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Retrospect of German Literature....Politics....Belles Lettres.

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als innerlichen Krankbeiten der Jagd-und reason and pragmatical history, in order to anderer bunde, &c. &c. von C. G. K. prove not only its dangerous tendency, 1798 ; pp. 87 ; 8vo. A Treatise on the but also its being utterly inadmissible. He external and internal Diseases of Hounds finally applies the results of these premises and Dogs, together with complete In to the new Batavian republic. As for the structions for curing them, and a short Ob first part of his speech, in which he laservation on their Instinct of Copulation, bours to prove that such a law never was &c. &c. This is a concise extract from fanétioned by the general consent of a several eminent works on the same sub whole nation, we have no room for reject, and will prove useful to all keepers furing here his arguments, and showing of dogs and hounds, who wish to preserve their fallacy. We must content ourselves the health of these useful animals.

with following only the course of his POLITICS.

ideas. He admits, p. 5, and even proves Neueste Staatenkunde, &c. &c. Latest by the historical testimonies of Aristotle, Statistic; a Journal for Princes and Na- Cicero, Tacitus, and Justin, that the tions ; No.I. and II. pp. 279 ; 8vo. This older nations had kings and supreme rulis rather a political than a statistical jour ers, but denies their having been suffered nal. The unexpected events of our times to exercise a despotic sway like those who proved how short-fighted was the policy ruled over Asia and Europe in later times, of the Germans; how deficient and su. particularly during the existence of the perficial their knowledge and calculation Roman monarchy, and like the princes of of political power; and how impenetra. our age; insisting that they had been men, ble futurity was to their view : This de- who, eminent by their superiority of unfect is to be removed by the present jour. derstanding and humanity, surpassed the nal; and it is Mr. CHARLES JULIUS rest of the people, administered justice in LANGE, Professor at Baireuth, who thus peace, and commanded the army in time humanely commiserates the distress of the of war. In vain (continues the venerable poor German princes and their lub. orator, p. 11.) do the royalists (idoli regii jects.

præcones) assert in their defence, that the CHRISTOPHORI SAXI Oratio bonora. four principal nations of the east and the ria in Legis Regie Patronos-babita Pub. west, either introduced the lex regia by licecum Magistratu Academico quarium divine admonition, or that it was conabdicaret, 1798; 12 Sheets, 400. Al firmed by the general consent of the peothough we cannot subscribe to the princi ple. He argues, with great ability, that ples after which Mr. S. professor at neither the one nor the other can be Utrecht, condemns all monarchies, in tolo, proved by undoubted historical facts, conand are perfectly convinced that his man testing, with uncommon critical acuteness, ner of arguing would equally serve to the authenticity of the famous lex regia prove, that all aristocratical and democra. Romanorum, and concludes the results of tical forms of government ought to be re his historical investigations, p. 34, with jected; yet we cannot help confessing, these words : Lex regia, quam exiftimo that the present oration distinguishes itself tum fuisse, ortu fuit infidiatrix et lenis, proeminently by a rich fund of erudition, and grrsione rapax, fed ingeniose lenta, eventu an uncommon flow of manly eloquence. tremens et hominum civitati perniciofa. DuoThe author displays a profound know bus certe modis perlata fuit, việłaque libertas ledge of history in the formation and exe in dominationem vertit : FRAUDE et VI.cution of his arguments, and we were as The speech of the orator grows upcomtonished at the youthful enthusiasm with monly animated, where he declares himwhich here a man speaks, who has com self against all hereditary monarchies, the pleted his eighty-fourth year. The great baneful consequences of which he painrs power and fullness of expression with with horrid colours. Although we differ which he delivers his sentiments, and the as well in this as in many other points extensive knowledge of the works of the from the venerable orator, yet we must ancient classics which he displays, indem confels that we have perused his speech nifies the reader amply for the clonal with peculiar pleasure, as a most eiegant obscurities which arise from tho quent piece of profound erudition, and forcible use of obsolete words, and the length of his eloquence. periods. He opens his speech by showing what the defenders and panegyrists of royal, 1. Almanach zur Beförderung des all. ism mean by lex regia, and then attempts to 'gemeinen und bävflichen Gliiks, &c. &c. bring their opinion before the tribunal of 1798 ; pp. 222. Almanac for the Pro.

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BELLES LETTRES.

Tb. II. pp.

motion of general and domestic Happi- but a most pitiful caricature, totally destiness, dedicated to all good men, for the tute of wit and taste. year 1798.

Correza, der Franke, &c. &c. von 7. Goe2. Bergisches Taschenbuch, &c. &c. bel, 1799. Tb. I. pp. 211. 1798 ; pp. 330.

Pocket-book for the 190 ; 8vo. Correza, the Frenchman ; du hy of Berg, for the year 1798. For from the Archives of the Templars. The Instruction and Amusement. Published absurdity of this novel is the only promiby W. ASCHENBERG.

nent feature by which it diftinguishes it3. Berlinisiber Almanach, &c. &c. Al self from the rest of its brethren. manac of Berlin for the Year 1798 ; de Dyveke, &c. &c. von R. L. 1798. Dysigned for the Amusement of social Cir- veke, a Tragedy, in five Acts, after the cles, by ADOLPHI; with Music, by W. Danish Original. The original is a faF. Schultz. No. I. contains chiefly vourite piece on the Danish theatre, and pieces in prose, amongst others a fragment the subject of it is taken from the history of a romance, in letters, The Family of of Denmark. Dyveke was the mistress Bergfeld, and another unfinished tale, of Cristieru II. After his marriage, the fome pieces of natural history, moral re- partisans of the queen, or rather the nobiflexions and riddles. The most interesting lity, who are provoked at the arrogance piece is The Girl of the Vendee. This al- of Dyveke's mother, endeavour to fupermanac may agreeably fill up some va. sede her. The queen is yet ignorant of cant hours. The pla:es are very indif. her having a rival, and tries every mean ferent. No. II. contains more, and bet to obtain the love of her lord. Torpen ter engravings. Ils interest is merely Ope, a nobleman and governor of the local. No. Ill. is a most pitiful com castle where she resides, is in love with pilation of nonsense.

Dyveke. Torpen, who entertains the Brennus, cine Oper, &c. &c. pp. 116. most generous sentiments for her, prevails Fol. Brennus, an Opera, in three Acts, upon her to fly with him, in order to with German and Italian Words. · The fave herself and her mother from the perMusic by G. F. REICHARDT. First secution of the queen ; but a perfidious act. This opera was composed in the priest, who is connected with the queen's year 1789, for the royal theatre at Berlin, governess, causes her to be poisoned be. and is an additional proof of the scientific fore that plan is executed. The language skill of Mr. Reichardt, whose compofi- and alogue are dignified; however, we tions are not unknown in this country, have met with many passages which lead and ranked with thofe of the celebrated us to suspect, that the translator has not GLUCK. We can safely recommend this done justice to the original. clailical performance as a pattern to young Obolen von Seume. . I. pp. 208. Th. artists, who are inclined to devote their II. pp. 208. Leipzig, 1798; 8vo. Obotalents to the theatre, and shall with plea- li. A collection of poetical and prose sure discuss the merits of this work more pieces of some merit. The first volume at large, as forn as the rest appears. If contains, amongst others, a very good the poetrv of the whole piece be like that translation of Gray's celebrated elegy: of the first act, we muít give it the pre Jella, &c. &c. Tb. I. pp. 255. Tb. II. ference to many pieces which derive their pp. 256; 8vo; 1798. Jella; or, the merit entirely from the in.usic, and, with. Morlachian Girl. This novel diftin. out its allistance, scarcely would be en- guihes itself favourably from the rest of dured by an auditory not totally deftitute its brethren by its originality and fimpli. of goc d lense.

city of style ; and exhibits an interesting Das Haus von Grodnow, &c. &c. von picture of a Sclavonian nation, with 7. 6. D. Sobniedtgen, 1798. Tk. I. pp. whose history the artless tale is pleasingly 300. Ib II. pp 272 ; 8vo. The Fa. connected. We have read it with enmily of Grodro"; or Love after Mar- creasing interest from beginning to end ; riage. The subject of this novel does ho- and, if the rage for translations of Gernour to the author's choice, but the exe man novels thould continue, we should cution of it will undoubtedly not have not be forry to see it appear in an English procured him much celebrity in Ger- garh, of which it is more deserving, than many.

moft those unpatural compositions, Rullen unter Sonne, Mond und Sternen, which of late have been introduced into &c. &c. 1798 ; pp. 220; 8vo. Travels this country from abroad. under Sun, Moon, and Stars, a biographi Suschens Aussteur, &c. &c. 1799 ; pp. cal Picture. This novel is nothing else 16 ; 4. 228 ; 8vo. Susan’s Dowry; or,

the

Retrospect of German Literature....Belles Lettresi

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the History of the Countess of Senneterre, his pupil), dear Rudolph, wisdom is the related by herself. This is a translation only power by which mankind ought to from a French novel, Le Dot de Suzette, be ruled; it is the sword which God gave which was published last year at Paris, and to man, to drive violence out of the world. received with uncommon applause, of Teach, instruct, propagate knowledge, which it is not undeserving.

wisdom and virtue, expel error and fu. Der grauengel, &c. &c. 1798 ; pp. perstition; and injustice and oppression 224 ; 8yo. The Grey Angel, an Ori. will gradually cease to prevail in the ental Tale; by J. F. Arnold. Mr. world. You would vainly attempt to el. Arnold would do well to study his lan- . tablish liberty, while the people are nox guage, and to cultivate his taste carefully, wiser and more virtuous than they are at before he attempts again to write for the present, although you should overturn all public.

thrones, and leave not one prince who Rudolph von Werdenberg, von Aug La- could invade her august empire. Liberty fontaine, 1798; pp. 600; 8vo. This is consists in virtue, love, and truth. Thereone of the most pleasing and instructive fore precipitate nothing, my son; for licompositions of the novel kind which we berty depends not upon the form of gohave seen of late, and reflects no small vernment, but on the virtue and wisdom degree of honour on the talents and the of a nation. Unhappy the nation that, philanthropic dispositions of its celebrat- by accident, or through a sudden revolued author, who was the first popular tion, has obtained more liberty than it writer in Germany who succeeded, by poffeffed before, without having also grown his two interesting romances, Clara Duo wiser and more virtuous. Liberty is like pledis, and Count St. Julien, in recalling the spring, which expells the chilling his nation from the absurd predilection for cold gradually from the ground. The un natural and horrid compositions, to foil brings forth, at firft, some plants which the Germans were glaringly ad- which can stand the severity of the seadicted within the last ten years, and son ; the air grows gradually milder, and which, to our disgrace, was also intro- when it, by degrees, has obtained a congeduced, and promoted in this country by nial warmth, the tenderest Aowers and writers of some eminence. The revolu- blossoms, the most beautiful children of tion which took place in the country of nature, appear and prosper; whereas they the Grisons in the beginning of the fif. would be destroyed by the cold if they teenth century, and completed the final ventured forth fooner. The same may establishment of Swiss liberty, is the main be said of liberty. The times will, and hinge upon which this interesting tale must come, when princes will esteem it turns. The author has intimately blended their greatest glory to be the protectors of his account of the origin, progress, and the laws, and the fathers of generous and final issue of that memorable event, with virtuous subjects. Cortinual increase of the fate of Werdenberg, who is not alto- truth is the only road that leads to that gether a mere imaginary being, and really period. We cannot accelerate the arrival acted a conspicuous part in the struggles of those times by force ; but they must of the brare Grisons for liberty, which arrive at last, because there is a Provia gives additional interest to the relation of dence. Liberty cannot spring up from his life. The language is unaffected and blood ; the sword cannot prepare the soil dignified, the incidents are harmoniously where it is to grow up. I'ruth, light, united, the principles which animate the and reason, alone, are the nurses of gebeautiful tale are excellent, and deserving nuine liberty. Liberty declined always of serious consideration in our revolution again amongst every nation where it proary times; the tout ensemble is by far supe- ceeded from riots, party-spirit, and amrior to any of the compositions of Mr. L. bition, and was not supported by truth. which we have seen as yet, and calculated Neither are a few individual wise men not only to amuse novel readers of the sufficient to establish liberty. The whole common class, but also to interest the heart nation must be wise ; the former only and the understanding of those, who look can scatter the feeds of freedom. Let for more fubftantial food than that which us therefore carry light and truth to the books of this kind commonly afford. We nations that are in darkness, and expel cannot resist the temptation of extracting a error and superstition ! Every nation is few paffages, which will convince our susceptible only of a certain degree of lireaders of the truth of this affertion. berty, which is proportionate to the de. " Dear Rudolph (fays father Anthony, gree of light and truth with which it is the venerable "cutor of Werdenberg, to blessed. A completely wife and good pe.-.

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ple would require the highest degree of tion is designed, will soon be tired by the
liberty. In horr, Rudolph, liberty is be- great sameness of the stratagems which are
gotten by reason, and supported by vir. related in one chapter, and under one head.
rue; the stronger reafon produces again a As for the notes which the learned editor
better liberty.–Our heart urges us, in. has subjoined, they are as pertinent as the
deed, to prccipitate the arrival of the hap text is correct; and the two indexes which
py period of pure liberty; but reason are affixed, will contribute very much to
ought to check its impetuosity.--A good facilitate the reading of an author who hi-
and lasting conftitution cannot exist where therto has been very much neglected.
the laws do not rule over the bearts of the Joh. Ch. ADELUNGII Grammatica
citizens. The laws are ridiculed and fcorn- thiodisca Scholis confcripta, Latine versa, a
ed, and the conftitution is ruined, as soon as Fr. G. Born. 1798. This translation
they are a compulsory check upon subjects of the elaborate grammar of the celebrated
whose hearts have cealed to love them. Mr. Adelung, the Johnson of Germany,
Avail yourselves, therefore, of all possible will be very useful for all foreigners who
means to animate the hearts of our coun are sufficiently verfed in the Latin lan-
trymen with love for the laws; and this ·guage, and we can safely recommend it as
you can effect in no other manner, than a pattern of diligence and critical taste.
by preserving to them their simple cuf 1. Arriani Nicomedienfis Expeditionis
toms and domestic virtues. Give them Alexandri libri Septem. Recensiti et notis
customs which they love, usages which illustrati, a FR. SCHMIEDER. 1798.
make them happy, and render their pa, pp. XL. and 551. 8vo.
ternal foil so dear to them, that they long, 2. Αρριανου Ινδικη, Arriani Indica cum
even in the most charming and fertile Bonav. Vulcanii Interpretatione Laiina per-
country, in the enjoyment of the most multis locis emendatiore ; recensuit et illuf-
enchanting pleasures, for their mountains travit FRIEDERICUS SCHMIEDER, &c.'
and their simple games, to which they are &c. 1798. pp. XIV. and 272. 8vo. with
used, and which they love with enthu.
fiasm. The time will come when all men The friends of Greek literature are
will be brethren ; but it is yet distant. much indebted to the learned editor of
Till then let our brethren be Grisons, be- these two important works of Arrian, efpe-
cause they cannot be any thing better.” cially for the care which he has beftowed
We should not be sorry to see

this inte upon No. 1, which, on account of its inresting stranger naturalised in our country teresting contents and lucid diction, de. by a translation from the original, but not ferves being recommended to the classical from the French version of Li's works, tyro. He has carefully consulted the varice from which the English St. Julien is taken. leétiones, collected by former philologists, PHILOLOGY.

especially by JACOB GRONOV, and Sexti Julii Frontini Stratagematicon, Lic thereby rendered the text extremely correct, bri IV. Cbronologica et Historica, Annota. His exposition of the text is concise and tione indicibusque in usum lectionum inftruéti, appropriate ; and the Latin corrected vera Geo. FRID.WEIGMANN, 1798. 8vo. fion of Vulcanius runs parallel with the The view with which this edition of the original Greek. DODWELL's Dissertatio ftratagems of Fronrinus was published will de Arriani Nearcbo, in which the authenastonish

many of our readers. Mr. W. is, ticity of the voyage of Nearchus is conhowever, of opinion, that the reading of tested, is affixed to the Indica, in connexion this author will be found much more useful with Dr. VINCENT's able refutation of to the tyro than that of Eutropius, Nepos, that attack. The map is composed of the Juftin, Valerius Maximus, and others. two, which we owe to the diligence of the As for the language, Nepos is certainly latter, and correfponds in correctness with preferable to Frontinus, but if we louk to the text. the sujects upon which F. has treated, we Obfervationes in Propertii carmina et in cannot deny that his accounts are more elegiam ad Livinm Auguftam, auctore variegated and interesting than the dry Frid. Astio, Gothano. Præfixa est Fr. breviary of Eutropius, better connected JACOBS Epistolæ ad auctorem. 1799, than the frequently uncritical relations of The elegant epistle with which prof. Ja. Nepos, and that, besides, the reading of COBS introduces one of his most hopeful this author is less dangerous to innocence pupils to the public, creates a favourable than Justin and Valerius may prove, on prejudice for the latter, and a careful exaaccount of their freedom of language. We mination of the observations foon convinces apprehend, however, on the other hand, the reader that he is not mistaken. Mr. that the class of readers for which this edi. Ast proves that he is perfectly qualified

for

Retrospect of German Literature...Moral Philosophy.

563

tors.

for his task, and in his observations ben augmented with several thousand new trays an intimate knowledge of the an words, &c. &c. The first numerous imcient classics, and great critical talents, pression of this pocket-dictionary was sold which he amply displays in supporting his in a very short time. The affertion of the conjectures, as well as in vindicating and great augmentation of this edition on the expounding many contested passages of the title-page, is literally true ; for we have vulgata. Prof. Jacob's epistle to the learn met with above 30,000 new words within ed author deserves being carefully perused the small compass of 214 pages, of which by every critic who attempts an exposition the French-German part confifts. The of the poems of Propertius, which have publisher has made use of an extremely been disfigured so much by the famous small and fine type, cast in this country transpositions of Scaliger, and his imita. (by Fry), which has rendered the size of

this book ftill more diminutive, notwithExorcist, hoc est, carmina convivialia standing the numerous additions which it Graecorum, metris suis restituta, et ani- contains. The different sense of the words madversionibus illustrata, praemiffa disqui- is correctly stated, which, in conjunction fitione de boc genere carminis, edidit Carl with the portable size of the work, renders DAv. ILGEN. Philos. et LL. 00. Prof. it extremely useful. in Academia Jenenfi. 1798. CCVIII.

MORAL PHILOSOPHY. Disqu. pp. 288. Comm. 8vo. The table Venus Urania, &c. 8zc. von Sr.W.Bas. songs of the Greeks exhibit the poetry of

von RAMDOHR. 1798. Th. I. pp. 351. that nation in a very interesting light. Tb. II. pp. 421. Th. 111. pp. 439. u. 358. The greatest poets, Alcaeus, Sappho, Ar 8vo. Venus Urania. On the Nature of ebilochus, Anacreon, and others, have com Love, its Exaltation and Refinement. W: posed songs of that species; and this thows know of no work which treats as copiously how well the Greek knew to enliven on this subject, in a philosophical and his even the most common incidents of life by torical view, as the present. We really the sports of fancy, and to render them were astonished at the indefatigable painstructive by lessons of practical philo- tience and assiduity with which Mr. von fophy. However, these little poems have R. whose erudition and practical knowbeen neglected very much hitherto by the ledge of man, have long since raised him critics; we are therefore very much in to a high degree of eminence in the litedebted to Mr. Ilgen for the great pains 'rary world, has wound himself through which he has taken in collecting and il- the intricate labyrinths of philosophical inlustrating these cxo.16, which he has exe- vestigations which he was obliged to folcuted with taste and critical judgment. low in composing this work. The first

Anweisungs gruende der Hebraeischen volume of this fingular performance conSprache, &c. &c. von M. HARTMANN. tains the natural history, and the second, 1.798. 8vo. Rudiments of the Hebrew the sentiment of love; the third comprises Language, with Tables, and a Collection the ancient and modern history of lexual of select Pieces, for the Use of academical union and love ; the result of a most laboLectures. The students of the Hebrew rious perusal of a great number of ancient language have of late been furnished with and modern authors. Although we must several new grammars, which gives us just observe, that the author might have been reason to demand, that those who attempt less prólix, and more delicate in his disa to increase that number should either give cussions, yet we must do him the justice to us new grammatical illustrations, or at confess, that he has given us plealure even least improve the method of teaching it. when we could not help differing with Mr. H. has made some happy attempts to him in opinion; that he has made a great that purpose. His examination of the usual number of just and fine observations, that system of punctation is very useful, his his style is highly polished; and that the method clear and easy, and the pieces moral tendency of his work entitles him which he has selected for the use of begin. to the esteem of all readers who believe in ners are unexceptionable.

the dignity of human nature, and think it Nouveau Dictionnaire de Pocbe, François possible that it can be improved and exAllemand et Allemand François, &c. &c. alted. Tom. I. pp. 246. Tom. II. pp. 2 14. 1793. Lehrbuch der Geschichte der Philosophie, Pocket size. New Pocket Dictionary, &c. &c. von J. G. BUHLE. 3 Th. 1798. French and German, and German and, 8vo. The History and critical Literature French. Enriched with the new created of Philosophy. The author hopes to finish Expressions of the French Language. See the history of philosophy in two more vo. cond edition. Thoroughly reviled and lumes; but the prolixity which characte

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