and us.

would not suffer us to fall into those saares the winds, and the ice. He quits the shore which were spread for us, by the schemes and armed with a hook and two strong oars; he artifices of some women; we have found, makes the same use of his book on the flakes thawks to our judgment, a dove in the midst of ice as the boatmen of other rivers do of of crows! But the dove is about to lose her theirs against the shoals, the pilot hoats, or candour when, fortunately for her, we took other vessels beside which they wish to make her from lier accustomed habits and compa.

their boat pass freely. They not only set pions to fit ber for ours! Madmen that we

their little boat in motion with their oars, but are! we pretend thus to unite esteem with they avoid the small pieces of ice which ob. contempt, while we are implicated in that con. struct their passage ; often the little boat retempt which we sbew towards a sex whose mains motionless in the middle of the flood, virtues, talents, graces, and sweetness made because the play of the oars becomes impracour ancestors believe that Heaven had chosen | ticable, and the hook useless, by reason of the woman to serve as a mediatrix between itself fakes of ice not being thick enough to sup

How unjust also are we in the mo. port it; then the Hongarian, by standing up tives wbich actuate our esteem for our wives ! and balancing himself on bis feet, gives an for we cease to esteem them as soon as we undulating motion to his little boat, the flakes cease to believe that it is to us they owe their are broken, disperse in small pieces of ice, and virtues. Our self-love alone, which causes us

give the requisite space for the oars to play to reason so ill on the subject of woman, makes

without any impediment. A stranger beholdus likewise ready to condemn every thing ing this hazardous method of crossing so deep which is contrary to our own way of seeing and rapid a river, is terrified at the apparent and thinking in foreign countries; and you, 1 | danger which accompauies it, but the natives, koow very well, have already blamed the

who know that from time immemorial no fatal Hungarians because they have not given them.

accident has ever bappened, woake use of it as · selves up to navigation; particularly the na

the only possible means of communication to vigation of a river destined by nature to become the two opposite shores during the thaw, withfor them a continual source of health and out regretting that they have none more treasure; perhaps you have accused them of prompt and easy. being wanting in that address and courage

Farewell, my dear friend, I depart to.morrow which navigation demands. If you have been

for Grau. In my next letter I will say somecapable of judging thus rashly, you would

thing of that town and of what I may see in easily revoke your opinion bad you only been

my way thitber. Have a little friendship for a witness to their intrepidity in traversing the

me if you cannot have much, although much Daoube during the breaking of the ice, when

would not be sufficient to return the sincere the tbaw begins to be fell in the mountains,

affection I feel for you. and the wild waters in their descent so swell the waves of the food, that in the end they break the thick ice which covered it, and

LETTER VI. overwhelm the bridges, the mills, and the huts

Erlan, 1810. which are close to the side of the river. The At length, my dear friend, I have tra. bed of the Danube is covered with enormous versed this enormous Pusta de habitar, to Aakes of ice, which sometimes coagulate to. transport myself here. Fortunately I travelgether in such a manner as to impede iis | Ied with the Court Jiau, under his protection, course, and cause inundations for several miles or rather under that of the suite, which always along the shore, and sometimes precipitate it accompanies the Hungarian nobility in their towards the Black Sea with the most tempes circuits. I confess to you, I was not without tuous vehemence. It is then that the Huoga. some inquietude; tbe mediar sbepherd, the rian exerts all the efforts of his skill and Hungariau's rival, only in the second degree courage; he confronts, in a bark most inge. ll of civilization, wbich state the Poets would aiously constructed, the fury of the waters, make us believe is the model of innocence and

hospitality, is in this country what nature has , luckily was both a sensible and compassionate made him,-a being given up to the most man, reflect on the injustice there would be violent passions, so niuch the more dangerous in punishing a man for transgressing ibose as moral and religioas principles are too far laws which till then were utterly unknown to above bis comprehension to become the rules him. When spoken to on the rights of pro. of his conduct. A basket of flowers, a Aute, perty, religion, and God, all were new to him and a crook, forined the equipage of a shep except God, of whom he only knew the exist. herd who lived in the golden age; the skin of euce the evening before, when he bad been a sbeep, a shirt and drawers, stiff with rancie || shewn his image painted on the walls of his grease with which they are rubbed to keep off prison. He said that a woman, who lived the vermin, a cap of fur, boots of goat-skin, some miles off, used to come at times and and a ztakan, form the accoutrements of the bring bim clothes and sometimes provisions ; psikos, or keepers of horses, of the kunas, or his comrades had told bim she was his mo. swine-herds, of the kules, or cow-herds; and ther, but he had no other proof; be knew the ztakan is the ordinary weapon of defence still less of his father. You will easily ima. belonging to the Hungarian ; it is a species of gine that people so grossly barbarous are not batchet, and on the opposite side of the cut. the most agreeable to meet with in a kind of ting part of the hatchet is either a hammer or desart, and who are besides the terror of the a hook, the handle of wbich is four feet long Jews and the silk merchants, whom they pilor thereabouts : not only is the wound they lage without mercy when they find themselves make in striking with this weapou more strong enough to attack them with any hopes dangerous than that of a sabre, but they often

of success. The Jews more especially are ex. also make use of the ztakan as a kind of javelin, posed to their violence; they look upon it which they throw at fifteen paces distance or that they have a right to tear away by force under, and are sure of killing, or at least of all that the Jews may have amassed by usury grievously wounding the animal at which they and fraud; however, they never kill them, burl it. They live on Aesh, and dwell under except the Jews provoke their fury by seeking the canopy of heaven, and the beady and gross to defend themselves, then they become for. wine, of which they drink copiously while they midable to these unhappy Israelites and the smoke incessantly an oily kiud of tobacco, the silk merchants, who are in this country proviolent nature of which is sufficient to inflame perly only bucksters and pedlars. their blood, and excite them to that terrible Though they fear the nobility, an Hungarian ferocity which is seldom appeased but hy the Lord is not always exempt from the altacks blood of its object. Strangers to every tender of these shepherds in some parts of Hungary affection, the ties of kindred are unknown to through which he may chance to travel; and them; there are even amongst them those do not figure to yourself that either respect wbo forget the names of their parents; so or attachment causes any exemption in favour young and thoughtless were they when they | of the nobles, for you will be much deceived. quitted the paternal roof to enter it no more. The shepherds suffer the nobleman to pass

The Count informed me that at one of his unmolested, because the nobleman permits estates, situated

near the Krapacks, they the shepherd to exercise his robberies with brought a young kunas, or swine-herd, before impunity: the cattle, the corn, wine, and salt the judge, for having stolen some cervellats meats continually carried off are not motives (a kind of sausage), and a pelisse. He con powerful enough to engage the judicial senio. fessed the fact, but thought it very strange rity to lift itself up against these people. The they should desire to puoish him for having noble fears their vengeance; his flocks de. eaten when he was hungry, and because he stroyed, his vineyards, his houses, and his had taken, to guard himself from the north forests burnt, would be the inevitable consewind, a pelisse which seemed to be made on quence of justice moving one step; therefore purpose for bim. The candour with which he the country people, who know how little they septied to every question, made the judge, who have to reckon on the protection of the laws,

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make a treaty with the robbers, and give them Now that I have excited your curiosity, I
with a good grace what they exact for their shall immediately conclude my letter, to puni ih
subsistence. The thing is so common that it you for your negligence, which you always
is generally specified in the coatracts of loca- | observe in answering your friend.
tion the quantity of consumables and other
articles which the farmer agrees to furnish,

(To be continued.) to guard himself from pillage.


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ITALY groaned upder the scourge of war; general consternation, to render themselves the French came down from the Alps like a masters of possessions which would insure destructive torrent, covering with blood and their independence, and put them io a way to carnage the smiling plains of Lombardy, wbile keep their own military force perpetually in Gonsalvo de Cordova held the kingdom of pay. Naples in subjection to the Spanish yoke. The Raimondo Feracuti, an obscure man, bora petty states of Italy, broken by the shocks amongst the fields of Maniua, was one of given them from France and Spain, who had those whom revolutions had raised to the from that period, began to dispute the title of rank of the sovereigns of Lombardy; he posuniversal mouarchy, waited in terror the re sessed valour and experience, and several forsult of these sanguinary contests. Venice funate expeditions undertaken for the Venealone held an imposing position; Venice the tians against the Florentines, bad gained him Queen of the sea, had extended her empire; a brilliant reputation, and he was himself in the Levant, in several isles of the Archipe superior to bis renown: his coolness in comlago, some points even of the Grecian continent bat, his wisdom in council, and bis clemency were subject to ber laws, and her commerce gave

in victory, rendered bim dear to the Italians ; her the means of supporting numerous bands, he would have been a true hero had he known commanded by experienced chiefs: but alas! how to set bounds to his ambition, or at least these chiefs, less famous for their inilitary to have allowed himself only to have had in talents than for the plunder to which their view some lawful pursuit; but he could not troops were addicted, were more the terror withstand the instances of his officers, who, ou of the Italians than their safeguard : the name

their part, desirous of enjoying the fruits of of Condottiero was odious to all classes of the their exploits, looked pon the takiug and citizens, and the quality of a soldier, so re

subjecting of a strong town as the only means spectable in itself, was become a subject of of establishing their riches and their repose : hatred and universal contempt in the persons

the little town of Sabionetta,* agreeably situatof those men who ouly made use of their arms

ed, strong by its position and by the works to oppress their couotry and abuse their fellow which the inhabitants have raised to preserve citizens. The property of the peaceable in

their liberty, was chosen by Feracuti for habitants of the country was scarce sufficient bis own dominion; he meditated the conquest to satisfy the exorbitant desires of the sol- of it, and succeeded in possessing it by stradiery, while the liberty of the towns sunktagem, in which the famous Duke of Valenunder the oppressions of their chiefs. The

tinois served him most essentially, haviog Condottiero made themselves successively rendered him master of Sinigalles and of the masters of the inost considerable towns; and

* Sabionetta is on the confines of the those whose insignificance had sheltered thema against the attacks of the more ambitious, Dutchy of Mantua and of Cremonise, the capi.

tal of the Dutcby of the same name as the soou fell a prey to others, who too feeble to

Castle; it had its own particular Princes, and attack the usurpers already established, were

belonged to the House of Austria, when the desirous of profiting by their example and the French took it in 1797.

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person of Vilelluzzi Vitelli. When he became of the French;* and although his eleven compeaceable possessor of Sabionetta and its

pauions had been as well as himself the conterritory, Raimondo only occupied bimself in

querors of their adversaries, Rinaldi, who had repressing the licentiousness of the military; fought the most formidable of the Freneh, and and his new subjects astonished at the mild

bad found means, notwithstanding their efforts, ness of his government, soon ceased to regret

to succour an Italian Cbevalier, who was just the loss of a tumultuous liberty. Feracuti died

on the point of falling under the sword of after having assured the principality of Sa

bis enemy, and lived to share in the general bionetta to bis son, who bad borne arms under glory, Rinaldi was entitled to the greatest him.

share of the honour. Hannibal Feracuti, whom we shall now call The desire of again beholding his country, · the Prince of Sabionetta, joined to the most pre- and to become useful to it, caused Rinaldi to possessing countenance all those qualities quit the Spanish army, in which he had first which render a chief respectable in the eyes of borne arms, and he returned to Mantua ; a his soldiers ; brave without ostentation, he re faction inimical to bis house exiled bim, but mained calm in the midst of danger ; difficul bis military reputation followed bim every ties, far from blunting bis courage, only | where ; he was received by Raimondo Feracati, augmented his energy, and wben fortune re

who owed to him part of his success, and who fused to second his efforts, he found in the profiting by the wise counsels of Adolfo, felt fertility of bis genius the means of parrying off himself strengthened in those inclinations those strokes, which sometimes threatened to

wbich led bim to justice and humanity. Hanoverthrow his enterprise. But all these pre- || nibal, on the contrary, weary of the severe cious endowments were tarnished by an irre

manner which marked Rinaldi's conversation, sistible inordinance of ainorous propensily; | sought, as soon as possible, to get rid of so inhappy for him if bis heart inclining towards | defatigable a conser, and gave him the Castle an estimable object, had entirely given himself

of Ripapatta; not so much to recompence bim up to that sweet sentiment which a female al

for his past services, as to avoid the remonways inspires, when the beauty of her mind

strances that his own conduct could not fail to equals the outward attractions which capti- || draw upon bim, from a man of such rigid vate our senses.

morals. But the Prince was not susceptible of a Adolfo was too wise not to prefer to the lively tenderness, he experienced only sensual

bustle of a court, a retreat which promised desires, without feeling that sweet emotion of

bim leisure to occupy himself solely with the the soul which deifies her to whom we look

education of Stefanioa, who was in her early up for favour; to satiate his love by posses bloom when her fatber led her to his new dosion was the only end he had in view ; never main. did he wish for the conquest of a heart, never

Three years passed away, without any redid his bosom palpitate at the sight of the

markable event happening to either the father lovely Stefanina, so calculated to inspire the

or his daughter; but at the commencement of most delicate sentiments; but sbe only made the fourth, a Veronese Chevalier, named Hannibal experience the unconquerable desire Gherardo Gherardivi beheld Stefanioa, and of sacrificing Stefaniua to the ardour of unre. conceived for her that love which is given to strained passion.

Italian hearts alone to experience in its fullest Stefanina of Rinaldi, owed her birth to extent. The tender Stefanipa could not per. Adolfo di Rinaldı; never did a daugbter own ceive, without ivterest, the impression she had a more respectable fatber;

grown old in

made upon a' mind, which till then had arms, Adolfo reckoned his years by his ex

only known the charms of glory. Stefanina ploits; bis name was in the mouth of every loved, and the command that her father gave brave man, and he was one of the twelve Italian chevaliers whom Gousalvo had chosen * Vide Sennor M. Ji Quittana's Lives of to avevge the Italian honour on the insolence | Illustrious Spaniards.


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her to look upoa Gherardo, as a lover who adorned by the graces, she could never restrain would shortly become her husband, intoxi. for ove moment ber fickle husband, wbo, far, cated her with delight; it was with difficulty from respecting the ties wbich united him to sbe concealed her transports; the presence of the gentle Clara, only saw in her an obstacle him only who had caused them could impose to the accomplishment. of his base pursuits. tbe silence prescribed by modesty; she was at He secretly detested the innocent Clara, and a loss to express her feelings, and her father he had resolved on her death, since she preattributing her blushes to the embarrassment vented his gaining new conquests. always experienced by a young maiden at the He was in this frame of mind when Adolfo idea of a wedded state, left her alone, to give

was announced; the novelty of the message hier time to recover herself.

astonished the Prince; it was above three However, the reports of Stefanina's beauty years since Adolfo had appeared at coart. reached the court, and the Prince himself bad | Hannibal ordered to be introduced, without heard it vaunted of; he learned, not without delay, a man to whom he owed a part of his some degree of pique, that a beauty, to whom elevation, and whose influence was able to he had not dared to aspire, ornaniented his destroy his authority, if he declared himself dominions. A particle of virtue, or rather | against him. He received Rinaldo with marks respect, with which the virtue of Rinaldi in of the most sincere benevolence; and after spired the most criminal, decided Hannibal's li having sounded, before his courtiers, the resolution to shun Stefanina, his seeing of truest praises of the services Adolfo bad renwhom could not but be attended with the most dered his father and himself, he affectionately fatal consequences ; be feared, and with too requested bim to tell him the motive of his much reason, that the siglit of such an as journey to Sabionetta. Rinaldi iouched with semblage of cbarms would kiudle in his bosom the friendship which the Prince evinced for an unfortunate passion.

him, felt all those sentimients renewed in his Hannibal was married ; and although his heart, which had before attached him to the wife possessed all that was capable of fixing

son of his ancient friend. any man who was able to appreciate virtue

(To be continued.)




This interesting work opens with the vious to this event, a Mrs. Cleveland, granddescription of two worthy characters, Dr. mother to the heroine of this work, sends for Hampden and his wife, who, with their own Dr. Hampden, to cunsuit bim not only as a young family, have taken the charge of an physician, but as a friend; and confides to his amiable youth, Algernon Mordington, ibe son care her grand-daughter Adela, then a very of a needy younger brother of a noble family; young child, and whose mild, sweet, and timnid and the infunt sister of Algernon, “motherless character is finely contrasted with that of her from the third day after her birth,” is admitted only brother, an adored, spo:ll, and beadstrong into the nursery at Mordington Castle, and boy. These two children are the offspring of allowed to be brought up with Lord Osseley's || Mr. Cleveland by a second wife; two daugh. own children, her cousins.

ters, Elinor and Alicia, are the children of his Io the early part of the work, the Peer be first marriage. The character of the mother coming childless, takes Algernon home and of Julius and Adela is drawn with strong co. adopts him for his son, as well as ackuow lourings of nature; ber husband's ardent af. ledging him the proper heir at law: but pre. fection for her evinced itself in the most iras

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