Fedge of the properties of the different Who e'er offends, at some unlucky time gales (but particularly that of oxygen) Slides into verse and hitches in a rhyme ;

Sacred to ridicule his whole life long, he camot comprehend the existence of a

And the sad burden of fome merry long. fact admitted by all enlightened philolo

So lang the English poet, with phers of the present day, viz. that fub- strength and spirit

, a familiar ease, a Hances, such as the oxjdes of mercury, grace, a beautiful abruptness, scarcely, if zinc, &c. do contain oxygenous matter

at all, inierior to the glorious object of his in folution, and that by a chemical pro- iinitation. cess which takes place in the stomach, The drift of the passage will appear, I and which is admirably calculated to think, fufficiently obvious, and we fall excite our adiniration and answer our deligns, do readily impart this vivifying dopting the definition of the word in quef

hardly mistake the poet's meaning, if, ac principle to ftimulate the vital organs, it tion precisely as given by Dr. Johnson is not for me to spend that tiine in an

and Mr. WAKEFIELD himself*, we confwering such superficial queries, which ceive the CAUSE to be put here for the require only a flight knowledge of phifofophical chemistry to solve, and which Effect, by a common figure of rhetoric,

viz.“HITCHEs'in a rhyme,” for “STUMmight be more usefully employed in the

Bles in a rhyme,” &c. This or fomeexercise of my professional duties:, I re- thing like it, the poet must certainly have commend to his attention the following had his mind, from his touching next on celebrated Italian proverb, “ A causa the RIDICULE CONSEQUENT to such a persa parole asai.”

BITUATION ;-or rather, to express my Ely Place, Holborn, Your much obliged, sentiments freely, the “ SACRED TO RIJanuary 12, 1799. CAS. Brown.

DICULE his whole life long," &c. may be

considered as a further and even complete Ta the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. elucidation of this construction of the SIR,

passage. 1 Observe in your very valuable Magazine I am greatly mistaken if one of our most

for Noveinber lalt, a doubt expressed elegant and graceful writers, whose fupewith respect to the propriety of the word rior taste and judgment no person will call " hitch, as we find it in the following in question, is not exactly of the fame line, in all the editions of Pope hitherta opinion as iyself, with respect to the fiprinted :

gurative sense and acceptation in which * Slides into verfe and bitches in a rhyme”*. the word is here used. According to Mr. with an emnendation fi:ggeiled of the word MELMCTH,t there is not only a pertinency,

edge," as a properer term than “hitch;” but even a peculiar apiness, a curious fefo that the line to be correctly written, licity in the phrase ;--obviously, I should thould run thus :

think, understanding the word “ hitch” ** Slides into verse, and edges into rhyme," &c. in the extensive sense above mentioned.

With all due deference however to the learned emendator, whose accuracy and

I have no particular fault to find with

o edge,” as substituted for “ hitch," proacumen in researches of this nature are

vided the line were to run “ edges in a very generally and gratefully acknow thyme," and not "edges into rhyme, ". ledged and admired, and whole produc- &c.; unless that in poetry,

the change

of tions in facred and profane critici'in have Tendered a lasting service to the cause of only a fliable or tivo fometimes produces a

very unpleajant senjation on the ear, and piety and general literature, I cannot help, in this particular instance, calling in this, however, poets themselves are proba

effects the barmony of the numbers! Of question the justness of this or inleed of bly the beit judges-- This tame unpleaany other verbal alteration as neceffary to fant sensation is not a little increased, by be adopted in the verse alluded to.

the word “ into" occurring twice in the I thall briefly explain the reasons why fame line, according to Mr.WAKEFIELD'S I think myself warran:ed to retain the

correction and which

be juftly reading as it now ftands. To form a pro

" TO HITCH,” To catch, to move by jerks. per and determinate judgment on the lub

Johnton. jedt, the passage, I prelume, thould be Hitch is used in the northern counties, for taken in connexion with the scope and getting into a place fideways, with difficulty and context.

contrivance.--In many parts of England, it is 6 Peace is my dear delight, not Fleury's more-

customary to say, that “one substance bitches But touch me--and no minister to fore ; on another," meaning, that it catches on be

edges, or protuberances, of another. Ms. *Pope's Imitacions of Horace, boud iii fat, I. WAKEFIELD. ver. 77

+ See the Letters of Sir Thomas Fitzosborne.



1799.] On the word Hitch.--Geographicai Hints.

25 objected to, (if I may venture to dissent

70 the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in opinion from to great an authority) SIR, as not being in the manner Pope. T to be your chief concern to împort of “ edges into rhyme;" it ap- haps, therefore, you will do me the tapears, however, to differ considerably from vour to infert a hint:

One great dejia that light and sportive idea which a doratum with young Itudents of hittcry is, STUMBLE and a Fall, especially in the the means of calily and immediately conchyming part of a poet's bufinels, (after necting the geography of the ancient and ILIDING into it with all the ealy freedom modern world. This might be effected and fancy of one who mistakes the illu- by maps printed with ink of different Lons of vanity for the inspiration of the colour." On common charts we see the muse), expresses with such peculiar and boundaries of distinct countries shaded eminent propriety: this whimsical and with various colours; and nothing fura ludicrous idea, which constitutes, it ther would be necessary to avoid the conshould feem, the principal beauty of the tution ariling from the interfe&tion of inverse, and in which the essence and point- dependent and unconnected lines of dem odness of its humour consists, is, by the marcation. The names of the principal fubftitution of the two words above men- towns might be dittinguished in like tioned, completely let alide and done manier. Such maps would not require away.

a very expenfive execution, as they would Many words which have become obso. be mere links to connect superior atlases lete in some parts of the country, are re- of both kinds: they would be fingularly tained in others. This I conceive to be uletul in elementary and school-compilamore particularly the case with respect to tions.-Mem. Ought not our gazetteers the word “ hitch," I scarcely remem- for general ute to include the ancient names ber to have met with it any where, in of places? common use, at any subsequent period of Aito a query submitted to your legal my life; but think I recolleet perfe&tly correspondents, but interesting to all powell, even now, its being familiarly uted litical philosophers : Do the annuis of at a school, (in Kingswood Forest, about our criminal jurisi rudence contain any inthree miles froin the city of Bristol) where 'stance of a conviction and EXECUTION I resided many years ago. The inhabi- for MURDER IN DUEL, where the party tants of that district, as a late writer has behaved according to the generally rein the Monthly Magazine obferves, ceived maxims of honour ?" should no " speak a language that is peculiar to instance occur, now itriking a proof will. themselves, and perfectly unintelligible to it be of the inefficacy of law opposed to a stranger.”

manners!!! Yours, &c. Should

your intelligent cor-
December 1798.

H.C.R. respondents, who may have considered this very curious paffage more attentively than I have, be dissatisfied with the above To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. mentioned explanation of it, it is to he

SIR, hoped they will communicate, through furtflannel of your useful Magazine, any I DOUBT not but from the impar further information leading to the more perfect knowledge of a word, which, ac

be ready to contribute towards the excording to liis own confeffion, exercised posing of impolture and the defence of an the penetration even of Dr. Johnson--Or injured body of men, by interting the af any of your numerous provincial readers tollowing: can suggest any novel or various accep

There is a man, who styles himself the tation of which the word " hitch" is Rev. DAVID RIVERS, w.lo has published fuscep:ible, their communications will no a pamphlet full of the grofleft abule of the doubt be entitled to respectful notice, as proiettant diffenters. The piece is too they may terve to throw fome additional contemptible in itself to deserve notice : light on the subject.

But it has been railed into fome degree

of importance by the account given of it Arthur Kershaw, in fone party-publications. Be 10 good Hoxton, January 15.

as to inform your numerous readers, that

this Rev. DAVID RIVERS is not, and MONTHLY MAG. No. XLI.

never was acknowledged by the body of



ministers, or by any regular diffenting If, in the experiments of M. GULIELminister, having never been educated or MINE, the talling bodies were found ordained to the ministry among them. He eight lines and a half to the east of the had, indeed, allumed the office of a plumb-line, I should suppose either that preacher, as any other man might do, the point at which their defcent com, but he met with no encouragement, and menced did not accurately coincide with therefore has taken the method of abusing the upper end of the piumb-line, or that difsenters (not an uncommon one), to re- the plumb-line itself was not perpendicommend himself to their avowed enemies. cular; or, laitly, that fome fecondary I am, Sir, your's, &c.

cause must have intervened to give the A PROTESTANT DISSENTER. line of their descent a diverging from the

plumb-line. In the latter caie, it will To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

be worth inquiring, what that secondary

cause is? It falling bodies do not deSIR,

scribe perpendicular lines, how can it be I BEG leave to offer the following demonitrated that piumb-lives will stand

question to your literary correspon- perpendicular ? dents as a subject for their discussion How does the fact of bodies falling to

Whether the ulnal mode in writing of the east of the plumb-sine, if admitted, prefixing a capital initial letter to lube prove the inotion of the earth ? as LAItantive nouns Thould be generally. LANDE asserts. If they had fallen to the adopted ?

wujt, the interence would be more naE. M. tural; but even in that cast, it would

demand a very critical investigation, bea To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. fore it could be contittently denominated

a proof, SIR,

Having Itated the case with its diffiHaidering it as a maxim, that falling of jetor philofophical readers to the fubbodies take a direction perpendicular to jest; and in the contidence of their fcience, the horizon, I was considerably turprised candour, and readineis to oblige, to exon observing the result of fome experi. pect that fatisfactory information which ments by M. GULIELMINE, as stated by will highly gratify, Sir, your occasional Lalande, in the History of Astronomy correspondent, and humble iervant, for 1797, and communicated in

Bath, Dec, 12, 1798.

T.P number, (page 328), in which it is afferted, that bodies fell eight lines and a half to the east of the plunb-line, from a height To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, of 2.47 feet.

The name of LALANDE almost induces me to suspect that I am mittakon ; yet

VOU were certainly perfe&tly right in

YO the diffidence excited by his extended and inserting, in your Magazine, Mr. justly acquired celebrity, will not juitify Horsey's letter, respecting the dissolution the renunciation of a principle to im of the Northampton academy. The manportant, without the superior authority ner in which public truits are discharged, of conviction.

undoubtedly e proper fubject of public Falling bodies are generally underltood investigation. But though Mr. Horley to be acted upon, and to have their mo- may have lufficiently vindicated his own tion determined by, gravity only. This conduct, the whole business relative to the force acting upon bodies, inipels them to diffolution of the Northampton academy, wards the center of gravity; and, if no and Mr. Coward's trust, seems not yet to other cause be combined with it, will have been fatisfactorily explained. Andetermine they towards that point by the other business, in which the Dislenters are fortest way; that is, on right lines. A concerned, and which requires some public right line from the circumierence to the investigation, is the distribution of the rea center must be perpendicular to the hori. gium donum. It is a fingular and curious zon, unlels it be demnonitrated that gra- circumftance, that the person who is the vity and the earth have different centers: principal, if not the fole ditt: ibutor of the and hence it seems pretty clearly deduci- regium donum, though a dillenting minister, ble that bodies, in their delcent to the and minister of a congregation in London, with, move in perpendicular lines. is vos now a manber of the general body



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1799.) Charity for Soup.--Antiquity of Hats.

27 of diffenting ministers of London and manufacturing quarter of the metropolts, Westminster, and would not be suffered and during the last winter contributed to be present at any of their meetings. very largely to the daily support of nume

The business of the regium donum certainly rous families of the induftrious and indirequires fome public explanation ; and no gent. It was considered as a fair calcu. men are more interested in this than the lation, that during the delivery of the perfons who have been employed in the loup, which did not commence till the distribution, if they have discharged the 16th of January, and terminated the 28th Brust with integrity and honour. of March, the society at an expence of I am, Sir,

4241. 55. 6d. provided more than 200,000 Your humble servant, meals of a palatable and wholesome food A PROTESTANT DISSENTER. for the poor. The foup is not delivered

gratis, which would be liable to much To the Editor of the Month?y Magazine. abuse, and be inconsistent with the prin SIR,

ciples on which the society is formed, I

in estimating the importance of any it cost the fociety less than two-pence per plan for the relief of the poor, its influ- quart, it will be easily conceived that it ence on their feelings and character deserve was much better than those who were fupat least as much confideration as the im- plied with it could have prepared for mediate relief afforded them; for if the themselves for three-pence. mode in which charity is allministered The constant superintendance of some tends to create a mean and servile difpe- of the subscribers, during the making and sition in the objects of it, the evil done serving; ensures the good qualities of the may frequently be of much greater mag- materials, and prevents all abuses; and nitude than the benefits arising from a pal- if among any of the poor prejudices have liation of the distresses of poverty, be heretofore existed against this kind of food, cause the latter are generally teinporary, experience in the present instance has comand sometimes work their own cure bý pletely removed them, so that in addition rousing the sufferer to greater exertion, to the immediate benefit derived, it may whereas the disposition just mentioned is be the means of introducing this excellent permanent in its effects, and the source of and economical method of cooking more half the villanies that disgrace society. generally into their families. The hopes This is a point which ought to be ma- which were at first formed of the success turely considered in forming the arrange of the society, were realized during the ments of every plan intended for the relief last season beyond expectation, which of the indigent.

" There is a spirit of enabled it to recommence the delivery of independence to be found in the walks of the soup on the 4th instant, with much humble life, which would rather submit better accommodations, and a fair profto great difficulties than rely too inuch on pect of being a perinaneut institution. the bounty of others. This is a dispo- Dec. 19th, 1798.

J. J. G. sition which it is the duty of every well regulated community to cherish and culti- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, yate ; lince (referring to moral considera- SIR, tions only) there is not a more powerful HOUGH I cannot answer




tisfactorily the enquiry of your cornor any better preservative from that de- respondent MUNNOO, respecting the ori1ponding state of mind, which aggravates gin of hat-making, I will venture to rethe unavoidable ills of poverty, by indo- commend to his consideration, the former lence.”

part of the article Hat in the English These observations are taken from the Encyclopædia, where the practice of wearaddress of a fociety for supplying the poor ing hats is stated to have commenced in with meat-loup during the winter season; the western parts of Europe, about the an institution founded on such judicious year 1400 ; and where it is observed on principles, and the utility of which foon the authority of F. Daniel, “ that when became so apparent, that two other fo. Charles II. made his public entry into cieties of the same kind were afterwards Rouen, in 1449, he had on a hat lined formed, and it is much to be wished the with red velvet, and surmounted with a example was more generally followed in plume or tuft of feathers.” Suppofing our large manufa&turing country towns.. hats to have been, allowing only for their The fociety is established in the priucipal variations in thape, what they are now,


I conceive their manufacture must have added by some other heavy burden. The depended almost wholly on manual inge- observations on the Tax on Income, nuity, and not on the application of any page 407, contain so much good sense particular machine.

and solid argument, that they appear To his enquiry after a suitable addition highly deserving an attentive confidera. to his “ kitchen library,"? I flatter myself tipn. I can recommend a work of some impor- in may trouble you shortly with some tance. I mean, Sir, " The Cheap Repo- notice of what Mr. Piti lately dropt, that fitory,” in 3 vols, published by Mr. Ri- loans only serve to raise the interest of moVINGTON, which of itself, with a Bible ney, and to depreciate the funds, tending

and Prayer-book, would form a library to Thew that those consequences follow | in miniature, capable of effecting every from borrowing at a nominally low intereligious and moral purpose.

rest, and giving in return a large capital, I am, Sir,

Y. Z.
Your's, &c.
W. H.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine P. S. I am a lineal defcendant on the fe.

SIR, male side of the PRESIDENT BRADSHAW, and have taken some pains to procure materials for a genuine account of that repudiated

fignal utility in promoting the ge: character; but as his descendants have fourd neral spread of literature and useful knowit neceffary to shrink, as much as posible, ledge, that every rational attempt to in from observation, as every trace of him is troduce them into places where they are effaced from the public records of the country, not yet known, to improve their rules, or I find it too difficult a talk, not to folicit, to correct the abuses to which from vari. through the medium of your valuable mis.. ous causes they are liable, deserves atten. cellany, such hints on the subject as your tion and encouragement. Several valuaçörrespondents may be enabled to communi- ble essays for this purpose have appeared

already in your truly liberal miscellany i

but as the subject is highly important, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. and by no means exhausted, --and as yours SIR,

is now the only periodical work wherein Amanproper ,

inserted in your last Nom- be fairly and candidly discussed, I trust ber, page 429, you will possibly oblige me you will readily consent to allot a few with admitting the following, being a pages for the reception of such further remost remarkable epoch in the funding an- marks upon it as your correspondents may nals:

haye to communicate.--In your last num: Millions Millions ber, p. 332, a lively, sensible writer has Stock before the war 2261 Int. and Ann. 9 with great justice and truth asserted, that Added since

ditto these valuable instituțions have been

universally set on foot by the friends of 4511

liberal discussion, who have ever showed Bank Stock,

themselves superior to the narrowness of *Value of the different annuities,

party, and readily voted for books on 23

both fides of every question.". But now Total 486 millions already (he complains) " they are artfully gotten


into other hands, and perverted to the It may deserve the attention of your This indeed is an evil of great magnitude

support of a particular set of opinions.'? readers, that as the ratio on income is efti- almost general; and loudly calls for efmated to produce only ten millions, recourse must be had to loans or fome other

fe&tual redress. There are but few read, device, for the rest of the fupplies wanted ing focieties in the kingdom which canin the year, which, by the past expendi- and bigotry, equal at least to those which

not produce instances of facerdotal craft ture may be calculated at 15 to 20 milJions more.

It must diminiš the cheer. Indagator has related. Now this is the fulness with which the public may be dif- that the clergy as a body, usually take

more alarming, as it is well known posed to bear a tax of a tenth on income, their cue from the will or caprice of the that so large a deficiency must be super- higher powers, and almost consider them:

* Erratum, page 429, read long annuitics, felves bound in con/cience to act as their average 6s. 6d. initead of 61, 6s.

çools or co-operators. If then we find


225 ditto


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