ing a clear and distinct view of the diffi- Your obliged and affectionate, culties and advantages of each, you used no art, no authority, wrich might ob

T. 0. Warwic, M. D. Rotherham. ftruét the exercile of that freedom which 0. TOMALIN--- Manchester. God permits to ail; you leti it to the hom W, LTOKTƏBoole.


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