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whilst even the lower ranks in the country || tries so different in climate and temperature. were proud to have it twining round the There is no doubt, however, that it has been humble porch, or embowering the casements long naturalized in Switzerland, as it now of their low.roofed cottages. That it must grows wild among the rocks, particularly in have been introduced, and in general cultiva- ll the neighbourhood of Chiavenna, and the tion, long before Gerarde's time, however, is warm vales bordering upon the fertile plains evident, from bis stating, that “Master Lyle of Lombardy. The name is certainly Arabian; would have it to grow wild among us, wbich ll yet Dioscorides considers it derived from the however it did noi," he says, as far as he | Greek, ion signifying viola, and isasme, odor, or could understand.
smell, and when thus compounded marking From its being found in many hot climates, the fine odour of its flowers. it has been supposed a native of the torrid li In botanical arrangement it is of the class zone, or tbe countries bordering on it; if so, | Diandria MONOGYNIA, and of the order its early introduction bere is proved by the Sepiariæ. The calyx has the perianth one botanical fact of its being now so wellinured to leafed, tubulated, oblong; the mouila five our climate as to flower, and thrive extremely l toothed, upright, permanent. The corolla is well, and to bear the most inclement winters, ll one petalleu, salver shaped, tubi-cylindric, though it has never yet been known to pro. || long; whilst the border is five parted and duce its fruit or berry with us.
Aat. The stanen has two short filaments, It is sometbing extraordinary that a shrub, ll the anthers are small, and lie within the tube o elegant in its form, so fragrant in its of the corolla. The pistil bas a roundish odour, and so susceptible of poeticalembellish. germ, and a stylifurm style, which is the ment and of moral allegory, and at the same length of the stamen. The stigma is bifid; time so well known in the reign of Elizabeth, the pericarp, in those countries where the should have escaped the notice of the Avonian fruit comes to perfection, has an oval berry, poet; yet it seems totally to bave been over with two cells or capsules, and smooth on the looked by kim, although it would have afforded outside. The seeds are always two; these are so many elegant similies and sentimental refer ovate oblong, and are flat on one side and ences. Though no natural historian bas given convex on the other. us any absolute facts as to its date of in- | 11 has been stated as a general observation, troduction, yet Parkinson, who wrote soon
that the shape varies as to acuteness or obtuseafter Gerarde, is of opinion that it was first
ness in the different specimens; and that the brought from Syria to Spain, and from Spain
berry is in some simple, in others dicoccous. 10 England; if so, we shall perhaps not err
The essential character cau only be noticed in much in fixivg it about the latter end of the
this country with respect to the flower, which fourteenth century, when the Black Prince
has the corolla salver shaped; the other dismarched with his army into Spain from Gas (tinctive marks are on the fruit. cony, aud when the marriage of two of Ed. There are no less than seventeen different ward's sons with the daughters of Spain pro. species of this shrub; the principal of which duced a frequent intercourse between the two l are the Arabian, Cape, Azorian, Auriculate, countries; though it is not impossible that it italian yellow, yellow Indian, Spanish or Catamay have been ipiroduced as far back as the timelonian, and our common white jessamine, &c. of tbe crusades, by our own steel-clad knights, The Arabian is a most beautiful variety, who, on their return from Palestine, mighll and has flowers more odoriferous than any have been anxious to decorate the bowers | other. It is a native of the East in general, of tbeir strait-laced dames with so sweet a and is now frequent in the West Indies. In floweret.
th East In 'ies it is used as a personal perIt is a curious fact that the great Linnæus fume, the females of all ranks stringing its should bave fallen into the error of supposing sweetly-smelling Powers for vecklaces. With that ludia and Switzerland were the native us it tas been cultivated since the close of habitats of this elegant shrub, two coun. " the seventeenth century, or perhaps the middle
of it, having been reared with sedulous at 1 bardy plant, merely requiring shelter from tention in the Royal Garden at Hamptou | very severe frosts, though in general when Court; but being lost by some accident, in trained to a south wall, a mat and some hot the reign of William, the only specimen in compost laid to the stem is sufficient. It is Europe was then in the garden of th- Grand | a beautiful shrub for cultivation, as its leaves Duke of Tuscany, who was so selfish for many | are of a lucid greeu, and remain all the year; years as to refuse permission for either layers but its branches are very slender, and always or cuttings to be taken from it. Tbis paltry | require trajuing, as they of en run to a length conduct was, however, soon punished by our of twenty feet. If judiciouly treated, it flowers botanical Millar, procuring a plant from India, from May to November; the corolla is of a and who, with a liberality beyond that of a clear white, and the Howers terminate in loose Graod Duke, gave every facility of spreading bunches at the end of the branches. it through the kingdom, so ihat there are now The common yellow jessamine was some many specimens of it in England, with both ll years ago much cultivated; but the flowers double aud siogle flowers. Of late years also have no scent; it bas nothing particular to it spreads much in Italy, and it was a species recommend it, and its suckers are so numerous of traffic for the poor travelling Italians to and fruitful, that if once introduced into a garbring specimens for sale, but these being ge- den, it is extremely difficult to eradicate, or nerally grafted upon the con mon stocks were even to keep within due bounds. worth but little. The method used bere by The Spanish, or Catalonian jessamine, was our florists is always by layers or cuttings; ll certainly brought from Spain to this country; the first method is ibe best, as the branch, and as it bears a very great resemblance to our when prepared, is easily bent, and must be in- ll common white jessamine, that similitude may serted into a soft rich earth in a hot-bed u have giveu rise to the opinion that we had no tan. The layers formed in spring will all jessamine until introduced from Spain; howways be ready for transplantation in autumo, ever, we cannot help inclining to the opinion when they should be moved to the bark stove, ll that we are indebted for it to our crusades, parthough a moderate degree of heat is sufficient ticularly as its five cleft corolla may have been afterwards.
considered by these warlike enthusiasts as The Azorian jessamine has a native babitat being symbolical of tbe five wounds of our which comes nearer to the temperature of our | blessed Redeemer. climate, and is therefore with us a pretty
Illustrations of the Graphic Art; EXEMPLIFIED BY SKETCHES FROM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AT PARIS.
(The first Priut in this Month's Number ought to have been inserted in No. XXVIII. and the Print in that Number
of a CHEVALIER ON HORSEBACK, refers to the first Criticism of the present Month.)
FRANCOIS DE MONCADE. J letters; he is kuown in the history of his time,
This sketch is nothing more than a study both by his actions and his writings. His of a portrait on horseback. Francois de Mon-physioguomy is indicative of the excellence of sade was not only a soldier, but also a man of both, and possesses all the wisdon of gravity. He is on korseback like a soldier upon his il A LADY WITH HER DAUGHTER. march, and he is thus sketched in an easy The portrait of the Lady, in this piece, is style, without stiffness or study, and without the handsomest; the bead is done in such a any forcible iu n of expressiou. The head is way as not to mark any particular labour: tranquil, but the features, thougb common, there is scarcely any shade, so that the demibave an air of uobility. More a plain soldier tints give all the vecessary effect, and that than a hero, he seems merely a veteran grown | effect is complete. The character of geutleold in arms; and all the costume is of a co.||ness and of amenity, is weil preserved ; it is no temporary date, according to the judicious longer the freshness of early youth, it is not custom of the great portrait painters. The | even beauty, but it is that of a young mother iron of his armour is must correclly coloured. who arrived at thirty years of age, after passing An anecdote bas been mentioned respecting through all the peacrful details and daily cares this portrait. It is said that Van Dyk, dis- of an easy establishment, has acquired an satisfied with his work, was complaining to a kabjtual and becoming smile. The right hand friend of his ill success; the friend did not is a little defective in design; and the dress is answer bim, but merely took away the armour | that of the fashion of the times, even to the which Van Dyk had before him as a model. I details of embroidery and jet buitone, nothing The painter then proceeded in his work, and is omitied. The air of this female (ike that having only bis owo imagination to direct him, l of her husband, which will be noticed in anhe soon became content with it. Painting is other place) is simple; in short, they seem notbing but an art, and art is nothing but llorade, the one for tbe other, and may be called imagioation, says the French critic; and thus
a well assorted couple. In composition from the palm of success is nearest to the air when this picture, the draughisman ought to observe the point aimed al is farthest out of reach. the crimson arma chair which unites its dark The foreshortening of the borse is a fine tints with the yellow ochre of the back ground, specimen of skill in drawiug; the head is very without which gradation the transitions of beautiful, the hind paris less so; but there ll colour would be tvo strongly contrasted. The lay all the difficulty. The sky, as well as the Il little girl is not so well modelled as the child ground, are a little too dark, but that is ac- l in the other picture which we shall have oc. cording to the Flemish principle of sacrificing | casion to criticise, but her physiognomy is the distances to efiect. The figure is not sufi ll fine, the eyes frolicksome, and the tist exciently ligbi, like a figure exposed to open ll quisite, although there is rather too much daylight; it looks rather like a cavalier in all light on the right cheek which ibus is brought riding-house. The scenery too is less firm, too far forward. The peculiar tint chosen for less historical ihau that of the picture of the child, bowever, has induced the artist to Charles I. engraved by Raphael Morghen; a sacrifice all the effect of the clothes; the satins work of beautiful execution, but in wbich firm | are dirty, the linen soiled. All this is a reness and execution are too much sacrificed to Il source, a means, perhaps an excuse; but the graces.--The bust of Moncade has also U ought never to be a motive. been engraved iu balf-length by Sweiderhak, and reduced by Dejode, probably to put at the head of bis works.