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are so much at variance with ours, that we The Sultan.-Sultan Mahinoud is universally visit them with the same kind of sentiments allowed to possess an inflexible miud; and, that we go to an exhibition. As for the though only about thirty years of age, to disGreeks, it is not possible for any mau bred in play as much practical talent and knowledge Christendom, far less one bred in Britain, to of mankind as bis counsellors. His complexion endure long their interested obsequiousness, || is pale, his eye thoughtful and penetrating, their invidions strictures on each other, and and his physiognomy indicates a reserved na. their still more intolerable assumption of ture ; but there is a melancholy cast in the superiority over all the rest of mankind, under general expression of his countenance, that is the most flagrant ignorance and credulity. interesting, and rather, I think, conciliating.

LETTERS ON THE MANNERS, CUSTOMS, &c. OF DIFFERENT

COUNTRIES.

(Continued from Page 143.)

rously tried to save, wben the soldier, proud of LETTER IV.-HUNGARY.

the good action he was about to perform, preAn event which is almust of a tragical sented binself before the father and his daughnature, and of which I myself was a witness, ter; he took the old man in his arms, and prevented my writing to you by the last post

made a passage across the thick planks through from Retskemetch to Vienna: a fire broke

the flaming thatch, which fell in showers from out at Radoon, where I past the night with

all parts; yet he succeeded in saving this reCount Jian, and with whom you are acquaint- spectable family. The daugh'er bad gone out ed. It was at a time when the wind blew

of the house b fore the fire had caught their violevtly, so as to carry the flames to the very | dwelling; and fearful that the conflagration extremiiy of the unfortunate village. The in

would spread, she hastened to a neighbour, lo habitants, who are, for the most part, Sclavo.

request of him to help her father to some nians, took the cattle quietly out of the stables, place of security; but the progress of the fire and threw the clumsy furniture which filled was so rapid, that the wisest precautious of their bouses in heaps into their gardens, our fem ile Eneas were rendered useless, and calmly waiting till the thatch and timber work

the house was on fire when she returned. The of their dwellings, their only combustibles, Count Sulyel, who had ran out of his chateau, were consumed; when, on a sudden, the most

to succour bis vassals, commanded that the piercing shrieks were heard from a cottage | old man should be taken to his mansion, which already half-burnt down, and a young girl, was only half a mile from the village; there aged abou! eighteen years, well known in the

be should be taken care of, at the Count's ex. village for ber filial affection, and only cos

pence, till he was perfectly recovered: what suliing that fine feeling of the soul, rushed

he means to do with the girl, I know not; she forwards amidst the flames and smuke; for.

is pretiy, expresses herself well in the Hub. tuvately an huzzar of the Archduke Ferdi- garian language, and speaks German, with pand's regiment, had the intrepidity to follow very foreign accent, but with much grace: I ber; she embraced her father, tried to lift bim would not wish ber to take the attention of the on her shoulders, that she might endearour 10 inbabitants of the chaieau for a tribute paid 10 carry out this old man, who, two days before, her charms; for you know that the woman had broken a leg: but, alas! the feeble efforis who finds much pleasure in being thought of the maiden could not enable her to lift up bandsome, soon ceases to be virtuous, because the precious burthen, and she was vear being virtue prevents her receiving continual bomage suffocated with him, whom she had so gene. to her beauty. As lam not the guardiau of

the honour of the Hungarian ladies, I shall ready buill, than to construct them on their now quit my init resting heroine, and leave her owo account; for oft a wood fur tb 8c conto her own principles, while I return to my strucions must be transporteil torbar from barks and boats.

au immense distance. I ough: tu s peak here As I told you in a preceding letter, noue of of the horsrs employed at b gh lice, but I them are constructed in Hungary; it is not know your tempor so wei, tha: you wou d be for wani of constructors, but for want of quite rude if I did; and I should not indeed wood, the lands in the neighbourhood of the wonder to see you jawn at leasing a passage Danube being entirely divested of it, and the sufficieut to weary all our p.estut elegant couutries of Saltzburg, Suabia, and Upper amateurs in horsemanship. Austria furnish it abundantly; and it is less

(To be continued.) expence to the Hungariaus to purchase boats

THE NEW SYSTEM OF BOTANY, WITH PRACTICAL ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF Flora, &c. &c. &c.

“ From the moist meadow to the wither'd hill,
" Led by thie breeze, the vivid verdure runs,
* And swells, and deepens, to the cherish d eye.
* The hawthorn whitens; and the juicy groves
“ Put forth their budi, unfuiding by degrees,
“ Till the whole lesly forest stands display'd."

What heart endued with feeling has ever liter has been remarkably mild baving been witoessed the scene so sweetly described by li kuown to tlower in January, but generally in the port of the Seasons, without swelling wiih the succeeding month, on which account some gratitude to the benevolent Author of all Goo!! love-sick swaisis kave designated them by the And what heart endowed with feeling can appellation of “ Fair Maids of February.” witness this verdapt revivification of nature li is, indced, jusily valued for its early without adverting to those who, in the lap of appearance, often peeping out from under the friendship, or on the bosom of love, once apparently cold, yet genial bed of suow which revelled in all those innocent delighis, now protects it from the winéry nipping blast, as gooe, alas! no more to enjoy the eulivening | genial sighs may sometiines escape from the veroal breeze

coldest busom:s, in order to chcer the shiver. “For when shall spring visit the night of the

iug admirer with sume faint hope of vernal grave!”

love! It is, however, a fuwer in succession, Yet even he who “clasps the cold urn of her

and may therefore be contemplated on even whom once he loved,” may, in the contempla- il the first of May; but then the single sort al. tion of the opening beauties of the returring

ways come out first, and thougb their stalks year, find a symbol of ber virgin excellence, are short and their fiow lets small, yet peepfor now

ing out in social bunctes from their un posted “Along these blushing borders bright with dew, ! canopy, ihry excite the most pleasing ideas, “And in yon ming'ed wilderness of flowers, “ Fair-banded spring unbusoms every grace;

and promp: to some pretty sentimental re. “ Throws out the snow drop, and the crocus

flections, of which he, who would win the fair first

snow dr p of his affection, vugbt to be able to “From the soft wing of vernai breezes shed.”

avail himself. Nothing then can be more appropriate for It is remarkable that cur Avonian bard has the season than the

not a single allusion to this Awer. The Bo. SNOW DROP,

tanico.poetico Darwill, however, tas harmo. the first humble floweret that appears after nized its classification in the most melliflucnt the winter solstice; sometimes when the win. strains

“ Warm with sweet bluglies b.ight Galanthus seems to be the meadows, though it is now glows,

common with us in orchards, where, however, “ And prints with frolic step th- melting srows; modern boiauisis suppose it to be the remains “ O'er silen: foods, wbite hills, and glittering

of former cultivation. meids, “ Six rival swairs the playful beauty leads,

In delineating its various babitats in Ibis * Chides with ber duicet voice the tardy spring, country, moderu botanists also mention it as Bids sluinbering Zephyr stieich his fulded beiwg p'eniiful at the foot of the Malvern wing,

[cave, hills, in places where no traces of buildings or " Wakes the boarse cuckoo in lois gloony babitations have ever been set with; and also “ And calls the wondering cormoure from bois !

about Cirencester, in Gloucestershire; yet grave,

[grove, “ Bids the meek redbre:st cheer the budding is notwithstanding this they seem to consider “ And plaiolive ring dove lune her notes tv this and several other buibous rooted plants luve."

ay vot being originally indigenous. To descend, however, from the stilts of If this is the case, it is now completely na. pietry, we may say in plain botanic prose,

turalized with us, so as to thrive in all situa. that this power has its naine of Galanthus from tinus, particularly ouder trees and hedges, the Greek, gala signifying milk, and anthe

wheo cultivated for ornamental purposes; a flower; its modern appeilation requires po

and it may be considered as one of the simplest comment.

and readiest flowers for adoruing our woodIt is classed as HEXANDRIA MONOGI

walks, or the borders in wildernesses, as its NIA, and is of the natural order of Spathaccæ.

roots will multiply most rapidly and ex. In generic character, the calyx has an oblong tensively, if suffered to remain undisturbed. spathe, obtuse, compressed, and withering; the ! There are four other varieties, not ranked corolla has only three petals, these are obleng indeed as Galanthus, but as Leucoium. The and obtuse like the spatlıc; are equal in size,

first of these is the great spring snow drop, concave, and patulous. It is a cylindric which has an obloug bulb, and sbaped like nectary, thiee leafed, and half the length of the daffodil, thouglı smaller. Its deep green th: perals; whilst the leaflets are petal shaped, leaves are fiat, and much larger than those of emarginate, ob:use, and parailel. The fila.

the common snow drop. By its baving no men's of the stamen are short and capillary; thrie leaved rectary, it may be easily diswhilst the convergent anthers are acuminate, linguished from the common sort; but though oblong, and ending in a bristle. The pistil

some of the gardeners of the present day call has a globular germ; the style is filiform and it the spring snow flake, as a distinction, yet Jonger than the stamans, and the stigma is

by Parkinson, in whose time (1596) it was insimple. There is an oval, globular, and

troduced here from Italy, it is called the early obtusely three si’ed capsule für the pericarp ; flowering violet. This flowers in Maron; but it is also three celled, and three valvcd ; and

the admirers of Flora in her simplest stale, the seeds are several and globular.

may have a regular succession, for after this In essential character, the peta's are con

comes the summer snow drop, a native of cave, and three in number, whilst the nectary

Austria and the northern parts of Italy. It is cousists of three small emarginate petals, and said, however, that it has been found wild on the stigma simple.

the baths of the Thames, amongst other The species of which we now generally aquatic plants, growing more loxnriantly even speak, is the galanthus niralis, or common

in this state of nature, tban when introduced snow drop, which is bulb coa'ed and truncat.

in:o the flower-knots of the florist, where it ed, has leares yéllowish at the base,' and

seidom has sufficient moisture. sometimes possesses varieties with double The autumnal species was not introduced flowers. It is generally considered as a native | here untii ihe middle of the last century, but of Switzerland and Austria, as well as of Eng. | is very common in Portugal and Spaio ; and land, in al) whith places its favourite situation with us it flowers in September. The Leucoium

Slrumosum, is a native of the southern districts The stamen has tbree subulate filaments, of Alica, planted there by the benevolent || shorter than the corolia, and the anthers are hand of nature to gratify the savage Hotten. || sagittate. The pistil has au inferior roundish tot ; nay, sometimes found in places vbere germ ; tbc style is filiform, the length of the “ Full many a flower is born to blush un. stamens; and the ibree stigmas are convo. seen,

lute. “ And waste its sweetness in the desart air."

The pericarp possesses a rouudish, three The earliest companion of this delicate little valved, celled, and lobed capsule; and the Sower is

seeds are several, and round. THE CROCUS,

The essential character consists in having

a six parted corolla, with coavolute stigmas. supposed, in the classic mythology of Italy, to

There are two species of this fluwer; the have undergone a change from the human to

first is the crocus officinalis, or saffron of comthe floral form. Ovid, in his fourth book,

merce; but the second, which is the object of makes Alcilhoe say, whilst repeating her tale

our present inq is the common, or spring to her sisters,

crocus, and bas no less than twenty-seven va. Crocus and Smylax may be turo'd to flowers, “ And the Cureles spring from bounteous

rieties kuown to our floral botanists, to which slowers;

we must add a variety of new ones which “ I pass a hundred legends stale as these, have lovg been iniported from Hollaud, digo * And with sweet nuveily your taste will nified by high-sounding French or Dutch applease.”

pellatione. It is not, indeed, surprising that with a The most beautiful varieties, however, with genius so fanciful as the Greeks and Romans us, and those most cultivatid, are the Scotch, possessed, this simple yet beautiful flower the blue, yellow, cloth of gold, &c.; but there shuuld kave been adopted as the subject of an are some charming varieties which Haller deallegoric or mythological tale, when we con scribes as being wild in Switzerland; these are sider the elegant varieties which it presents to white, with a purple base. Jacquin also dethe eye of taste.

scribes a beautiful Anstrian species as being With us it is said not to be jodigenous, yet it purple with white; whilst in the moontains will blow in a mild January and last sometimes of Glarus it has been fou.d wild, with a yellow 10 April; nay, we bave ever seed ihe autumnal Mower, by Gesner'. crocus, wbich, however, can only be produced Though we are told that with us it is not here by artificial cultivation, as it does not indigenous, yet it is difficult to suppose ibat, fructify in our climate.

when we consider its having been often seen This flower has preserved its ancient name in a wild stale, not only about Battersea, in better than many others. In the days of the London neighbourhood, but even in the Theopbrastus it was called krokos, the deriva- || meadows about Noitingham, where we can tion of which, however, bas caused much scarcely suppose it to have found its way if it ink to be wasted by the critics and commenta had 20: been a native of this country. This tors; some supposing it might originate from: is, indeed, now a matter of little consequence, kroke a thread, others from Curiseus, a city in except as a curious point of botanical chronoCilicia. Its class is TRIANDRIA MONOGY - 1.logy; and as we do uot pretend to be conNIA, and its natural order Enselæ. In generic jurors, we shall leave it for the investigation character the calyx has a one leafed spathe; the of those who, from the very critical nicely of tube of the corolla is simple and long, the their researches, seem to wish to know every border six parted, erect, the divisions being thing, whilst they enjoy nothing. oblate, oblong, and unequal.

FINE ARTS.

Illustrations of the Graphic Art;

EXEMPLIFIED BY SKETCHES FROM THE N

IONAL MUSEUM AT PARIS.

ENEAS DEPOSISTING ANCHISES ON to him her child, is very defective; she is too THE BEACH.

short and fat. Tuis, without doubt, says the French We perceive in the secondary figures, wocritic, and perhaps very jus:ly, is one of the men who offer their children to men who are finest subjects für bistorical painting; but it embarking; but this is an historical error, for is much to be regretted that in the present in Eneas did not find vessels on the beach where stance it has not been executed as one might he fled for refuge ; and he says himself, whịlt have expected from the pencil of Van Dyk, nor recounting his adven: ures to Dido at Carthage, as Van Dyk himself had a right to hope to that he cut down the tries of Mount Ida, in perform such a task.

order to build some small vessels. It appears, indeed, that when this picture In fine, the whole of this extended compo. was on his easel, he was studying the Venetian sition, is but a small part of the subject ; for School, in which he had so far succeeded, that in fact, it was impossible to tell the whole this very picture has been supposed to be a story in its various details, with the aid of Titian!

only twenty figures; and besides all this, Who could wish for a finer stretch of can the form of the vessels is not antique, for the vas, than he who had to cover it with the ancients had no idea of topmas:8, nor of smoking ruins of Troy in the distance! Arigging topsail, or topgallant-yards aloft. long file of fugitives arriving at the beach, are in part sented upon the sand; around are tbe

CHARLES 1. ELECTOR PALATINE, wrecks of their property, disorder, tumult,

AND HIS BROTHER ROBERT. affright, women pale and trembling, children Here we see two young noblemicn, with a surprised at the scene, and the aged in con noble expression, with the manners of a Gersternation. Poussin would have bere found manic court, even their being of a sovereign room for ten groupes like those at the fall of race strongly marked, bauds very delicate, magna in the wilderness.

warlike habits, but not the military air, comIt must be conf ssed even that the principal plexions fresh and unexposed, which seem to groupe, tbat of Eneas and bis father, is not bave been too carefully guarded in the shade what the subject promises; the whole weight of a palace, and fine skins which have not yet of the body of the old man seems left to the felt the effects of the sun-beams. care of a young attendant, whose softness of We must not blame the painter for not give complexion bespeaks him unfit for the office; || ing character where there was none to copy; and Eneas covered with a lion's hide would but then the various shades of the armour arc have recalled the idea of Hercules, if the forms painted to a nicety; the details of the hair are bad corresponded with the costume. The adjusted to a scruple, yet freely treated, and groupe of a wounded warrior, dying in the in every part shewing ihe band of a master of

the of a grand idea, and its execution is equal to

here to paint men of their high rank, his the intention. That of the crowd which says pencil has been a little less independent than to Eneas, “ be our Chief," is well imagined; usual in the executivo. but the drawing of the woman, who presents

arms of his wife, is indeed the embodying the art; for one can only perceive that having

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