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arbitress of fashion, and to use the words of fate and memory falls from the eyes of Adela lke author, is one of those modern wives, | alone. who are“ just not vicivus, and just not mad.” William Hampden and his wife obtain, at

Lady Rosalvan, a prey to those harpies with length, forgiveness from Sir Thomas Forrester, whom she bad so imprudently connected her and are reconciled to the worthy Dr. Hampself in her better days, expires, after giving den; and the animosity between Julius Clive. herself up to inebriety, before she attained land and Lord Ennerdale is succeeded by a her forty-second year ; while a tear to her sad | friendship almost enthusiastic,

THE NEW SYSTEM OF BOTANY,

WITH PRACTICAL ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF FLORA, &c. &c. &c,

HAVING thus proceeded through that soon afterwards ; for its present name is of part of the present series which is merely || Greek derivation, being called by thein ornamental, we must not forget the old thread. || Amydalos, from Amuchas, signifying a live or bare, yet valuable adage of utile et dulce, and furrow, of which there are many on its sursball therefore now mix utility with orna face. ment, in delineating a few particulars of the The same name was adopted afterwards by ALMOND,

the Romans, when they began to cultivate it; a tree too elegant to have escaped the notice yet tbat period must have been during the of our Avonian bard, who seemis not to bare

time of the empire, for in the period of the allowed even rare novelties to pass without republic they were a foreigu article, and Cato drawing from them a parable or a simile. In

calls them “ Greek nuts." Shakespeare's time both almonds and parrots Now, however, in Italy, this tree has become were great rarities, yet such was the force of a great object of cultivation ; for thence it has his imagination, such the acuteness of his spread into the southern parts of France, and observation, such the powers of his memory,

both in the plains of Dauphiné and moun. that the extreme fondness of the bird for the tains of Provence, has been raised iu extensive fruit is put by him into the mouth of Thersites, !! plantaticos. in his Troilus and Cressida, thus shewing his own Its introduction into Spain and Portugal information, but so far caught napping as to may have been from the coast of Barbary, commit an anachronism, for though almonds

where it is a native; and it is also originally were knows in Greece perhaps at the siege of indigenous in the eastern parts of Asia, as far Troy, yet parrots did not make their appear. as China. With us, bowever, its cultivation is ance there for many centuries afterwards. not particularly an object, as far as regards This, by the way is a hint to future com its fruit, but it is still bighly valuable as an mentators, for we believe that all the past and ornamental, whether raised in shrubberies, or present have let the anachronism slip without brought forward in small clumps upon the police.

lawn. Even in this climate it begins in a Thersites, alluding to the supposition of genial March to display its delicate purple Troilus having deserted the fair Cressida, im- | bloom, nor does it always require mild mediately endeavours to turn the information weather, as its blossoms appear before the to bis own account, and says, “ Patroclus will leaves of many other trees. At this period, give me any thing for the intelligence of this whether surrounded by the verdant buds of

The parrot will not do more for an al spring, or affording a contrast to the yet leaf. mond, than he for a commodious drab.” less branches, it is altogether as elegant an

The almond, however, if not known to the object as ornamental horticulture can pro. Greeks at so early a period, must have been so

duce.

The common almond with us bas two va. except on a close examination, when the rieties, the kernels of the ove being sweet, lower serratures of tbe almond leaf appear to of the other bitter; yet both are often found be glandular. We may also notice that the on the same tree. It sometimes happens, how- leat es of the peach proceed from the extremi. ever, that an early spring may bring them out ties if the shoots above, but never below the sooner than usual; but then their produce is flowers; whilst in the subject of the present but trifling compared to what coines from a lectore, the leaves spring both above and later blow, when their fruit make an elegant below. Ju other respects their leaves bear a addition to the desert, if green, but will not strong resemblance in all the various shades keep.

from the pale whiteness of the snow-drop, to The Amygdalus includes seven species, with the vermeil blush of the apple-blossom. the peach ; but the almonds are only six; these The sweet, or Jordan almond, is scarcely to are, common, double flowering dwarf, com be esteemed a tree of English cultivatiou ; yet mon dwarf, boary dwarf, silver-leaved, or may be raised from the imported fruit, will Oriental, and the Almond of Cochin China. even bear and preserve its distinctions, as will

Their class is ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA, another species called Stativa, but this is and their natural order Pomacea. In generic | sickly and tender. character the calyx has the perianth one The double flowering dwarf almond is a Icafed, tubulous, quinquifid, deciduous, ibe | beautiful variety for cultivation, but the divisions spreading and obtuse. The corolla smallest species is the common dwarf, which consists of five petals, concave, obtuse, oblong, in the southern parts of Russia grows about ovate, and inserted in the calyx; and the six feet high, but further to the northward anthers are simple. The pistil has a rouudish scarcely exceeds a span.

This diminutive villose germ; its style is simple, with a stigma | genus ornaments the bauks of the Volga, and bead, and is as long as the stamen. The peri- is found in great abuwdance in Calmuck Tar. carp consists of a large roundish viilose drupe, tary: but in the first of these habitats its with a longitudinal furrow. The seed con growth is said to be suppressed by the annual sists of an ovate, acute, compressed nut, with fires which are made for agricultural purposes prominent sutures on each side; its outside in the vast plains watered by that river. With is reticulated with furrowe, and dotted with us it has been in cultivation since the latter several holes.

part of the seventeenth century, and is much In essential character the calyx is quin- esteemed as a flowering shrub, when inter. quisid and inferior, and the petals are five; li mixed with others. the drupe has a shell perforated with pores,

It is a curious fact that almonds, though so and the skin is pubescent.

frequent at our desserts, are yet poisonous in a It must be observed that the principal dif certain degree. If eaten plentifully the proference between the fruit of the almond and duce sickness; and a simple water impreg. the peach, consists in the one being covered nated with their volatile parts bas been known. with a dry skin, and the other with a delici to cause death in brute animals; nay, it is ous pulp, wbilst the difference between this said tbat cordial spirits flavoured by tbein genus and that of prunes is only in the pube. have been found highly deleterious. It has scence of the skin, the pores of the shell pot be. been supposed that this very great deleterious ing constant, por indeed even the pubescence. activity, however, arises from the bitterness,

With us the common almond seldom grows or flavour proceeding from a certain noxious higher than twenty feet, but we have some matter which is in a great measure neutralized times extraordinary instances of the spread whilst united with the farinaceous substance, ing of its branches. It is not easy to dis but set at liberty by distillation. tinguish its leaves from those of the peach,

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FINE ARTS.

Illustrations of the Graphic Art;

EXEMPLIFIED BY SKETCHES FROM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AT PARIS.

PORTRAIT BY VAN DYK.

ALEXANDER SCAGLIA.

This portrait has in general, by the adThis is quite a domestic portrait. He

mirers of Van Dyk, been considered as a com. seems merely a happy contented busband; he is newly ard and closely shaved; the blue | panion to that of Cardinal Bentivoglio already

giver. The characters of the two subjects of tint of his black beard is seen upon the skin;

the pencil are indeed the same. Each was a the light spreads upon his cheek, and there

statesman and an ecclesiastic; but then, says produces relief by the simple, yet almost in

The Parisian critic, tbis is of the second order, sensible gradation of half-tints, which conduct

this is the curate and the secretary of lega. the eye from the luminous point even to the

tion; Bentivoglio has the air of giving comdeepest shade, without the local colouring | mands—This of receiving them! This head is appearing altered in the slightest degree.

reflective he thinks deeply on wbat is said, This cheek is a model of what art can do, but he is not the first speaker-he is standing without employing far-fetched inventions, and

in another's presence, but the Cardinal is sit. without factitious contrasts; for here, as in

ting at home. This then is quite another the works of nature herself, the common eye character--his habits and disposition are does not perceive those deep shades which different, and in this cousist the skill and prompt to the question “Why is this so

judgment of the artist: he has not drawn a dark ?" a question wbich excites the pity and Captain like a King, nor has be painted a simcontempt of the artist, and yet shows at the

ple canon like a dignitary of the church; tbis same time that art itself is in fault, for this

is ; fact, painting in character. question has never been asked with respect to

Tbegeneral tone of this picture is also more the effects of natural light and shade.

tranquil than the other, the light is less bril. We must even open the eyes of the adept, liant, and there is less of that iutentional and in order to make him observe these shades

well appl'ed glitter. That, however, has not even in nature herself, these demi-tints wbich obliged him to give less of the pencil's labour sbe employs nevertheless in such a manner

to the head; here the stuffs are perfectly as never to give rise to the foregoing ques. | beautiful; every thing is said, every thing is tion.

expressed, without departing in the slightest The attitude and expression of this picture | degree from the blackness of the general tint; are rather less simple than its tone of colouring, Il but then it is Van Dyk alone who could have and it does not gain by repeated examination.

overcome the difficulty. The mau seems to be in the act of conversing ;

Afier all it must be confessed that there is a but all action in a picture, says the critic, defect in the general arrangement. The figure has the evil of being permanent! It is not na comes too near the frame; the feet touch it tural that a map should be always employed below; and this brings it too far forward; it the same way. That is to say, it is unpleasant

is, in short, like a man stopping upon the every time we look at a man's picture to see him

threshold of a door and being framed in the engaged in the same act; when on the other band, we can always easily conceive him en

This painting was taken to Paris from the gaged in a state of repose of indefinite prolon- church of the Recollets at Antwerp, and has gation !!!

been engraved in half-length by Paul Pontius,

door-way

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