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they are thus rendered accessible to 2. Is the vaccine inoculation apt to very few readers, he proposes to give be followed with disease or injury to an analysis of these works as they ap- the constitution ?--This is a question pear.

difficult to answer very positively, The origin of these celebrated tales because, if disease or weakness occur is still wrapt in very deep obscurity. soon after vaccination, it is difficult to It seems certain, however, that the decide, whether there was any conoriginal collection was of much smal. nection between the two or not. The ler extent than that which we now reporters have met with a number of possess, and that tales were successive- judicious and credible persons, to ly added by different authors. Doubts whom vaccination appeared to have are even entertained whether the claim been followed by such consequences. of Arabia to them be well-founded. The instances, however, were few in Several of the learned trace them to comparison of the whole number. Persia; and Masudi, a celebrated When a disease is lurking in the conPersian author, represents India as stitution, any shock upon the system, having first given birth to them. But a blow, a fall, a fright, will be the wherever the original nucleus may means of bringing it into action; and have been formed, large additions, and there seems no reason to think that probably alterations, were doubtless vaccination can have any farther inmade by the Arabian writers. This fluence. work affords full means of estimating 3. It is often observed, that smallthe manner in which M. Galland has pox produces a beneficial change on executed the translation which has the constitution; is not this lost by become so popular throughout Europe. the use of vaccination ?-On the conIt appears to be in the inain faithful; trary, the testimonies in favour of its though he has omitted various pas- beneficial effects are still more copious ages, which appeared likely, from one than in those of small-pox. Scrotucause or other, to revolt an European la is almost always mitigated by it; reader. These blanks he has filled and many other violent diseases have up from the stores of his own inven- been either cured or alleviated. tion, but with an imitation so faith- 4. Is vaccination a complete security ful of the oriental style, that they can against the occurrence of small-pox ? scarcely be distinguished from the ori- -We must first distinguish between ginal. On the whole, the editors of real and false vaccine; a distinction this work have conferred an obliga- which the reporters conceive clearly tion on the lovers of oriental litera- to exist ; and the not attending to it

to have been one main cause of the

distrust in vaccination. Next, there Report to the French Institute on Vaca are certain slight variolous symptoins, cinution. By Messrs Berthollet,

called commonly the flying small-pox, Percy, and 'Hallé. (Memoires de which are not preventive of the coml'Institut.)

mon small-pox, uor it of them ; no

importance can be attached to the ocThese gentlemen formed a com- currence of these symptoms. These mission appointed by the institute to allowances being made, the reporters inquire into this important subject; have, however, known six cases, in and their report comprises the exami- which there appeared to be small-pox nation of a series of questions, which after regular vaccination, but none of may be all comprised under the fol- these were entirely free from doubt. lowing heads:

There was only one case of a girl in 1. Is the vaccine inoculation apt to Paris, of the name of Emma Keroube accompanied with any serious or enne, who, after being vaccinated in dangerous symptoms, either internal the most complete manner, had, two or external? -The affirmative of this years after, in December 1806, a full, question, which was attempted to be though favourable small-pox. Against proved in the early stages of the prac- these seven cases, there stand opposed tice, is now universally given up. If those of 2,661,672 persons, who are vaccination was ever attended with attested, in all parts of the world, to such symptoms, it was only from ac- have employed with success this recidental circumstances accompanying medy against the most fatal malady to

which the species is liable.

twe,

it.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

MELANCHỌLY.
The sun of the morning,

Unclouded and bright,
The landscape adorning

With lustre and light,
To glory and gladness

New bliss may impart
But oh! give to sadness

And softness of heart,
A moment to ponder,--a season to grieve,
The light of the moon, or the shadows of
eve!
Then, soothing reflections

Arise in the mind;
And sweet recollections

Of friends who were kind;
Of love that was tender,

And yet could decay ;
Of visions, whose splendour

Time withered away ;
In all, that for brightness and beauty may

seem The painting of fancy--the work of a

dream!
The soft cloud of whiteness,

The stars beaming through,
The pure moon of brightness,

The deep sky of blue,
The rush of the river

Through vales that are still,
The breezes that ever

Sigh lone o'er the hill,
Are sounds that can soften, and sights that

impart A bliss to the eye, and a balm to the heart.

My thoughts must be changed, and my

heart must be frozen, If the stamp of thy love they could cease

to retain. Once more could on earth such felicity

be Then, all that employs, and ensnares, and

bewitches, Fame, and fortune, and power, and am

bition, and riches, Were wanting, when weighed in the

balance with thee! Oh then there was scarcely a cloud in

our clime; Our bosoms were light, and the landscape

was yellowed With beautiful sunshine, whose hues

now are mellowed By the delicate touch of the pencil of

time. Yet what are the pleasures of earth but

a dream! How short is their reign, and how few is

their number; They melt, like the bright-woven visions

of slumber, Or the bow that o'erarches the lapse of

the stream. Are delicate feelings a bliss or a curse?I know not-Icare not--but even from

my childhood I hated contention, and flew to the wild

wood; They made me alive to vexation-no For they kept me from all that entices

the young : While others were social, I wandered all

lonely, I loved but few friends, and of woman

thee only, How well--hearts are dumb, and I trust

not my tongue ! To tell thee my feelings now, words were

in vain As I look on thy face, as I think of the

blessingsGone-gone--when thou fondly would'st

chide my caressings : Thou canst chide me no more since we

meet not again. The darkest and brightest of life have

been mine; The latter is past, and the former around

me; Like a leaf of the summer the canker hath

found me; Farewell !! may happiness ever be

thine!

worse

DISAPPOINTMENT. How can I forget thee! my youth's

brightest Star As, with liveliest thrill, and tenderest e

motion, The heart of the mariner, o'er the lone

ocean, Beats high, when the beacon is hailed

from afar ; So I, when the shadows of fortune are

dark, When the lightnings sweep o'er, with the

flash of derision, Look back to the summers, that fled like a

vision, When thou wert my day-star-the dove

of my ark ! How can I forget thee ! alas ! 'tis in Oh! kindliest welcomed, and earliest chosen,

vain :-

VOL. 1.

X

SONNET.

FROM THE SONG OF SOLOMON

Down the bright dew-drops, only made Chap. 2.-“ My beloved spake and said

me weep : unto me," &c.

In our own souls we often find a void,

Which would be filled, yet cannot be supThe voice of my love-Come away,

plied. Rise up, my beloved, it said,

I. Now the season is smiling and gay,

Come enjoy it, my beautiful maid ! The winter is past--all is mirth,

The rain it is over and gone, The flowers appear on the earth,

O PEACE of heart! and must the pure and

good And the birds they are singing, each one.

Invoke thy aid, and bless thy power in The voice of the turtle is heard,

vain ? On the figtree the green figs are seen, And must thou hold o'er meaner minds Sweet the smell where the grape has ap

thy reign, peared,

Perchance unsought for, while their spiPeeping forth from its light leafy screen. rits brood, O come, my best love, come away, Silent and sad, o'er sorrow's wayward My dove, so retiringly shy,

mood ? Let me hear thy sweet voice on its way, And every joy that heaven hath planted The light of thine eyes let me spy.

here, And every hope that youthful love might

rear, Chap. 5.-" I sleep, but my heart waketh."

Distorted from its aim, be misery's food ? &c.

O God of Peace !-and must e'en thought I SLEPT, but my heart was awake,

of Thee A voice ! can it be thine, my love? Come to the broken heart all dark with Sure it is !" It is cold and I quake,

woe! Quickly open, my angel, my dove! And that blest voice which sets the captive Chill the drops of the night on my brows,

free, My locks are all dripping with dew,”

Be heard with pangs like those the guilty I started, I woke, I arose,

know ! To the door of my chamber I flew !

These are thy mysteries--tho' dark they

be, Ile was gone.0 where could he have gone? Our souls in patience to thy bidding My spirit waxed feeble and dead!

bow. I called him--but answer was none

T.
I sought him—where can he have fled ?
The watchmen who came at my cries,

Smote and wounded me sore without pity;
They tore off my veil from my eyes,
As I wandered all wild through the city.

Written in Sickncss.
Ye maids of Jerusalem, tell

COLD perspirations break upon my brow, My beloved, if you meet him, that I And sad, and sorrowful, alone I lie, Am sick, sick of love--is this well ?

Counting each joyless hour that lingers Am sick, and am ready to die.

My loved one! where art thou-ah! where

art thou ! Far otherwise had been thy lot, if Woe

Had heart enough, or Sickness, e'er to I Had a thought at midnight, which op- seek pressed

For revel in the roses of thy cheek : My mind most deeply, and whene'er I Yet, I can still forgive thee :-well I know

Thou hast a heart more merciful and meek To chase it off, that I might take my rest, Than not to feel with those, who feel too

It clung unto me like a thought we love; much. And recollection could not soothe my grief, Though on the earth there be too few of

But aided it; to Nature then I turned, such, Yet even from her I could not gain relief – Propitious friendship whispers—there are

I looked, I saw, I felt, and yet I mourned. The starry sky, the mountain's leaping Ah! had'st thou known how much mine

brook, The joyous flowers awakening from their Was bent on thee, and longed-then sleep,

Modesty The trees with all their music, while they To Charity had bent, and thou had'st shook

come!

SONNET

by :

SONNET.

strove

some.

inward eye

PROCEEDINGS OF SOCIETIES.

ROYAL SOCIETY.

the narrow part of the sea, composing wha THE Society met on November 6, 1817; is now called Bhering's Straits, were never but, in consequence of the death of the able to penetrate farther N. than about the Princess Charlotte of Wales, the meeting 70° of latitude. Beyond this, on the Amewas adjourned.

rican continent, we are completely without November 20.—Sir Everard Home read any information ; and on the Asiatic side, the Croonian Lecture, the subject of which we seem to have little certain knowledge, was the changes which the blood undergoes until we arrive at the River Kovyma, for in the act of coagulation. A considerable about 20° of longitude. We have some part of the paper consisted of an account of imperfect accounts of a large tract of land a number of minute microscopical obser. lying beyond what is now marked on the vations that had been made by Mr. Bauer, maps as the N. E. part of Asia, to which on the red particles of the blood.

the name of New Siberia has been given. November 27.-A paper by Mr Sep- This may either be an island detached from pings was read, on the increased strength either continent, or it may be a part of given to ships of war by the application of America, stretching over to the westward ; diagonal braces. It contained an account but respecting this country, if it actually of some very ample trials that had been exist, our information is very scanty. made of this method of constructing the On December 18, a paper by James framework of vessels, the result of which Smithson, Esq. was read, containing some was such as completely to justify the ex- remarks on vegetable colours. Among the pectations that had been raised, and to con- substances which he examined were litmus, firm the favourable reports that had been the colouring matter of the violet, of the made on the subject.

blue hyacinth, of the blue paper which is On Monday, December 1, the Society employed for wrapping up loaf sugar, of held its annual meeting, for the election of the mulberry, and the pigment called sapthe officers for the ensuing year. There green. Some of these are employed by Were elected,

chemists as delicate tests of acids and alkaPresident.-Right Hon. Sir Jos. Banks, lies ; and various experiments were related Bart. G.C. B. &c.

respecting their action on these bodies, and Secretaries.-William Thomas Brande, the manner in which they were respectively Esq. and Taylor Combe, Esq.

effected by them. Treasurer.-Samuel Lysons, Esq.

On the same evening a paper by Dr Since the last anniversary 21 members John Davy was read, giving an account of have died, one has withdrawn, and 25 new the mountain called Adam's Peak, in the members have been admitted. The pre- Island of Ceylon. This has been long celesent number of members is 652, of which brated as the resort of pilgrims from all 40 are foreign members.

parts of the country, in consequence of a The Copley medal was adjudged to Cap. superstitious tradition that the Indian god tain Henry Kater, for his experiments on Boodha ascended into heaven from its sumthe length of the pendulum vibrating se. mit, and left upon it the impression of his conds.

foot. The mountain is supposed by the On December 11, a paper by Captain author to be between 6000 and 7000 feet James Burney was read, on the geography high. It has a level area at its top, of of the north-eastern part of Asia, and par nearly a circular form. The summit is ticularly respecting the question whether surrounded by a grove of trees of the the continents of Asia and America are genus Rhododendron, but of a species which anited. From the account of different tra- is said to grow in no other situation. The Tellers and navigators, especially among the plants are accounted sacred, so that it was Russians, it would appear that there is still impossible to procure a specimen for exa considerable part of what is usually laid amination. down in the maps as forming the coast of Junuary 8, 1818. A paper of Dr Brewthe northern ocean, which has never yet ster's was commenced, « On the Laws of been accurately traced. The maritime Polarization in regularly Crystallized Boboundary of the country of the Tchuktchi dies ;” and on the 15th, the reading of Dr has never been explored ; and, so far as can Brewster's paper was concluded. be learned from the inhabitants themselves, January 22.-A paper was read by Sir they are ignorant of the extent of their own Everard Home, Bart., containing additerritory in the northern direction. Captain tional facts respecting the fossil remains of Bhering and Captain Cook, who succes- an animal, some account of which appeargively made very important discoveries in od in the Philosophical Transactions for

1814, showing that the bones of the ster. rocks he found rolled masses of lava, blocks num resemble those of the ornithorhynchus of burned clay, and masses of red-coloured paradoxus.

baked clay.

Numerous pointed, angular The reading of a paper, by Captain rocks, probably belonging to the Hætz Henry Kater, was begun, containing an formation, were seen projecting through the account of his experiments for determining sand. These were basaltic-vesicular, and the length of the pendulum vibrating se- with numerous and beautiful imbedded conds in the latitude of London.

grains and crystals of olivine and augite.

Along with these was a rock which apWERNERIAN NATURAL HISTORY

peared to be very nearly allied to the cele. SOCIETY

brated mill-stone of Andernach. After The first meeting of the Wernerian Na- leaving the sea shore, Captain Scoresby tural History Society for this session took met with no other rocks but such as bore place in the College Museum on November undoubted marks of recent volcanic action, 15, 1817. It was moved by Professor viz. cinders, earthy slag, burned clay, scoJameson, and unanimously agreed to, that, riæ, vesicular lava, &c. He ascended to in consequence of the melancholy event of the summit of a volcanic mountain which the death of the Princess Charlotte of Wales, was elevated 1500 feet above the sea, where the Society should immediately adjourn, he beheld a beautiful crater, forming a without proceeding to business.

basin of 500 or 600 feet in depth, and 600 The Wernerian Natural History Society or 700 yards in diameter. The bottom of met again on the 6th of December, when the crater was filled with alluvial matter, to the following office-bearers were chosen : such a height that it presented a natural fat

President.-Robert Jameson, Esq. F.R.S. of an elliptical form, measuring 400 feet by

Vice-Presidents.-Colonel Inrie, F.R.S. 240. From this eminence the country in John Campbell, Esq. F.R.S.; Lord Gray, all directions appeared bleak and rugged in F.R.S. ; Sir Patrick Walker, F.L.S. the extreme; and the rocks, and hills, and

Secretary.-P. Neill, Esq. F.R.S. mountains, every where presented to the eye Treasurer.-W. Ellis, Esq.

such appearances as seemed to indicate the Librarian and Keeper of the Museum.-- action of volcanic fire. The plants are very James Wilson, Esq.

few in number: he determined the rumex Painter..-P. Syme, Esq.

dig ynus, saxifraga tricuspidata, arenaria peCouncil.–Dr Níacknight, F.R.S; G. S. ploides? silene acaulis, and draba birta : Monteath, Esq.F.R.S.; Dr Wright, F.R.S.; all the others were unfortunately lost. Near Dr Yule, F.R.S. ; D. Bridges, Esq.; Dr the sea shore he observed burrows of blue D. Ritchie, F.R.S.; Dr Falconer, F.L.S.; foxes, feet-marks of bears, and of another T. Sivwright, F.R.S.

animal, which he conjectured to be the rein. Professor Jameson at this meeting read a deer. But few birds were seen, such as tiul. communication trom William Scoresby, jun. mars, divers, puffins, and terns. M.W.S. &c. entitled, * Narrative of an Excursion upon the Island of Jan Mayen,

ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH. containing some Account of its Appearance and Productions." This remote and deso- Nov. 17, 1817.- The Royal Society have late spot, situated in lat. 70° 49' to lat. ing resumed their meetings after the sum71° 8° 20' N. and long. 7° 23' 48" to mer vacation, the first part of a paper by 8° 44' W. was visited by Captain Scoresby, Dr Ure of Glasgow was read, containing jun. on August 4, 1817. On approaching it, Experiments and Observations on Muriatic the first object which strikes the attention Acid Gas. is the mountain of Beerenberg, which rears At the same meeting, a paper by Dr its icy summit to the height of 6810 feet Fergusson, inspector of hospitals, was read above the level of the sea. At this time all on the Mud Volcanoes of the Island of Trithe high lands were covered with snow and nidad. ice; and the low lands, in those deep cavi. In the beginning of the year 1816, this ties wilere large beds of snow had been col. gentleman was employed, along with the lected, still retained part of their winter co- deputy quartermaster general of the covering, down to the very margin of the sea. lonies, and an officer of rank in the engiBetween capes north-east and south-east, neer department, to make a survey of the Captain Scoresby observed three remarkable military stations in the West Indies, duricebergs, having a perpendicular height of ing which their attention was attracted to 1284 feet, and presenting a striking resem. this extraordinary phenomenon in a disblance to frozen cascades. The beach trict of country that had always been conwhere Captain Scoresby landed was covered sidered, according to their information, as to a great depth with a sand having the ap- strictly alluvial. It appeared to them to pearance of coarse gunpowder, and which be so highly illustrative of the minor inciwas a mixture of iron-sand, olivine, and pient degrees of volcanic agency in the foraugite. Here and there he met with pieces mation of argillaceous hins, that they of drift wood. As he advanced towards the thought it would be right to mention it in

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