Toleration in Rufid.

19 S. LUCAS-Morley.

first persons in the civil and military deS. PARKER-Ipswich.

partments are Greek, Roman-catholic, J. Luccock—Morley.

Lutheran, Calvinist, &c. as it may hap. W. YouAtT-Kingston.

pen. The sovereign's choice is a lui. J. LANE-Hinckley.

cient qualification; nothing exists to conR. BOWDEN-Darwen.

troul it. Yet there is a national church, D. WASHBOURN--Wellingborough. strongly marked by its privileges, and W. JOHNS-Totness.

perfectly secured against that dread of all T. BROADBENT

churches, innovation. In the first place, J. DeWHURST-Old Ford.

though the different sectaries may change J, HAWKES- Congleton.

at pleasure from one church to another, Š. TAYLOR- Manchester.

yet the true native Russian must inviolaG. CASE-Shrewsbury.

bly adhere to the religion in which he is W. THOMAS--Chester.

born, the Greek : any change in him is W. T. Procter— Northampton. apoftaly ; and foreign ecclefiaftics are W.0. MANNING-Manchester. forbidden to receive a Russian into their J. Ross--Glasgow.

communities. Nay, if a foreigner once J.L. TOMS-Ditto.

conforms to the established religion, he is j. RAMSBOTTOM-Ealand.

fixed in it for ever. If a foreigner's chilD. DAVIS-Glasgow.

dren, in defect of a minister of his own L. CARPENTER-Ditto,

persuasion, chance to receive baptism from J. BALL-Manchester.

a Greek priest, they must likewise ever re

main members of the national church. For the Monthly Magazine. Moreover, in marriages between a Russian SIR,

and a foreigner, the offspring, without a THERE has ļately been published by a very particular dispensation from court,

German divine an account of the state must be brought up in the Greek faith. of religious toleration in Russia, which The marriage ceremony, even of stranappears to me not only to contain some gers, must always be performed according curious matter of fact, but to afford im to the Russian ritual ; but this, indeed, portant matter for reflexion also. With imposes no subsequent obligation on the your permission I will make both these parties, or their children. the subject of a letter.

Such is the plan philosophical despotism For three centuries past it has been the has formed for the managernent of religion practice of the Russian sovereigns to in- in a great empire ; and I doubt not there dulge strangers in the free enjoyment of are many who will admire it as an extratheir religious worship; and under the ordinary effort both of liberality and of name of strangers appear to have been good policy. It may seem to unite in included those numerous tribes or nations the happiest manner the support of a nawhich have been adopted into the Russian tional church with a regard to the rights empire by submission or conquest. This of conscience in those who have been edupolicy has probably been derived from cated in a different communion; and may the Turks and other eastern nations ; and be thought equally to guard against the it has, in later reigns, been enforced by evils of innovation, and those of a forced the necessity of inviting strangers in order uniformity. For myself, however, I canto carry into effect the great plans of civi- not but consider it as a remarkable inlization and improvement, which have stance of the impudence of power--of the been transmitted from one fovereign to propensity of mortais elevated by station another. The “ Account” in question above their fellow-creatures, to assume the was drawn up in the time of the late ein- prerogative of dictating to them in their press Catharine, whose managing spirit re inost important concerns. The spirit of duced this, like every other public con the preceding regulations is this.--- AU cern, into a system. The following are religions are equal-equally true, or eits effential points. All religions are to qually false. It is useful to the fovereign lerated in Russia. Christian of every de- to have a prevailing one under his special. nomination, Jew, Mahometan, Pagan, influence and protection ; yet it is not ray each worship his God, or Gods, in worth while to quarrel with strangers, or ile way his father has done before him. deprive the state of their services, for the Neither is there any thing like a religious fake of uniformity. Subjects, however, teit for admission to public offices. The arc to be taught, that the choice of reli

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gion does not belong to them, but to their atlantic plan of leaving religion, like master. They are to follow authority in other matters of individual concern, to that, as in any other matter of civil regu- the care of individuals themselves, secure Jation ; and it would be punishable pre- that it can never injure the peace of a fumption in them to decide for them- well-regulated state, as long as the state selves, as if they had any concern in the abstains from interposing in its differences, conclusion, A person may be of any re

N, N, ligion he is commanded to be-he may þring his soul to submit as well as his For the Monthly Magazine. body; and no duty can be supposed to A View of THE HERRING FISHERY, supercede that of absolute submission to EXTRACTED FROM THE EVIDENCES the sovereign, This manner of confider

COMMITTEE ing the subject is, in fact, a greater affront HOUSE OF COMMONS, 1797 AND to the human understanding, than the 1798. power assumed by a Spanish inquisition, The latter founds all ito authority upon THE fichery, begins in the middle of exclusively the truth, and truth of the The fish taken in large nets within the highest importance to mankind ; and it rocks, bays, and creeks, with which the affects to make conviction the basis of that coast abound, and with the help of boats uniformity of belief and practice which it which cost from 16s. to 31. only, worked compels. It equally, indeed, with the by two to fix men. The herrings all other denies the right of private judg. fálted or pickled with Portugal talt, at ment; but it is on the plea that the mat 9s. or French falt, at 7s. per bushel. ter has already been judged by the only Their barrels cost only 165. per last of competent tribunal ; and it will not per 12 barrels. Price of the best herrings mit reasons of state or local circuinitarices

225. to 245. second fort 14 to 16s. third to sway the decision of points not amena sort 3 to 1os. per barrel. Exports from ble to civil jurisdiction. The Rusian Bergen annually about 30,000 barrels, scheme is evidently formed upon political chiefly consumed in Denmark and the considerations ; but it is accommodated Baltic. No bounties. only to a nation, the great body of which are stupid barbarians. It proves that Here is carried on the largest herring despots, with all the free-thinking they fishery in the world. Two to 4000 bar, may possess, are only half-philosophers. rels caught in one draught of the seine, They would gladly enjoy all the bene a net about 12 fathoms deep, and 150 fit which can arise from the men, long, worked hy 16 men, and hove in taļ energies of their laves, without tak- by winches. Net costs 60 to 70l. sterling, ing off their fackles when acting for Boats cafrying 1 to 200 barrels, with themselves. But to reduce the mind to two or three men, and which cost 50 to such a state of discipline is beyond their 100l. transport the fish, when cured, power. It will not be limited in its exer- along the coast. The fishery commences

tions. It will not expand itself freely the ist November, and continues till the ; upon topics of comparatively small conse- frost stops it. Neither bounty nor draw,

quence, and pass over those of the greatest. back. Salt pays a duty of 155. per ton, While the native Russians are to be mere One barrel of salt cures 31 of herrings, hewers of wood, and drawers of water, The cost of salt is 31. per ton, and of they may perhaps be made to continue to barrels 25. each. Herrings for home worship pictures bought at their god mops, consumption pay a duty of od, per bare and salt and pray just as their priests bid rel. Annual quantity salted or pickled thein, But if the noble plan is really about 300,000 barrels; one-fourth con, pursued of reclaiming a great people from fumed at home, the rest in the Baltic, barbarism, and placing them on a level Ireland, and the West Indies.

Price with the most enlightened nations of Eu- about 8s. 6d. per barrel. Fifty thousand rope, they must be allowed at least as calks of oil, of 8000 tons, are yearly much liberty as the strangers who come extracted from about a million of barrels to teach them, and not have their religion of fish, two gallons to a barrel. Oil shofen for them like a footman's livery, worth from 161. to 231. per ton; pays a or a soldier's regimentals. How mean duty of 158, for home, and zos, per ton and barbarous is this policy, as well as for export. every other (cheme for restraining free en Merchants from Gottenburgh offer to quity, compared with the simple trans. contract for millions of barrels, if want



View of the Herring Fishery.

21 ed, for the West Indies. The annual port increased, from 1794, only 7410 consumption of the British islands com barrels to 27,387 barrels, in 1797, for puted to be about 250,000 barrels; four the West Indies chiefy, the increase ow. times greater than our average export to ing to our conquests of the French West them.

India islands.

SCOTLAND. Three hundred and forty-three boats

Three busses employed in the N. W. have of late years paid custom, but some Fisheries for three months, carrying 12 evade : seven or eight men in a boat; to is men, and three boats, with nets to and 40 to go filhing smacks buy and cure fish in the locks, to compleat the cargo of and carry the filh away, as well as great the buss, which is only a floating itorequantities in bulk, to a market, chiefly house, cost 800l. with nets and outfit. to Liverpool. These finacks carry five Bounties allowed 20s. per ton, and 4$. men each, and many others attend to buy. per barrel, to the amount of 211 barrels The boats are from 12 to 22 tons. Fish- per ton, and 15. per barrel for the reery begins at Midsummer, and ends in mainder. These buses are chiefly froma October. Export for four years previous Greenock; but there are some from the to 1791, was 7,390 barrels of white or remotest Highlands, and in the Orkneys. pickled herrings to Great Britain, and The society, instituted a few years since, 12,272 barrels of red herrings; and for promoting the Scotch Fithery in the 27,525 red herri

to the Mediterranean. Highlands, have expended near 40,00ol. Bounty is. per barrel for home, and for in this object, and established three or four export, 25. 8d. white, and is. 9d. red. new settlements. In 1753, when the Cured with Liverpool salt. Fishermen bounty was first given, there were only payed by shares. Value of smacks from eight vessels, which caught 519 barrels. Tool. to sool. of boats, 80 to songs. In 1796, an increase of 292 vessels, of

This fishery is now in a declining 14,218 tons, 3,328 men, and 53,875 bar. ftate, from unfuccessful seasons and be- rels of herrings.

Barrek. cause of the war, which prevents their In 1793-316 vessels produced 67,203 export to the Streights.

In 1794-315

only 33,485

In 1795, 30,000 barrels were exported Bounty sos. per ton for 80 tons, and to the West Indies, and 37,000 barrels te 45. per barrel for white herrings packed, Ireland. and is. 3d. in bulk. Premiums, 80 The Fishery in the Firth of forth was guineas for the first, 60 guineas for fe- very inconsiderable till 1794, since whicla cond, 40 for third, and 20 guineas for the busies Aocking here, and boats from fourth successful vessel ; belides other all the eastern toast of Scotland, the catch encouragements from towns, &c. In in 1796 was 132,000 barrels by the boat 1793, bounty was received by 42 vessels, fishery. It appears, that on a medium of of 2848 tons and 543 men, and on the last three years, ending sth of January, 16,099 barrels ; fome quantity of fish 1798, there were annually cleared out caught besides. The fishery is carried from all the parts of Scotland, without the on along înore ; each vessel has two tonnage-bounty, 736 vessels or boats, meaboats, with niets, to supply her cargo, suring 23,348 tons, manned with 2,366 Two seasons, 25th October, for three men, laden with 195,14.9 bushels of salt, znonths; and also ift of March. In and 4.5,755 barrels, besides a great mang 1785, when bounty was granted upon empty barrels, &c. That of these ssi tonnage only, without any specific obli- were either decked or of 15 tons and apgations as to the curing of fisn, &c. ex- wards, and 147 carried out nets. One port was 35,414 barrels. In 1794, only hundred and fifty thousand barrels may be 1390 barrels. Annual import of Swe- computed to be the annual produce of the dish herrings, 23,693 barrels, paying a boat' fishery, beside fresh fill fold. Enduty of gd. per barrel.

couragements, are the allowance to filla.

curers to take salt duty free; a bounty of Employed, in 1797, 27 fail of fishing 25. per barrel in the taking of herrings by smacks in the Autumn, and 61 in the boats not belonging to busses; and a Winter fisheries, to buy and not to catch bounty of 2s. 8d. for the export of white herrings, chiefly from the boats on the herrings. Wages on board the busfes; N. W. coast of Scotland, and in the master sol. mate 451. Cooper 451. three Firth of Forth, Wales, and Ife of Man. boatmen 381. and three skunkmen 301. These smacks are of 50 or bo tons, worth three new hands 25l. and a boy 15 to 198. 500 and 6001, and carry nine men. Ex per month ; belide premiums, amounting



you rob.


to 281. for refuse, and 141. for half cargo. A Scribing Gloak to the Beak-A Clerk to Price of herrings from 20 to 255. per bar a Justice. rel. One and a half bushel, or 841b. falt A Horney-A Constable. required for each barrel packed for the A Scout--A Watchman. West Indies; Portugal falt 41. per ton; A Quod Cull, and a Dubb Cull-A Gaoler barrels cost from 4. to 55. each. Season and a Turnkey for fifring, November and December. A Rispin-A Bridewell.

Yarmouth has now nothing to do with A Craping Cull-A Hangman. the white herring fishery, having made the A Sneak for Chinks or Feeders---A Thief experiment and failed: but with Lowe for Tankards or Spoons. ftoff, considered as the principal place for Nix in whideling-Don't speak. red herrings in the world; 30 or 40 years Tip us your fain-Give us your hand. ago, the export has amounted to 70,000 A Coaping Cull-- A Horse-jockey. barrels, chiefly up the ftreights; and 3 or Paling Quare Blunt, or Smashing-Paffing 400 vessels bave been employed. In 1793,

bad Money. about 10,000 barrels might be exported; Scumping on the Panny--Going on the none of signification since. In 1798, only Highway to rob. about. 34 boats, and 30 cobles, from the Fencing of Prads-Selling of Horses. coast of Yorkshire employed; the whole A Brace of Pops, or Barking Irons-A catch about 12,000 barrels for home con Pair of Pistols. sumption: price of ilt fórt, 455. ad fort, To Glee the Rattler-To notice a Coach 30s. and 3d fort, 205. per barrel. This on the Road. is the only deep sea fishery in the kingdom, Mill the Cull to his long lib_Kill the Man and which is therefore the best nursery for feamen. The boats carry 11 and 12 men, Mill the rattling Gloke-Kill the Coachand are worth, with their appurtenances, 1000l. Their fishery is throughout the Pikeing to Beak-Going to the Justice. stormy months of October and November, Pikeing to Quod--Going to Prison. from Yarmouth to the Channel. Bounty Tip ne rum Darbies--Give me a light 208. per ton, and 18. per barrel; for ex Pair of Fetters port is.gd. Dover and Hastings, &c. The Buftrap Johns me-The Thieftaker employ about 20 boats: finaller herrings

knows me. redded for the home consumption, but never I have received my Patter I have had for export. The war is a deadly blow to this filhery, which is only upheld by the I am down for my Scrag-I am to be bounty.

hanged. Yarmouth, Jan. II, 1799.

I am to be legg'd-I am to be transported.

I napt the Flog at the Tumbler--I was For the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. whipt at the Cart's Taii.

A Dark Glim-A Dark lanthorn. HAVING for some years paid consider. Our Fènce is grabbed-Our receiver of

able attention to subjects connected Stolen Goods is apprehended. with the police of this country, I transmit Let us pike to the Start--Let us go to Lonyou a gloffary of the principal terms now don. uled in the thieving world; persuaded that Let us pike to the Spell-Let us go to the the publishing it in your extensively cir Play. culated Magazine would be serviceable to 'Tis a rum Darky, and Oliver porusthe public in general; and particularly It is a good Night, and the Moon thines, useful in the examination and detection of Douse the Glimms---Put out the Candles. thieves, to gentlemen in the commission of Mill bis Nob-Break his Head. the peace, rchiding at a distance from the Chive bis Munns---Cut his Face. metropolis. I remain, Sir, with respect, My Homoney is in Quod-My Wife is in


Tip me your Chive---Give me your Knife. Firs or Knuckles-Pickpockets.

He kaps, he buffs, he mounts---Synonimous Lits-Shop lifiers.

terms for he lwears falsely. Houle. breaking--Milling of Kens

I am very feedy--I am very poor. Public-house for Thieves-- Flash Ken. Napping a Peter-Cutting a Trunk from A Lobb full of Glibbs-o-A box full of rib a Carriage. bons.

Drarving a Reader with Bank Screens-A Rum Brok--A good Justice.

Stealing a Pocket-book with BankA Quare Ecak.A bad Juítice.



my Trial,


Jan. ] Controversy on the Nitrous Acid by Mr. Brown.

23 Drawing a Thimble--Stealing a Watch pended on alone, especially in the more from the Side or Fob.

advanced ftages of this insidious complaint. Pikeing across the Herring Fond-Going The following is, I believe, a just account to Botany Bay.

of the controversy, as it has been imparThe Swag is safely plenied with the Fence tially represented by Mr. Blair. This

- The Property is taken to the Re- gentleman, with much ability and candour, ceiver's House.

has brought into a luminous point of view, He has Split or turned Snitch against all all the existing facts, both for and against

bis Palls-He has turned evidence the new mode of treatment. (See the first against all his Companions.

of bis Essays on the Venereal Disease.). Starring the Glaze-Cutting Shop-win- Upon the whole he states, that the generadows.

lity of the cures adduced in favour of the

acids, &c. are not such as an impartial “ Non ex fulgore fumum, fed ex

observer would select as the most unequivoFumo dare lucem."

cal: It is therefore to be doubted, he To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. thinks, whether the cures ought to be adSIR,

mitted as finally conclusive. PE ERMIT me, through the channel of Again, a great number of persons treated

your very valuable miscellany, to by Dr. Girdlestone of Yarmouth, Mr. Benfavour your numerous readers with a brief jamin Bell of Edinburgh, and other emia sketch of the controverly respecting the nent practitioners (not to mention his own antivenereal property of Nitrous Acid, patients at the Lock. Hoipital and Finsbury and other analogous substances, which Dispensary), experienced an aciual increase have within these few years been introduced of the venereal lymptoms, during the cars. in public as well as private practice ; and ful exhibition of these remedies : from upon the success of which, we might say hence infers, with much plausibility on with Terence, “ Quot homines tot sen- his fide, that the fuccessful trials alledged tentiæ."

by Dr. Rollo and Dr. Beddoes, are proIt is not my intention to enter very mi- bably fallacious. Dr. Rollo has given nutely into the subject of this debate; but the result of more than 150 cases and exthe interest of the public is too deeply con- periments, conducted by the Surgeons of cerned to allow of its being lightly passed the Royal Artillery Holpital; and is deover; the decision of this question is of cidedly of opinion, that the new remedies the utmost importance, and cannot be are more safe and certain than mercury, in scrutinised with more attention than it de- every itage of this disease. Dr. Beddoes, serves; it is alone from a sense of profer. with his usual industry, has likewise col. fional duty, I venture to state what at pre- lečied a large body of evidence from diffe. sent appears to me to be the result of all rent paits of the kingdom, which he couthe oblervations which have been made by ceives will go a great way toward establishthose practitioners who have to laudably ing the efficacy of these remedies (parti. and zealously pursued the enquiry. cularly the acid of nitre), both in primary

It is now more than five years ago, that and fecondary symptoms of syphilis; to Mr. William Scott, of Bombay, proposed this collection I have contributed my mite. to cure the Lues Venerea, by substituting This ingenious physician has allo anthe acid of nitre instead of mercury. The nounced, chat he is on the eve of publinprinciples upon which he introduced this ing another collection of cares, still better · remedy, and the unqualified terms in which calculated to prove his former luggestions, he recommended its use, inclined various beyond all reasonable controverly. medical practitioners in Europe and Aime Amilt all the uncertainty in which rica to make an experimental enquiry into the subject is involvid, I am happy to its merits. Several gentlemen of rank learn (by a late advertisement) that Mr. and reputation in their profeffion, have Blair ftill perseveres in his design of actaken a more than ordinary degree of pains cumulating additional evidence, trom prito examine this subject: among whom I vate as well as public fources; and I particularly name Dr. Rollo, of Wool cannot doubt but che fubject will be fully wich; Dr. Beddoes, of Clifton ; and elucidated by his unremitting enquiries. Mr. Blair of London. Although a cloud Butore I conclude, allow me to make a of witnesses have testified the good effects few obfervations in answer to your corof the oxygenated meciicines in fome ttates refpondent N. at Briitol, of lait morth, of the Lues Venerea, it is disputed by men on the subject of the propriety of cumis of unimpeached character, skill, and pro. mijtering comits in coses oj fajpended anibity, whether they may be justifiably' den nation. If, with all his chemical known


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