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arbitress of fashion, and to use the words of ,, fale and memory falls from the eyes of Adela lke author, is one of those modero wives, alone. who are“just not vicious, and just not mad.” | William Hampden and his wife obtain, at

Lady Rosalvan, a prey to those harpies with length, forgiveness from Sir Thomas Forrester, whom she bad so imprudently connected lier- and are reconciled to the worthy Dr. Hampself in her better days, expires, after giving den; and the animosity between Julius Cliveherself up to inebriety, before she attained' land and Lord Ennerdale is succeeded by a her forty-second year; while a tear to her sad | friendship almost enthusiastic,

THE NEW SYSTEM OF BOTANY, WITH PRACTICAL ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF FLORA, &c. &c. &c,

face.

Having thus proceeded through that soon afterwards ; for its present name is of part of the present series which is merely || Greek derivation, being called by thein ornamental, we must not forget the old thread. || Amydalos, from Amuchas, signifying a line or bare, yet valuable adage of utile et dulce, and furrow, of which there are many on its sursball therefore now mix utility with orna. ment, in delineating a few particulars of the The same name was adopted afterwards by ALMOND,

the Romans, when they began to cultivate it; a tree too elegant to have escaped the notice || yet that period must have been during the of our Avonian bard, who seenis not to bare

time of the empire, for in the period of the allowed even rare novelties to pass without republic they were a foreigu article, and Cato drawing from them a parable or a simile. In

I calls them “ Greek nuts.” Shakespeare's time both almonds and parrots Now, however, in Italy, this tree has become were great rarities, yet such was the force of a great object of cultivation ; for thence it has his imagination, such the acuteness of his spread into the southern parts of France, and observation, such the powers of his memory, both in the plains of Dauphiné and mounthat the extreme fondness of the bird for the tains of Provence, has been raised iu extensive fruit is put by him into the mouth of Thersites, ll plantations. in his Troilus and Cressida, thus shewing his own Ils introduction into Spain and Portugal information, but so far caught napping as to may have been from the coast of Barbary, commit an anachronism, for though almonds

fur though almonds I where it is a native ; and it is also originally were known in Greece perbaps at the siege of indigenous in the eastern parts of Asia, as far Troy, yet parrots did not make their appear as China. With us, however, its cultivation is ance there for many centuries afterwards. not particularly an object, as far as regards This, by the way is a hint to future com | its fruit, but it is still highly valuable as an mentators, for we believe that all the past and ornamental, whether raised in shrubberies, or present have let the anachronism slip without | brought forward in small clumps upon the police.

lawn. Even in this climate it begins in a Thersites. alluding to the supposition of genial March to display its delicate purple Troilus having deserted the fair Cressida, im- || bloom, nor does it always require mild mediately endeavours to turn the information weather, as its blossoms appear before the to bis own account, and says, “ Patroclus will leaves of many other trees. At this period, give me any thing for the intelligence of this whether surrounded by the verdant buds of w . The parrot will not do more for an al. | spring, or affording a contrast to the yet leafmond, than he for a commodious drab.” less branches, it is altogether as elegant an

The almond, however, if not known to the object as ornamental horticulture can pre. Greeks at so early a period, must have been so 'duce.

The common almond with us has two va- ,, except on a close examination, when the rieties, the kernels of the oue being sweet, I lower serratures of ibe almond leaf appear to of the other bitter; yet both are often found be glandular. We may also notice that the on the same tree. It sometimes happens, how- leat es of the peach proceed from the extremi. ever, that an early spring way bring them out ties if the shoots above, but never below the sooner than usual; but then their produce is flowers; whilst in the subject of the present but trifting compared to what comes from a lectore, the leaves spring both above and later blow, when their fruit make an elegant below. In other respects their leaves bear a addition to the desert, if green, but will not strong resemblance in all the various shades keep.

|| from the pale whiteness of the snow-drop, to The Amygdalus includes seven species, with the vermeil biusb of the apple-blossom the peach; but the almonds are only six; these | The sweet, or Jordan almond, is scarcely to are, common, double flowering dwarf, com- be esteemed a tree of Eoglish cultivation; yet mon dwarf, boary dwarf, silver-leaved, or may be raised from the imported fruit, will Oriental, and the Almond of Cochin China. leven bear and preserve its distinctions, as will

Their class is IcOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA, II another species called Stativa, but this is and their natural order Pomacea. In generic || sickly and tender. character the calyx has the perianth one | The double flowering dwarf almond is a Icafed, tubulous, quinquifid, deciduous, the beautiful variety for cultivation; but the divisions spreading and obtuse. The corolla li smallest species is the common dwarf, which consists of five petals, concave, obtuse, oblong, l) in the southern parts of Russia grows about ovate, and inserted in the calyx; and the six feet high, but further to the northward antkers are simple. The pistil has a rouudish scarcely exceeds a span. This diminutive villose germ ; its style is simple, with a stigma ll genus ornaments the bauks of the Volga, and bead, and is as long as the stamen. The peri- is found in great abusdance in Calmuck Tar. carp cousists of a large roundisha viilosc drupe, tary: but in the first of these habitats its with a longitudinal furrow. The seed con- growth is said to be suppressed by the annual sists of an ovate, acute, compressed nut, with fires which are made for agricultural purposes prominent sutures on each side; its outside in the vast plains watered by that river. With is reticulated with furrows, and dotted with ll us it has been in cultivation since the latter several holes.

part of the seventeenth century, and is much In essential character the calyx is quin esteemed as a flowering shrub, when interquisid and inferior, and the petals are five; I mixed with others. , the drupe has a shell perforated with pores, \! It is a curious fact that almonds, though so and the skin is pubescent.

frequent at our desserts, are yet poisonous in a It must be observed that the principal dif- li certain degree. If eaten plentifully the proference between the fruit of the almond and duce sickness; and a simple water impreg. the peach, consists in the one being covered nated with their volatile parts has been knowa. with a dry skin, and the other with a delici to cause death in brute animals; nay, it is ous pulp, wbilst the difference between this ! said tbat cordial spirits flavoured by tbein genus and that of prunes is only in the pube. I have been found highly deleterious. It has scence of the skin, the pores of the shell not be been supposed that this very great deleterious ing constant, nor indeed even the pubescence. activity, however, arises from the bitterness,

With us the common almond seldom grows | or flavour proceeding from a certain uoxious higher than twenty feet, but we have some matter which is in a great measure neutralized times extraordinary instances of the spread whilst united with the farinaceous substance, ing of its branches. It is not easy to dis- but set at liberty by distillation. tinguish its leaves from those of the peach,

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FINE ARTS.

Illustrations of the Graphic Art; EXEMPLIFIED BY SKETCHES FROM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AT PARIS.

PORTRAIT BY VAN DYK.

ALEXANDER SCAGLIA.

This portrait has in general, by the adThis is quite a domestic portrait. He

mirers of Van Dyk, been considered as a comseems merely a happy contented husband; he

panion to that of Cardinal Bentivoglio already is newly ard and closely shaved; the blue

given. The characters of the two subjects of tint of his black beard is seen upon the skin; the light spreads upon bis cheek, and there

the pencil are indeed the same. Each was a

statesman and an ecclesiastic; but then, says produces relief by the simple, yet almost insensible gradation of half-tints, which conduct

the Parisian critic, tbis is of the second order,

this is the curate and the secretary of lega. the eye from the luminous point even to the

tion; Bentivoglio has the air of giving comdeepest shade, without the local colouring

Il mands this of receiving them! This head is appearing altered in the slightest degree.

| reflective—he thinks deeply on what is said, This cheek is a model of what art can do,

• 10; but he is net the first speaker-he is standing without employing far-fetched inventions, and

in another's presence, but the Cardinal is sit. without factitious contrasts; for here, as in

ting at home. This then is quite another the works of pature herself, the common eye

character-his habits and disposition are does not perceive those deep shades which

different, and in this cousist the skill and prompt to the question “Why is this so

judgment of the artist : be has not drawn a dark?" a question wbich excites the pity and

|| Captain like a King, nor has be painted a simcontempt of the artist, and yet shows at the

ple canon like a dignitary of the church; this same time that art itself is in fault, for this

is fact, painting in character. question has never been asked with respect to

|| Tbegeneral tone of this picture is also more the effects of natural light and shade.

tranquil than the other, the light is less bril. We must even open the eyes of the adept, llliant, and there is less of that intentional and in order to make bim observe these shades

! well applied gliller. That, however, has not even in nature herself, these demi-tints which

obliged him to give less of the pencil's labour sbe employs nevertheless in such a manner

to the head; here the stuffs are perfectly as never to give rise to the foregoing ques.

beautiful; every thing is said, every thing is tion.

expressed, without departing in the slightest The attitude and expression of this picture

tude and expression of this picture jj degree from the blackness of the general tint; are rather less simple than its tone of colouring,

but then it is Van Dyk alone who could have and it does not gain by repeated examination. |

overcome the difficulty. The mau seems to be in the act of conversing ; | Afrer all it must be confessed that there is a but all action in a picture, says the critic, l defect in the general arrangement. The figure has the evil of being permanent! It is not na

comes too near the frame; the feet touch it tural that a man should be always employed below; and ibis brings it too far forward; it the same way. That is to say, it is unpleasant

is, in short, like a man stopping upon the every time we look at a man's picture to see him

threshold of a door and being framed in the engaged in the same act; when on the other

door-way. hand, we can always easily conceive him en

This painting was taken to Paris from the gaged in a state of repose of indefinite prolon

church of the Recollets at Antwerp, and has gation!!!

I been engraved in half-length by Paul Pontius,

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