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BASSANTIN, or BASSINTOUN, JAMES, son treaty of Poonah, Bassein was, however, again relinquished of the · Laird of Bassintin in the Mers,' (Merse?) (Biog. to the Maharattas. In November, 1780, the fortress was Brit.) He was educated at Glasgow, and afterwards tra- regularly besieged by the British army under General velled, but finally settled at Paris, where he taught mathe. Goddard, and, after sustaining the attack for four weeks, matics and astronomy. Of his personal life we know no- surrendered at discretion. By the treaty concluded in May, thing, but that he was addicted to astrology, and gave Sir | 1782, with the Maharatta chiefs, Bassein was once more reRobert Melville (see his memoirs or Biog. Brit.) some pre- stored, together with Ahmedabad and our other conquests dictions a little after the time of Queen Mary's escape into in Gujerat, and the town long remained in possession of the England. He returned to Scotland in 1362 and died 1568. Maharattas. In 1802 the Peishwa Bajee Rao fled to Bas(See ASTRONOMY, and place the date there given, 1557, in sein from his rival, Holkar, and sought the protection of the brackets; it is the date of publication of a work.) He was British government, with whom he concluded a treaty on the of Murray's party, and a zealous Protestant.

last day of that year. It was hoped that this treaty would He wrote various works, as follows:- 1. Paraphrase sur have broken up the federal union of the Maharatta chiefs, [ Astrolabe, Lyons, 1555, reprinted at Paris, 1617. 2. Ma- by separating from it the Peishwa, who had been its nominal thematica Genethliaca. 3. De Mathesi in Genere. 4. Mu- head; but this chief having subsequently been induced to sica secundum Platonem. 5. Arithmetica. To these works join his former rivals and to organize with them a plan of we cannot ind dates. 6. A work on Astronomy, in French, hostility to the English, the whole of his territories were de(presently to be noticed,) translated into Latin by De clared forfeited, and were taken into possession by the ComTournes (Tornesius), under the title of Astronomia J. Bas- pany's government in June, 1818, he becoming a stipendiary santini Scoti, &c., reprinted 1613.

of that government, and recognizing this appropriation of There is also a Discours Astronomique, published in 1557, his territories. Bassein has since that time remained in at Lyons, and Lalande gives the title of a Latin version pub- the hands of the English, under whom the fortifications lished at Geneva in 1599, and again in 1613. Delambre have been allowed to go to decay, and the town and port doubts whether this Discours Astronomique be any other have become of little importance. At a recent date, the than the original of No. 6 in the list above; and we incline town contained a great number of houses in ruins. to think he is right, for, independently of the coincidence of The state of cultivation exhibited in the surrounding editors and dates, this Discours Astronomique appears to country is, on the contrary, flourishing. To the north and be the work of Bassantin's which was best known. It was north-east of Bassein are forests of teak-wood, from which the only one in De Thou's library, and is the only one in that the ship-building establishments at Bombay are supplied. of the Faculty of Advocates, at Edinburgh. It is the only A considerable part of the agricultural population are prowork mentioned by Weidler, while No. 6 is the only one fessors of the Roman Catholic religion, which it is probable inentioned by Vossius. Vossius observes that the original was introduced among them by the early European settlers was written in very bad French, and that the author knew from Portugal. • neither Greek nor Latin, but only Scotch.'

(Rennell's Memoir of a Map of Hindustan ; Mills's HisThe trigonometry of Bassantin uses only sines. His tory of British India ; Treaties presented to Parliament by planetary system is that of Ptolemy, and he was much in command of his Majesty, 1819; Report of Committee of the debted to Purbach. He adopted the trepidation of the House of Commons on the Affairs of India, 1832, political equinoxes. (See ASTRONOMY.) He used the sphere in division.) actual computations; and, in his treatise on the planisphere, BASSETERRE is the capital of the island of St. Chrisappears to have followed the plan, if not the work, of Apian. topher's in the West Indies. The town is situated on the (See Biog. Brit.; Delambre, Hist. de l'Astron. Mod., &c.) south side of the island, at the mouth of a small river. It

BASSEIN, a town and port in the province of Aurunga- contains about 800 houses, many of which are very good, a bad, situated on the point of the continent of Hindustan spacious square, and a small church, and is defended by opposite to the north end of the island of Salsette, in 19° 20' three forts. It was founded in 1623. The district of BasseN. lat., and 72° 56' E. long. Bassein was once a city and terre contains 17 square miles, with a population of 6620 fortress of importance, but, sharing the fate of many places in souls. It is divided into two parishes, St. George's and St. India, it has suffered from the wars and revolutions to which Peter's, and sends six members to the assembly--the forthat country has been exposed, and is now fallen into decay. mer four, the latter two. This name was given by the

In the year 1531 Bassein was ceded to the Portuguese, French to the district from its being the lower portion of the under the provisions of a treaty concluded by them with island. The vale of Basseterre is exceedingly beautiful and the sultan of Cambay, and for more than two centuries it well cultivated. The anchorage is in an open bay, and a conremained in the undisturbed possession of that nation. In tinual heavy surf beats on the shore, which is a sandy beach. 1750 the town was taken by the Maharattas, from whom it As this prevents any wharf or quay being erected, the goods was captured by the British in December, 1774; and iu the are shipped in a boat called a . moses,' manned by expert following March was formally yielderl to its conquerors by a rowers, who, watching the lull of the surf, pull on shore, treaty made with the Maharatta chief, Ragoba. By the laying the broadside of the boat to the beach so as to roll


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