Mining of the Deep Seabed: Joint Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Public Lands and Resources of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, First Session on S. 2053 ... September 19, 20, and October 4, 1977
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Public Lands and Resources
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978 - 513 ページ
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activities additional administration agreement allow American amount application Authority believe bill capital Chairman cobalt Committee companies concerned Congress consider contained continue copper cost countries deep seabed deep seabed mining deposits domestic economic effect environment environmental establish existing exploration foreign fund future guarantee impact important increase industry interest investment issues legislation LIBRARY OF CONGRESS license limited major manganese marine materials ment metals million minerals necessary negotiations nickel nodules ocean mining operations percent permit political position possible present problems processing production proposed protection question reasonable recovery regulations relating represent reserves respect result risk Sea Conference Secretary Senator significant sources specific statement studies suggest supply tion tons treaty United venture
451 ページ - Harmony and a liberal intercourse with all nations are recommended by policy, humanity and interest. But even our commercial policy should hold an equal and impartial hand; neither seeking nor granting exclusive favors or preferences; consulting the natural course of things; diffusing and diversifying, by gentle means, the streams of commerce, but forcing •nothing; establishing...
223 ページ - The question still remains, What was the law of the place where the collision occurred, and at the time when it occurred? Conceding that it was not the law of the United States, nor that of Great Britain, nor the concurrent regulations of the two governments, but that it was the law of the sea, was it the ancient maritime law, that which existed before the commercial nations of the world adopted the regulations of 1863 and 1864, or the law changed after those regulations were adopted? Undoubtedly,...
451 ページ - ... and to enable the Government to support them, conventional rules of intercourse, the best that present circumstances and mutual opinion will permit, but temporary and liable to be from time to time abandoned or varied as experience and circumstances shall dictate ; constantly keeping in view that it is folly in one nation to look for disinterested favors from another...
451 ページ - There can be no greater error than to expect or calculate upon real favors from nation to nation. It is an illusion which experience must cure, which a just pride ought to discard. In offering to you, my countrymen, these counsels of an old and affectionate friend, I dare not hope they will make the strong and lasting impression I could wish; that they will control the usual current of the passions, or prevent our nation from running the course which has hitherto marked the destiny...
451 ページ - ... and diversifying by gentle means the streams of commerce, but forcing nothing ; establishing, with powers so disposed, in order to give trade a stable course, to define the rights of our merchants, and to enable the government to support them, conventional rules of intercourse, the best that present circumstances and mutual opinion will permit, but temporary, and liable to be from time to time abandoned or varied, as experience and circumstances shall dictate...
221 ページ - Special consideration for developing countries, including particular consideration for the land-locked and geographically disadvantaged among them, specifically provided for in this Part of the present Convention, shall not be deemed to be discrimination.
395 ページ - States; (v) any container of a United States person which is used in the transportation of property to and from the United States; (vi) any property (other, than a vessel or an aircraft) of a United States person which is used for the purpose of exploring for, developing, removing, or transporting resources from the outer Continental Shelf (within the meaning of section 2 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, as amended and supplemented; 43 USC, sec.
396 ページ - For purposes of this subsection, the term "northern portion of the Western Hemisphere" means the area lying west of the 30th meridian west of Greenwich, east of the international dateline, and north of the Equator, but not including any country of South America.
224 ページ - This is not giving to the statutes of any nation extraterritorial effect. It is not treating them as general maritime laws, but it is recognition of the historical fact that, by common consent of mankind, these rules have been acquiesced in as of general obligation. Of that fact we think we may take judicial notice. Foreign municipal laws must indeed be proved as facts, but it is not so with the law of nations.
221 ページ - ... rules, regulations or procedures adopted by the Assembly or by the Council are in conformity with the provisions of the present Convention. Its jurisdiction with regard to such rules, regulations and procedures shall be confined to their application to individual cases. The Sea-Bed Disputes Chamber shall have no jurisdiction with regard to the exercise by the Assembly or by the Council or any of its organs of their discretionary powers under this Part of the present Convention; in no case shall...