When Languages Die : The Extinction of the World's Languages and the Erosion of Human Knowledge: The Extinction of the World's Languages and the Erosion of Human Knowledge
Oxford University Press, USA, 2007/02/01 - 304 ページ
It is commonly agreed by linguists and anthropologists that the majority of languages spoken now around the globe will likely disappear within our lifetime. The phenomenon known as language death has started to accelerate as the world has grown smaller. This extinction of languages, and the knowledge therein, has no parallel in human history. K. David Harrison's book is the first to focus on the essential question, what is lost when a language dies? What forms of knowledge are embedded in a language's structure and vocabulary? And how harmful is it to humanity that such knowledge is lost forever? Harrison spans the globe from Siberia, to North America, to the Himalayas and elsewhere, to look at the human knowledge that is slowly being lost as the languages that express it fade from sight. He uses fascinating anecdotes and portraits of some of these languages' last remaining speakers, in order to demonstrate that this knowledge about ourselves and the world is inherently precious and once gone, will be lost forever. This knowledge is not only our cultural heritage (oral histories, poetry, stories, etc.) but very useful knowledge about plants, animals, the seasons, and other aspects of the natural world--not to mention our understanding of the capacities of the human mind. Harrison's book is a testament not only to the pressing issue of language death, but to the remarkable span of human knowledge and ingenuity. It will fascinate linguists, anthropologists, and general readers.
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LibraryThing Reviewユーザー レビュー - bostonian71 - LibraryThing
Passionately argued ... and that's part of the problem. Every chapter describes Harrison's views of how important it is to preserve endangered languages and their associated cultures. Unfortunately ... レビュー全文を読む
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Ainu ancestral animals behavior birds body body-counting Borôro classifier cognitive complex counting systems cultures cycles ecological encoded endangered languages English example extinction Figure fingers fish Folk taxonomies forest genetic groups guage hand Hanunóo herding hivo human hunting Ifugao indigenous island Kaluli Karaim Kaurna Kewa knowledge landscape last speakers Lenape linguistic living lunar calendar lunar months maps Marovo Marta mathematical means Mlabri Monchak Mongolian month names mountains Musqueam myth native Nggela Nivkh number sense number system number words objects oflanguage ofthe oftheir oral Papua New Guinea patterns Pirahã plants Pomo reindeer reindeer herders rice river Rotokas Russian scientists Siberian sign languages small languages song sound speak species speech spoken story survival Tabasaran talk taxonomies tion Tofa tongue topographic traditional Uda River University vanish Vasya Ventureño verb village vowels Wayampi world’s languages writing system Yakkha Yanyuwa Yukaghir Yuki