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tivity. The carol, it appears however, was not names (wbich ought to be discouraged by all only in practice on Christmas day, but on the who have any reverence for their God and days appropriated to the honour of saints, as Saviour), are all relics of heathenish customs. St. Sephen's day, St. Andrew's day, Childer So also are decking the windows, &c. with mes, &c. It was customary also, aecording to
bolly, ivy, bay, laurel, (the Roman emblem of Ter'ullian (who lived about the year 200), || peace) and green boughs, twelfth cakes, morrice
among the Christians, at their feasts, to dancing, and other sports and pastimes, pecubring those who were able to sing into the
liar to this season of the year. Let it be our midst, and make them sing a song in honour | duly, in enjoying these, to remember the old of God, either taken out of the Holy Scrip.
adage “ Be merry and wise." tores, or of their own composition.” The
DreaDFUL ACCIDENT IN AMERICA, Christmas box money is of popish origin. The
Richmond, December 27, 1811.
"I sit Romish priests had masses said for almost down to imform you of one of the most every thing. If a ship went out to the Indies, | dreadful accidents which has happened in this the priest had a box in her, under the protec country. Last night, there being a new play, tion of some saint; and for masses, to be said the House was very full. About eleven o'clock for them to that saint, &c. the poor people the upper part took fire, and so furious was its weredirected to put something into the priest's progress, that, before the audience could re. box, which was not to be opened till the return | treat, upwards of one hundred persons, already of the ship. The mass at that time was called ascertained, were burnt to death, and most of Christmas, and the box denominated Christmas | then to ashes-some were killed in jumping bor, or money gathered that masses might be out of the windows; many ran out in flames, made by the priests to the saints, in order to and died in a few minutes. Of seven hundred obtain forgiveness for the debaucheries com. that were in the theatre, but few escaped withmitted by the people at this season. In the out some injury. Mr. Sunith, Governor of the course of time, servants had the liberty to get | State; Mr. Venable, President of the Bank; bor money, that they too might be enabled to Mr. and Mrs. Booth and niece; Mr. Cook and pay the priest for his masses, knowing well the daughter; William Brown, mercbant; Mrs. truth of the proverb, “No penny, no Pater- || Galigo and niece; Mrs. Robert Greenhow and poster." With respect to mince pies, they daughter; Captain Jacobs, daughter, and seem to have derived their origin from the granddaughter; Lieutenant Gibbon. But it Yule Dough, (or Dow) a kind of baby or little is impossible to recollect the names of all the image of paste, which our bakers used former sufferers. The stores and shops have been ly to make at Christmas, and present to their kept shut. No place ever looked so dreadful customers, in the same manner as the chand. as this. Every one is filled with horror." lers sometimes give Christmas candles. At Rome, on the vigil of the nativity, sweetmeats
WORKS IN THE PRESS. were presented to the fathers in the Vatican
Mr. Macpherson, author of the Annals of and all kinds of little images (no doubt of paste) | Commerce, has nearly ready for publication, were to be found at the shops of the confec
the History of the European Commerce with tioners. There is the greatest probability that India; with a review of the arguments for and we had from thence both our yule doughs and against the management of it by a chartered mioce pies. The yule dough was originally, company, an appendix of authentic accounts, perhap', intended to represent the child aud a map appropriated to the work. Jesus : it is now pretty generally laid aside, or Dr. Cheyne, of Dublin, late of Leith, has in at most retained only by children, though yule the press, in an octavo volume, Cases of Apocakes are still to be met with in the county of plexy and Lethargy, with Observations on the Durham. The custom of the beliman's ring Comatose Diseases, illustrated by engravings. ing is bell and repeating verses, and the musi Professor Bonnycastle, of Woolwich, will cians called waits going round, to annoy the speedily publish, in two octavo volumes, a Deighbours with the profanation of sacred ll Treatise on Algebra, in practice and theory,
with notes and illustrations. This work is de a Treatise on the Practice of the Customs, in signed to form the second and third parts of the entry, &c. of goods imported. the author's intended General Course of Mathe The Rev. Hari, of Bristol, bas in the matics, of whicb sume succeeding branches press,
Miscellaneous English Exercises, in are nearly ready for the press.
prose and poetry, written in fulse grammar, Dr. Lipscombe is preparing a Grammar of || false spelling, and without stops. the Elements of Medicine, intended to serve The Rev. J. Joyce is preparing a System of both as a book of instruction and reference. Algebra and Fluxions, practically adapted to
Au Economical History of the Hebrides and the use of schools. Highlands of Scotland, by the late Rev. Dr. The Rev. T. Castley bas in the press, Essays John Walker, of Edinburgh, is in the press ; and Dissertations in Philology, History, Puli. also, by the same author, Miscellaneous Essays tics, and Common Life. on Natural History and Rural Economy. Mr. Thomas Asbe will speedily publish, in
Dr. David Brewster will shortly publish, in three volumes, the Liberal Critic, or Memoirs an octavo volume, a Treatise on New Pbilo of Henry Percy. sophical Instrumeúts for various purposes in The Border Antiquities of England and the Arts and Sciences, illustrated by plates. Scotland delineated, a splendid work in quarto,
Mr. Goodacré, of Standard-hill Academy, | is in great forwardness. It is intended to ex. near Nottingham, has in the press au Impar. hibit specimens of the architecture, sculpture, tial Review of the New System of Education, and other vestiges of former ages from the generally ascribed to Dr. Bell and Mr. Lancas- | earliest times to the union of the two frowns, ter. He is also preparing for the press, Oui accompanied with descriptive sketches, &c. lives of an Economical Plan for the Education
The first part is expected to appear at the end of the Pour, on rational and solid principles. of next month.
Alexander Whyte, Esq. Barrister, bas in the Mr. T. L. Peacock, author of the Gequis of press, Velina, a moral tale, iu two small octavo the Thames, and other poems, will shortly volumes.
publish, in a quarto volume, the Philosophy of Mr. James Smyth, of the Customhouse, Melancholy, a Poem; and the Spirit of Fire, a Hull, will shortly publish, in an octavo volume, mythological ode.
the ground floor, which was darkened ai their STATE OF HIS MAJESTY'S HEALTH.
suggestion, immediately began to display their We are concerned to state that all the Bul.
tvouders to the vo small delight of the children letips that have been issued since our last public and servants, who were all assembled on the occaeation, have not announced any alteration in the sion. While their attention was fixed on the afħicting disorder that his Majesty has been la performance, one of the fellows slipped uuperbouring under for so long a period. The Bulle-ceived out of the rooin, aud directing his course rin dated Feb. 15, stated that “ His Majesty con
to the kitchen, be there found several valuable tinued nearly in the same state."
articles of plate, such as a silver tea-pot and ewer, and table and tea-spoons, which lie secreted about bis
person, and then returned to the parlour unCAUTION.-Mrs. Price, of Titchfield-street, noticed, and was soon afterwards dismissed with Mary-le-bone, was induced, at the instance of his companions. They had not long left the her children, to admit into her house three itine- house when the plate was inissed, but although an rant musicians, one of whom carried a magic lan- immediate pursuit took place, the fellows retern, with a view to amuse the family. The treated with such precipitation as to elude defellows having been introduced into a parlour on tection.
THREATENING LETTERS.--A Miss St. Julian, || purpose of defrauding the Commissioners and a female of elegant and prepossessing appearance, Gorcrnors of Greenwich Hospital, was in cushas been examined at the Bow-street Office, to tody in the town of Newcastle. The particulars gether with a Mr. Harrison, charged with send that have transpired of his evading the vigilance ing threatening letters to the Hon. Basil Coch- of the Officers of Justice, are, that he lodged for rane. It appeared that the lady had been under a considerable time in concealment, in where he the protection of the Hon. Prosecutor for seven knew that his nefarious practices were discovered, years, during which time she had several children and that a reward was offered for his apprehen. by him. In consequence of his being dissatisfied sion. Before he left the house, he had his hair with her conduct, be separated from her, which cut very short, and had a black fashionable scratch separation induced her to apply for a settlement. wig procured for bim. A passage was taken for This being refused, Miss St. Julian threatened, in him to Newcastle, in a collier of that place; he letters, to expose Mr. Cochrane, by accusing him sailed for that place with several other passengers. of having wanted her to go into a steam bath to On their voyage, on his black scratch wig getting causo an abortion. There being sufficient legal on one side, his red carroty hair was discovered, ground for considering Mr. Ilarrison implicated | which was thought an extraordinary circumin sending the threatening letters, they were both stance, having a wig such a contrary colour to taken into custody. After an exaini nation, the bis natural hair; one of them having lead Gaw. parties were admitted to bail, and they are to take ler's description in the advertisement, he suspects their trial at the eusuing Assizes for the county of ed him, and communicated his suspicion to the Keut.
others. On the vessel arriving at North Shields, STOLEN Goods.— I homas Clarke, a young | he was put on shore there, and in a day or two man of good connections, bas been examined at after, he arrived at Newcastle. He being an the Mansion-house under a charge of being found entire stranger there, and the Mayor having rewith a large parcel of stolen goods, consisting of 'ceived some information respecting him, had him ten whole pieces of callico, and other articles of taken into custody, and on his being examined to haberdashery goods, at Queen-street, in the city. I give an account of himself, he said his name was The goods were stolen from a waggouer, wbile || John Thomson ; that he resided at No.95, Gray's he was in the act of conveying them from the Tan-lane, London, and that bis cause of leaving Townsend Wharf, on the bauks of the Thames, that city was, his being involved in his circum. to the City-road. The Police Officers, after in stances, and was afraid of his creditors ; said his terrogating the prisoner ou the suspicious ap-wise's maiden name was Mary Cropley. Os pearance of the large parcel, took him into cus searching him, a female's comb was found, with tody, and since then found out the owners of the M. G. on it, which are the initials of Mary Gair. articles, who attended before the Lord Mayor, ler. He had a seal with an anchor on it, which and identified the goods. There was no defence is considered his official scal. From these partioffered by the prisoner, but an interesting, gen- || culars being communicated, Mary Crosby being teel, and highly dressed young lady, sister of the Gawler's wife's maiden name, and a very full prisoner, who, with his wife and infant child, description of his person being sent to town, attended the court, addressed his Lordship gravely Adkins and Pearkes were dispatched and brought and feelingly on her brother's behalf, to prevent
him to London. his full committal; but after a patient and atten THE LATE MURDERS.-The result of the retive hearing of what she had to offer, he express cent private examinations of slblas and Hart, at od luis regret that he could not relieve her, con Bow-street, hus exculpated them from any parti. soling her ouly on the ground that the charge || cipation in the horrid murders of Marr and Wils was not of a capital nature. The prisoner was liamson's families, and both are now discharged fully committed
from confinement. Mrs. Vermillye, it now APPREHENSION or GAWLER.-Information clearly appears, was the first person who gave inhad been received in town, that Gawler, the late formation to Hewitt and Hope, the officers, of clerk in the Navy Office, who is charged with her suspicions against the conduct of Williams. manufacturing fraudulent Certificates for sca The Magistrates at Shadwell have compounded wen, purporting for a greater number of years with the creditors of Mr. Vermillye, and effected mervice than they liad actually perforined, for the his release from prison.
IN THE SEVERAL COUNTIES OF GREAT BRITAIN.
in the parish of St. Clement, in the night time, Racoon.-A fine racoon was a short time since and stealing therefrom a quantity of twist cotton, taken in the woods at Lord Grosvenor's seat at The discovery of this robber was effected ander Eaton. It was discovered by Mr. Nutting, the circumstances which manifest singular resolustud groom, in the cleft of an aged oak, who tion, where perbaps it might least be expected, quickly started it, and with the assistance of his namely, in a female. The conductor of the madogs had it secured. It is supposed that this na nufactory, Mr. Strike, has a daughter, who sutive of the forest had made its escape from the perintends that department which is performed menagerie of some travelling showman.
by women, and sleeps in a room adjoining the DEVONSHIRE.
factory. On the above evening she was awak
ened by a noise, evidently proceeding from some Horrid MURDER.—The following article is
oue who had broken into the premises, she basextracted from the Plymouth Telegraph :
:-“ On the evening of the 20th of January, Margaret tily slipped on a great coat that laid in ber room,
and ran to her father's chamber, who not being Hoxtable, of Dodbrooke, near Knightsbridge, a
dressed with sufficient speed to meet her cagercliild only nine years old, was sent on an errand
ness, she snatched up a large hammer and went by her mother to a veighbouring shoemaker's;
alone, in the dark, into the manufactory, where but it was to return no more-for enticed, as it
she perceived Bunton in the act of taking the is su; posed, by two men, with whom she had
twist cotton from a loom. She instantly struck been seen on the Totness road, she was first
him on the back of the head with the hammer, and violated and then murdered in the most inhuman
on his turning about, repeated the blow upon manner. Her parents instantly made every re
his forehead, with such effect, as to bring him to search and inquiry for their lost child; but alas !
the gronnd covered with blood. Apprehending to no purpose, until the following morning, when
that he might probably have accomplices, slie her shift was discovered about a mile from Dod
shrieked aloud, which bronght her father to her brooke, much torn and dyed with blood. On
assistance, and he was secured. searching further, her mangled corse was found in the same field, deprived of life, and perfectly
SOMERSETSHIRE. dives'ed of clothing. Her head, smashed to UNFORTUNATE ACCIDENTS.-A short time pieces apparently with stones, was literally since, a woman who lives in the Fryers, Bristol, driven into the earth; and her whole body bore shut up two children in a two-pair of stairs roon, incontestible evidence of the efforts of ruffian one of them four and the other five years of age. force. The perpetrators of these crimes have | Unfortunately the window of the room was left hitherto escaped detection.”
open, and in a few minutes one of them jumped MIDDLESEX.
out, and was followed by the other : the first proviMELANCHOLY ACCIDENT.-We sincerely re dentially escaped with only a slight burt; but gret that the Lady of Major Scott Waring was
the other had its skull so dreadfully fractured, found dead early one morning lately, at the bot that he died soon after in the Infirmary.-Not tom of the staircase, in her house in Hammer fewer than thirteen children, dreadfully burnt, smith. She staid up some time after her husband several of whom died soon after admission, have went to bed, and is supposed to bave fallen back- been taken to the Infirmary of Bristol, witbin wards going up stairs. She was a lady of great
these few weeks. We hope that this will be a personal accomplishinents, and has left a nume caution to mothers, and to those who have the rous offspring, as well as her amicted husband, to care of infants; to the carelessness of whom these deplore her premature and melancholy fate. accidents may generally be traced. NORFOLK.
SHROPSHIRE. FEMALE RESOLUTION.-John Bunton was Horrid MURDER.-A short time since, Mr. lately committed to the city gaol, at Norwich, by Bailey of the Old Park, near Wellington, was J. H. Cole, Esq. Mayor, charged with burglari- || found shockingly murdered in a stone quarry ously entering the house of Messrs. Aggs and Co. ncar that place. There was a deep wound on the
taken crown of bis head, another over his eyes, both whole of the inside of the coach was apparently made with a large sharp instrument, i by a gang of thieves, for the purpose of and two deep gashes across the throat ; his head stealing the notes. Two of the passengers callwas also dreadfully fractured in several places. ing themselves by the name of Burley, a man Some suspicions being entertained respecting a and a woman, got into the coach at the Blossom's neighbour, John Griffiths, who had attempted to Inn, at seven o'clock in the morning, and a man horrow money from the deceased, he was appre- of the name of Cole. When they got to the Elc. hended, and stands charged with the murder by phant and Castle, another man, of the name of the Coroner's Inquisition. It appears that the Cole, got in. Two passengers, for whom places prisoner had lived about a mile from the de- had been taken, were to be taken up at the ceased ; and one of the neighbours stated, that Plough Inn, at Clapham, where the coachman she saw Bailey go by her honse towards that of waited upwards of twenty minutes, and 'no pasthe prisoner, about five o'clock, on the night sengers appearing, he proceeded on his journey. when the murder was committed. Another wit
When the coach got to Mitcham, the man call. ness said, he saw the prisoner, about nine o'clock ing himself Burley, told the coachman the lady on the same night, dragging something from a
was so extremely unwell, she could not proceed new-built house, in which he carried on his busi
any further, and left the coach. The coachman ness of a cooper—that he left his burden on the proceeded on to Ryegate, where the two men, steps while he looked up and down the road, and calling themselves Cole, also left the coach, tellthen dragged it round the house. Upon ex. ing the coachman they had some business to amining these premises, much blood was dis transact there, and should not go on to Brighton corered upon the walls, and on the floor in the till the following day. It has since been ascer: cellar; the former had been scraped, and the tained that they did not go to Brighton at all, latter was covered with sand. The prisoner ac but went from the innin Ryegate where the coach counted for this blood, by saying, that part of a left them, to another inn in the same town, took horse bad been left there. A shirt was found
a post-chaise, went to Croydon, and from there to under the coals in the cellar, having the initials Blackfriars-road, where they dined.' The man of the deceased upon it. In the prisoner's house and woman are supposed to have returned from a cooper's adze was also discovered, with the Mitcham to London in a chaise-cart, which was marks of blood upon it, and the edge of which waiting for them. fitted the wounds on the top of the bead, and over the eyes of the deceased; the fracture on the skull
IRELAND. corresponded with the hammer forming part of the adze.—The prisoner was committed to the Thomas Kennagh, charged with the murder of a
Murder.—Waterford, Jan. 20. On Saturday, county gaol.
female at Newram, on the 5th inst. was brought SUSSEX.
to this city by Messrs. Wright and Chambers, ROBBERY Of The Brighton Coach.-The and fully committed for trial at the ensuing asBrighton coach has been robbed of re-issuable sizes, by Sir Francis Hassard, Recorder. The Brighton Union Bank-notes, to the amount of mail from Clonmel bad previously brought to this upwards of £3000, in the following manner : city intelligence of his arrest, and considerable Messrs. Weston, Pishorn, and Co. bankers, in crowds awaited his arrival at the bridge. The the Borough, are agents to the Union Brighton unfortunate man, on horseback, with the bundle Bank, and send them a parcel every week, by the containing the woman's clothes tied upon his coach which goes from the Blossoms Inn, and for / back, was the picture of wretchedness itself. The security they engage the inside of one of the mob evinced no ferocious exultation as the priseats, which is locked in London, and no person soner passed through the streets, but a rememe has a key besides the bankers in Brighton. They brance of the dreadful crime he bad committed sent notes to the above amount lately, in a tin extinguished, for the moment, those feelings of box with a patent lock to it, which was put into compassion which so highly and so universally an iron chest, which was locked, and put into the distinguish the Irish character. Ile fully acseat, which was also locked. On the arrival of knowledged bis guilt in Carrick, is perfectiy rethe coach at Brighton, it was discovered that the signed to the fate that awaits him, and appears tin box had been forced open, and all the notes deeply and duly affected by his awful situation. aken out. There secms to be no doubt but the j. When leaving the Magistrate, he inquired if he