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TUESDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1858. The following messages were received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Henry, his secretary : To the Senate of the United States:

I nominate Garey W. Ryckman, of California, to be secretary of the legation of the United States in Chili.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate John P. Brown, of Ohio, to be secretary and dragoman of the legation of the United States at Constatinople.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Benjamin Wiggin, of Maine, to be commissioner of the United States under the reciprocity treaty between the United States and Her Britannic Majesty, concluded June 5th, 1854.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nomipate James B. Bowlin, of Missouri, to be commissioner of the United States to Paraguay.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Visesimus Turner, of California, to be consul of the United States at Tahiti.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Richard Fitzpatrick, of Texas, to be consul of the United States at Matamoras.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Theodore Frean, of New York, to be consul of the United States at Belfast.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858. To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate William Fell Giles, jr., of Maryland, to be consul of the United States at Geneva.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States:

I nominate Robert Rose, of Texas, to be consul of the United States at Guaymas.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States:

I nominate John Merritt, of Delaware, to be consul of the United States at Tunis.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nomivate William H. McGrath, of New Jersey, to be consul of the United States at Maranham.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Charles J. Helm, of Kentucky, to be consul.general of the United States at Havana.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Robert A. Finlay, of New York, to be consul of the United States at Santa Cruz.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Leonard G. Sanford, of New York, to be consul of the United States at Tumbez.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Charles Bodmann, of Ohio, to be consul of the United States at Carlsrhue.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Horatio de V. Glentworth, of New York, to be consul of the United States at Rome.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Andrew J. Smith, of Texas, to be consul of the United States at La uayra.

JAMES BUCHANAN.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Stephen S. Remak, of Pennsylvania, to be consul of the United States at Trieste.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate James F. Mag ire, of Massachusetts, to be consul of the United States at Melbourne.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate James McDowell, of Missouri, to be consul-general of the United States at Constantinople.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Rudolph F. Schillow, of New Jersey, to be consul of the United States at Stettin.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Tapley W. Young, of Virginia, to be consul of the United States at Stuttgardt.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate A. Lawrence Lovejoy, of Oregon Territory, to be receiver of public moneys for the district of lands subject to sale at Oregon City, Oregon Territory, vice James Gutbrie, jr., resigned; and

Berryman Jennings, of Oregou Territory, to be receiver of the land office at Oregon City, Oregon Territory, commissioned during the recess of the Senate, vice G. L. Curry, declined.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 14, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I dominate Sidney M. Torbert, of Alabama, to be receiver of public moneys for the district of lands subjert to sale at Demopolis, Alabama, his previous term of office having expired.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 17, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Robert D. Haden, of Mississippi, to be receiver of public moneys for the district of lands subject to sale at Columbus, Mississippi, to take effect on the 8th of February, 1859, at which time his previous term of office will expire.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 14, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Charles P. Sengstack, of the District of Columbia, to be warden of the penitentiary in the District of Columbia, vice Thomas Thornley, the present incumbent.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 20, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I nominate Samuel Medary, of Ohio, to be governor of the Territory of Kansas.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON Dec. 17th, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

I hereby nominate Howkin B. Beardslee to be deputy postmaster at Aonesdale, in the county of Wayne and State of Pennsylvania in place of John Y. Sherwood, removed.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, 17 December, 1858.

To the Senate of the United States :

The Senate will learn from the thirty-five naval nominations herewith submitted the result of my investigations under the resolutions of Congress of March 10th and May 11th, 1858. In compliance with these resolutions I have carefully examined the records of the courts of in. quiry in fifty-eight cases, and have arrived at the conclusion that twenty. three of the officers ought to remain in the posit ons where they have been fixed by the courts of inquiry.

The records are very voluminous, and labor of examination, in which I have been materially assisted by the Secretary of the Navy, the Attorney-General, and the Commissioner of Patents, has consumed much time.

Under the act of January 17th, 1857, the courts of inquiry were di. rected to investigate the physical, mental, professional, and moral fitness” of each officer who applied to them for relief. These investigations it was my duty to review. They have been very extensive and searching, as the Senate will perceive from an examination of the records, embracing in many instances almost the entire professional life of the individual from his first entrance into the service.

In the performance of my duty I found the greatest difficulty in deciding what should be considered as “moral fitness” for the Navy. Physical, mental, and professional fitness may be decided with a con. siderable degree of accuracy by a naval court of inquiry, but the ques. tion of moral fitness is of a very different character. There has been but one perfect standard of morality on earth, and how far a departure from His precepts and example must proceed in order to disqualify an officer for the naval service is a question on which a great difference of honest opinion must always exist. On this question 1 bave differed in several instances from the courts of inquiry.

There is one nomination which I regret that I have not the power to present to the Senate, and this is in the case of Commodore Stewart. His name stood on the Register at the head of the list of captains in the Navy until it was removed from this well-earned position by the retiring board and placed on the list of retired officers. The deeply wounded feelings of this veteran officer, who had contributed so much to the

efficiency and glory of the Navy from its infancy, prevented him from applying for restoration to his rank and submitting to a court of inquiry, composed of his junior officers, the question of his “physical, mental, professional, and moral fitness” for the naval service. I would ere this have recommended to Congress the passage of a joint resolution to restore him to his former rank had I not believed this would more appropriately emanate from the legislative branch of Government.

I transmit herewith to the Senate the original records in the fifty-eight cases to which I have referred. After they shall have been examined by the Senate, I would respectfully request that they might be returned to the Navy Department.

JAMES BUCHANAN. WASHINGTON, December 20, 1858

leave pay.

To the Senate of the United States :

By the authority conferred upon me by the joint resolution of March 10th and May 11th, 1858, in case where the records of the courts of in. quiry, appointed under the act of January 16th, 1857, may render it advisable, in the opinion of the President of the Úřited States, to nomi. nate before the 1st of January, 1859, to the active or reserved list of the Navy, or to transfer from furlough to leave of absence on the latter list any officer who may have been dropped or retired by the operation of the act of February 28th, 1855, I nominate the following officers who were dropped or retired by the operation of the above act, as follows:

Philip F. Voorbees, a captain on the reserved list on furlough pay, to

Thomas Paine, a captain on the reserved list on furlough pay, to the active list, to take rank next after Captain Thomas Crabbe.

William Ramsay, a captain, dropped to the active list, to tako rank next after Captain French Forrest.

William Inman, a captain on the reserved list on leave pay, to the active list, to take rank next after Captain Josiah Tattnall.

Samuel W. Lecompte, a commander on the reserved list on furlough pay, to leave pay.

William M. Arinstrong, a commander on the reserved list on leave pay, to be a captain on the active list, to take rank next after Captain Joseph R. Jarvis.

Andrew K. Long, a commander on the reserved list on furlough pay, to be a captain on the active list, to take rank next after Captain Henry Eagle.

Zachariah F. Johnston, a commander, dropped, to take rank next after Captain George S. Blake.

T. Darrah Shaw, a commander on the reserved list on leave pay, to be a commander on the active list, to take rank next after Coumander Wm. C. Whittle.

William D. Porter, a lieutenant on the reserved list on furlough pay, to be a commander on the active list, to take rank next after Commander Henry K. Thatcher.

Gab'l G. Williamson, a lieutenant on the reserved list on leave pay, to be a commander on the active list, to take rank next after Commander Fred’k Chatard.

John C. Carter, a lieutenant ou the reserved list on furlough pay, to be a commander on the active list, to take rank next after Com’d'r Geo. A. Prentiss.

Simon B. Bissell, a lieutenant on the reserved list on leave pay, to be a commander on the active list, to take rank next after Commander John P. Gillis.

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