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please his palate, and such as he can meet with nq where else.
If the most indefatigable industry, in bringing tq light articles, from hitherto untouched recesses of learning, the utmost accuracy in compiling and new modelling those that have been already published; if the greatest deference, and the most exact regard to the performances of our correspondents, and the most earnest attention to whatever may at once please and instruct, can qualify us to be candidates for future favour, we are in hopes to merit the continuance of the public indulgence.
5hl&£jiljd zin*»1 was obliged,
Having found, however, that the most eminent surgeons have been pleased to pay a good deal of attention to what I offered; and as a great many gentlemen desire some directions for its use in particular cast--, I mall, in as few words as poflible, endeavour to remove every difficulty of this kind; jud, first, I
shall .consider the most common and simple cafes.
\ft, In drawing all teeth, the patient's head mould be held by an assistant, in the required position.
zJly, The forceps is always to be held in the right-hand, and the fulcrum in the left.
lily, The tooth, after being first freed from the gums, if the surgeon, thinks it necessary, is to be griped as low as poflible by the forceps, which is to be held gently and steadily to prevent pain; and in that direction in which it is to act, until the fulcrum is placed under it in such a manner, as that the part which is covered with leather, may be evenly over half the tooth next the offended one, and over as many more as it can conveniently cover.
tftbh/, The surgeon then holding A i the the tooth (vid. 2.) sufficiently fast them: this may be done by removto prevent slipping the hold, de- ing the fulcrum farther from the presses the handle of the forceps in tooth to be drawn, than was directed the direction of the tooth on which at 3; and if this cannot be done, the fulcrum rests; and if he meets the cushion of the fulcrum maybe with considerable resistance, he is contrived to make the pressure as to use the turn outwards, which I great upon the low, as upon the recommended before, thereby add- prominent ones, ing in some measure the action of lorh/y, When the teeth grow in the key-instrument to the streight various directions inwards, ourand safer effort already employed. wards, or to a side, we should, if $thly, The tooth is never to be possible, avoid pressing much on pinched harder than is necessary to those that slant most, especially furnish a safe grip; for altho' the those that face outwards ; we should instrument is made to afford a con- divide the pressure; (vid. 9.) and if siderable power, it is not intended we must lean on those that slant that this power should be applied outwards, all danger and pain may towards breaking a tooth, but to- easily be prevented, by cautiously wards drawing it: the force there- forcing in the direction of the ill set fore that is necessary here, as it can- teeth. , not be expressed, sliould be learned wthly, Number^ of people have by experience on the dead subject. either two perfect or imperfect rows bthly. In drawing all the teeth of teeth in one jaw, and would of the lower jaw, the patient is to willingly get rid of the innermost fit before the light, aud the surgeon set, which generally are the stiper(after observing the things mention- fluous and offensive ones, provided in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,) standing on the ed a proper instrument could be left-side, may draw the fore-teeth found: this,, and only this, in all and those of the right-side; and such case9, may be safely and constanding on the right, he may veniently used with the above, draw those of the left. directions.
•jtbly, In drawing the teeth of iithly, I said, before, that the
the upper jaw, the patient is to lie gums may be removed before we
upon his back, and the surgeon draw a tooth, if the surgeon pleases:
standing at his head, and a little to the practice is undoubtedly good in
the left-side, may draw (vid. 1, 2, 3, the usual method of operating, but
4, 5,) the teeth of the ritjht, and I cannot think that such a precau
•vice -versa, as at 6. tion is necessary here; for in using
Stl'y, The fore-teeth of the up- this instrument, I never found the
per-jaw are most conveniently ex- gums to adhere to the tooth, altho?
txacted when the patient is placed in the fame jaw it has frequently
as at 7, and when the surgeon happened to the key-instrument,
stands on the right-side. The reason of this is, I believe, be*
gjiJy, Next, when teeth rife un- cause this last always catches the
equally one above another, care gums between its heel and the
must be taken that the fulcrum tooth, and thereby prevents the
does not rest entirely upon one of adhesion siorn being broke, which
otherwise would easily yield with less pain, than cutting mult necessarily occasion.
Having looked over the first engravings in too much haste, an error of the engTaver, in the 5th figure annexed to my former paper on this subject, escaped my notice, and was published. The line 1 k Ihould not extend farther above 0 than the line /'• does ; for even this is much greater than the space through which a tooth moves, be
fore it is entirely disengaged from its connexions, and still the curvature is imperceptible, agreeable to the demonstration.
The remainder of the line 0 i is a, portion of a circle which the instrument never describes, and its remarkable curvature and contradiction to my meaning, and to the fact itself, may, without this correction, lead the reader into doubts and objections.
Yours, Sec. B. H1.
On the Origin of
AS bags, and queues are of late years become so much in vogue, and even countenanced at court, I have been recollecting the erigin of these ornaments for the head, and remember, that above forty years, ago they were worn in France by none but footmen and soldiers; the former having their hair tied behind in black leather bags, and the latter put theirs in the form of a queue, i. e. a tail. This the footmen did for fake of cleanliness, (and also for dispatch in dressing their heads) as it was deemed indecent that they should wait at table with long hair flowing about their shoulders ; and hair cut short, or round heads, was the priests fashion, and bob-wigs for i'uch as were bald. The soldiers wore tails, as they still do, for conveniency, and likewise to make a difference between them and the footmen, in the decorating of the .head.
Now you'll perhaps fay, to what purpose is it to write about bags *ftd tails at this juncture I Would
Sags and Queues.
it not be better to spend time in something more interesting to the public?—But softly, Sir; be plea1fed to consider that nothing can be of more importance to mankind than the furniture of the head; and this, I hope, will be deemed as useful a way of employing time, as writing about the preliminaries: therefore, with your leave, I shall proceed with the subject.
fn the course of some years, the French ladies began to think that the footrr.en looked smarter than their mailer?, and had a more genttel air. This, indeed, had always been thv cafe of most of them, but was not entirely owing to the bag: however, young noblemen and gentlemen,, and even many old ones, adopted the bag, aud got them mad j of silk instead of leather, the latter manufacture still being worn by the valets. But though our countrymen have always had so great a propensity to ape the French in fashions, it was a long while before they could be brought to take up with bags; and every
body body must remember, that such a thing exposed the wearer to the jibes and insults of the mob.
Within this twelve month an Italian, with whom I accidentally fell into company, observed to me, in honour of the populace of this metropolis, that they were grown more civilized than he found them about twenty years ago, when he first came to England ; and how to account for it, he could not tell; neither could I for some minutes, but only said, I. was glad he found the manners of our people altered for the better. At length, I told him it might be owing to the encrease of news-papers, both in number and size, several of which always contained, besides politics and public affairs, good essays in religion and morality, &c. which being read by the vulgar, as well as by others in better stations, could riot fail of making salutary impressions on the minds of many: but
as he did not readily allow this to be the cause of our becoming more civil to Frenchmen and other foreigners, I observed to him, there was no other way of accounting for it, but by ascribing it to our falling into the fashion of bags and queues, whereby the mob are reconciled to such a sight, which formerly used to make them rude and insolent to strangers. This satisfied the Italian gentleman, and he concluded that it was the most humane fashion the English nobility and gentry ever took up with. For my own part, I observed to him, that it was very indifferent to me how my countrymen set oft" their heads, provided: I had liberty to cover an ass's ears; and that I dreaded nothing so much as feeing it become the universal fashion to wear one's own hair; because I have been as bald as a Friar above fifteen years, though not quite fifty have passed over the head of your humble servant, F. S.
A Cure for the Yellow-Jaundice, communicated by the late Lord Blakeney, <wbo cured great Numbers thereby in Ireland, Minorca, and in this Kingdom, end luhich he never knew to fail.
""T^AKE the white of an egg, JL and two .glasses of spring water, then beat them well together, and after drink the quantity off at a draught.
It cools the lungs, which in this distemper are always inflamed, expels that asthmatic disorder which also always, in some degree, afflicts the party diseased ; it speedily procures perspiration, invigorates the animal spirits, causes digestion, and creates an appetite.
I would advise the patient to take this remedy, always at hand, as soon as he perceives himself attacked by this nauseous distemper. While I am writing, a maid-servant, who was attacked on the 9th, was persuaded to take this remedy the day following, and it has stopped the progress of the distemper; the patient has got rid of her sickness and loathing of food, and eats with a good appetite."